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Jul 25, 2018
08:00-09:00 Conference Registration Desk Open
09:00-09:30 Conference Opening

Dr. Phillip Kalantzis-Cope, Chief Social Scientist, Common Ground Research Networks, USA
Dr. José Luis Ortega Martín, Conference Chair, Scientific Director of Common Ground Español, Professor, University of Granada, Spain
Dr. Javier Villoria Prieto, Dean of School of Education, University of Granada, Spain
09:30-10:00 Plenary Session

Dr. Jan Nederveen Pieterse, Distinguished Professor and Mellichamp Chair in Transnational Civil Society Networks, The Department of Global Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA

"The Big Three and the Power of People"

Jan Nederveen Pieterse is Duncan and Suzanne Mellichamp Distinguished Professor of Global Studies and Sociology at University of California Santa Barbara. He specializes in globalization, development studies and cultural studies with a current focus on 21st century trends. He held the Pok Rafeah Distinguished Chair at Malaysia National University, 2014-15. He has been visiting professor in Argentina, Brazil, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Japan, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sweden, and Thailand. He is the author or editor of 25 books. Recent books are Coming home to the Global (2018), Multipolar Globalization: Emerging economies and Development (2018), Globalization and Culture: Global Mélange (third edition, 2015), Development Theory: Deconstructions/ Reconstructions (second edition, 2010), Beyond the American bubble: Is there hope for Uncle Sam? (2008), Ethnicities and Global Multiculture (2007). He edits book series with Routledge (Emerging societies) and Palgrave MacMillan (Frontiers of Globalization).
10:00-10:30 Garden Conversation

Garden Conversations are informal, unstructured sessions that allow delegates a chance to meet plenary speakers and talk with them at length about the issues arising from their presentation. When the venue and weather allow, we try to arrange for a circle of chairs to be placed outdoors.
10:30-11:15 Talking Circles

Held on the first day of the conference, Talking Circles offer an early opportunity to meet other delegates with similar interests and concerns. Delegates self-select into groups based on broad thematic areas and introduce themselves and their research interests to one another.

Room 1: Social and Community Studies
Room 2: Civic and Political Studies
Room 3: Cultural Studies
Room 4: Global Studies
Room 5: Environmental Studies
Room 6: Organizational Studies
Room 7: Educational Studies
Room 8: Communication
Plenary Room: 2018 Special Focus - Autonomy in Times of Turmoil: What to Make of the Social?
11:15-11:25 Transition Break
Room 1 In the Margins

Delivery of Social Safety Net Services for Hidden Populations
Puteh Soraya A Rahman, -, -, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Overview: Implementation is the key word for a successful policy. However, certain groups of people might be neglected and may not have been captured within the framework of a certain policy which they were supposed to be cared by. There are lots of hurdles that they are facing before a policy can touch them. This is a study on the service delivery of social safety net services for hidden populations. Interviews were conducted with a policy planner, policy implementer, and the hidden population itself. This study will reveal the actual happenings at the grass roots level and how policy makers can make changes.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Caring for the Incarcerated: An Interdisciplinary Examination of the New South Wales Prison Medical Service
Louella Mc Carthy, Wollongong, NSW, Australia
Dr. Kathryn Weston, A/Prof Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia
Dr. Stephen Hampton,
Dr. Tobias McKinnon,
Dr. Jane Carey,
Dr. Natalia Hanley,

Overview: The prison population of Australia is at a "historic high." There are strong indications that this number will continue to climb. The health of those in prison is often poor for a variety of reasons. This project applies "ways of seeing" from the humanities and social sciences to this conundrum: what were the historical drivers for prison health care in NSW. Being armed with historical knowledge, we argue, can contribute to building a better model for future health care, and ultimately a way to improve the health of the incarcerated. Illuminating how the delivery of health care in prisons is a result of historical forces as much as of medical science will enable a better appreciation of current practice and future needs. To do so, the project is identifying the key events, people, and philosophies which have contributed to the development of prisons health services in NSW. Working in collaboration with Justice Health NSW, the main provider of prison medical services, the project offers a ground-breaking perspective of this issue. The knowledge gained through this project can transform communities by providing information for health service planners in the implementation of a sustainable and appropriate model of health care for people in custody in NSW.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Understanding the Lingual Conflictive Zone among Indian Feminists through the Translation of Anzaldua’s "Borderland"
Shilpi Gupta, -, -, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Dr. Gaurav Sushant, Assistant Professor, Department of Languages, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, TamilNadu, India , Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Overview: On the one hand, in a post-colony(ial) country like India, English is treated as the formal language of communication among urban feminists. Hindi, on the other, is another dominating language which became a norm to prove the patriotic inclination of any Indian. Hence, double lingual marginalisation is at par in Indian society, first with English and then due to Hindi or other regional languages where the feminists speaking local languages are marginalised. This epitome opens a debate to enter into the new discourse of language which writers like Gloria Anzaldúa propagate through her path-breaking book "Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza" (1987). The research paper positions a third-world, feminist translator in the translation of the text "Borderlands" of Gloria Anzaldúa, a Chicana, lesbian, feminist border writer and activist, for Indian non-English, feminist readers. Subsequently, the paper would be moving towards the translation of this text which proposes a “new language” – the creolized, mestiza language, Subaltern language and knowledge towards Nueva Conciencia for the Indian regional feminist readers. Also, it would be engaging to know how this book could be considered a significant step towards the rise of new feminisms in India which have been shunned from the mainstream of Indian feminism.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 2 Challenging Inequity

“Public Interest,” Judicial Reasoning, and Violence of the Law: Constructing Boundaries of the “Morally Acceptable”
Dr. Alexandra Orlova, Associate Professor, Criminology, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Overview: Constitutional courts have a major role to play in not only defining such concepts as “public interest” and “public harm” but also in contributing to the process of shaping society’s perceptions of acceptable boundaries of citizenship and defining which individuals and actions should be left outside the scope of the “morally acceptable.” In other words, constitutional courts are at the forefront of determining the extent to which the “plurality of values” can be accommodated in a democratic society, which interests take precedence, and under what circumstances. This paper examines the uncertain boundaries of “public interest” and the place of equality in regards to gay students within varying educational contexts. Through the examination of Trinity Western University case law, this paper examines the capacity of judicial reasoning to either perpetuate violence or to find, identify and “transform the sources and effects of violence,” while recognizing the intersectionality of inequalities.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Multiculturalism in Islamic Boarding Schools: A Case Study of the Islamic Boarding School of Darul Istiqamah Maccopa, South Sulawesi Indonesia
Muhaemin Latief,
Overview: This research elaborates on how Islamic boarding schools (so-called pesantren) contend with multiculturalism and how they dealt with it. This research relies on qualitative research by conducting interviews either in focus group discussion or in in-depth interviews. Moreover, the researcher also conducted direct observation concerning the multicultural life of pesantrens. This study was conducted in Pesantren Darul Istiqamah, Maros, Indonesia, representing a traditional pesantren in South Sulawesi. The research subjects were teachers, students, and Kyai (religious leaders) of the pesantren. The data are analysed systematically through qualitative approach. Then, the findings suggest that pesantrens have their own understanding regarding multiculturalism. Their understanding was mainly gathered from the holy Koran without learning from western perspectives. They believe that human beings are created on the basis of difference, so people should appreciate one another. The differences related to language, race, and religion were the must. These concepts had been implemented in the pesantren's curricula. The curricula were very inclusive and more opened to any difference. There was no enforcement from pesantren management to just learn from a specific sect. In addition, the expanding networks of the pesantren is also inclusive. They had already collaborated with different organizations in relation to development of pesantren management. Another aspect that might be considered is its vision of leadership which was widely opened. The leaders (kyais) are involved in multicultural campaigns, such as seminars, workshops, bench markings. They perceived that the progress of pesantrens strongly depended on the way kyai dealt with contemporary issues, including multiculturalism.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 3 Putting Children First

Physical Activity in Children with Special Education Needs
Mrs. Margarita Pino-Juste, Regular Professor , Didactics and school organization, University of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain, Spain
Iago Portela Pino, -, -, Universidade de Vigo, Vigo, Spain
María Luisa Baamonde Paz, -, -, Xunta de Galicia

Overview: Regular physical activity has many benefits for general health. People with disabilities have higher rates of physical inactivity and obesity than standard population. This study describes the level of physical activity of students aged between ten and eight years old with specific educational support needs (NEAE). Among the results it is highlighted that the practice of physical activity in children with educational support needs is moderate, being lower in girls. The majority of individualized physical activity focuses on walking, cycling, and running and the most popular sports are football and basketball. The highest level of physical activity occurs mainly during the weekend, especially in boys. Children with a lower rate of physical activity are those who suffer from maturational delay, followed by ASD, and children with ADHD. The lowest physical activity practice is found in children who are in special education centers. It is advisable to design programs where families have a very active attitude, promote awareness of the need for physical activity and provide appropriate materials and equipment as well as the incorporation of adapted sports in the child's own school and community environment.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Supporting Latino Children’s Narrative Skills through the Use of Culturally-responsive Strategies: What Can Early Childhood Educators Learn from Latino Parents?
Dr. Raquel Plotka, Assistant Professor, Early Childhood Development, Pace University, New York, NY, United States
Dr. Xiao-lei Wang, Pace University, Pleasantville, New York, United States

Overview: Early narrative skills are predictive of later academic achievement (Fivush, Haden, and Reese, 2006), and early childhood educators play a central role in fostering these skills. Current research informing teacher training is based on observations of European-American families (e.g. Petersen and McCabe, 1994). European-American parents often engage children in elaborative styles of interactions, which consist of adults asking numerous questions to structure the narrative. However, Latino parents engage in a participatory narrative style, focusing on the social component of the narrative (Melzi, Schick, and Kennedy, 2011). The elaborative style has been found to be highly effective (Fivush et al., 2006). Nevertheless, the participatory style has been found to be more effective than the elaborative style for Latino children in the home environment (Plotka and Wang, 2016). This study assesses the potential effects of participatory styles in early childhood education settings. The results have implications for practice. Given the increase in diverse learners, it is essential that educators incorporate culturally-responsive ways of fostering expressive language skills in young children.
Theme:Educational Studies

Mental Health in Schools
Deirdre Heenan,
Dr Siobhan O'Neill, -, -, University of Ulster, LONDONDERRY, UK, United Kingdom

Overview: For most countries the vision is an education system where strong mental health and wellbeing are at the heart of the culture and ethos of all schools. Schools should aim to be hubs of wellbeing for all staff and children. This paper is based on research which employed qualitative and quantitative methodology to assess and review the mental health interventions in schools across Northern Ireland. It highlights that despite the increased prevalence of poor mental health amongst children and young people interventions are fragmented and not embedded in the curriculum. It outlines the benefits for schools of an evidence based approach and sets out the key challenges for schools. Schools need to to be better supported by partners in healthcare and the community and voluntary sector as research shows half of lifetime mental health problems start by the age of fourteen.
Theme:Educational Studies

Extracurricular Activities and Learning Motivation for Rural Pupils
Lucia Pumares-Lavandeira, Professor-Tutor, Research Methodologies, National Distance Education University (UNED), Pontevedra, Galicia, Spain
Mrs. Margarita Pino-Juste, Regular Professor , Didactics and school organization, University of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain, Spain

Overview: School motivation leads and supports students’ efforts and activities provide cognitive resources to learn. However, this is a very broad concept and some authors distinguish three relevant constructs for motivation in educational contexts, including academic self-efficacy, achievement motivation, and causal attribution to the achievement. This study determines the level of motivation toward school tasks for a group of students in fifth and sixth of primary education, in order to establish whether there is any relation between motivation and the extracurricular activities they attend. For that, an interpretive, descriptive, and inferential cross-sectional study was carried out using a non-probabilistic sample of voluntary subjects. It is designed as an ad hoc questionnaire and it is administered bythe School Motivation Scale (EME) with a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of .753. The results indicate that the motivation of students toward school tasks is high with respect to the total motivation as well as in each of the three dimensions that the EME tries to analyze. In addition, the amount of extracurricular activities that each child attends varies between a minimum of zero and a maximum of seven, and students attending these activities do, mostly, between three and six hours per week (44%). Academic and sports activities have the highest percentage of participation (26.8%), whereas academic activities have the lowest percentage (6.4%). It was found a significant correlation between the amount of extracurricular activities and self-efficacy (p=.010). There have been also found significant differences between the types of extracurricular activities (academic, sports, and arts) and self-efficacy (p=.001) were also found. Finally, the results are discussed and compared with other previous studies, demonstrating the consistency of our findings.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 4 Engaging Media

Understanding the Changing Dynamics of Arts Marketing Under the Influence of Social Media in Turkey
Hanzade Uralman, Dr, Chairman, Public Relations and Advertising Departmant, Istanbul Okan University, Istanbul, Turkey
Overview: The increase in opportunities created by web 2.0 technologies that enable individuals to share and discuss online affected arts market in many ways. The actors who use social media in the contemporary art field such as galleries, museums, art magazines, art critics, new art platforms, collectors, and art consumers created new ways of seeing, buying, promotion, exhibiting, and criticizing practices being in interaction with each other. In this context, this study explores these changing practices which point out the attitudes and behaviours in online interactive environments. The study focuses on the role of social media in rapid growing art environment in Turkey. A qualitative study approach will be employed for this study. The most dynamic actors in Turkey’s contemporary arts market including art collectors, art critics, and the directors of art platforms, art galleries, and art magazines will be selected and analyzed through in‐depth interviews, documentation, official web sites, and social networking sites.

Case Study and Use of Network Technology for Teaching Branding
Dr. Edmundo Brandão Dantas, Brasilia, Brazil
Overview: In Brazil, the case study method is quite common in specialization courses, usually linked to the management area. In undergraduate courses, however, this method is still little used and, when it is, it is restricted especially to courses in administration and management, generally covered superficially in the marketing disciplines. Add to this the fact that the disciplines adopting the case study are still delivered on the basis of the traditional standard, with evidence, written work, and the like. In the subjects of the communication course, whether they refer to undergraduate or postgraduate education, the case study is practically not adopted. Most of the discussions are about theoretical points of view, usually based on the ideas of more traditional philosophers or the opinions of experts in the field. This historical position, in spite of some efficiency, prepares the communication professionals much more like thinkers or generators of news than properly managers of the communication. The teaching of journalism tends to prevail over communication courses, with this attitude. The other variations of the communication, such as advertising communication, resent a more practical methodology, where one can study situations based on real facts lived by professionals of companies of the branch and that can generate some learning for this area of communication. Allied to this, the almost total absence of systematization of national cases, with strategic information and data sheets, contributes to the fact that communication schools do not use the case study as a methodological option. For some time, very little or almost nothing was studied in the field of advertising communication about the construction, positioning, image, and identity of brands, or, more synthetically, about branding. Except for the Higher School of Advertising and Marketing (ESPM), one of the most important institutions of private higher education in advertising and marketing in Brazil (and which, incidentally, is one of the few that develops and adopts the methodology of case studies in Advertising, undergraduate courses), and the School of Communication and Arts (ECA) of the University of São Paulo (USP), the most accredited Brazilian higher education institution, did not study branding in communication courses. The subject was restricted to courses of Administration (under the market perspective) and Design (from the point of view of visual communication). Because it is understood that advertising communication is an area of extreme importance and relevance for the construction, positioning, identitym and image of brands, some professors from the University of Brasília decided to extend the study of branding also to the undergraduate course in Advertising and Propaganda, as the two schools mentioned earlier, but in a more vibrant way, did, to some extent, lead to effective participation in and outside the classroom (via the Internet and some of its by-products, as Social networks, for example), students who are often obsessed - almost "enslaved" - by the new information and communication technologies (ICTs) and their powerful gadgets, but who could engage in discipline and take an interest in the subject. In Brazil, and it is believed that across the globe, this obsession for ICTs and the mobile world, seems to have become almost a disease, an addiction. All are connected, through their gadgets, to one or more social networks, access the Internet, do research, and talk with their friends. At the Academy, this obsession is strongly reflected in the classroom, where most students tend to be dispersive, more concerned that they are "playing" with their miraculous devices. The effect of this is that the rate of retention of knowledge has become very small, in contrast to the attention deficit, which has increased significantly. In the face of such findings, and because we understand that without communication no brand is built, differentiated, and positioned, we needed to create a branding discipline that, to the extent possible, could neutralize, in one way or another, the students’ dispersion of attention, which undoubtedly undermines the retention of knowledge.
Theme:Educational Studies

Cultural Journalism and Art Criticism in Portugal: A Change of Mentalities and Markets with a Focus on the Lack of Art Publications and Criticism
Helena Osório, Researcher, PhD in Studies on History of Art and Music, Research Institute in Art, Design and Society, i2ADS, Porto, Porto, Portugal
Overview: On the threshold of the twenty-first century, several periodicals have closed in Portugal. The space given to culture in the written press is renounced. Art and art criticism have less visibility. The explosion of the Internet, as a tool of production and consumption of media, poses new challenges to a press that fights against one of the lowest reading rates in Europe. In 2018, the light was rekindled with a return to trends of the past; however, this does not include the spread of artistic production. The space given to culture in the written press has depleted and art and critics have become less visible. Culture gains a secondary plan, neglecting the journalistic tendencies of the 1980s and 1990s (and even before with nineteenth-century literacy efforts), which promoted mass education (not the other way around, as we have seen in the media). The concern stems from the dynamization of online subscriptions, thus reducing costs. The year 2005 had the worst record in the last fifteen years with the loss of twenty-six thousand readers, mainly affecting the general paper newspapers. In 2017, trends tend to rethink these bad policies. Where does cultural journalism remain? Who is dedicated today to criticism in the written press?

Communications Network Structure and the Role of Actors in the Spread of Information Technology
Aswad Muhammad Hajarul Aswad A, Lecturer, Mathematic Department, IAIN Palopo
Overview: This study reviews the structure of networks and the role of actors in the use of IT in Seko, an IT consulting company. This exploratory research reveals the actors who have an essential role in the dissemination of IT in Seko. The network structure is identified through network density, centrality, distance and diameter, betweenness centrality, and closeness centrality. Then, a complete network analysis giving particular attention to actor-level analysis in which several actors were suspected of playing a role in the dissemination of IT is presented. Furthermore, collected data are processed and interpreted using Microsoft NodeXL Version From this, it is found that the structure of communication networks in Seko is spread by a level of connectedness between low actors. Only little-centralized location, the existing communication network, has a positive and strong relationship with the dissemination of IT.
Room 5 Policy Perspectives

Strategic Risk Management in the Policy-making Process
Daria Maltseva, Associate professor, Theory and philosophy of politics, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, none, Russian Federation
Overview: The paper is dedicated to the analysis of risk management as an essential tool supporting the policy-making process. Evidently policy-making takes place in conditions of uncertainty, flux, unpredictability, and variation. It means that the analysis of policy design and implementation requires clear understanding of a multi-agent political system affected by various internal and external risks. The policy-making approach and the underlying policy process need instruments that help to estimate and control risks, preventing their potential turning into destructive dangers for the political, economic, and social environments. So, strategic risk management plays a significant role in the decision-making process and cannot be ignored for deeper understanding of policy development aimed at avoiding common political disruptions, accelerating the development of political structure, and, most importantly, establishing consensus between state authorities and society.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies

Ineffectiveness of Policies to Overcome Poverty: What Is Behind It?
Dr. Adriane Ferrarini Ferrarini, Professor and researcher, Post-Graduation Program on Social Science, Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, Sao Leopoldo, Brazil
Overview: The period of popular governments in Brazil (2002-2015) was characterized by unprecedented investments in social policies to overcome poverty. Its main instrument, the Bolsa Familia, is the largest income transfer program in the world, internationally recognized and reapplied. However, inequality continues to rise and poverty rates rose again at the end of this period. Despite the economic crisis that plagues the country, it is possible to affirm the fragility of the social impact of the policies. This paper discusses the implementation of the policy and analyzes the reasons for its ineffectiveness. The results demonstrate limitations due, especially, to the lack of intersectorality between the social and economic area. However, this dissociation is not restricted to the technical dimension; it has roots in the country's development matrix which has remained unchanged. The fundamental measures of establishing inclusive economic development and generating decent economic opportunities for the millions of poor Brazilians who were assisted and professionally qualified did not happen. If unprecedented investments were made to the poorest, in infinitely greater proportion, they remained and remain in the hands of the economic and political elite, leading to questioning the legitimacy of the discourses and practice on overcoming poverty in unequal societies of the South.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 6 Professional Matters

Archive of Workplace Writing Experience: An Exploration of Written Communities of Professional Practice
Prof. Jessica Mc Caughey, -, -, George Washington University, Vienna, VA, United States
Prof. Brian Fitzpatrick, -, -, George Mason University, fairfax, va, United States

Overview: Authors discuss data from this exploratory study focused on workplace writing transfer, both in the social sciences and outside, and explore how individuals within communities of professional practice perceive and understand their own development as writers in specific disciplinary contexts. This project asks interviewees, working professionals in a variety of different industries, organizations, and roles, to discuss how and what they write, how they developed skills specific to their field, what “successful” writing looks like in their community of professional practice, and what knowledge students across disciplines need to develop in their writing as they look towards the future. In addition to issues of pedagogy and disciplinary communication practices in action, this research examines organizational knowledge—“rules” of communication that often go unspoken. Further, audio versions of interviews are available to students, professors, and the public in the form of the Archive of Workplace Writing Experiences, a learning tool and repository, as well as a crucial link between the university and the “working world.” Through it, students in the social sciences, but also writers in other fields, can hear and consider the voices of those creating real workplace writing within disciplinary communities of professional practice.
Theme:Organizational Studies

Role of Awards in Operationalizing Professional Values: Professional Self-regulation in Landscape Architecture
Christina Ida Breed, Senior Lecturer, Architecture, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
Overview: Landscape designers play an important role in urban green space quality in South Africa. The operationalization of their values could have a positive effect on social and ecological health and should form part of professional self-regulation. The study employs the dual methods of constructivist content analysis of design projects featured in prominent profession-focused magazines and interpretivist analysis of semi-structured interviews with experts in the industry. It identifies social practices that show potential for the operationalization of values in the profession. These are education, legislation, rating systems, and award systems. From these, award systems are selected because they provide both intrinsic and extrinsic incentives. The analysis of existing award systems reveals shortcomings in the awards criteria. The criteria for the Institute of Landscape Architecture in South Africa’s Merit Awards are subsequently reviewed to reflect more functional values, the four categories of Ecosystem Services and ethical Nature and Landscape Values found in the literature. Operationalization is explored through social rituals, alignment with existing values, and examples of best practice. The case study illustrates the ethical complexities in weighing up and distinguishing between value types and their relationships in the context of professional practice, and captures the local value nuances on urban nature.
Theme:Environmental Studies

The Evolution of Disciplines
Kenneth Kenneth A Grant, Chair, Entrepreneurship & Strategy, Ted Rogers School of Management, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada
Candace Grant, -, -, Utica College

Overview: How do disciplines emerge? The world has seen many changes in how knowledge is viewed and used; yet, the academic world is slow to respond to these changes in its protected environment. While the subjects/content taught may evolve, the social structure of academic disciplines, particularly in the humanities and social sciences, has seen little change over the last sixty to eighty years. The strong duality of "the department and the discipline" influences research, hiring, and career advancement. Those involved in new fields vie for the endorsement of more established or core disciplines, well-established journals, and highly-reputed conferences. Work in interdisciplinary studies, while accepted, tends not to receive the same visibility and respect as that in the more “core” disciplines. There are many good and valid reasons for this rigorous approach to disciplines; however, a new perspective may be needed. This paper will examine the key characteristics of disciplines and their evolution, looking at two specific cases, the fields of “entrepreneurship,” with origins in the 1930s and “knowledge management” appearing in the 1990s, drawing on a number of perspectives, including the evolution of scientific paradigms and the perspective of institutional theory.
Theme:Educational Studies

Pre-Service Language Teachers' Wellbeing: A Causal-Comparative Study
Manuel Jesús Cardoso Pulido, PhD Candidate, Deparment of Language, Literature and Education, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Dr. Juan Ramon Guijarro Ojeda, -, -, University of Granada, Granada, Granada, Spain

Overview: After delving into the literature about wellbeing and understanding the core of pre-service teachers’ emotions and human flourishing, we developed a casual-comparative study with students at the Faculty of Educational Sciences (University of Granada). Our research aims to identify the senior students’ beliefs about their teacher training programme in Foreign Languages (English) with reference to the following factors: teacher distress; emotional intelligence; teacher burnout; educational success; and perceived support from family, friends and society. Additionally, our purpose is to comprehend whether the attributes variables (independent variables) – such as gender, birthplace, parents’ profession, etc., are statistically significant or not when crossed with the dependent variables (previously mentioned). Significant results reveal that students who decided to join the teaching career with a vocational orientation perceived total support from their close social network. On the contrary, those with an instrumental justification and also those with a functional reason do not observe any assistance and hence, they are willing to leave the profession sooner. Annexing these replies with other ones like how pre-service teachers deal with different students in different contexts, may shed new light on improving the teaching experience (and students with similar variables) based on our research findings.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 7 Islamic Ideals

Eco-justice in Islamic Law
Dr. Nawal Ammar, Dean of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Rowan University, Clarksboro, NJ, United States
Overview: Despite the diversity among Muslims and Islamic perspectives, it is possible to speak about an Islamic perspective on eco-feminism. This perspective is not advancing new interpretations on Islam and environment, but rather a retrieval of existing theological elements of Islam. This is a progressive approach that is based on the concept of "aql" (knowledge transmitted from independent reason) versus "naql" (knowledge derived only from revelation and tradition). This paper asks the question of whether Islamic thought and ecofeminism have any commonalities. And if they do, then what are these commonalities? The methodology I use in the paper utilizes theoretical, historical, and narrative analysis of the texts. The balance of this paper is divided into four sections. The first section describes the main ideas of the eco-feminist perspective. The second section provides a brief description of the Islamic view of the environment, justice, and women. The third section discusses the moral dilemma emanating from this view of the environment for Muslims. The fourth and final section explores the relationship between the ideas of eco-feminism and Islamic views of the environment with suggestions for further research.
Theme:Environmental Studies

Family, Identity, and Power: How Family Shapes Masculinities among Muslims in Java
Rachmad Hidayat, Lecturer, Faculty of Philosophy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Overview: Family fundamentally is a gendered institution that conserves and embodies gendered norms and structures. This paper discusses how family shapes masculinities among Muslims men in rural Java. It is based on a qualitative study involving sixteen Muslim men living in a rural area in the Southern part of Central Java. The study employed group discussions followed by in-depth interviews with the men participants. The study reveals that marriage and family substantially shape masculinities in two ways. First, family provides a man with institutionalised gendered power that requires a man to play dominant roles in the family, particularly over women. A man’s ability to exercise this power, to observe, evaluate, judge, and control undesirable situations within the relationship constitutes the ideals of manhood. Second, family elevates a man with the status of being the real man which allows him to link himself to other married men outside the family and to participate in the social realm which constitutes as a homosocial practice. This study indicates that religious doctrine combined with Javanese norms of manhood contribute to the conservation of masculinity in the family.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Urgency in Regulating Marriage Registration from the Perspective of Islamic Law and Indonesian Positive Law
Muchammad Ichsan, -, -, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, DIY, Indonesia
Overview: This study reviews the existence and sufficiency of regulations on marriage registration based on Islamic law and Indonesian legislative regulations. It seeks to identify the reasons why some people choose not to register their marriage at the authorized state institution as well as the harms that come with such decision. In addition, the necessary efforts to discourage sirri marriage (religiously valid yet unregistered marriage) and to prompt people to register their union are also laid out. To achieve these purposes, this study employs the juridical-normative method with a sociological approach in the writing. The findings are as follows: (1) registration is important and necessary to regulate marriages in Indonesia; (2) registration does not determine the validity of a marriage because it is not a basic principle or requirement of matrimony; (3) Islam allows a government to require marriage registration if it is beneficial or good for the community, and if it can help them avoid any form of oppression, damage, and risk; (4) Indonesia already has a sufficient set of legislative regulations on marriage registration, although some of them need to be clarified further; (5) different reasons for not registering a marriage at the authorized institution include: religious validity is considered adequate, the official registration process is deemed impractical, pre-marital pregnancy, the marriage is part of polygamy, the marriage is interreligious, the marriage involves underage individual(s), and the punishment is simply not serious enough; (6) unregistered marriage is prone to many risks.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 8 Late Additions

The Effectiveness of Bibliotherapy and Cinemeducation Techniques to Increase Students’ Multicultural Awareness
Subekti Masri,
Overview: The study examines the effectiveness of bibliotherapy and cinemeducation techniques to increase students’ multicultural awareness. The application of the technique is deemed to improve students’ multicultural awareness significantly. Bibliotherapy is a counseling technique that applies the story as a medium to change a person's behavior by self reflection. Meanwhile, cinemeducation deals with a counseling technique that utilizes film to change students’ attitudes. Both these techniques could be used in high schools to make students interact with different ethnicities and religions. As a result, students’ multicultural awareness behavior appears well in the school, family, and community. This study applies single-subject experiment design, especially multiple baselines across subject design. The subject of study was selected based on a score scale of multicultural awareness having a low level of consciousness. It was also based on interview findings with some teachers. The data were analyzed using visual chart analysis consisting of phase baseline, short story, and film intervention. Further, the findings indicate that students’ multicultural awareness behaviors were in a low level to medium level. In addition, the intervention of short stories and films also experience an increase from the low level to medium level after being treated using bibliotherapy and cinemeducation techniques.
Theme:Educational Studies

Parents’ Educational Background and Students’ English Academic Achievement in Higher Education in Indonesia
Dr. Masruddin Masruddin, English Lecturer, English Study Program, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Palopo, Palopo, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia
Overview: This research explores the role of parents’ educational background on students’ English academic achievement in higher education in Indonesia. This research describes the difference between the role of parents with a high educational background and parents with a low educational background. It also describes the difference the English academic achievement of students from parents with a high educational background and students from parents with a low educational background. This research uses descriptive qualitative research method. It was conducted at the State Islamic Institute (IAIN) in Palopo, Indonesia. The subject of this research were ten students with a high educational background parent and ten students with a low educational background parent during the third semester in the English Department at IAIN Palopo. In collecting the data, the researcher used observation, questionnaire, and interview as the instruments. The Interactive Model by Miles and Hiberman was used to analyze the data. It consist of three steps, including data reduction, data display, and conclusion. The result of this research shows that there were differences between the role of parents with a high educational background and parents with a low educational background on their child’s academic activity in English learning. The parents from high educational backgrounds are better in communicating, responding, monitoring, motivating, mentoring, and facilitating academic activity in English learning than the parents from low educational backgrounds. It is also found that the students of parents with high educational backgrounds have better achievement than the students from low educational background parents. It can be concluded that parents’ educational background contributes positively on the students’ English academic achievement at IAIN Palopo.
Theme:Educational Studies

Pragmatics Knowledge and Perspectives of Pre-service English Teachers in Training
Madehang Madehang,
Overview: This study examines pre-service teaching students in the English education program in the Faculty of Education and Teaching at the State Islamic Institute of Palopo during the academic year 2016/2017. Employing a quantitative research, this study measures the pre-service teaching students’ pragmatic knowledge and competence by assessing their requests and apologies. There were twenty-two seventh-semester students participating in the study. The study findings showed that the students’ pragmatic competence on request and apology production varied in terms of its appropriateness. The respondents produced 264 utterances. There was a slightly different number between appropriate request (R) and apology (A), 105 and 106 respectively. The total appropriate R and A were 211 (79.92%) whereas the total inappropriate responses were 53 (20.08%). The study also revealed that the frequency of students’ appropriate request (R) and apology (A) responses were higher when the students were in an equal social position/power rank and in higher social hierarchical situations.
Theme:Educational Studies

The Effect of Internal Factors on Students’ Mathematics Learning Achievement
Alia Lestari, Lecturer, Tarbiyah and Teaching Science Faculty, IAIN Palopo
Overview: Regression analysis is the most popular method used to examine the effect of the independent variables on the dependent variable. However, in education data, it is often found that independent variable data is classified as qualitative data, so it is not possible to apply this method for analysis. This research utilizes regression analysis method with dummy variable to examine the effect of internal factors consisting of interest, motivation, and intelligence toward mathematics learning achievement. The intelligence variable was examined by students' cognitive potential that is classified as a qualitative variable. The findings showed significant effect of interest, motivation, and intelligence, either partially or simultaneously. The obtained model showed differences in the students’ achievement that have enough, moderate, and good cognitive potential
Theme:Educational Studies
13:05-13:10 Lunch (Lunch runs from 13:05-15:30)

Due to the size of this conference, lunch will be served in the cafeteria from 13:05-15:30 (1:05pm-3:30pm). Conference participants can feel free to enjoy lunch at any time during these hours. For directions to the cafeteria, see the conference registration desk.
Room 1 Questions of Governance

New Public Governance in the Czech Republic, Romania, and Slovakia: A Comparative Analysis of Political Cultures
Stanica Cristina, Ph.D. Candidate, School of Public Policy and Administration, University of Delaware, NEWARK, DELAWARE, United States
Minion K. C. Morrison, Professor, School of public policy and administration, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, United States

Overview: The successful implementation of new public governance practices in post-communist countries is related to a multitude of factors. The literature points out the relevance of the context of each country. Studying new public governance requires understanding how the socio-economic conditions, political culture, administrative tradition, and public administration reform impact joint public service delivery and citizen engagement. This paper addresses the influence of political culture on democratic practices. It begins by theoretically connecting the concept of political culture to new public governance. Then it reviews the evolution of democracy in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Romania. Hofstede’s national cultural dimensions are deployed in this study to evaluate and compare cultural factors in these countries. We then use a set of indexes to analyze the results in comparison to average scores in the European Union. Using qualitative methods, we analyze national and cross-national European documents to track the evolution of public administration reforms, and to understand how they support public governance implementation. Elite interviews are used to help specify the characteristics of each political system and the main values that drive effectiveness and responsibility. From this evidence three categories (parochial, subject, and participant) emerge that allow us to assess indicators of good governance in each context. The interdisciplinary character of this paper is reflected in its employment of insights from the literatures of public administration (theory), governance (public policy), and political culture (comparative politics).
Theme:Civic and Political Studies

Russia – Dealing with its Imperial Legacy: Examples of Ukraine and Moldova
Kristine Zaidi, PhD Student , Political Science , University of Latvia , Swindon , United Kingdom
Overview: Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia has confronted major foreign policy challenges including finding its place in the international arena and positioning itself among countries it once had under its total control. The loss was considerable, particularly in status, and it took a number of years to move away from the rhetoric of ‘great power’ to ‘one of the centers of influence in the world’. Russia’s regional ambitions, largely expressed trough its leading role in the CIS, continue in the legacy of the old empire. This legacy is reflected in Russia’s relations with Ukraine and Moldova. Albeit different cases with distinct issues, Ukraine and Moldova provide examples of Russia’s approach to maintaining and enhancing its influence in its immediate neighbourhood shared with other regional and global players, in particular the EU and NATO. Interestingly, both countries are considered a natural zone of influence. The reconciliation is not challenge free but constitutes an imperial legacy linking the past to future ambitions. Approaches Russia takes in relations with these countries, legacy and outlook, are addressed in this study. These approaches are incremental, yet guided by a long-term strategy, aiming to strengthen Russia’s regional and international status. It is both strategic and opportunistic. The issue is examined through the prism of international relations and decision making models to explain the motivation, context and how foreign policy decisions are made and executed in contemporary Russia.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies

Economic Solutions to Social Problems : Unpacking the Skill Shortage Crisis During the Australian Mining Boom
Melissa Cianfrini, Educational Researcher, Educational Enhancement Unit, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
Overview: Up until a few years ago, unprecedented international demand for iron ore resulted in a national skill shortage crisis in Australia that lasted for over a decade. As a result, the Australian Government and businesses implemented strategies to meet the demand for labour, including employee incentives, increasing the mature-aged workforce, and the highly controversial strategy of increasing migrant workers. This paper addresses these national issues played out in an Australian mining community. Situated in a community psychology paradigm, eighty-nine semi-structured qualitative interviews and twenty-two online surveys with key stakeholders were analysed through the analytical ecological framework of causal layered analysis. This process revealed a theme of blame and a lack of accountability among stakeholders; highlighting the beliefs, behaviours and policies compounding the skills shortage. In particularly, it highlighted issues around the lack of education and training provided to resolve the skill shortage crisis. A critical reflection on the issue suggests a lack of awareness of the social and relational capital between employers, migrant workers, and stakeholders.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 2 Concerning America

Language Mediation in the United States Medical Sector and How It Affects Women and Children
Prof. Alexander Rainof, -, -, California State University, Santa Monica, United States
Overview: The USA is the richest country in the world. California, for instance, was in 2014 the seventh largest economy on the planet. Sadly, it boasts also the highest income inequality of any highly industrialized country on the planet, with the highest Gini Index (.42), and growing. It also has the worse social safety net and medical coverage system of all the industrialized nations. The new administration proposals portend further disparities. Those who do not speak English, are sick, or have sick loved ones, are the most affected by this situation. Of those, as amply reported in the socio-medical literature, are women and children. The law mandates that they be provided with competent language mediation (Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VI, Executive Order 13166), mediation all too often unavailable. This paper discusses some of the most distressing sociolinguistic aspects of this state of affairs and their ramifications as illustrated in the medical and legal literature, such as lack of compliance, the cost of errors in communication, the ethics of medical interpretation, cultural issues, advocacy, consent, and children used as interpreters. Possible solutions shall be discussed. Many of the examples given shall illustrate situations involving monolingual speakers of Spanish.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Civic and Political Studies, Cultural Studies, Educational Studies, Communication

But It's Only A Story: Using Ethnographic Theatre to Explore Collective Cultural Anxiety
Dr. Kerric Harvey, Associate Professor, School of Media and Public Affairs, George Washington University, Washington, D.C., United States
Overview: This paper reports on the results of the author's most recent research in adapting theatrical technique for anthropological purposes, particularly in situations characterized by significant intra-group division and/or inter-group conflict. As an example of "ethnographic theatre," “The Interrogation Project” excavated cultural attitudes underpinning American political sensibility by presenting three different versions of the same ten-minute play in which the race of key characters changed across versions. The goal was to use theatre as a means of mapping the emotional, political, and moral contours of an extremely relevant and highly flammable topic of public concern—the moral, military, and ethical considerations factoring into the acceptance or rejection of torture as a tactic for combating terrorism. The play itself tells the story of a group of conductors on the 1860s Underground Railroad, an undercover operation that brought African American slaves north to freedom, who reluctantly resort to using torture in order to discover the identity of an informant in their midst. Employing the morally safe "make believe" world of a theatre piece permitted the researcher to probe for "breakpoints" in the audience's reactions towards the use of torture within the diegetic world of the play, and, by extension, the contemporary political landscape.
Room 3 On War

War as an Instrument of Policy and as a Form of Conflict Resolution
Dr. Gerardo Acay, Adjunct Professor, Social Sciences Division, Missouri Valley College, Marshall, Missouri, United States
Overview: There is a set of concepts, war and peace, conflict and cooperation, whose pairwise analyses are implied by both historical and conceptual inquiries. The latter refers to a philosophical elucidation of the meaning of statements whose function is to describe a given phenomenon; while the former identifies the events and conditions with which these statements are construed to be descriptions of what in fact did or did not happen. This is what is suggested by analytical and historical aspects of any problem being studied. Thus, the study and analyses of this set of concepts have puzzled thinkers, writers, teachers, students, etc. Moreover, they have attempted to reduce the complexities of international conflict, war and peace, etc. to some orderly structure as well as to develop a theory that will enable us to explain, to understand, a uniquely human phenomenon. This study shall use as a paradigm the classic work, "on War" by the eighteenth century Austrian military strategist and philosopher of war, Carl von Clausewitz.
Theme:Global Studies

10,000 Cries for Justice
Don Tow, President, -, New Jersey Alliance for Learning & Preserving the History of WWII in Asia (NJ-ALPHA)
Overview: The “10,000 Cries for Justice” project provides an important digital archive of historical letters written about atrocities inflicted by the Japanese military on the Chinese population during the WWII period. This digital archive documenting the first-hand experience of the victims provides powerful evidence of what actually happened during this period. It provides a useful tool to learn from history. Through this insight and understanding, new genuine friendships between Japanese and Chinese people can be established and serve as a model for other countries.
Theme:Global Studies
Room 4 Health Matters

Mapping Perceptions of Biopsychosocial Determinants of Mental Wellbeing and Exploring Interventions with UK Primary School Pupils: Reflections on the Use of Visual Methods for Engaging Nine to Eleven Year Olds in Interdisciplinary Research
Stephen Jennings, PhD Student, DECIPHer, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
Overview: Contemporary public health research has suggested that focusing on understanding the context and social systems into which interventions are introduced might be one way to improve programme effectiveness and sustainability (e.g. Moore and Evans, 2017; Moore et al., 2015; Hawe et al. 2009). This research also expresses that stakeholder engagement in the development of interventions is a crucial element in this process. This project therefore explores key education and health stakeholders’ perspectives on mental health interventions in Welsh primary schools. This study also has an interdisciplinary methodological focus, drawing on concepts and methods from sociology, psychology, education and public health, looking to advance the literature on how best to devise appropriate ways of engaging primary school pupils in research and programme development. Visual workshops with 9-11 year old pupils were conducted as part of the wider research. The lead researcher developed a brain mapping activity based on the body mapping approach used in physical health fields, used to explore primary school pupils’ constructions of their own biological, psychological and socio-environmental determinants of mental health. A circle ranking technique was also used to explore child stakeholder perspectives on school-based interventions: pupils used this to rank their ideas and opinions of school approaches to mental health and wellbeing. These activities were evaluated both in workshops and using anonymous forms. This presentation reflects on the applicability of these activities for co-productive work with child stakeholders in interdisciplinary research and concludes that the evaluations indicate that the above methods are developmentally appropriate and engaging.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Intersectionality and Harm Versus Autonomy : Findings from International Studies Examining Whether Vulnerabilities Contribute to Differences in Patient Safety
Sue Dean, Lecturer, Faculty of Health, The University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Tracy Levett-Jones, -, -, University of Technology, Sydney
Deborah Debono, -, -, University of Technology, Sydney
Reece Hinchcliff, Senior Lecturer in Health Services Management, Centre for Health Services Management, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney (UTS)
Joanne Travaglia,

Overview: This study examines whether vulnerabilities contribute to differential rates and types of errors in relation to patient safety, in this case looking at individuals who are homeless. Individuals who are homeless provide a clear exemplar of the way in which social, clinical, professional and organisational factors intersect to increase the risk of harm. The authors of this paper use intersectionality as an analytical framework to address the following: What is the evidence for increased risk of iatrogenic harm to people who are homeless? What are the methods used to estimate that harm? What interventions have been developed to reduce harm and what evidence is there of their effectiveness? Findings from studies conducted internationally are used to inform this discussion.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Advancing Mental Health in Schools
Deirdre Heenan,
Overview: There is mounting evidence that mental disorders are increasingly common among young people and that the behavioural symptoms of mental illness is becoming evident at an early age. Schools and teachers have consistently reported the scale of the problem in recent years, but recently they have also voiced just how ill-equipped they feel to deal with the increasingly complex mental health issues in their respective institutions. Reasons cited for this include a lack of training, financial constraints, and the absence of support from professional NHS service. This research adopted a mixed method approach using both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. It assessed the current mental health interventions in primary and post primary schools in Northern Ireland. Whilst there is a range of mental health activity is going on in school, it is fragmented, often viewed as marginal, and not embedded into the curriculum. Clearly there is a need for much more integration between health and education to ensure provision is uniform and appropriate.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 5 Dealing with Data

Exploitation of Physician Prescribing Data as a Health Information Industry Standard: A Case of Big Data Practices and Pitfalls
Frederick Langshaw, -, -, Queen's Univeristy, Kingston, Canada
Overview: North American physicians are not afforded the same protection of privacy and control over their information as patients are. Pharmaceutical drug Intermediaries combine datasets to reidentify physicians, link them to their prescribing habits, and sell this data to pharmaceutical marketers. Sales representatives approach unknowing doctors with data-informed sales pitches to influence their prescribing habits. Framed in a big-data, surveillance studies framework, this work explores the philosophical underpinnings, as well as social, technical, and legal issues central to the exploitation of physician data. Its aim is to understand to what degree physicians own their data, how far their data extends them (i.e. for access) and who can legitimately control and act on their data. This work is informed by surveillance, structural-functionalist, and medical sociology literature, legal documents, industry publications, and corporate websites, reports, best practices materials, policies, and white papers. This case reflects problematic big-data practices, consequences, public concern and agency for privacy protection in an increasingly data-driven world. Implications of limiting or prohibiting these practices include improving the state of privacy (and data-trading) law, physician privacy, public trust in medicine and research, and public health, as less physicians will be persuaded to prescribe expensive, inadequately tested, or unsafe brand pharmaceuticals.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies

Defining Strategies for Technology Transfer: A Technology, Intelligence-based Tool for Risk Assessment
Dr. Karla Cedano, Head, Secretary on Technological Management and Outreach, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Temixco, Morelos, Mexico
Mauricio Perez, Technology Intelligence Chief, Technology Transfer Office, National Institute of Genomic Medicine

Overview: In the technology transfer context, defining strategies for technology project planning arises as a necessary and challenging activity. This challenging activity comprises elements like market uncertainty and the need for timely decision making within an environment of limited resources (financial, time, among others). In this context, technology intelligence (TI) aids in the generation of knowledge for reducing risk in decision making. This work suggests a tool for identifying and qualitatively measuring different risks, detected from previous TI activities. Such risks, their level and alternatives for mitigating them are also discussed. Furthermore, a tool for calculating a risk score for technology projects at early stages of development is also proposed. This tool was developed by the Technology Transfer Office of the National Institute of Genomic Medicine, in collaboration with Cedano Villavicencio, Ph.D.
Theme:Organizational Studies

Measuring Workforce Diversity at the Individual Employee Level: Applying Graph Theory to Measure Individual Diversity Experience
Dr. Paul Beckman, Professor, Information System, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA, United States
Overview: This project constructs a framework by which organizations can measure the diversity level of each individual employee through the experience they have gained working on organizational tasks with colleagues from diverse backgrounds. Prior simplistic workforce diversity measures, such as “% female”, have been limited to values calculated against the entire workforce. Our interdisciplinary project proposes constructing Information Systems using mathematical Graph Theory concepts with data supplied from organizational Human Resources systems. Our method calculates for every employee in the organization the number of hours they have worked on organizational tasks with every other co-worker. From those calculations we can determine which employees have the highest “Diversity Experience Index” (DEI), a value that indicates the diversity level of that individual employee. \For example, an employee who has worked many hours with female colleagues will have a higher “female” DEI value than does an employee who has not. The implication of our work is that organizations that know their employees’ DEI values will function better because psychology research has shown that humans are more open and accepting to others who are different than themselves as they increase the number or time of interactions with those different others.
Theme:Organizational Studies
Room 6 Women on the Rise

Women's Empowerment in Post-social Conflict Areas: What's the Role for Enhancing Standard of Living in Poso District, Indonesia?
Dr Titik Sumarti Suyono, -, -, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia
Ekawati Wahyuni, Associate Professor in Population and Gender Studies, Communication and Community Development Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

Overview: Social conflict always affects the society, families, and women in different parts of the globe. These people have lost the cohesiveness of neighborhoods, family members, and property, even living in shelters, losing their jobs including agrarian resources, and facing poverty. On the other hand, social conflict is actually a force than can create social capital in the internal communities that are threatened by other communities and can improve welfare. Women have an important role in facing the impact of social conflict for the family and communities. This paper analyzes women's empowerment in agriculture and the creation of social capital as well as its relation to household living standards after social conflicts. The study was conducted in four different social communities experiencing social conflict in Poso District, Indonesia. This research used a quantitative and qualitative approach. The quantitative approach used survey methods. The qualitative approach used case study. The results show that in post-social conflicts women are increasingly empowered in agriculture and able to create social capital, but have not been able to achieve significant changes in household living standards. The presence of NGOs in building women’s schools has been an important role for women’s empowerment movement.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Transformative Gender Identity of Returned Migrant Women in Contemporary China: Is "Coming Home" Possible?
Dr. Yuchen Han, -, -, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen, China
Overview: China’s economic miracle in the post-Mao era is greatly contributed to by the laborious work of the millions of rural-urban migrant factory girls. Driven by numerous social reasons, most of this group of women return to their places of origin after extended experiences in the urban centers. Nevertheless, the out-migration and urban experiences imprint the women with intensive dynamics and tensions of China’s transformation at all levels. Particularly, their gender identity is under perplexing transformation. This is firstly because of their economic independence and wide exposure to the diversity of gender discourses; secondly, they try to return to the rural home both physically and mentally, but they find it hard to re-adjust, although the rural home is also under transformation. This study is empirical-data-based, out from a half-year ethnographic research on “the lived experience of returnee migrant women in the fast-growing China’s hinterland.” The data discussed in this study, is based on a longitudinal participant observation on a returnee sister’s life upon return and her representation of her life story. This paper discusses how Maoist women’s liberation discourse, market-economy-oriented neoliberal discourse, and agricultural patriarchal value cooperate with one another, making imprints on contemporary Chinese rural women’s ideological world and guiding their construction of their gender roles; and meanwhile how the women react and perceive themselves.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Cultural Studies
Room 7 Where Do I Belong?

No Longer "All My Relations": Indigneous Statelessness within the US
Dr. David Wilkins, -, -, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States
Shelly Hulse Wilkins,

Overview: Over the last thirty years, the number of federally-recognized Native Nations located within the United States has increased, and yet, corresponding population figures for these states have declined. Given the well-documented history of US eradication and assimilation of Indigenous Peoples, it would be easy to attribute this phenomenon to ill-conceived or hostile federal policies. However, in this case, Native governments, themselves, are driving the trend through policies of banishment, erroneous denials of citizenship, or disenrollment of bone fide citizens. Since the 1990s, more than eighty Native Nations have culturally, politically, and legally terminated the rights of Indigenous citizens. With the first comprehensive examination of the origins and significance of Tribal disenrollment, we examine these disturbing practices, which often leave targeted Tribal citizens with neither traditional options nor legal avenues for appeal. At the center of the issue are questions of how Native Nations are defined today and who has the fundamental right to define “belonging.” Through analysis of hundreds of Tribal constitutions and interviews with both former Tribal citizens and the Tribal officials who rendered them stateless, we discuss the damage to communities across Indian Country and consider ways to address the problem.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies, Cultural Studies

Building of Exclusionary Identities and Its Effects on Human Rights
Dr. Ana Jara, professor, Philosophy of Law, University of Granada, GRANADA, Granada, Spain
Overview: The construction of exclusionary identities usually does not start in the legal field. Though it may also happen through law, often it is in the educational spaces where it is sown and from there it later flows to political levels. At those levels it becomes institutionalized and subsequently affects the legal system, either directly or indirectly, eliminating factually the efficiency of certain dispositions and rules. There are many difficulties and problems of all kinds that, each day with greater intensity, have a negative impact on the effective deployment of human rights. From the wide and diffuse space that we conventionally identify as “culture” to the accelerated economic universe of “globalization,” without forgetting factors such as religious fanaticism, new forms of violence, or the depraved use of new technologies, an entire arsenal of cultural, political, and economic elements successfully conspire against the universality and effectiveness of recognized, solemnly proclaimed and, in many cases, normatively formalized human rights. The recognition of the “sovereign state” as the central subject of international law, even assuming its juridical, democratic, and constitutional legitimacy, has not managed to completely neutralize the tendencies of political power to the exclusionary identity building and the collective self-assertion of particularisms. Therein lies, in Jürgen Habermas's opinion, “the realist sting that sticks to the flesh of human rights.” It is true that the political role of the national State is not in question, but perhaps the time has come to accelerate the search for other political actors with more capacity for action and more effectiveness in guaranteeing and protecting human rights.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Loss of Citizenship and Ethnic Identity in the Bajo Tribe: A Case in Tomini Bay, Indonesia
Dr. Muhammad Obie, Lecturer, Department of Sociology, State Islamic University of Sultan Amai Gorontalo, Gorontalo, Gorontalo, Indonesia
Dr. Lahaji Haedar, Lecturer, Depertment of Shariah, State Islamic University of Sultan Amai Gorontalo, Indonesia, Gorontalo, Gorontalo, Indonesia
Natsir Muhammad,

Overview: Coastal and marine resources at Tomini Bay had been possessed by the Bajo Tribe since the 1800s. The government then since the 1970s set the investment policy by giving license to capitalist enterprises to exploit it. Meanwhile since 1984 the government set the conservation policy. This study used natural resources access theory (Ribot and Peluso, 2003) and the linkage between natural resources ownership on citizenship and ethnic identity (Lund, 2011). The research analyzes the effect of investment and conservation policies towards the ownership and ethnic identity of the Bajo tribe. Methods of research were interview, observation, and Focused Group Discussion (FGD). It implicated both to sociological theory and policy making on coastal and marine resources. Investment policy had caused damaging on coastal and marine resources due to over exploitation. Meanwhile, conservation policy resulted territorialising of coastal and marine areas. Both policies caused the loss of access of the Bajo tribe which then caused the loss of its citizenship and ethnic identity. The Bajo Tribe then was in a discarded position. As a tribe entity, it had been uprooted from its cultural root. While, as a part of modern nation-state, its existence still seen as isolated and remote community.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 8 Lessons on Learning

Study of the Values of Degree Students in Primary Education at Andalusian Universities
Prof. Gracia González Gijón, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Dr. Andrés Soriano Díaz, -, -, University of Granada, Granada, Granada, Spain
Nazaret Martinez Heredia, Teacher, Pedagogy, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Overview: Given the importance of the transmission of values by the teaching staff in their professional exercise, this paper aims to describe the values of Primary Education Degree students from Andalusian universities (Spain). To this end, an instrument called Adapted Value Test - “Test de valores adaptado” (TVA) - with answers as a Likert scale, was administered to a representative sample of 650 students. The results reveal that the polled university students value in a positive manner non-material aspects related to affectivity, ecology, moral, and individual values followed by the values related to the body, body care, as well as, social, material, and aesthetic values. Finally, at the bottom of the hierarchy, values related to intellectual, political, and religious aspects can be found.
Theme:Educational Studies

Design and Quality Parameters of an Instrument to Measure Teaching Competences in Higher Education
Dr. Oswaldo Lorenzo-Quiles, Vicedean of Research, International Projects and Transference, Education and Humanities of Melilla, Unniversity of Granada, Melilla, Melilla, Spain
Dr. Marisa del Socorro Zaldívar Acosta, -, -, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Merida, Mexico
Carolina Alegre Benítez, Doctoranda, Didáctica de las Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Granada, Spain

Overview: This study constructs an instrument to measure the perception of their own teaching competences of a group of university professors of health sciences in Yucatan, Mexico. The method used includes both quantitative and qualitative approaches with mixed techniques to evaluate the relevance and quality of the four analyzed dimensions determined by the literature review: Planning of the subject, Teaching practice, Reflection of teaching in classroom, and Motivation for teaching practice. The instrument was validated by a group of 150 Mexican professors from different subjects related to health sciences (sixty men and eighty-two women). The implications of the study are interesting not only for university professors in health sciences, but also for higher education professors from other disciplines, since the conceptual references used for its construction have into consideration common aspects to teaching in different disciplines.
Theme:Educational Studies
14:25-14:35 Break
Room 1 Adolescent Struggles

Economic Crisis and Adolescents' Educational Outcomes : A Case Study in Southern Europe
Antonio Citarella, -, -, Ministry of Education, Messina, Sicily, Italy
Overview: This study investigated the effects of economic crisis on three adolescents outcomes, including academic grades, career indecision, and positive future expectations. Additionally, the mediating role of academic self efficacy was tested. Data from 500 middle school youth from Southern Italy were analyzed using path modeling. Results indicated that financial pressure due to crisis negatively affects academic grades and positively affects career indecision, while no significant effect was found among economic pressure and positive future expectations. Academic self efficacy positively relate with academic grades and positive future expectations, and negatively with career indecision. However, academic self efficacy does not mediate the relationships between economic pressure and outcomes.
Theme:Cultural Studies

Mediation Role of Delinquency Behavior as the Mediator on the Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Drug Abuse Behavior
Dr. Mahadzirah Mohamad, Deputy Vice Chancellor (Academic & International), , Office of Deputy Vice Chancellor (Academic & International), Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin , Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
Dr. Nor Azman Mat Ali,

Overview: The incidents of drug abuse increased globally. It was reported that youths were the majority group involved in drug abuse and it became a major social problem in Malaysia. Delinquency was found to be a leading factor that contributed to youth drug abuse. Moreover, it was noted that life satisfaction was found to be an important mitigating factor that addressed drug abuser relapse. The objectives of the study were to ascertain the effect of life satisfaction on drug abuse behavior and to identify the mediating role of delinquency on the relationship between life satisfaction and drug abuse behaviour. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed among youths at drug rehabilitation centers. A total of 275 questionnaires were subjected for analysis using structural equation modelling as the main technique for data analysis. Results indicated that life satisfaction had a significant influence on delinquency but had no direct effect on drug abuse behavior. Moreover, delinquency had a full mediating effect on the relationship between life satisfaction and drug abuse behavior. This study concluded that increasing life satisfaction could reduce delinquency and drug abuse behavior among youth. Therefore, drug rehabilitation programmes should focus on improving life satisfaction to curb drug abuse relapse.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Alternative Education: Illustrations of the Concept
Andrea Barrientos Soto, -, -, University of Granada, Granada, Granada, Spain
Prof. Gracia González Gijón, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Overview: Alternative education is not a new form of education, nonetheless it is not widely known, in part because of its many definitions and manifestations. It is commonly associated with Montessori, Waldorf, Reggio Emilia, among other methodologies, and inspired by one of its most popular examples - the Summerhill School. Alternative education has evolved from a modality of education available to wealthy families to become a tool for social inclusion for the youth of disadvantaged communities. Examples of this include Barbiana School and Democratic Schools. As documented in several countries, alternative education has become a popular method of providing remedial education to at-risk youth since it may be designed to accommodate educational, behavioral and/or medical needs of youth, which cannot or are not addressed in a traditional school environment. However, there are multiple modalities, some of which are considered as a model for adolescent education since they highlight social and interpersonal skills as well as authentic student participation in the school community. Alternative education is a concept, a modality, as well as a teaching and learning strategy, which contemplates the essence of a learning community and integrated curriculum in a setting that promotes values of peace, civic engagement, and social justice, outside of the regular school system. In this paper, we trace the history of alternative education and focus on the common strategies of this model as well as explore the results and impact on student retention, graduation, and performance.
Theme:Educational Studies

Examining School Teachers’ Choice of Coursebooks
Andi Musafir Rusyaidi, Lecturer, Education and Teaching, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Palopo (State Islamic Institute of Palopo), Koto Palopo, Indonesia
Overview: Although recent studies on the use of coursebooks in the Indonesian tertiary and primary education have found that teachers have different freedom on the choice of their coursebooks (Supriadi, 1997; Zacharias, 2005), little is known about the use of coursebooks in the secondary levels. This study investigated the belief of secondary schools teachers in Indonesia about the choice of coursebooks and criteria that the teachers used when choosing their coursebooks. A total of twenty-seven participants from different parts of Indonesia, twenty-four teachers, and three principals, were surveyed for their perception on the choice of coursebooks. Each participant was given a questionnaire consisted of twenty questions. The data then interpreted based on the participants’ responses. The results showed that teachers in the secondary level are free to choose their own coursebooks and applying some criteria (such as appropriate and attractive contents, clear instructions, and based on the newest curriculum) in choosing their own coursebooks.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 2 Stories of Migration

Migration in Russian Media: Representation Strategies
Kseniia Semykina, MA student, Department of Sociology, National Research University Hugher School of Economics, Moscow, Moscow, Russian Federation
Overview: Migration became an important issue in Russia only after the USSR dissolution. The authorities still struggle to implement a comprehensive migration policy, while public opinion stays strongly anti-immigrant. Thus, elites create various messages in the public realm, and public opinion is more one-sided. The question of representations which the media constructs becomes important in understanding what meanings circulate in society and influence people's perceptions. Framing theory is used to analyze media discourse on migration in Russia. It is based on the idea that media messages are formed by interest groups using frames, structures which highlight certain aspects of the described event to present the reader with a certain interpretation of it. The existing literature on migration framing suggests that rge most common are criminality, economic, cultural, human rights, and human interest frames. Usage of these frames is compared in six federal newspapers, with an emphasis on differences in mass or business audience orientation, and in newspapers with traditionally critical or non-critical stance towards government policies.

Immigration Enforcement Policies and Family Separation at the United States-Mexico Border: What Is Next?
Sophie S. Alves, University of Arizona
Overview: This is a theoretical paper that presents the different immigration enforcement policies that have been implemented in contemporary United States and their consequences on Latin American immigrants and their families. Based on the information I have found online though resources such as The Pew Hispanic Center, I will answer the following question: how do immigration enforcement policies and family separation impact the United States and all its inhabitants? Indeed, family separations impact children’s well-being as well as their schooling; family members experience emotional trauma as well as economic hardship, and so on. However, immigrants are not the only ones impacted. The overall U.S. population suffers the consequences of such policies. This is manifested through active resistance coming from different organizations in the Tucson community, in Arizona, such as Derechos Humanos, Mariposas Sin Fronteras, or No More Deaths, to name a few. The actions go from providing immigrant families with safe spaces to direct action and civil disobedience. I will thus examine some of the ways individuals have shown their solidarity to immigrants and their families through “transgressive actions.” This work is all the more important now that the new U.S. president is trying to implement new immigration policies and reinforce the “Latino Threat Narrative” according to which Latin American immigrants are the downfall of the nation. Considering that many European governments look up to the United States in terms of national security measures, this paper and the conversation that can issue from that are essential.
Theme:Global Studies

Migration Trauma: An Escape from Trauma Only to Encounter It Again
Dr. Rebecca Rojas, -, -, Pacific Oaks College, Pasadena, United States
Patricia Gonzalez, -, -, Creative Insights Counseling, Redlands, United States

Overview: The movement of people globally has not been this great since the end of WWII and often it is traumatic experiences in their country of origin that prompts individuals and families to migrate in search of a better life. These traumatic experiences in their country of origin can include war, violence, famine, family violence, and lack of natural resources. Migrant stories do not all have happy endings. Leaving one's country of origin always is accompanied by a sense of loss. In addition to this grieving for what was familiar, the experiences of the journey and experiences within host countries can also be traumatic experiences. This paper will introduce information on what is known currently about migration trauma and the stressors of acculturation. The paper will also include clinical case examples that document how migration trauma affect the mental health functioning of individuals and families.
Theme:Global Studies

New Home, New Strategy: Changing Gender Roles Among Displaced Families in Post-conflict Villages in Poso Regency, Indonesia.
Ekawati Wahyuni, Associate Professor in Population and Gender Studies, Communication and Community Development Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Overview: Indonesia is a multiethnic country. Different interests of each ethnic group often produces tensions and social conflict. One of massive social conflicts occurred in Poso Regency, Central Sulawesi Province. The social conflict was claimed as a religious conflict, although a political contestation also contributed. An uneasy relationship between Muslim and Christians had already been forming since 1992 and it exploded into a social conflict in 1998 and 2000. It pushed people of both religions to flee Poso for safety. When peace eventually returned to Poso, some villagers refused to return to their previous villages because of the trauma they had experienced. They preferred to build a new life in other villages. Typical in post-conflict areas, women of displaced communities in Poso have had to work harder to meet their basic needs compared to the situation before the conflict. In the new village, land ownership is limited and the displaced families depend more on non-agricultural work performed by women than on agriculture. Displaced families commonly abandon or sell their agricultural land in the previous village but are rarely able to buy land in their new village. This research uses a mixed-method approach in an IDP village with 80 participants. The data collection methods include structured interviews, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions. Results of the increasing role of women to support the economy as a change of tradition among the indigenous ethnic group in Poso is discussed.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 3 Civil Leadership

Citizen Enforcement Can Eliminate Vehicle Idling: Turn Your Engine Off When Stopped!
Prof. Samara Swanston, -, -, Pratt Institute of Architecture, New York City, New York State, United States
George Pakenham,

Overview: New York City has two laws intended to limit the idling of motor vehicles-- no person is permitted to cause the engine of a vehicle to idle for longer than three minutes and no person is permitted to cause the engine of a motor vehicle to idle for longer than one minute if such vehicle is adjacent to a public school or non-public school unless it is loading. Although these idling restrictions have been in place in the City for a number of years, many drivers persist in idling, leading to questions about the effectiveness of these laws. Citizen enforcement could require the city to set up a page on their website where individuals could submit video to the Department showing violations of the City’s anti-idling law. For those videos that lead to a civil penalty for the violator, the individual who submitted the video would be entitled to 50% of the civil penalty amount. It would also raise the fine amounts for a first violation of the City’s anti-idling law by approximately 50%. Finally, it would require DEP to hold training sessions on the requirements for submission of successful complaint regarding the violation of the City’s anti-idling law.
Theme:Environmental Studies

Understanding the Culture of Traffic Safety Citizenship
Jay Otto, Research Scientist, College of Engineering, Montana State University
Dr. Kari Finley, Senior Research Scientist, Center for Health and Safety Culture, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, United States
Dr. Nicholas Ward,

Overview: Risky driving behaviors such as drinking and driving, speeding, and not wearing a seat belt are major contributing factors to roadway fatalities. To reach zero deaths, we must affect change using novel approaches. One such approach is to empower the majority of safe road users to engage in prosocial behaviors to impact the smaller group engaging in risky behaviors The goal is to instill a sense of responsibility in everyone for the safety of others. An integrated behavioral model guided the development of a survey to understand values, beliefs, and attitudes regarding engagement in prosocial behaviors that impact the traffic safety of others. Results of the study provide a better understanding of traffic safety citizenship behavior thus informing how to grow these conditions in communities. Using data from a random sample of adults in the United States, this paper will identify values, attitudes, and behaviors predictive of traffic safety behaviors and their relationship to two measures of traffic safety citizenship behaviors: asking someone to wear a seat belt and asking someone to stop reading or typing on a cell phone while driving. Recommendations to increase traffic safety citizenship will be discussed.
Theme:Cultural Studies

Knowledge of In-school Youth Regarding Responsible Citizenship in Vhembe District, South Africa: Responsible Citizenship
Makondelele Makatu, -, -, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa
Overview: The study explored the knowledge that in-school youth in Vhembe District, South Africa have regarding responsible citizenship. Qualitative and exploratory design was adopted to access in-depth data. Mobilization processes were considered to access twenty male and female youth in a particular rural community that was purposefully selected. In order to collect data, semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with each participant. Data were analysed thematically. It was evident in the analysed data that in-school youth define responsible citizenship in terms of knowledge and practice of one’s constitutional rights, lifestyle, and relationship and interaction with peers, siblings, and parents. It was concluded that in-school youth have a clear knowledge regarding responsible citizenship and understand that being responsible should be compared with being irresponsible so that in-school youth know how to live in their communities and at school. The study recommended that in-school youth must be trained on issues about responsible citizenship so that they can be part of development of their families, communities, and schools.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 4 Community Connections

Engaging Community to Improve Yahara Lakes through Beach Initiatives
Diana De Pierola,
Overview: Clean Lakes Alliance (CLA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to the improvement and protection of the lakes, streams, and wetlands in the Yahara River watershed, in Dane County, Wisconsin. Through partnerships with diverse stakeholders CLA focus on community support, advocacy, and education to restore and protect our lakes. CLA also engages to build a vision where the lakes are the center of the community. Madison has twenty-five public beaches and the public values and enjoys the recreation and beauty that beaches offer. However, beaches are impacted by many factors, including high phosphorus levels and heavy rain events, which can trigger algal blooms and E. coli outbursts leading to periodic beach closures. Engaging the public raise awareness of these issues are at the center of CLA efforts. In support of CLA Beach Initiatives, and in partial fulfillment of the Environmental Conservation MS Program, I propose to work together with CLA and communities in the Yahara watershed, and in Madison’s lakes, in the following project, I propose to apply my communication and monitoring skills to collect data, analyze trends, and develop a strategy to engage the public and propose solutions that will lead to an improvement in lake’s conditions. Specifically, I will develop a student art contest to communicate effectively to the youth in the area issues of concern related to lakes conditions, considering local people’s values and perspectives and devising ways to foster engagement. Through my placement with CLA, I would like to learn to evaluate the quality of the Madison’s lakes and to measure the impacts of human population on the lakes.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Environmental Studies

Urban Food Gardeners and New Food Movements in South Africa: A Case Study of Khayelitsha Township
Darlene Miller, -, -, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Overview: In the context of food monopolies and big agri-food domination in South Africa, the "New Food Movements" in SA do not change the structures of land ownership or food production and distribution. This paper argues, however, that the subjectivities of black urban food gardeners – many of whom are young men – evokes a new “African imaginary” and a form of indigenous spirituality through their re-connection with the earth in their food gardens. In an ethnographic case study of one urban township in Khayelitsha in the Western Cape province of South Africa, this paper examines the young men who articulate this anti-capitalist sensibility or “disposition” that gestures at new subjectivities in a poorer urban neighbourhood. A new sense of time and space resides in the “cool gardener” image which negates the conspicuous consumption of fast capitalism while simultaneously producing “cool” urban imaginaries. "Cool gardeners" have a new sense of time and space that espouses “vernacular environmentalism,” distinct from middle class forms of environmentalism.
Theme:Environmental Studies

Mobilizing Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit in Narwhal Management through Community Empowerment: A Case Study in Naujaat, Nunavut
Dr. Lucia Fanning, -, -, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Overview: This research examines the relationship between government wildlife management and the use of Inuit knowledge or Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit (IQ) through a case study focusing on narwhal harvesting in the community of Naujaat, Nunavut. Since the introduction of a community quota system in 1977 by the Canadian federal government, the ultimate responsibility for decision-making has shifted to the government rather than hunting communities. This shift corresponds with changes in the use of IQ within the community. Interviews with hunters, elders, and representatives from the Hunters and Trappers Organization in Naujaat provide insight into the nature of these changes, allowing the relationship between government-based management policies and community perspectives to be characterized. Key factors influencing the role of IQ in narwhal management decision making included the imposed quota-based system, the perception of the ongoing role for IQ, communication challenges, modern day drivers of change, and the lack of decision-making authority at the community level.
Theme:Environmental Studies

Changes in Social Cohesion and Community Resilience to Food Insecurity Caused by Forest Fires in Peatland Areas: A Case of Forest Fires in Southern Sumatra
Dr. Nurmala Katrina Panjaitan, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University, Darmaga Bogor, Indonesia
Dr Sofyan Sjaf,

Overview: Indonesia has been continuously experiencing forest fires with a peak in 2013-2015. Forest fires cause ecosystem damage, impact the health of community, and destroy the supply of food from nature. But, for communities in peatland areas, forest fires are not entirely a disaster because it increases the fertility of the land for planting swamp rice. With the prohibition to cultivate in burnt forest land, the community loses its main food source (rice) while their income is also greatly reduced as a result of forest fires. Social cohesion has become the backbone of the community members to be resilient in facing life's challenges with institutional of mutual help as the basis of collective action to overcome community problems. However, with reduced household incomes there is a change in community social cohesion. This paper will analyze the various impacts of forest fires on community social cohesion and its impact on community resilience in adapting and resolving food insecurity threats. This paper explores a constructive policy to strengthen community resilience in order to survive independently in the face of threats of forest fires in peatland areas.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 5 Respecting Our Elders

A Younger Value Position for Senior Services: "I am Not Old", or Don't Call Me a Senior
Agnes Otjen,
Anna Talafuse, -, -, Montana State University, Billings, United States

Overview: Adult Resource Alliance (ARA), the senior services organization for Yellowstone County in Montana, won a ballot initiative for increased funds for more services such as Meals on Wheels and their four senior centers in June of 2016. At the same time, they asked the students of Montana State University Billings to develop the strategy and positioning to broaden their appeal to a younger target audience. The area population was aging and shifting in terms of attitudes and behaviors from baby boomer to generation X. The students determined the main problem was that adults over age fifty-five were not aware of, nor did they recognize themselves as needing or benefiting from the services of ARA. Therefore, community services were not being utilized. 50.8% of seniors respond negatively to the word “senior.” Secondary research revealed the need to change services offered and the names of the centers to something other than "senior." Primary research focused on self-actualization and attitudes towards prime of life for ages forty to seventy. 304 responses to a random sample email survey provided results to better understand attitudes about modern aging and direct creative concepts for a new positioning effort. The new slogan for ARA became "keeping up with you." The changes to the services and branding campaign are being launched in the summer of 2017. Most of the students graduated in the spring of 2017 and considered this applied course as essential experiential learning as well as an important social and service contribution to their community.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Efficacy of Music Therapy as a Non-pharmacological Treatment for the Elderly
Mrs. Margarita Pino-Juste, Regular Professor , Didactics and school organization, University of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain, Spain
Sara Domínguez Lloría, -, -, University of Vigo, Pontevedra, Pontevedra, Spain
María José González Ojea, -, -, University of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain

Overview: Aging and advanced age cause different pathologies in people, including anxiety, depression, and dementia. The treatment of their symptoms requires innovative approaches, able to reduce the high cost of treatments and the side effects of traditional pharmacological interventions. Music therapy, together with other musical interventions, has gained popularity as a non-pharmacological treatment for elderly people with dementia or depressive symptoms. Our objective has been to analyze the scientific production on the use of music therapy for elderly people through a bibliometric and content analysis of the scientific publications within the last five years. To this end, a retrospective ex post facto design has been used, taking into account the Scopus and Web of Science databases. The results of the publications suggest that music therapy programs in gerontological patients improve social skills and cognitive abilities in the short term, causing an undoubted improvement in patients who presented depressive states. In addition, there are improvements in relationships between equals, reduced conflicts, and a better atmosphere of peaceful coexistence, thanks to the development of social skills strategies and an increase in empathy. In recent years, studies on the use of music therapy in gerontology have increased, although more attention is needed to integrate it with other interventions in the health field and to advance in the design for the effectiveness of the different programs.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Attitude and Fear of Death in Older People: Life Story Analysis
Nazaret Martinez Heredia, Teacher, Pedagogy, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Overview: This research shows that the elderly discuss their attitudes and fears towards their own and others' deaths, highlighting the importance and need to create various points of encounter and educational reflection. To this effect, a qualitative methodological design was selected using information collection techniques with semi-structured and in-depth interviews to learn the life story of older people. The sample consists of thirty individuals from the city of Granada, aged between 65 and 85 years. The results show a positive attitude of death to oneself, but not so much to the death of others, recounting the fear or the anxiety towards the finiteness of a loved one. As a main conclusion, we emphasize the importance of creating educational spaces aimed to allow adults to be able to treat these negative attitudes and reinforce positive ones through the development of a pedagogy and education towards death.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 6 Household Shifts

Aging Korea and Its Prospects on Urban Growth or Shrinkage
Kyeongmin Choi, -, -, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
Dr. Hyunjeong Lee, Professor, Dept. of Housing & Interior Design, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea

Overview: Economic development from 1962 aggressively carried out rapid industrialization in South Korea and accordingly a speedy urbanization stirred fast expansion of small or large cities. Having been facing uneven development across the territory, the nation has suffered from unexpected outcomes and been forced to seek for equally sharing fruits of economic growth throughout it by establishing and implementing the national territorial development plan. In fact, two economic crises in recent decades have been coincided with structural transformations, and socio-demographic change entailed by economic slowdown poses a new challenge of urban management in many cities. A growing number of cities, especially small cities, suffer from depopulation and vacant housing resulting from the erosion of an industrial base and its job loss, and many have to depend on public subsidy from the central government in order to maintain public services and infrastructure at an adequate level which further may be not just to delay shrinkage but also to restore urban growth by attracting investors and companies with job creation. With an increasing number of elderly and a fertility rate dropping below replacement rate, the nation predicts urban shrinkage in some areas, and it’s important to strategically identify cities which are likely to be inflicted by it. This research will assess cities by using a wide array of indexes in association with urban growth, and seek for ways to make cities sustainable.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Changing Korean Urban Landscape and Its Institutional Forces
Dr. Hyunjeong Lee, Professor, Dept. of Housing & Interior Design, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea
Do Yeon Hwang, -, -, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Seoul, South Africa

Overview: Since modern South Korea was framed by and evolved from a developmental model, the housing system has been strongly embedded in pro-growth, market-driven orientation, and speedy industrialization and intense urbanization has dramatically reformed urban landscape. Further, two economic crises – the Asian Financial Crisis and the Global Financial Crisis – have strengthened economic uncertainties and demographic shifts, thus deepening household variations and housing varieties. In fact, casualization in employment, reduction in real wages, and delays in family formation have resulted in dwindling housing opportunities and even widened socio-economic disparities (e.g., shrinking middle-class and housing price fluctuations and differences by regions). In recent years, it’s clear that the housing system has been threatened by low economic growth, low fertility, and low interest rates, challenging urban landscape. With respect to the socioeconomic phenomenon, the research examines the state’s institutional shifts characterized as path dependence and also identifies structural forces affecting urban transformation, particularly dynamics in household and housing sectors. In doing so, this research uses a wide range of data and the findings provides a profound understanding of the state’s opportunities and challenges in housing and urban setting.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 7 Shared Spaces

Charitable and Civic Culture Embodied in Chinese Calligraphy in Public Venues in Hong Kong
Dr. Chak-kwong Lau, Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Overview: This paper examines the broader social and cultural implications of works of Chinese calligraphy that are embedded in charity organizations in Hong Kong. This specific type of calligraphy exists as engraved couplets and tablets, for example, as signs highlighting the cultural, historical significance of charity organizations in Hong Kong. The calligraphic works under examination will be treated as public art, instead of the products on private display in artists’ studios that were examined in conventional art historical researches. In this specific category of calligraphy, matters of aesthetic choice are obviously intermingled with consideration for the various functions of public venues and for the social, cultural, and historical contexts involved. The paper, with its interdisciplinary approach, therefore sheds light on significant aspects of the social and cultural developments that are reflected in these calligraphic works with their specialized formats in their architectural setting.
Theme:Cultural Studies

Civil and Religious Space in Malerkotla
Colin James Law, PhD Student, Religious Studies, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Overview: This research examines two sites in Malerkotla, India, one civil monument, and one religious shrine. An exploration into the history of the town provides a backdrop for the importance these sites play for the community. The religious site, a shrine to Shaikh Sadruddin, a fifteenth century Muslim Shaikh who founded the town, functions as a place of worship and a gathering place for the community. The civil memorial, the Kuka Martyrs Memorial, built in 1993, serves as a monument to sixty-six Sikhs who were killed by a British deputy commissioner in 1872. I argue that the memorial functions as a civil religious sacred site and unites the town toward a shared history. Both sites transcend individual religious tradition and are visited by people of all faith traditions. The town’s collective memory and emphasis on key historical events play a part in connecting the town’s different religious communities toward a larger shared identity.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 8 The College Years

Food Insecurity among University Students: Results of a Large Survey at a Public University in Southern New Jersey
Dr. Robert R. Weaver, Professor, Health and Exercise Science, Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey, United States
Overview: University education becomes more and more necessary for success in an increasingly competitive, knowledge-based economy. While its costs continue to rise, income levels remain flat for most households. Caught between work, debt, and rising expenses, more and more students struggle to afford basic necessities, finding themselves hungry and “food insecure.” This poses another challenge to student success and social mobility. This paper reports the results of a large survey designed to characterize the nature and extent of food insecurity at a public university in Southern New Jersey. The study uses an online survey to explore how parental education, high school previously attended, gender, ethnicity, and race may influence food insecurity. We expect that students from lower SES backgrounds will experience higher levels of food insecurity than their counterparts from higher SES backgrounds. The study also asks open-ended questions to obtain views on various issues related to food insecurity – e.g., the stigma associated with using food pantries, obstacles faced to eating healthy foods, effects of food insecurity on academic performance. The paper will describe the programs and prospects of addressing the problem of hunger on campus, and will improve our understanding of the effects of structural inequalities on student success as explored through the prism of food insecurity.
Theme:Educational Studies
16:15-16:30 Welcome Reception and Poster Session
Room 1 Poster Session: Room 1

The Conservation of Contemporary Works of Art: Paradigmatic Case Studies
Dra María Del Carmen Bellido Márquez, Contracted Lecturer, Sculpture, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Overview: The conceptual evolution and the material renovation of contemporary artwork have generated many problems in its conservation. The current law considers the duty of preservation and the right for all citizens to enjoy cultural heritage, as well as the duty of its maintenance by official organizations. The study on the major causes of alteration and the established recommendations for new artwork preservation can be seen in the criteria followed in different examples of contemporary art: the consideration of the possibility to forbid lending of Pablo Picasso’s “Guernica;” the maintenance of Eduardo Chillida’s “The Comb of the Wind” at an exhibition under bad conditions; and the retrieval and exhibition of Richard Serra’s lost piece of artwork, “Equal-Parallel: Guernica-Bengasi.” In conclusion, there are different reasons why those who are restaurateurs and curators have needed to extend their classical working criteria, namely the wide diversity of the constitutive material of contemporary artwork, the difficulty to predict its durability and the concepts of reduced durability. Thus, every particular case has to be studied with the artists very closely and many choices need to be made.
Theme:Cultural Studies

Mediating Role of Work Engagement: The Bullying and Turnover Intention Link in the Workplace
Dr. Melinde Coetzee, Professor, Industrial and Organisational Psychology, University of South Africa, Pretoria, GAUTENG, South Africa
Dr. Jeannette van Dyk, -, -, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa

Overview: Employees’ turnover intentions may entail expensive consequences for companies. Although the links between workplace bullying and turnover intention, and work engagement and turnover intention are empirically well established, little is known about the link between work engagement and workplace bullying, including the mediating role of work engagement in the bullying – turnover intention link. Using a cross-sectional convenience sample of 373 employees in South African organisations, structural equation modeling and mediation analysis showed that perceptions of work- and person-related bullying were linked to low levels of vigour and dedication, which in turn were positively associated with high turnover intention. Work engagement partially mediated the effect of high workplace bullying on high turnover intention. The findings added important new insights to the engagement and retention literature by providing empirical evidence that alludes to the importance of enhancing employees’ vigour and dedication in order to buffer the negative effect of bullying on employees’ turnover intention. The findings extend the retention literature and are important for talent retention and business performance strategies in the current turbulent business climate.
Theme:Organizational Studies

How Can Cities Contribute to a More Satisfying Everyday Life for Their Senior Citizens?
Slavomir Ondos, -, -, Comenius University, Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia
Dr. Alena Rochovska, -, -, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia, Slovakia

Overview: Cities change during a lifetime of their citizens and so do specific needs and requirements of their inhabitants. The social and demographic shifts experienced along the aging trajectory strongly modify functional patterns, a code of everyday operation enabled by public infrastructure and market. Urban communities tend to be highly mixed in age terms, continuously reinvented as incoming households join and later replace previous generations only to experience the same later in life. Cities face a crucial design challenge if they want to contribute to a more satisfying everyday life for their senior citizens, at the same time as they must provide satisfying service also to their active and highly mobile population. Our study is based on a survey conducted among the inhabitants and visitors of a typical Central European high-density neighbourhood in downtown Bratislava, Slovakia, where senior communities and gentrifiers slowly create a unique inter-generation setting, often beyond bare co-existence.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Life Targets and Satisfaction Levels of Students at Anadolu University, Turkey
Guler Gunsoy, Professor, Economics, Anadolu University
Berna Baloglu Yazici,
Betul Kan Kılınc,
Seda Tekeli,
Caglar Karaduman,
Mustafa Çavuş,

Overview: Having a college education is one of the main goals of people interested in gaining social position, acquiring a profession or occupation, earning high income, pursuing self-development, and increasing life standards. With college education, individuals aim to graduate successfully from their programs while meeting goals and realizing life expectations. In addition, young people do not just have typical educational expectations. Open and distance education that fulfills learners expectations also helps society meet its needs and expectations for human capital. College life expectations and satisfaction levels open and distance learners in Anadolu University Open and Distance Education System are the main areas in this study. For this purpose, answers are sought for these questions: 1. How does education meet the life goals of students? 2. How does education meet academic goals of students? 3. Do these opinions differ significantly by demographics, personal income, household income? 4. What are the expectations of college students’ from college education? As the last stage of educational life, associate and bachelor degrees have strong effects on raising qualified labor, which is a substantial determinant of economic growth and development. This study considers the life targets and satisfaction levels of the associate and bachelor level students of Faculty of Open Education, Faculty of Economics, and Faculty of Business.
Theme:Educational Studies

Being Solitary and Being Senior: Lives of the Elderly in Urban and Rural Areas in Slovakia
Dr. Marcela Kacerova, _, _, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia
Lubica Volanska, -, --, Slovak Academy of Sciences, -, Slovakia
Dr. Juraj Majo, -, -, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia, Slovakia

Overview: Economical and social independence in the group of aged sixty-five plus are definitely some of the significant tokens of active and healthy aging. Especially economic independence is desirable in the societies of transitive economic systems and freedom in financial decisions is highly valued even among retired individuals. On the other hand, such independence in many cases indicates solitude. This is the stage of life where feelings of loneliness are more sensitive and connected with departure of spouses. We attempt to approach and analyze such households with individuals over sixty-fiev. There might be structural differences between individuals living in rural areas with presumed higher possibilities of social networks and individuals living in cities, where the large panel houses´ neighborhoods might be more hostile toward especially psychologically healthy ageing. We try to compare solitary individuals in these landscapes comparing possible geographically distinct characteristics.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Migration, Agricultural Production and Peasant Household Autonomy: Evidence from a Vietnamese Village
Khue Nguyen, phD, Economic and Rural Development, Liege University, Gembloux, Belgium
Overview: This paper explores some of the interrelations that occur between Vietnam’s peasant economy and the wider economy in which it is rooted. In doing so it focuses on the labour migration impacts on agricultural production during the reform period through a case study of Mai Thon village, Bac Ninh province in Northern Vietnam. Since reforms were first introduced, many villagers have left Mai Thon to work in cities, industrial zones, or to find employment abroad. The migration process has transformed labour structures and supply in rural households, leading to changes in household across three main dimensions. First, renting or exchanging agricultural land has become common between households in Mai Thon village rather than selling. This renting/exchanging of agricultural land helps to re-distribute land among households which have different labour capitals. It permits rural households on one hand earning extra money from world economy, on the other hand keeping their land as an insurance for their autonomy. Second, various forms of labour exchanges and labour arrangement have emerged rather than dependence on labour market. Thirdly, remittance from migration helps to improve household income, and then reduce the need for peasants on selling their agricultural production for cash, which would increase for their own food sovereignty. Migration, therefore, amplifies the autonomy of peasant families and their units of production as a response to the globalization process.
Theme:2018 Special Focus - Autonomy in Times of Turmoil: What to Make of the Social?

Reflection Strategies for Youth Offenders with Social Communication Disorders
Kathleen Greenan,
Marie Sanford, Clinical Associate Professor, Speech-Language Pathology, Ithaca College, Ithaca, New York, United States

Overview: Although youth offenders include a relatively small portion of adolescents with communication disorders, this population has a disproportionately high rate of social disadvantage. A comprehensive review of evidence exists that identifies youth offenders as having compromised social language skills. The multifactorial and interconnected links between communication and social competence suggest that pathways play a critical role in comorbidity between language and behavior difficulties. Understanding the nature of an individual’s approach to succeeding in social learning has become critical in today’s volatile world. Unfortunately, intervention methods stressing appropriate communicative engagement seem lacking. This poster offers evidence of successful social reflection strategies for improving social communication skills. This poster highlights improvements in social-conversational discourse presented in a case review format and indicates a positive correlation to measured progress with generalization to other communication partners. Elements of teaching and learning about the social world of youth offenders are presented.
Theme:Educational Studies

Three Years After a Disaster: The Impacts of a Derailed Train on the Behavior and Health of High School Students
Eve Pouliot, -, -, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, Québec, Canada
Dra. Danielle Maltais, -, -, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Saguenay, Canada

Overview: In July 2013, a train derailed in downtown Lac-Mégantic, Quebec. It was responsible for forty-seven deaths, forty-four buildings destroyed, 2000 evacuees, and a major oil spill. A survey has been conducted during winter 2017 among high school students to examine their psychological and social characteristics and the impact of this disaster in regards of exposure or no exposure to this event. The results show that the majority of the respondents are satisfied with their school, their family, and their social life. They have good self-esteem. Many traumatized students thought about suicide in the twelve months prior to the survey. They also report more self-injurious thoughts than non-exposed students. They also showed more moderate to severe post-traumatic stress disorders (scores of twnety-six or more at the Impact of Event Scale). Exposed students were also significantly more likely than non-exposed students to report a deterioration in the quality of life within their municipality.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

How Do Open and Distance Learning Systems Affect the Learning Process?
Guler Gunsoy, Professor, Economics, Anadolu University

Overview: The process of education used to focus on childhood and youth, but today that point of view is abandoned. Today, the concept of life-long learning shapes education policies all over the world. Considering this, contributions of the systems of open and distance education, which have been developed rapidly in parallel with information and communication technologies, to support the mission of life-long learning is discussed here. The purpose of this study is to reveal the rate at which Anadolu University Open and Distance Education System contributes to life-long learning. As the indicators of that contribution, the people that are registered to secondary university, either with disabilities or as arrestees or detainees were analyzed. Anadolu University Open and Distance Education System is the first institution in Turkey that offers higher education through contemporary distance education model. How does Anadolu University open and distance learning system affect life-long learning process? Finding include: 1) It reaches the vast majority by providing affordable and accessible higher education; 2) It reaches the vast majority by enabling graduated students to have second higher education programs without university entrance exams; 3) It enables people with disabilities to have higher education; 4) It provides higher education to vast majority with different age groups. The results are in line with the hypothesis of Anadolu University Open and Distance Education System contributing to life-long learning targets.
Theme:Educational Studies

Three Years After a Railway Disaster: Are Adults Fine?
Dra. Danielle Maltais, -, -, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Saguenay, Canada
Mrs. Danielle Maltais,
Dr. Melissa Généreux,
Mathieu Roy,
Eve Pouliot, -, -, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, Québec, Canada
Dr. Christiane Bergeron-Leclerc,
Oscar Labra,

Overview: In July 2013, a train derailed in downtown Lac-Mégantic. It was responsible for forty-seven deaths, forty-four buildings destroyed, 2000 evacuees, and a major oil spill. A phone survey was conducted during autumn 2016 among 800 adults to examine the behavioral, psychological, and social impacts of this disaster three year after in regards of intense, moderate, or no exposure. Relationships between exposure intensity and these impacts were examined. A quarter (25 %) experienced intense exposure, 53% moderate exposure, and a quarter no exposure (22%). Higher proportion of high-exposure individual report their health status as either fair or poor, present more symptoms of traumatic stress disorder and symptoms of anxiety and depression. A substantial number of individual’s with high exposure have reported difficulties when managing both the catastrophe and its consequences on their personal, family, or professional lives. A quarter of the individuals who lost loved ones in the tragedy have difficulties in managing their grief.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Jul 26, 2018
08:00-09:00 Conference Registration Desk Open
09:00-09:15 Daily Update
09:15-09:45 Plenary Session

Dr. Fernando Trujillo Sáez, Associate Professor, Department of Didactics of Language and Literature, University of Granada, Spain

"Education in a Time of Turmoil: Lessons from Innovative Schools for Social Research and Transformation"

Fernando Trujillo Sáez holds a PhD in English Philology and is an Associate Professor of the Department of Didactics of Language and Literature at the University of Granada. Fernando is a member of the Advisory Board of Language Politics of the Government of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia. He was also a member of the Council for the Elaboration of School Language Project of the Council of Education of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia. He designed the School Language Project for the Autonomous Organism for the European Educational Programs during 2011/12. Additionally, he coordinated the School Language Project of the Council of Education, Culture, and Sports for the Government of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia during 2013/14 and 2014/15. Among others, he has lead several courses for the Ministry of Education of Spain, of the Council of Education of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia or of Cervantes Institute. He has been a lecturer in different national and international universities and teacher training centers throughout all Spain. In 2017 he received the 1st Award of the University of Granada and Rural Savings Bank of Granada for the Communication and Innovation in Digital Media (2016). He is a founder and a member of the Advisory Scientific Committee of Conecta13, spin-off of the University of Granada dedicated to consulting about education, personal development, and ICT.
09:45-10:15 Garden Conversation

Garden Conversations are informal, unstructured sessions that allow delegates a chance to meet plenary speakers and talk with them at length about the issues arising from their presentation. When the venue and weather allow, we try to arrange for a circle of chairs to be placed outdoors.
Room 1 Building Cultures

Learning Democracy: Values and Attitudes in South Africa's First Post-apartheid Generation
Prof. Robert Mattes, -, -, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Prof. David Denemark, -, -, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
Prof Richard Niemi, -, -, University of Rochester, Rochester, United States

Overview: Using an original 2012 survey of eleventh grade students in metropolitan Cape Town, South Africa – the first generation to complete their education in post-apartheid schools – we explore why students in this new democracy are less supportive of democratic governance than older generations. South Africa’s students are the product of a reformed school curriculum largely which emphasizes the importance of the methods by which schools and teachers train students in democracy more than what they actually teach. Our study, however, shows that the most important cause for students’ low levels of support for democracy is the failure of schools to impart basic facts about South African politics and an appreciation of the role of active, critical, and peaceful participation by citizens. We argue schools can best help to build a democratic culture if they concentrate not on revamping teaching methods and styles, but on teaching students basic factual content about politics, democracy, and citizenship.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies

Creating National Citizens in Paraguay: Comparing Primary School Textbooks, 1989-2015
Carolina Alegre Benítez, Doctoranda, Didáctica de las Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Granada, Spain
Dr. Oswaldo Lorenzo-Quiles, Vicedean of Research, International Projects and Transference, Education and Humanities of Melilla, Unniversity of Granada, Melilla, Melilla, Spain
Dr. Marisa del Socorro Zaldívar Acosta, -, -, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Merida, Mexico

Overview: This paper examines the construction of the Paraguayan national identity from the historiographical chronicle of the Paraguayan War (1864-1870) present in a sample of school textbooks published between 1989 and 2015. Specifically, two objectives are established in the study. First, I explore how the school helps secure historic speech settings citizenship in national key. Secondly, the study reveals the tensions caused between a teaching of the romantic story linked to training project Paraguayan nation-state and history teaching conceived beyond national identity ascriptions and articulated around the other conflicts inherent in the current processes of globalization in the region.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 2 Leading Leaders

Relationship between Teachers’ Organizational Commitment and Principal's Leadership Style in Alternative Arab High Schools in Israel
Prof. Ismael Abu-Saad, Professor, Education, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beersheba, Israel
Amer Haj,

Overview: Alternative schools are selective in their nature and designed to provide "better" education than the public schools, with annual tuition for student attendance supplementing the public education funding. In order to fulfill their potential, however, alternative schools must also have effective leadership and high teacher commitment. This study examines the relationships between leadership styles (LS) and teachers’ organizational commitment (TOC) in alternative Arab high schools in northern Israel. The sample included 307 teachers. Data were collected using the Multi-Factor Leadership and Teachers’ Organizational Commitment questionnaires. Factor analysis was used to identify LS and TOC dimensions. Relationships between TOC and LS dimensions were tested using multiple regression models. Factor analysis identified two TOC dimensions (affective commitment and continuous commitment) and two LS dimensions (transformational leadership and transactional leadership). Teachers' affective commitment was significantly related to transformational leadership style (β=0.28, P<0.001), and negatively related to transactional leadership (β=-0.33, P<0.001). Teachers' continuous commitment was positively related to transactional leadership style (β=0.19, P<0.001). The findings suggest that a combination of transformational and transactional principal leadership may improve teachers’ commitment in alternative Arab schools in Israel.
Theme:Organizational Studies, Educational Studies

Exploring Positive Leadership as a Catalyst for Flourishing in Schools
Dr. Benjamin Kutsyuruba, Associate Professor, Faculty of Education, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada
Overview: Sustaining and fostering well-being has garnered attention in numerous organizational contexts with surprisingly minimal focus in educational settings. Our examination of flourishing in Canadian schools highlighted the need for deliberate focus on the role of school principals’ positive leadership and its effect on thriving and well-being of others in schools. This research utilized appreciative case studies where we engaged with seven principals in focus group conversations designed to examine what it means to them to flourish in their work. Data were gathered through these open-ended, appreciative, focus-group conversations and researcher observations in the participants’ schools. Collected data were analyzed using an iterative process of coding, categorizing, and abstracting data. Several findings emerged from the analysis: a) school principal are instrumental in creating conditions where teachers experience a sense of thriving; b) despite this important role, principals do not necessarily have the time and opportunity to focus on teacher wellbeing in impactful ways; and c) principals’ sense of wellbeing and flourishing were related to wellbeing of teachers and students, indicating a relational imperative of wellbeing in education. Results of our study: a) establish a positive perspective on research of leadership in school organizations; yielding new knowledge about organizational climates and cultures for flourishing in learning communities; b) provide new insights and applications of flourishing intelligences that have been developed in partnership with participants; c) provide an empirical framework for the development of new tools aimed at fostering, assessing and sustaining flourishing leadership in schools.
Theme:Educational Studies

General Justice Attitudes and Organizational Justice: An Empirical Study of Attitudes about Career Systems
Dr. Stefan Litz,
Dr. Hermann Lassleben,

Overview: This paper will discuss the relationship between general justice attitudes and attitudes towards different configurations of organizational career systems. First of all, the paper will provide a discussion of different justice attitudes conceptualizations as well as a conceptualization of different organizational career systems. Since the empirical study is based on an international cross-cultural empirical sample drawn in Canada and Germany, the paper will proceed to outline the outcomes of a statistical analysis of this sample highlighting some significant similarities and differences.
Theme:Organizational Studies
Room 3 Linking Past, Present, and, Future

The Dream Quest of Authentic Urbanism
Scott Sworts, Post-graduate Programme Lead, School of Architecture, Oxford-Brookes University, Oxford, United Kingdom
Overview: The core proposition of New Urbanism is one of the ultimate expressions of nostalgia, and embodies the reality of an imagined past that is damaging the neighborhoods of today. When we allow nostalgia to become the primary focus of urban design, we substitute it for the potential to create the authentic. This is because nostalgia is the idea that "the past is better than the present and definitely better than the future; our best days are behind us; and if we want to have a glorious future, we have to recreate that great past." In the nostalgia contrivance, there is no way that the future can be bright unless it is a reboot of the “Golden Age.” Except that “Golden Age” never really existed. When applied to urban planning it becomes nostalgic environmental determinism, with the core idea being that if you revert to the forms of the the past, you will be able to solve a host of modern problems. This misguided strategy ignores the realities of modern aspirations and ever-changing patterns of life. This paper will explore the possibilities for an urban development that is responsive to current societal needs while embedding the necessary flexibility to allow those neighborhoods and cities to respond to future development.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Science Fiction Warns About Humankind : Is Speculative Fiction a Key to Our Future?
Rafael Díaz Gaztelu, -, -, University of Granada
Overview: Science fiction has always been a warning for the future. The fiction of yesterday tends to become the science of today but where do we draw the line? Is the scientific and technological advance influenced by the science fiction we read in books or is it completely reciprocal? Science fiction has not been very optimistic about the future of humankind, and maybe the message conveyed is a warning for ourselves. Overpopulation, health, waste management, and transhumanism are no strangers in science fiction and they are also present everyday in the news. Should we listen to Sci-Fi authors and to their interpretations of the future of the Earth?
Theme:2018 Special Focus - Autonomy in Times of Turmoil: What to Make of the Social?
Room 4 New Approaches to Social Science

Applied Social Sciences: A Canadian Case of Research in Action at the Doctoral Level
Dr. Hassan Wafai, Associate Professor & Porgram Head, Faculty of Managment, Royal Roads University , Victoria, BC, Canada
Dr. Mary Bernard, Professor, College of Interdisciplinary Studies, Royal Roads university, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

Overview: In Canada, not unlike many other countries, most conventional university doctoral programs do not adequately prepare graduates for employment outside of academia, and yet the reality is that eighty percent of graduates will gain employment in the private and public sectors, outside of universities. In our particularly turbulent times of global and local dichotomies, market requirements require, more than ever, problem solving applied research skills from an interdisciplinary perspective. The Canadian Association for Graduate Studies has made innovation in doctoral programming a priority at its annual conference in each of the past three years. This paper will focus on the Canadian experience with particular attention to the development of new Doctor of Business Administration at Royal Roads University. Methods include a review of the literature on innovation in doctoral education, an analysis of existing evaluations of the Doctor of Social Sciences program at RRU using similar principles to the DBA, and preliminary analysis of initial BC university, government and private sector feedback on the DBA proposal. The implications of the work are to provide an analysis of a research-based doctoral program oriented to applied, interdisciplinary, business management research and to explore how students can independently develop original, impactful interdisciplinary applied research on the practice of management.
Theme:Educational Studies

Law and Other Sciences: What Is the Contemporary Status of Law Science?
Dr. Dovile Valanciene, researcher, Institute of Sports Science and Innovations,, Lithuanian Sports University, Kaunas, Lithuania
Overview: Interdisciplinarity is a very important feature of the new science. In this stage it is useful to examine the extent to which the sciences/fields (areas) (web of science categories) and law science are engaged in integration and dialogue, by examining the frequency and the ways in which our selected concept „legal“ is used in the most representative selected scientific database (we chose a representative database of research articles—Thomson Reuters (ISI) Web of Science), and consider how that concept is used (the context of the concept). The aim of this research: after a review of the most fundamental features of the new interdisciplinary science and its impact in encouraging sciences to seek dialogue, this article examines the connections and integrations law science and other sciences/fields (areas) and to answer the question what is the contemporary status of law science. The research methodology is a systematic and logical analysis of new science in terms of its most common features and approach to interdisciplinarity, as well as an empirical analysis of the content and the quantity of the studies. The main finding: it is high time to change the approach to science itself. Legal science should become increasingly open to cognition, innovation, and changes. Our research shows that legal science dialogue is growing with other sciences (e. g., from economics to literature and neurosciences). This research is funded by the European Social Fund under the No 09.3.3-LMT-K-712 “Development of Competences of Scientists, other Researchers and Students through Practical Research Activities” measure.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies

Naturalist Realism and Social Science: Moving beyond the Local-Global Tension in Science
David Maree, Professor, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
Overview: Two prominent epistemological approaches in social science are positivism and social constructionism. Social constructionism symbolizes the primacy of the social against the individualist hegemony of an objectivist and universalist science steeped in empiricism. Apparently, the constructionist epistemological interests are local and fundamentally opposes positivism's global tendencies. This paper argues that both approaches are mistaken and would not be able to solve local-global polarities and aspirations. After a brief critical look at the critical realism of Bhaskar who strived to move beyond this dualism with an explicit naturalist ontology, this paper proposes a naturalist realist ontology and epistemology. Naturalist realism provides the proper grounding for a theory of science for social science (and psychology) by clarifying what science is, what social and psychological reality involves, and how epistemic access is facilitated. In essence, the basis of a naturalist realism is critical difference, ontologically grounded and the paper indicates how this understanding allows a movement beyond the local-global tendencies of positivism and constructionism.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 5 At Your Service

The Relationship between Government and Civil Society Organizations: "Nobody Gives You Power; You Just Take It"
Tihomira Trifonova, Teacher, Philosophy, Sofia University, Sofia, Bulgaria
Overview: The place and role of civil society has been the topic of a heated debate in many arenas, with priority on the academic and political. It is regarded as important for a variety of reasons, among them its impact on “social capital,” its role in public service delivery, and its political role. The functions of the civil society, such as articulating citizens’ interests and demands, defending their rights, and meeting their needs are deemed to be central to democratic accountability. In performing these functions, the civil society organisations (CSO) enter into several types of relationships with the governing authorities (Najam, 2000) and allegedly transform the power relations. This paper examines those relationships from a number of perspectives in an attempt to apprehend their nature, including what power is involved, how it influences the other side in the relationship, which relationships are productive, and what drivers they create. It analyses the changing forms and spaces of power through institutional arrangements and street-level strategies, with a focus specifically on the dimensions of public service delivery and political work, and investigates what is behind claims of increasing marketisation, managerialism, de-politicization, and convenience interactions. The conclusions are based on research and observations of national and various European CSOs, a qualitative dataset from interviews, and a structured questionnaire data. The analytical framework departs from strategic institutional interests, dwells upon whether reality gets strained by rhetoric and discusses the strength of identified explanatory factors.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies

The Demise of Accountability in Public Services: The Hidden Scourge of Sepsis
Dr. Paul Stepney, Research Fellow; Adj Professor, Research Collegium 2012-2013; Dept of Social Work , University of Tampere, Tampere, Pirkanmaa, Finland
Overview: Sepsis will be used as a focus to examine the demise of accountability in public services. Accountability is a contested concept and sepsis demonstrates what happens when accountability is eroded. Accountability is a slippery and contested concept in social policy, consequently, theoretical insights from Foucault and Habermas will help inform the debate. On 15 January 2013 my good friend and former colleague, Peter Henriques, died of Sepsis. Peter was a fit, healthy fifty-two-year-old man who was at the peak of his academic and professional career. Up until that sad day I had barely heard of sepsis and knew very little about it. However, when I began to research the condition I was shocked to discover that sepsis is responsible for more than 250,000 deaths every year in the United States and 44,000 deaths each year in Britain. Approximately 50% of deaths are due to late diagnosis and inadequate treatment by medical practitioners, thus preventable. During the past ten years the problem has been brought to the attention of doctors, policy makers, and managers (www.rorystauntonfoundation.com), so why has so little seemingly been done at a national level? The logical question that must be asked is who is responsible for not responding to this hidden sepsis challenge? The sepsis debate is intended to demonstrate what is at stake when accountability is eroded and what might be done about it.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Examining Disparities in the Salaries of Hospital Chief Executive Officers in the United States
Dr. Lesley Clack, Athens, GA, United States
Dr. Rachel Ellison, Assistant Professor, Program Coordinator Health Services Administration , Allied Health, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette , Louisiana, United States

Overview: This study explores disparities among salaries of hospital CEOs in the United States. A common belief in hospital management is that male, Caucasian CEOs make significantly larger salaries than females and other races. Analysis of salary data was conducted utilizing online hospital salary databases. Demographic data were also collected. Results confirm that disparities do exist across the spectrum. The implications of this study are significant for the field of healthcare management as disparities can affect both social dynamics and organizational culture. Understanding where disparities lie is the first step towards bridging the gap and reducing barriers for cultural diversity within healthcare management.
Theme:Organizational Studies
Room 6 Seeing Ourselves

Lili Kastiher: Writing in Auschwitz as a Metaphysical Revenge
Dr. Lily Zamir, -, -, The Academic David Yellin College of Education, Jerusalem, Israel, Israel
Overview: Lili Kasticher wrote at the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp from April to November 1944. The possession of a piece of paper or a pencil stub was absolutely forbidden in Bireknau. Anyone caught with such contraband was immediately sentenced to death. Consequently, inmates at Auschwitz produced virtually no written material, with rare exceptions, such as the "Sonderkommandos," who documented everyday life at the camp, in the hope that someone would find them after the war, as indeed occurred. Jewish inmates were ordered by the Germans to write postcards to their relatives, describing the "decent" living conditions prevailing in their "new place." No women are known to have written at Birkenau except for Lili Kasticher, who risked her life by stealing pieces of paper and pencil stubs to write poetry. She encouraged her friends to do the same by offering them a prize, a portion of her daily rations. Lili also wrote a political-social manifesto entitled "Rules of Behavior," intended as a guide to survival for herself and her blockmates, understanding the power of these writings as a means of rebellion and metaphysical revenge. The notes she wrote were concealed on her body until her liberation in spring 1945.
Theme:Cultural Studies

Professional Identity of Seafarers: The Balance of Substantive and Situational Selves and the Interplay with Imposter Syndrome
Dr. Carina Buckley, Intsructional Design Manager, Solent Learning and Teaching Institute, Solent University, Southampton, United Kingdom
Dr. Mark Bee, -, -, Southampton Solent University, Southampton, United Kingdom

Overview: The concept of professional identity, while complex, provides a framework for professionals to construct their own ideas of how to be, how to act, and how to understand their work and place in society, through the interplay of their substantive and situational selves. This research explores how seafarers express and negotiate their professional identity within both a professional community and a hierarchical organisational culture. Although much work has been done on the role of communities of practice and professional identity in education and medicine, little has been applied to the maritime industry. A local exploratory case study approach, using interpretive inquiry, was adopted to develop understanding of this socio-cultural phenomenon. Data were analysed using an inductive, thematic approach. Of particular note to this study was the interaction of imposter syndrome and professional identity, and the implications for professional development. As a result of this study, a theoretical model was constructed to develop an advanced understanding of the concordance between role and self. Despite being a small scale study, the model has resonance and transferability to similar groups as they negotiate their professional identity in changing and demanding roles.
Theme:Organizational Studies
Room 7 Healthcare for All

Exploring the Lifestyle Management of Type 2 Diabetes Among African Immigrants Living in the United Kingdom
Folashade Alloh, -, -, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, United Kingdom
Prof. Ann Hemingway, -, -, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, United Kingdom
Dr. Angela Turner-Wilson, -, -, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, United Kingdom

Overview: African immigrants have been reported to have higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes than the general population in the UK. This is in addition to the poorer health outcome presented by this population. This calls for the need to explore the management of diabetes among this population, this is to help identify better management regime for this group. A qualitative methodology was adopted with specific focus on the use of constructivist grounded theory to provide theoretical explanation for the management process of diabetes. Twenty-five, semi-structured interviews were conducted among West African immigrants living with type 2 diabetes in London. Audio recordings were transcribed and analysed according to grounded theory methodology to generate the theoretical explanation for the management process. This study found important lifestyle influence on the management process of diabetes among this population while using the information to provide theoretical explanation for management of type 2 diabetes. The findings from this study highlights the need to consider the cultural and lived experiences before migration influence on type 2 diabetes management by healthcare practitioners during management recommendations for this group. This will help achieve better management regime which will greatly impact on the health outcome among this population group.
Theme:Cultural Studies

Factors Conducive to Mutual Aid among Young People with Chronic Illness
Dr. Steven Sek-yum Ngai, Professor, Department of Social Work, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong
Overview: Encouragement of youth mutual aid is growing in momentum with the shift to a strengths approach to youth work that emphasizes building on service users’ strengths and resources. Mutual aid is regarded as particularly useful in helping young people with chronic illness because the provision of professional youth services is usually short-lived due to budget constraints. Given this consideration, this paper provides empirical data about factors conducive to mutual aid and rehabilitation of young people. Based on information from a survey of 400 young people with chronic illness, it shows how youth work facilitates mutual aid among the aforementioned youth population in maintaining balanced coordination, empowerment, altruism, continuity, and sustainability. It also clarifies issues and doubts about the effectiveness and feasibility of youth mutual aid in view of evidence that adult input is required, and that young people are not capable enough of helping themselves. Because young people’s peer grouping tends to aggravate problems through learning of problematic attitudes and behavior and the diffusion of positive responsibility, youth work input is necessary to negate undesirable influences arising from the peer group. Specifically, it is important to prevent youth with chronic illness from forming self-defeating or self-injuring groupings by promoting socially desirable social capital in mutual aid youth groups.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Ethical Issues in Health Disparities among American Indians/Alaskan Natives
Dr. Jody Long, -, -, Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, United States
Robert Rickle, -, Prof. of Social Work, Western New Mexico University, Silver City, NM, United States
Dr. Rejoice Addae,
Dr. Beverly Edwards,
Dr. Larry Morton,

Overview: Health disparities of New Mexico’s American Indians compared to New Mexico’s white residents and with the national averages for both are reexamined. New Mexico’s American Indians were shown to have higher racial disparities in health than their comparisons with white New Mexico population. Theoretical perspectives that steer away from Eurocentric perspectives are explored. Culturally and linguistically appropriate services (CLAS) are explored to show the effectiveness of the awareness of culture in working with American Indian/Alaskan Natives. Interventions for health disparities are examined with an emphasis on disparities perceived by American Indians/Alaskan Natives. Community-based participatory research is explored to show its effectiveness in working with American Indian/Alaskan Natives populations. A case example is offered of the successful use of community-based participatory research with American Indians/Alaskan Natives populations. The ethical nature of dealing and working with health disparities in American Indians/Alaskan Natives population is discussed, as well as policy implications of these health disparities. Policy implications that focus on American Indians/Alaskan Natives environments and communities would probably be the most beneficial in improving the health and wellness of these populations. Those policies that fail to do so would likely not meet the needs of American Indians/Alaskan Natives population.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 8 Media Connections

Perceptions of Distant Lands: An Analysis of Spanish Online News About Thailand
Chadchavan Sritong, Spanish Lecturer, Western Languages Department, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Khon Kaen, Khon Kaen, Thailand
Overview: Online news plays an important role in our modern international society. People from different countries effortlessly access other countries' movements by reading online news, including two far away countries like Spain and Thailand, whose citizens know little about each other. This study aimed to discover and discuss how Spanish people perceive Thailand through Spanish online news about Thailand. Various types of news were collected from six online news agencies that published news about Thailand in 2017. The data collection was done online using a main keyword “Noticia(s) de Tailandia 2017” (Thailand news 2017, in English translation) for searching. The findings show that the six news agencies published ninety-six articles about Thailand in 2017, which were classified into six types: forty-two political news, thirteen crime news, five accident news, four sport news, three natural disaster news and twenty-eight general news. These ninety-six new stories revealed that those agencies mainly transmitted controversial political issues in Thailand to their compatriots, which is the biggest interest of Spanish-speakers toward Thailand. This may be due to having the similar political historical backgrounds including military dictatorship as well as being constitutional monarchy countries. Whereas, others types of news shared only a small aspects in Spanish news websites.
Theme:Cultural Studies

The Connection between Taiwan’s New Immigrants’ Impressions towards Immigrant TV Programs and their Identity Construction
Pei Tsai, Associate Professor, Department of Radio, Television and Film, Shih Hsin University in Taiwan, Taipei City, Taiwan
Overview: The study is based on interviews with 400 of Taiwan’s new immigrants from Southeast Asia and China-Hong Kong-Macao areas. Findings indicate that new immigrants have low satisfaction rate towards current TV programs for new immigrants/ immigrant workers in Taiwan. In follow-up focus group discussion, new immigrants found TV representations of new immigrants too monolithic, mostly successful stories of new immigrants running restaurants, thus creating a stereotype that new immigrants are only good at cooking. Alternatively, negative immigrant experiences such as divorce or domestic violence could also be presented, as well as information of social and legal assistance for new immigrants. TV programs should include success stories in which immigrants have integrated with local culture. They can also encourage people to treat new immigrants better by inviting families to talk about their experiences. It should be clear that new immigrants are indeed helpful to Taiwanese society in many ways. Presenting current developments of immigrants’ home countries and avoiding stereotypical images is also recommended. Taiwanese audience can also watch these programs learn more about the immigrants’ mother countries. Broadcasting a range of positive immigrant stories may improve understanding, pride, and success.

There Is No Us and Them: Narratives of Migration and Border Crossing in Shadow Theatre and Picturebooks
Dr. Cristina Pérez Valverde, -, -, University of Granada, Granada, -, Spain
Fernando Perez-Martin, Lecturer, University of Granada, Spain

Overview: In this paper we analyze the construction and representation of border crossing and other migration experiences in several multimodal art forms, in particular the shadow play Ghosts of the River (ShadowLight Productions) and the picturebook Pancho Rabbit and the Coyote by Duncan Tonatiuh. Relying on Martha Nussbaum’s theories on the empathic and ethical role of fiction, we delve into the possibilities offered by these visual texts to raise social awareness and commitment about current human and political issues. The manner in which the experiences of migrant children are portrayed will play a prominant role in our analysis. Likewise, we will offer a revision of the different study guides and pedagogical resources designed to work with these texts at schools.
Theme:2018 Special Focus - Autonomy in Times of Turmoil: What to Make of the Social?
11:30-11:40 Transition Break
Room 1 Focused Discussions: Room 1

Psychology of Political Communication in Social Media: Using Social Media to be Global and Autonomous
Chandra Kaye Massner, -, -, University of Pikeville, Pikeville, United States
Dr. Le Anne Epling, Associate Professor of Psychology, Psychology, University of Pikeville, Pikeville, Kentucky, United States
Rachel Little, -, -, University of Pikeville
Dr. Nancy Cade,

Overview: This discussion will focus on an interdisciplinary project of political science, psychology, and communication that examines the intersection of how social media are used to communicate political views and messages. Social media provide an opportunity for users to become increasingly globally minded; however, the reality is that users become ever more narrowed in their issues and spheres of interest. This paper examines reinforcement theory, selective exposure, and self-determination theory in how political messages are shared and liked on social media. Social media users were surveyed to determine their political affiliation and social media involvement. Participants also completed a basic psychological needs scale. Results showed that participants with higher levels of autonomy more frequently shared like-minded political content. While social media create a global community, social media users tend to like and share content that is highly selected and localized to their concerns and interests.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Civic and Political Studies, Communication

Impact of Workplace Learning on Individual and Organizational Performance: A Critical Review
Karen Cacciattolo, HR Manager, Office for Human Resources, University of Malta, Msida, Malta
Overview: This work illustrates the definition and meaning of learning and workplace learning, in which the theory of Lave and Wenger (1991) is analysed, including the strengths and limitations of the concepts of "communities of practice" and "legitimate peripheral participation." The notion of apprenticeships is also tackled. The work also tackles the meaning of performance and its importance in relation to work and learning. Several research examples are introduced regarding the concept of workplace learning and its effect on the individual and organisational performance. Issues that include positive and negative effects are also discussed. The importance of learning by experience and informal learning is highlighted and issues of power and politics emerge throughout the analyses presented in this piece of work.
Theme:Organizational Studies, Educational Studies

Mothers Make Contemporary Art
Prof. Susan Hogan, -, -, University of Derby, Derby, Derbyshire, United Kingdom
Overview: Our overarching questions are concerned to explore what role arts engagement might have to play in antenatal and postnatal provision, especially where post-birth trauma is being translated into bodily symptoms. "The Birth Project" is also interested in exploring to what extent clinically-related birth practices are implicated in iatrogenic outcomes and post-natal distress. Furthermore, we are also concerned to investigate what is distinctive about an arts-based approach in terms of expressing narratives about the transition to motherhood. Several sets of workshops have been run to-date for "The Birth Project." A participatory arts group, "Mothers Make Art," has been facilitated by the artist Lisa Watts. Watts has a distinctive art practice called "Live Art," described by Gorman as "an art practice that presents the living body to encourage a self-reflective exploration of subjectivity, art and knowledge production" (2014 p.6). One aspect of this way of working is that it "engages with how the audience experiences the performing body’s interaction with objects and materials" (Watts 2010 p.2). "Mothers Make Art," asks questions in two ways: what are the effects of participation in workshops for the makers of the art and then what are the effects on others who experience the art that is produced as viewers. The "Mothers Make Art" group comprised eight women who live in a city in the north of England. They self-selected to participate in a series of twelve workshops. Some of the women were trained in the arts, some not, but all had an interest in visual arts, and an openness to learn and to make. The brief was to use a participatory framework to enable the women to explore any topics they wished with respect to the birth experience and motherhood. In "Mothers Make Art" structured techniques were used to enable the participants to explore the nature of meaning making and to construct and deconstruct works (physically and metaphorically). An important method employed was the use of everyday objects, (ornaments, clothing, mothering paraphernalia, toys), to help to create stories. There was also an opportunity to be meditative with everyday objects (cling-film, tin-foil, kitchen paper). Rather than making a representation or literal object referring to their birth or mothering, the women focused on the formal aesthetic qualities of the materials. This way of working explores objects with a focus on their material capabilities, rather than having a predetermined vision of where the art making might lead. This not only provided a self-reflective space, but functioned to give the women the skills and confidence to manipulate materials to be able to create their own original art piece at the end of the series. The art works were varied; one women pegged up her boys clothes from the tiny newborn garments to the larger ones representing fads and crazes. She acknowledged the preciousness of each stage with an acute awareness of the fleeting nature of the experience, a heightened awareness of temporality, with poems and a monologue. Another of the installation pieces explored the maker’s sense of stability, with a series of finely balanced and delicately poised fragile mixed-media pieces, comprising living plant bulbs, glass, and plastic containers, wire and wood and other materials. Rachel, a medical consultant, spoke of valuing the time and space to make art work. She said that the work was about seeking equilibrium between the domestic, professional and personal realms of her life, as well as exploring notions of what it is to be a good mother. She invited the group to say what her piece evoked: precariousness, balance, complexity, giving the bulbs space to grow, were a few of the reactions.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 2 Workshop

Scaffolding of Collaborative Professional Learning for Professionals Working with Groups of Populations with Unknown Needs
Dr Vera Leykina,
Vera Leykina, Adjunct Professor, Graduate School of Education of Touro College, NYC

Overview: This session introduces the concept of scaffolding of collaborative professional learning. Scaffolding of learning may be applied to a group of teachers, nurses, social workers, or other professionals working with people which they have no previous experience of servicing. Often, well-trained specialists encounter groups of population with unknown needs. The training approach discussed here is an application of socio-cultural learning theory to professional adult learning. At the end, the participants will be able to identify possibilities for scaffolding of professional learning processes and will begin constructing scaffolds applicable to adult learning processes in their areas of expertise. In this session, participants’ learning is based on the socio-cultural learning theory; they will learn about scaffolding by experiencing, analyzing, and constructing it. The focus of this workshop is on positive actionable outcomes of training for qualified professionals when they prepare to work directly with new and unfamiliar for them groups of population. Research demonstrates that in many instances, some highly qualified and well-meaning professionals do not address the needs of this new population correctly because of their preconceived notions, language, or cultural differences between them and the people they are trying to help. The tangible learning outcomes of this workshop will be demonstrated through samples of scaffolds designed by the project participants and through the suggested possibilities for potential scaffolding for training and performance improvement practices the participants already have in their professional repertoire. The training approach presented in this workshop is SYSTEMIC and SYSTEMATIC at the same time. It is SYSTEMIC because it allows to shift the focus of training from telling/showing people how they have to work to facilitating their collaborative self-learning process. It is SYSTEMATIC because it relies on gradual, continuous, and methodical shifting of responsibility for learning from the facilitator to a collaborative group of learners. The VALUE the proposed training approach adds to any training and performance improvement initiative is manifested in the changing nature of training outcomes. A training and performance improvement initiative is usually designed to reflect the organization’s operations and purpose. However, it may not always be translated into individual performance improvement. For example, people participate in training, evaluate it as a positive experience, but do not apply it into their professional practice after the training is over. The presenter’s research demonstrates that for professional individuals, when their learning is arranged, or scaffolded as a self- learning experience, it has more possibilities to be translated into improved professional practices. The proposed training approach lets individual learners work collaboratively in small groups. It shifts the focus from satisfying the individual training needs of each learner to collaborative identification of learning needs and collaborative, scaffolded by the facilitator, small group learning process. The proposed approach addresses the issue of often misdirected or not entirely effective efforts to train individuals working with target groups previously unknown to them professionally. It addresses the existence of possible gaps between the presumed needs and the real needs of people which are being services by organizations designed to service them, such as schools, hospitals, or family service agencies. A case study of a typical urban school in the United States servicing immigrant students from many different countries conducted by the presenter demonstrates how the proposed approach was effectively applied to training and performance improvement of a group of six teachers of different subjects. These teachers had students who spoke very little English. They were not trained to teach such students, and they did not speak any languages but English. Artifacts and materials from this case study will be presented in the proposed workshop.
Theme:Cultural Studies, Organizational Studies, Educational Studies
Room 6 Virtual Lightning Talks: Room 6

Consumerism in Morocco and Tunisia: Legal Aspects
Dr. Salma Ben Ayed Salma, assistant professor, Private Law, University of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia
Overview: Morocco and Tunisia changed from a traditional society to a modern consumerist one. The abundance of goods and the complexity of services are one of these economic changes. A new age of globalization began. The debate was largely analytical of a perfect situation without taking into account alternative solutions. But the adoption of a “modern economic law” was unsatisfactory to face crisis. Consumers in this part of the world are witnessing inevitable changes without being actors of their situation. It was obvious that globalization created a “modern social injustice.” The social aspects of a consumerist society were ignored by the Moroccan legislators before 2011 and the response of the Tunisian legislators since 1992 was evidently ineffective. It is of fundamental importance to present the effectiveness of the economic law with reference to consumerism in particular by using a comparative approach of developing economies after the access to a global market. This paper will discuss an ineffective legal order with reference to a social approach. The consumer law, in a healthy economy, tends to focus on social rights through a protective system which prevent abuses.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies

Creating a Culture of Assessment: Analyzing Opposition to Organizational Change in the Academy
Dr. Michael Perini, -, -, Virginia International Univeristy, Fairfax, Virginia, United States
Overview: This case study will analyze the challenges and complexities involved with the installation of a culture of assessment at a small, private not-for-profit university in the United States. Over the past few years, the university has been revamping both its educational and organizational assessment strategies, to mixed results. Offering theory-backed anecdotal evidence, along with data collected from quarterly and annual institution-wide assessment reports, the paper considers the difficulties that have hampered the progress during this time of transition. Based on the Bolman and Deal’s (2013) Reframing Organizations model, the discussion analyzes the elements of the organization’s culture. Though the university’s administration promotes the adoption of a systemic assessment approach, the culture implicitly or explicitly resists change. The study posits that several factors including managerial structure, turnover and position transfer among personnel, and faulty communication practices all inhibit progress. While the theoretical insights and resolutions discussed evaluate a specific university in the higher education field, the paper offers a constructive conversation appropriate for the analysis of organizations in other professional settings.
Theme:Organizational Studies

Understanding the Success of Gender and Development Programs: How Motivations and Resources Shape the Autonomy of Countrywomen in Chile
Gloria Miryam Mora Guerrero, -, -, Universidad Catolica de Temuco, Temuco, Region of Araucanía, Chile
Juan Carlos Peña Axt,
María Cecilia Fernández Darraz,

Overview: Although the governments of third-world countries have promoted programs aimed at helping countrywomen to overcome their poverty and subordinate situation, there are no conclusive studies regarding the effects of these programs on the women’s lives. This research explores whether participants in these programs develop motivations and have access to resources that increase their chance of changing the unfair conditions which they face in their personal, family, and community lives. Based on constructive grounded theory, the study was performed with twenty-seven users of the Programa de Formación y Capacitación para Mujeres Campesinas (Education and Training Program for the Countrywomen) of southern Chile. The findings show a motivational development process that, while conditioned by available resources, guides women towards the search for personal, family, and social autonomy.
Theme:Global Studies

Spanish Education TEFL Policies at Preschools : A Comparison of Monolingual and Bilingual Regions
Dr Beatriz Cortina-Pérez, Senior lecturer, Teaching of Languages and Literature Department, University of Granada, Melilla, Melilla, Spain
Overview: Being plurilingual has become one of the major goals in today’s Europe, not only with the purpose of facilitating the entrance to and the mobility within the European labour market, but also to protect and promote linguistic diversity. Within these measures, the EU has promoted the early development of foreign languages. In Spain, being a diverse cultural and linguistic territory, education administration is overseen by regional governments; thus, this early introduction is viewed and managed differently depending on each region. This study reviews the degree of introduction of the foreign language in preschools (3-6 years old) into the educational system of monolingual (n=13) versus bilingual autonomous regions (n=6). To this end, a documentary analysis of a total of 89 official legislative texts and 19 web pages was conducted as well as nineteen semi-structured interviews with experts from different regions based on four variables: multilingual plans, time regulation, teacher training and requirements, and finally, methodological guidelines and specific resources.
Theme:Educational Studies

"Endurance Work": Embodiment and Endurance in the Physical Culture of High-altitude Mountaineering
Dr. Jacquelyn Allen-Collinson, Professor , School of Sport & Exercise Science, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom
Dr. Lee Crust, University of Lincoln
Dr. Christian Swann,

Overview: The 2015 Nepal earthquake and avalanche on Mount Everest generated one of the deadliest mountaineering disasters in modern times, bringing to media attention the physical-cultural world of high-altitude climbing. Contributing to the current sociological concern with embodiment, in this paper, we investigate the lived experience and social "production" of endurance in this sociologically interesting physical-cultural world. Via a phenomenological-sociological framework, we analyse endurance as cognitively, corporeally, and interactionally lived and communicated, in the form of "endurance work." Data emanate from in-depth interviews with nineteen high-altitude mountaineers, ten of whom experienced the 2015 avalanche. The paper responds to the call to address an important lacuna identified in sociological work: the need to investigate the embodied importance of cognition in the incorporation of culture. The concept of endurance work provides a powerful exemplar of this cognitive-corporeal nexus at work as a physical-culturally shaped, embodied practice and mode-of-thinking in the social world of high-altitude climbing.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Linking University Student and Professor Performance: Assessing Bilingual Implementation through Action Research
Dr. Mary Griffith, -, -, Universidad de Malaga, Malaga, Malaga, Spain
Overview: This study deals with the professional development of content and language integrated learning (CLIL) and the specific implications for professors at the university level. Some universities find themselves in what Donald Schön calls a “squeeze-play”: An educational institution in which educational policy plays a small role. There are some specific considerations related to professionals in higher education, their needs and their expectations. Without the practical element, professional development in education is detached from the setting and the real challenges professors face every day. We will focus the discussion on student performance to include interaction, final results, as well as student opinion. The initial purpose of the research project was professor assessment through student data. It is this student data that will be the focus of this paper and the three research questions are as follows: Will Spanish students interact in a CLIL class? How will CLIL student results compare with control group taught in first language? How do students rate themselves and their instructors after the CLIL experience? All of this data were used in an action research project whereby professors shared in the data analysis and found students’ response to their teaching enriching to their professional practice.
Theme:Educational Studies

Setting the Scene: Participatory Arts for the Well-being of People with Dementia and their Carers
Meghann Ward, -, -, Lancaster University, Lancashire, United Kingdom
Overview: Participatory arts activities are amongst the services being provided in both urban and rural community contexts for people living with dementia and their carers. There is much variability in the programmes and services offered nationwide and therefore a need to gain clearer understanding of the benefits, limitations, and general practicalities of the different individual participatory arts activities being provided. Underpinned by non-representational theory and therapeutic landscapes literature, this participatory action research project explores and evaluates the effectiveness of a unique participatory arts programme entitled ‘Setting the Scene’, which is currently being implemented at Theatre by the Lake in Keswick, England. The project involves adults with dementia, professional and family carers, and the main stakeholders or practitioners of dementia care in the local community. Using ethnographic methods and visual recordings, the project investigates how the activities used by Theatre by the Lake’s participatory arts programme can influence the health, well-being and quality of life of people living with dementia, in addition to their carers. The project also considers how best to sustain the engagement and participation of people with dementia in creative arts settings. The research team considers participants as co-researchers and uses their input to aid in the gradual development and refinement of the ‘Setting the Scene’ programme, working towards a transferable logic model intended to guide the implementation of the programme in external organisations.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Marketing for Social Wellbeing: A Study of Confucian Living Practices
Long Yang, PhD Candidcate, Management and Marketing , Waikato Management School, Hamilton, New Zealand
Dr. Mary FitzPatrick,

Overview: This paper presents an interdisciplinary research project that explored the potential of Confucian living practices to address the negative consequences of consumerism. This global social phenomenon is based on the Western ideology of consumer culture that encourages people to expect quality of life from buying and consuming material possessions. However, in the field of psychology and sociology, increasing numbers of studies link consumerism to the alarming increases in alienation, conflict, and manipulation among individuals. Many marketing scholars and professionals also argue that a lifestyle based on material consumption decreases individual life satisfaction and collective social wellbeing because consumerist beliefs and values support individuals gratifying self at the expense of maintaining the critical relationships with families, friends, and communities that contribute to long-term health and happiness. Following a qualitative methodology, this research used the memory-work method to work with twenty-seven Chinese participants and collectively enable them to make sense of their daily social interactions. Data showed that Confucian traditions were significant in the participants’ pursuit of interpersonal harmony at familial and communal levels. Findings revealed that for these participants, a better quality of social life was experienced by reconciling interpersonal conflicts to establish mutually beneficial relationships and by accepting the moral responsibility to help each other in their everyday social practices. Thus, this research indicates that marketing scholars and professionals might address urgent social issues related to consumerism by a renewed focus in Western culture on building harmonious relationships for social wellbeing.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

The Market Process Approach in Austrian Economics: A Methodological Appraisal
Ionela Baltatescu, PhD student, Social and Law Sciences, Rey Juan Carlos University, Mostoles, Spain
Overview: Market process approach also known as disequilibrium view of markets is associated with the writings of Ludwig von Mises, Friedrich A. Hayek, Israel M. Kirzner, and other Austrian School economists. The objectives of this study are: (1) to explain the meaning of market process in Austrian economics; (2) to assess methodologically and epistemologically the market process approach of Austrian School economists; (3) to briefly pinpoint the main differences between equilibrium analysis and disequilibrium view of the markets.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

The Impact of Cross-cultural Differences on the Success of Women Entrepreneurs
Dr. Mantha Mehallis, -, -, Florida Atlantic University
Overview: This study determines if national cultural differences in developed versus developing nations (using OECD's definition) impact women's entrepreneurship. The research question in this descriptive research study is: how do cultural differences impact the ability of women entrepreneurs to be successful in their own environments? Women entrepreneurs are defined as women who organize and operate a business and who assume its risks. Hofstede's five cultural dimensions are used to define the cultural differences among Latin Europe, Germanic Europe, Nordic Europe, the Middle East, and Anglo cultural leadership profiles. Entrepreneurial success will be defined by the World Bank's "Doing Business" methodology. The methodology includes sampling women from countries in these regions and having them respond to a questionnaire. The culturally-based samples will be analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Since this is a non-random sampling. Results will be used as the basis for developing a future inferential study whereby generalizations can be made at the conclusion.
Theme:Organizational Studies

Analysis of the Construction of New Narratives and Characters in the Multicultural Context of Youtube
Alberto Montero,
Alberto Montero, Doctoral Student, ART, UCLM, Cuenca, Spain

Overview: Artistic representations involve innovative technology. The aim of this research is to understand how to make popular videos using new narratives and characters emphasizing multiculturalism and diverse gender, ethnic and social class experience. The approach involves gathering 180 videos in order to understand what kind of contents are the most popular on the platform Youtube. One analysis model has been developed using a quantitative and qualitative methodology to describe variables of the narrative elements such as space, time, actions and characters. This approach to theme is the result of a previous research in the field of art and technologies on audiovisual narratives and the search of multicultural identities through transmedia content. The purpose is understand the apparently arbitrary internal narratives of many videos of different themes on Youtube pointing out their differences to reveal their deep structures. In addition, this work identifies the preferences and the types of consumption of international and national users. The overall objective is to compile and analyze this data to expose new multicultural communicative possibilities and to be able to make new audiovisuals based on understanding acquired in becoming aware of creative acts across levels.
Theme:Cultural Studies

The Model for Collaborative Evaluations as an Instrument for Assessing Continuums of Care and Homeless Programs
Liliana Rodríguez-Campos,
Chantae Still, Service Coordinator, Pediatrics, USF Early Steps

Overview: Since the implementation of the 1987 Veto-Mckinny act, the United States has dedicated billions of dollars toward reducing chronic homelessness (Buckner, 2008). From program assessments to large scale evaluations of Continuums of Care collective efforts to efficiently provide services to homeless citizens, the U.S. government has demonstrated a desire to ensure that funding support is provided to organizations that can effectively work to strengthen American communities. The purpose of this presentation is to demonstrate how the Model for Collaborative Evaluations (MCE) can be used as a tool for individuals using a collaborative approach to evaluate the community development projects that are advancing the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development’s mission of creating strong, sustainable, inclusive communities and quality affordable homes for all.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 7 Virtual Posters: Room 7

Racism in Schools: Analysis of the Attitudes of Fifth Grade Spanish and Greek Students Towards Refugee Children
Georgia Angelidou, Child Protection Specialist, Office in Greece, International Organization for Migration - IOM, ALEXANDROYPOLIS, Greece
Dr. Eva Aguaded-Ramírez, Profesora, Métodos de Investigación y Diagnóstico en Educación, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Granada, Spain

Overview: In 2015, in Europe developed the largest refugee crisis since the World War II, with the increase of people who crossed the Mediterranean Sea, seeking protection. It is estimated that half of the refugees and asylum seekers corresponds to children. In order for these minors not to lose opportunities, host countries worked in order to have refugee children access education both into the refugee camps and in public schools. However, not in all cases, they were welcome. The objective of this research is to measure the attitudes of Spanish and Greek students of the fifth grade towards refugee children and to check whether they accept the schooling of the refugee minors. A survey was conducted, in which 188 Spanish and 120 Greek students, from schools in the city of Granada and Alexandroupolis, participated, applying quantitative methods. Results show the students generally accept the schooling of the refugee children in the classes, believe that their arrival can be enriching, and respect refugee´s rights. In conclusion, the vast majority of respondents have a positive attitude towards refugee children.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Cause-related Marketing in a Cross-cultural Context: Awareness of and Attitudes towards Cause-related Marketing among Young Consumers from Different Cultures
Delia Jackson, Senior Lecturer, School of Language and Global Studies, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire, United Kingdom
Silke Maria Engelbart, -, -, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire, United Kingdom

Overview: Corporate social responsibility and cause-related marketing are increasingly used by brands and NGOs as both gain from such partnerships. This strategy has worked well in individualistic cultures, mainly the USA. Vaidyanathan et al (2013) asked if the “impact of tying products to social causes translates across cultures?” Most of the research into CSR has been carried out with participants from one culture and there appears to be a paucity of research into a comparison of how CSR is regarded within different cultures. Therefore, this paper asks how aware are consumers from different cultures in Europe and Asia about the existence of CSR and what values do they attach to CSR? This paper will build on the research by Vaidynathan et al (2013), using student participants in focus groups from the Czech Republic, France, and China. The paper will be of importance to practitioners and marketers operating in different cultures who are engaging in cause related marketing.
Theme:Organizational Studies

The Relationship among Different Types of Children's Aggression, Empathy, and Self-Control
Dr. Helen Vrailas Bateman, Sewanee, TN, United States
Overview: Children's aggressive behavior is a major problem in our society and in our schools. Aggressive children display lower levels of academic achievement, are more likely to engage in other types of deviant behavior, and more likely to drop out of school. Understanding the mechanisms through which aggressive behavior is generated can help us create interventions aimed at reducing aggression in children. This study examines the mechanisms that drive aggressive behavior in school-age children. We are particularly interested in examining the relationship among different types of aggressive behaviors (physical and relational, proactive and reactive) and children's empathy and self-control. Seventy middle-school children from a rural school located in the Southeastern United States participated in the study. Students completed a series of self-report measures including measures in social skills and aggressive behavior. We hypothesized that children who displayed higher levels of aggressive behavior (both physical and relational) would display lower levels of empathy and self-control. Our findings offered support to our hypothesis. More specifically, we found that children's aggressive behaviors (proactive physical, reactive physical, proactive relational, reactive relational) were negatively correlated with children's empathy and self-control. Our findings suggest that one of the mechanisms through which we could reduce the levels of both physical and relational aggression in children is to teach children empathy and self-control skills.
Theme:Cultural Studies

Borderlands of Coffee: Between Climatic Changes, Environmental Policies, and Market Volatility on the Chiapas-Guatemalan Border
Dra. Celia Ruiz de Oña, ASSOCIATED RESEARCHER , LINEA FRONTERA SUR Y SUS SIGNIFICADOS;, CIMSUR-UNAM, San Cristobal de Las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico
Overview: Growing coffee has been until recent times the main source of income for thousands of people in Mexico and Latin America. Climatic changes, local environmental degradation, unusual pest outbreaks, and social and political disorganization are configuring highly vulnerable landscapes, where local and global scales are interacting in a myriad of pathways, depending on local culture and historic particularities. However, international market volatility and its associated uncertainty is a common feature to all of them. Such vulnerability is here explored in the borderlands of Chiapas and Guatemala, belonging to the Tacana Volcano Biosphere Reserve. Post-colonial legacies, the influence of environmental international policies, and a political culture of governmental clientelism and paternalism come into play in a high mountain ecosystem, hit regularly by seismic and volcanic activity, together with increasing natural disasters. Coffee productivity, impacts of coffee leaf-rust, climatic variability perceptions, and scientific-local knowledge interactions are some of the topics explored through ethnographic methods along with questionnaires, as a part of an ongoing project whose final objective has to do with interactions between global discourses and local narratives regarding climate change in the Tacana hills on both sides of the border.
Theme:Environmental Studies

Heteronormativity, Sexuality, and Gender in The Ring of the Dove by Ibn Hazm of Cordoba
Dr. Raul Ruiz Cecilia, Senior Lecturer, Department of Foreign Language Teaching and Learning, University of Granada, Granada, Granada, Spain
Borjan Grozdanoski, -, -, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain

Overview: The main objective of this study is to decode the hidden heteronormative discourses as well as to uncover issues related to sex and gender in The Ring of the Dove by Ibn Hazm of Cordova. At the same time, we are discussing the feminine voice and the homoeroticism of the author and the characters. This work tends to uncover the hidden queer identities, gender, and sex within the verses. The methodology applied in the research consists of selective literary analysis which enabled us to find the specific lines where the above mentioned aspects are to be found. As a result of our investigation we have realised that this treatise is abundant with scenes and descriptions which demonstrate the consciousness of sexual rights and liberties in Andalusian society. In conclusion, unlike the rest of Europe, the society of Al-Andalus was very liberated from medieval dogmatic shackles in respect of sexuality and gender affiliation.
Theme:Educational Studies

Exchange Rate Movements and Trade Balance in Four Association of Southeast Asian Nations' Emerging Markets
Belinda S. Mandigma, University of Santo Tomas, Manila City, Metro Manila, Philippines
Overview: Several studies were done in the past on the impact of the strengthening USD on emerging markets in general, but none specifically addressed how FX movement of domestic currencies in ASEAN-4 viz-a-viz the USD would affect exports and imports of goods and services. Since the sustained appreciation of the USD followed by a recent depreciation is anticipated to translate into financial spillovers to emerging markets like the ASEAN-4, this study measures this FX movements’ impact to the region particularly to the trade sector, which would consequently affect other sectors of the economy like the domestic consumers, OFWs and their beneficiaries, tourism sector, government, and private corporate sectors. This project will be of particularly significant help to sectors with USD stimulated economic, transaction and translation exposures at present and in the future. It is expected to enhance the understanding of individuals and companies on the real influence of exchange rates to ASEAN-4 foreign trade markets, thereby increasing their knowledge on how to mitigate their FX risks. That is, in any transaction involving the USD, they can explore alternative routes like choosing currency swap arrangements with other non- U.S. trading partners whose currencies are not pegged to the USD.
Theme:Global Studies

Towards Shariah-compliant Credit Surety Funds: Identifying Opportunities and Challenges
Ma. Josephine Theres Teves, -, -, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan
Overview: Mindanao represents twenty-four percent of the Philippines’ population; yet, there are no Islamic financial products offered by any domestic institution, aside from Al Amanah Islamic Investment Bank (AAIIB). The recently enacted “Philippines’ Credit Surety Fund (CSF) Cooperative Act of 2015” offers a financing arrangement for those micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) experiencing difficulty in financing. This study determines the possibility of creating Shariah-compliant CSFs, compares Shariah-compliant financing characteristics with traditional financing, and investigates the existing Philippines’ Shariah screening methodology for financial products and services. The author conducted a one-on-one interview with the regulators from Cooperative Development Authority, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP), and members of the Advisory Council of AAIIB regarding characteristics and objectives of the CSF and the methodologies and frameworks used in determining the Shariah compliance in financial products. Focused group discussions were done with Mindanao MSMEs representatives to gather issues and problems regarding their access to credit facilities. Results showed that the Philippines has no coherent, consistent, and inclusive set of regulations and standards for Shariah-compliant financial products and services. All regulatory decisions are on a per-industry basis and no universal methodology has been produced.
Theme:Organizational Studies

Sustaining Earth: Bringing Law, Society, and Sustainable Development Together
Ravi Saxena, Assistant Professor, KPM School of Law, NMIMS University, Mumbai. India, Mumbai, India
Overview: It is conceived that law has started regulating the multiple and continuously expanding territories of development. Resource management, integration of markets, global patterns of lifestyle, urbanization, and use of modern technology are viewed as the inseparable ingredients of human life and irrevocable elements of "development." History has proven that all human endeavors have conceived and acted upon some sense of development. Modern history is also a reference point where it seems that global society has come up with a concept of development that, in an unprecedented manner, interacts with the objective of achieving the goal of "human comfort." Such a design of development has received a global recognition by governments in particular and global society in general. Our social relations have primarily started emerging as of consumers and producers. The modern idea of development is conceived primarily as an economic one. It is understood as the primary indicator of national growth. It is narrowly defined in terms of GDP, national income, per capita income, and prosperity in general. Capital, concrete, and chip have become the cardinals of modern idea of development. Many discussions enquire into the relationship between law and the sustainability of the development-model are the backdrop of this critical commentary. As to how this modern development promises similar fruits to the many generations that are to come and how law can be an instrument in negating the ill-impact of this model of development, is the focal point of this research. What other factors are actually contributing to development?
Theme:Civic and Political Studies, Environmental Studies

Evaluating Healthcare Providers' Perception of the Value of Digital Technology in Supporting Healthcare Practices and Patient Wellness: Technology and Healthcare Delivery
Dr. Sharon Laing, Assistant Professor, Nursing and Healthcare Leadership Program, University of Washington Tacoma, Tacoma, Washington, United States
Overview: This study obtains healthcare providers perspectives on the role of digital technology in promoting health for low-resource patients. A focus group (fourteen providers) and key informant interviews (three providers) lasting sixty minutes were conducted. Respondents were medical doctors, behavioral health specialists, medical assistants, and nurse practitioners. The study questions the role of wearable devices in supporting health, the perceived barriers to incorporating patient health information from mobile devices into workflow, and the identification of information to support working with digitally-savvy patients. Responses were tape-recorded and later transcribed, data were analyzed for common themes, and respondents were offered $75 for participation. Healthcare providers (HCP) see benefits of mobile technology to promote patients’ health. They identify health status tracking capacity (depression, anxiety, blood pressure, and blood glucose) to be potentially valuable in advancing work with patients. Though interested in incorporating digital health data into healthcare practices, perceived barriers include added work load, and not knowing how to integrate new information into existing work systems. To effectively work with digitally-aware patients, HCP would benefit from information that helps to identify patients likely to use mobile technology, and information identifying evidence-based mobile devices, so that they can confidently recommend the devices to patients.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
12:25-12:40 Lunch (Lunch runs from 12:25 - 15:30)

Due to the size of this conference, lunch will be served in the cafeteria from 12:25-15:30 (12:25pm - 3:30pm). Conference participants can feel free to enjoy lunch at any time during these hours. For directions to the cafeteria, see the conference registration desk.
Room 1 Earthly Matters

Deforestation Affects on Ecosystem Services and Health in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Dr Ashley Milton, Director of THEARC Farm, Bridge Park, Building Bridges Across the River, Washington, DC, United States
Dr. Toni Lyn Morelli,
Dr Bila Isia Inogwabini,
Dr. A. Alonso Aguirre,

Overview: Deforestation in the Congo Basin in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is altering ecosystem services and may be affecting forest communities by inducing changes in food availability, public health, and overall environmental resilience. This study determined the most prominent impacts resulting from deforestation by assessing changes in forest cover and forest ecosystem provisions. Surveys were conducted with 325 individuals living in twenty-five communities in the Lake Télé-Lake Tumba Landscape located in northwestern DRC. Data collected using survey tools were used to evaluate from a micro-scale, the local perspectives of communities to best explore environmental change. In addition, remote sensing analysis of Landsat satellite images and a climate analysis using forty years of weather data were collected from the Mabali Scientific Reserve and used to evaluate the state of the forest. Survey results demonstrated that local communities are highly environmentally literate and their knowledge is a useful indicator for qualifying environmental change. Remote sensing and climate results demonstrated that the forest cover has been reduced and there are major shifts in the traditional agricultural calendar. Our recommendations focused on local environmental science and policy in order to prevent future forest degradation and loss.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Environmental Studies

Engaging Communal Livestock Farmers in the Rural Eastern Cape: Planning for Rangeland Management Strategies That Are Adaptable to Local Conditions
Andiswa Finca, Junior Researcher, Agricultural Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
Overview: Large parts of the Eastern Cape are made up of former homelands which have a long history of economic neglect. The greater part of former homelands are rural and the ability of the rural people to make a living is linked to agricultural practices including livestock farming. Livestock is described as a key commodity for human well-being and provide benefits such as food, income, employment, tractions and others. However livelihood sustainability through livestock production relies greatly on the quality of the rangeland. Government efforts to prevent or counteract overgrazing through prescribed methods have been unsuccessful because they ignore engagement with social and economic dimensions that influence rangeland management. This study assesses the effectiveness of engaging communal farmers in an effort to find sustainable and locally adaptable rangeland management strategies. Using focus group discussions, structured interviews, and participatory GIS (PGIS) to establish indigenous knowledge about the current condition of the rangelands, its effects on quality of livestock and people’s lives. Results revealed that communal farmers are aware of their surroundings. Secondly livestock has financial, social and to them economically, socially and spiritually. It also emerged that the challenges face by communal farmers are ecological (decrease in rangeland quality characterised by soil erosion, alien plant invasion, and grass species composition change), social (lack of unity, trust, community rules, and youth involvement) and governance (limited support from the agricultural extension office) related. These challenges have played a negative role in livestock performance and mortality and thus the quality of rural people's lives.
Theme:Environmental Studies

Disaster Tourism Governance at a Volcano Tour on Merapi in Sleman Regency Indonesia
Muchamad Zaenuri, Head of Government Affairs and Administration, Department of Government Affairs and Administration, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Overview: The management of disaster-tourism affairs is impossible for local governments, private and society involvement is a necessity. The three stakeholders have their respective advantages and disadvantages. In this connection, collaboration is needed among the three parties. This study aims to find out how far collaboration can increase acceleration in disaster-tourism management. Through descriptive method, it can be concluded that if disaster-management management is done collaboratively involving government, private and society, it can increase acceleration in the face of disaster and post disaster to cover the limitations of each stakeholder. If the involvement of government, private and society is done proportionally it can produce relations with varying intensity. The intensity of a very high relationship exists between private parties and the public. From these conclusions can be given recommendations to stakeholders that to further increase the intensity of the relationship needs to be done collaboration transformation, as well as the government can place itself as a facilitator and regulator because the most intense relationship occurs is between private and society.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 2 Virtual Groups

Virtual Teams and Cohorts: Group Potency in Virtual Teams
Dr. Paul Shelton, -, -, George Fox University, Newberg, OR, United States
Prof Michelle Shelton, -, -, George Fox University, Portland, OR, United States

Overview: A majority of work today in Fortune 500 companies is accomplished through the use of teams and groups. (De Meuse, 2009). Much of education, especially graduate education, uses groups (cohorts) as a primary pedagogical approach. According to Maher (2005, p. 195), “a cohort is defined as a group of about 10–25 students who begin a program of study together, proceed together through a series of developmental experiences in the context of that program of study, and end the program at approximately the same time.” There are positive outcomes of learning within a cohort model. Some positive attributes of the cohort model are decreased attrition rates, development of strong social and professional relationships, and enhanced intellectual stimulation (Bista and Cox, 2014). With cohort (group) models being a growing trend in graduate education, it is increasingly important for us to more fully understand how groups develop and thrive. According to Shelton (2008, p. iii), “group potency is the collective belief that a group can succeed, achieve, and be effective in its endeavor.” GP has been shown to positively relate to overall group performance (Lee, Farh and Chen, 2011). Potency has been positively associated with performance, effectiveness and empowerment (Shelton, 2008; Stajkovic, Lee and Nyberg, 2009). Having a strong sense of GP has been shown to have a positive effect on the interpersonal climate of group members, as well as promoting greater collaboration within the group (Lira, Ripoli, Peiro´ and Zornoza, 2011). Technology has significantly impacted how we work together in groups, and this is seen in the cohort education model as well. Cohorts have access to virtual collaboration techniques that allow them to communicate synchronously or asynchronously from different places and times (e.g., videoconferencing, email, discussion boards, Google Hangouts, Zoom) (Garfield and Dennis, 2012-13). While much has been identified regarding group potency and different teams in organizations, little has yet to be discovered about group potency formation in virtual teams in the education system. This paper discusses how groups and teams have developed (or not developed) potency in virtual graduate education courses.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Cultural Studies, Global Studies, Organizational Studies, Educational Studies

Independent Virtual Mentoring Platforms: A Chance for Everybody to Find Career Mentoring?
Nadine Baumann, Digitalisation of HR Processes, HR, German Federal Authority, Bamberg, Bayern, Germany
Overview: Mentoring is one of the most effective measures of career-oriented personality development. Therefore, it is a popular instrument of personnel development, women’s promotion, onboarding of new personnel, and the development of management trainees. Set as a program, companies and organisations deploy mentoring to support disadvantaged groups. Nevertheless, only the best candidates get access to these mentoring programs. With the digitalisation of society and thus social transition, the Internet’s potential concerning mentoring was discovered. Not only can mentors and mentees communicate via digital communication media but getting access to a mentoring program, or a mentor, becomes easier. Despite these developments, it still seems to be difficult for potential mentees to find a mentor. Therefore, this paper discusses independent virtual career mentoring platforms (in Germany) concerning recruitment of mentors, application procedures for mentees, the process of matching mentor and mentee, and preparation to take on the role as a mentor respectively the role as a mentee. The paper also explores how mentors and mentees assess the (virtual/blended) mentoring provided from an independent platform on the Internet.
Room 3 Striving for Social Justice

And the Beat Goes On: Mexican American Liberals and the Quest for Educational Equality during the Chicana/o Movement, 1968-1978
Prof. Guadalupe San Miguel, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, United States
Overview: In the past several decades historians have investigated the complex origins, evolution, and legacy of the radical Chicana/o movement in the community. In most, if not all of these studies, the important role that liberal activists have played in promoting significant social change during the same period has been ignored. By liberal activists I mean those who rejected the politics of protest and continued to work for change within mainstream institutions. Some of these activists worked with or were members of Congress and enacted legislation aimed at promoting curricular changes in the schools. Others worked within federal agencies and participated in the development and implementation of policies aimed at eliminating many of the “invidious” discriminatory school practices that limited the educational opportunities of Mexican American students. Others still were grass-roots activists who contested discrimination in education by filing federal lawsuits against specific practices such as school segregation, special education testing, and unequal financing of the schools. Although we know about these efforts those who actively participated in them remain unknown and ignored. Who were these determined men and women that contested discrimination in American life during the years of the radical Chicano Movement? What actions did they take, what means did they use and how successful were they in their efforts? How did they relate to the radicalism swirling around them? What impact did this activism have on their lives and on the social, economic, and educational opportunities of Mexican Americans in general? These are the questions this historical study seeks to answer by looking and analyzing government documents, personal papers of important individuals, organizational sources, newspaper clippings, and oral histories of key activists.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Cultural Proficiency: An Ethnographic Perspective on Identities and Intersectionalities of the Blaxicana, African American/Latina in the United States
Dr. Ana Thorne, -, -, Mount Saint Mary's University, Los Angeles, California, United States
Overview: Navigation of the social, racial, and class strata of the Estados Unidos requires a studied practice of cultural proficiency on the part of its citizens, especially those who are black or brown. The historical failure of Latinos and African Americans to forge a sustainable, cooperative political bond in the struggle for democratic equality in the United States appears to be grounded in the signifying cultural difference between “racism” and “racismo.” The significance of this distinction and its impact on the mixed-race Latina-African female situates within the construct of identify formation, against a backdrop of color coding and culture clash, and the social construction of race. Within an ethnographic narrative frame, this discussion illustrates direct correlations of lived experiences to the broader community and cultural accounts that shape aspects of a mixed-race identity. The work connects a community's background, environment, and residents in a dialogue that includes the larger arenas of critical race theory, interracial marriage, and history that inform the characteristics implicated in the evolution of a Blaxicana identity.
Theme:Cultural Studies

New Social Movements for Supporting Government Programs : Study of Sokola Kaki Langit
Overview: In the life of nation and state, every human being has rights. It is the responsibility of government to guarantee those rights and one of the right is education. The government of Indonesia has attempted to carry out its duties by issuing twelve years of compulsory education program for all of the society. However, there are several factors that affect the implementation of the program such as geographic conditions in areas that are still difficult to access. This reasearch shows that with a new social movement, the students in areas that have many limitations can have the spirit to continue learning and continue education to the upper level. In addition, the new social movement is also able to provide a change of mindset in the environment to give more support to the children in order to learn and have spirit in education. This review considers Sokola Kaki Langit Movement as a new social movement and also political participation that could accelerate the government's programs especially in education. The method of this research follows a qualitative approach.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 4 Coexisting

Role of Protected Areas in Improving Rural Livelihoods and Well-being in Southern Africa: A South African Case Study
Prof. André Pelser, -, -, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Overview: In most African countries, rural communities surrounding protected areas are likely to experience poverty rates higher than the national average. Protected areas are thus increasingly expected to cross the boundaries of conventional biodiversity protection and to also provide tangible benefits to neighbouring communities that will contribute to poverty reduction. Official conservation policy in South Africa strongly promotes the integration of biodiversity conservation with overall population and development programmes as a means to mitigate poverty among rural populations. This paper deals with the main findings of an assessment of two intervention programmes run at the Golden Gate Highlands National Park in the Free State province of South Africa and the core lessons learned from this initiative. If poverty is understood and recognised as a multi-dimensional reality of existence, then a protected area’s contribution to poverty alleviation should not be confined to the financial aspects of poverty only, but should also allow for a broader social, cultural, and economic scope.
Theme:Environmental Studies

Agricultural Expansion, Livelihood Stability, and Change in Rural Indonesia: Cases of Oil Palm Plantations in Central Kalimantan
Dr. Arya Hadi Dharmawan,
Dr. Eka Intan Kumala Putri,
Dr. Nurmala Katrina Panjaitan, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University, Darmaga Bogor, Indonesia

Overview: Massive expansion of oil palm in rural Indonesia has been a major phenomena for many years. It began in the 2000s, when many corporations and smallholders were expanding their plantation following the increasing price of palm oil in the world market. The oil palm plantation expansion has been considered to be very aggressive encroaching on forest lands and bringing about negative effects on deforestation, intensified carbon emission, and loss of biodiversity as well as giving rise to worsening water conditions. On the social-economics side, oil palm expansion has triggered dramatic social change in the form of livelihood transition, adaptive mechanism from diverse to single dependence on livelihood sources. The depth and width of social change caused by oil palm expansion are, however, determined by socio-cultural and technological as well institutions existing in the community. This paper elaborates on the typology of oil palm expansion and understanding the socio-economical impacts of oil palm expansion in rural regions. The expansion also causes livelihood stability, resilience, and vulnerability. The paper wants to come up with theory of agricultural expansion and to find out constructive policy solutions for oil palm expansion in Indonesia.
Theme:Environmental Studies

Contributions of Environmental History in the Creation of Hybrid Knowledge That Adds to Social Change: Building Transdisciplinarity in the Environmental Humanities
Dra. Martha Micheline Cariño Olvera, Profesora-Investigadora, Humanidades, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur, La Paz, BCS, Mexico
Overview: The complexity of the social reality in the civilization crisis that we face as humanity has led the environmental sciences and humanities to apply a transdisciplinary analysis in order to understand and deepen long-term explanations. This is how environmental history research projects need to incorporate other social sciences approaches such as ecological economics, political ecology, ethnobiology, and critical geography. This leads to a transdisciplinary confluence in which the loans between these hybrid fields of knowledge are so intense and common that with our research practice we are transcending multidisciplinary fields towards a new hybrid knowledge field of environmental humanities. Through this emerging paradigm and with multidisciplinary research teams we are able to better understand environmental problems such as climate change and its past and present adaptation/mitigation strategies, socio-environmental conflicts arising from various extractive activities and in different ecosystems, the multiple processes of dispossession caused by the expansion of the borders of nature commodities, and the asymmetry of power that prevails in the imposition of the development model on geographic identities and diverse types of life. The results of these kind of research projects can better contribute to social change.
Theme:Environmental Studies
Room 5 Gamification

Knowledge about Gaming and University Student Teachers
Alba Fiuza Fernández,
Overview: Gamification means the use of game mechanics and not recreational environments applications, such as the school environment, in order to enhance motivation, concentration, effort, commitment, and other positive values common to all games. Gamification allows us to establish clear objectives to overcome. It also offers constant feedback, shows the progression of students, recognizes their effort, and guides them over the course of the teaching and learning process. This sample is composed of student teachers in the primary education specialty of Galicia, Spain. The scale obtains a reliability of 0.94 α. The index of Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) provides a value of 0.932 and Bartlett's test of sphericity (2 = 2739,793; gl = 351, p<.000), ensuring that the factor analysis is right and the model achieves a good fit. The students of primary education have not heard of the term gamification, but still consider its implementation feasible in the school environment.
Theme:Educational Studies

Spanish and American Serious Games on Climate Change
Tania Ouariachi, Lecturer/Researcher, Professorship Communication, Behavior & the Sustainable Society, Hanze University of Applied Sciences
Laura Galván, -, -, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Maria Dolores Olvera Lobo, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Dr. José Gutiérrez-Pérez, -, -, University of Granada, Granada, Andalusia, Spain

Overview: What types of serious games tackling climate change are out there? What are the communicative trends? Do these types of games share similar quality levels across borders? This paper carries out a comparative quality assessment of games produced in two different countries. It looks at the United States (at the forefront of climate change games development) and Spain (experiencing its video game development “golden age,” ranking fourth in Europe and ninth in the world). For that purpose, we develop and put into practice a tool to assess the quality of thirty games (fifteen American and fifteen Spanish) based on the opinion of experts through the Delphi method. Criteria are categorized into identification, narrative, contents, gameplay, and didactics. Results reveal positive trends on how to communicate climate change, including make it local –to avoid psychological distance-, make it visual –to make climate change more real and memorable-, and make it connected – to provide a sense of agency. The total scores also reveal a higher quality level of American serious games on climate change. The paper will provide examples for best practices.

Moving Towards the Integration of Unaccompanied Foreign Minors: Design and Development of a Mobile Application to Foster Educational and Social Intervention
Jose Javier Romero Díaz de la Guardia, Associate Professor, Research Methods and Diagnosis in Education, University of Granada
Dr. Eva Olmedo Moreno, -, -, University of Granada, Granada, Saín, Spain

Overview: In this study, carried out within a research, development, and innovation (RDI) project financed by the Ministry of Education in Spain (EDU2017-88641-R), we explore the design and development process of an application for mobile devices, targeted to unaccompanied foreign minors, existing in the cross-border cities of North Africa and southern Europe.The purpose of the application is to shape the intervention process proposed by the project, and use a serious game dynamic based on challenges of overcoming, goals achievement and rewards, enriching the users personal learning environment, and contributing to a pleasant and playful way to improve their self-efficacy and school performance. It favours the inclusion of these groups in the societies where they are inserted, both from the educational and the laboral perspective. The development model is iterative and incremental, so that measurable results may be obtained in advance. Starting from an initial base version covering a subset of key intervention areas, new objectives are added to address all aspects of the educational intervention that is intended to be implemented. The contact with the target population from initial stages allows for immediate feedback that facilitates the addition of new functionalities or the adaptation of those already proposed.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 6 National Concerns

Compensating Differentials and Preferences for Occupational Fatality Risk: Evidence from the Mexican Drug War
Dr. Miguel Antonio Delgado Helleseter, Camarillo, California, United States
Dr. Kevin Thomas Schnepel,

Overview: The escalation in violence in recent years resulting from the Mexican government's war on drug trafficking has caused a large and unprecedented increase in workplace fatality risk for workers in Mexico. We exploit this increase in violence to estimate a compensating differential for fatality risk using panel data constructed from a national employment and occupation survey. We also provide estimates of the value of a statistical life (VSL) in Mexico. Our results imply a VSL for a nationally representative sample of Mexican workers that is well below the range of estimates typically found in developed countries, which is consistent with the notion that health and safety are normal goods.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

State Defense Values of Indonesia to Unify the Nation: Diversity Viewed from the State Ideology of “Pancasila”
Novky Asmoro, Lecturer and Researcher, Faculty of Defense Management, Indonesia Defense University
Overview: The Indonesian Constitution Article 27 paragraph 3 states that every citizen shall have the right and obligation to participate in the defense of the state. Therefore, it is necessary to have a state defense mechanism that is highly defensive, optimal, and effective based on the full awareness of its citizens in the principle of independence of their own ability. Starting from that, the "State Defense (Bela Negara)" as an effort to implement the state defense system will be effective if there is total participation of its citizens. In order to raise the awareness and ability to defend the effective defensive state, several concrete efforts are needed to establish the solidity of the Indonesian Five Principles, called “Pancasila,” as a state philosophy. It was determined that "Bela Negara" is an entry point for the application of Pancasila in everyday life in stemming biased efforts and intervening among ideologies such as religious fundamentalism, socialism, liberalism, and communism. In this paper, analyzed through qualitative methods the relationship between the state defense system and the achievement of Pancasila as the state philosophy to unify the diversity of the nation is explored. After conducting the qualitative research, it would ask the research question if the five values of a “Defense State” could solve the complexity of the social problem in Indonesia? Active participation of the community should be actively encouraged through formal sector roles such as schools, government institution, and the Indonesian Armed Forces as well as Indonesian Police. The strong commitment of the citizen, and the active participation of the people to the integrity of all components of the nation will be the key to the success of the state defending program to be accepted by all parties in this country.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Civic and Political Studies

Advancing Inclusion of Migrants in National Political and Development Processes: Diaspora Philanthropy and the Overseas Vote of Migrant Filipinos
Dr. Maria Divina Gracia Roldan, -, -, De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines
Overview: The main question the paper poses is: How do migrants, in this case overseas Filipinos, participate in national development and political processes through diaspora philanthropy and overseas voting? More specifically, what is the policy framework that enable overseas Filipinos to participate in Philippine elections; what are the forms of diaspora philanthropy among overseas Filipinos? In what development areas do they contribute?; and what is the role of government, migrant organizations, and other key actors in fostering links of overseas Filipinos to their country of origin? Documentary analysis of laws and program materials are made to ascertain existing initiatives for overseas Filipinos. Reports from government and non-government migrant organizations on the conduct and results of overseas voting in the 2010, 2013, and 2016 elections also are examined. Data on donations coursed through the Lingkod sa Kapwa Pilipino (LINKAPIL) program are evaluated to ascertain which areas overseas Filipinos have contributed to. Interviews are conducted among key informants in government agencies and migrant organizations to determine their roles. The paper provides insights to decision-makers in various levels (e.g., government, migrant organizations, local government units) on how to harness resource inputs of migrants to promote civic and political participation in national development.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Room 7 New Ways of Knowing

Using Qualitative Content Analysis for the Analysis of the Written Competence in Second Language: Creation of a System of Categories
Silvia Corral Robles, Lecturer, Department of Language and Literature Didactics, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Prof. Gracia González Gijón, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Overview: This paper describes the process required to conduct a qualitative data analysis using a widely known research technique, content analysis, which has the purpose of extracting the relevant information from the text subsuming it to categories and storing it separately for further processing, in a study that analyses the written competence in English second language of Spanish upper secondary students. To this end, this paper explores and describes the different steps taken in the analysis process in order to create the system of categories: categorizing the information into codes, identifying the patterns and relations within and between categories, and the validation of the design of the system of categories.
Theme:Educational Studies

The Importance of Visual Education: What You See Is What You Learn
Maria Fornieles, -, -, University of Granada
Overview: Our eyes are the receptors of more than 80% of the information we take in daily. They are one of the most powerful tools to learn about our environment and to know ourselves. If we learn how to use every element, we will create a generation of people able to communicate without words. This paper considers why it is so important to decipher this complex language. The result is clearly right in front of our eyes.
Theme:Educational Studies

Co-teaching in Higher Education: The Practice and Power of Collective Autonomy
Dr Catherine Hill, -, -, American University in Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Dr Nadera Alborno, -, -, American University in Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Overview: Traditional models of teaching in higher education, which have ruled universities for more than 600 years, are slowly being retired and replaced by more active learning paradigms and student-centered pedagogies. The individual autonomy of the lecture hall is being challenged by the social, cultural, and technological changes of an increasingly cosmopolitan world. The process of worldwide globalization has facilitated the movement of people and ideas unlike any other time in human history. We are now partaking in conversations across boundaries of information, ideas, and identities leading to the evolution of a cosmopolitan worldview and an information culture wherein everybody matters and human plurality is valued. While universities are notoriously slow to change, they remain at the core of this evolving culture, not as gatekeepers of information but as facilitators of learning. This paper focuses on the practice and power of co-teaching in higher education as a model of collective autonomy. Such a strategy values the social experience of student-centered learning and aims to empower students to solve real world problems, engage in critical discourse and acquire a culturally proficient consciousness as members of cosmopolitan communities in a globalized world.
Theme:Educational Studies
14:20-14:30 Coffee Break
Room 1 Social Ties

Cultural Cosmopolitanism as a Basis of Intercultural Communication
Mun Cho Kim, Emeritus Professor , Department of Sociology, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea
Overview: In a globalized world, the role of cross-cultural communication has been increasingly emphasized. In the field of communication studies, the term ‘intercultural’ implying the interaction of people of different ethnic or cultural backgrounds has been favored over ‘multicultural,’ since interculturality goes beyond passive acceptance of the existence of multiple cultural traditions and helps to activate cross-cultural dialogue. Here, cosmopolitanism, the idea that all human beings are citizens in a single community, emerges as a crucial factor facilitating intercultural communication. Although different versions of cosmopolitanism envision the community in different ways, it is basically classified into three categories; moral, social and cultural. Among those, cultural cosmopolitanism remains most crucial, since culture is said to be “a formidable machine that promotes the merit of diversity by producing differences". This paper starts with a review of the general process of globalization highlighting cosmopolitanism as a key concept in the globalized world. Next, focusing on cultural cosmopolitanism that seeks to diminish ethnocentrism, its nature and effect are investigated. Then, the shift in sociological discourse on cosmopolitanism is examined. Given the discussions, tasks and procedures of intercultural communication aiming at cross-cultural awareness, understanding, sensibility and association that give rise to new ways of seeing, thinking, feeling and living in relation with others are explored.
Theme:2018 Special Focus - Autonomy in Times of Turmoil: What to Make of the Social?

Peer Group as the Social Imaginary: Evidence from Contours of Language
Suranjana Barua, Assistant Professor, Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Information Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam, India
Overview: This paper will examine the position of the peer group as the social imaginary in the lives of graduate and postgraduate students. In the everyday negotiation of college/university life, the peer group is a powerful social collective that often influences the individual’s identity by defining one’s subjective experience of being in, or affected by, such a real/imagined collective. Through a micro-analysis of talk-in-interaction in various peer group contexts of college/university students in Assam (India), the paper works within a Conversation Analysis framework to examine assertion, mitigation and effacement of the peer imaginary in the interest of establishing selfhood. It makes the central claim that the peer imaginary is a potent social entity as well as ideological intermediary that is appropriated or rejected through the use of language for the sake of contextual negotiation of individual, and sometimes in-group, identity. Internal perceptions of self are mediated experiences of, and in relation with, the social and the ways of collective understanding of the social imaginary often end up (re-)creating social identities themselves at the moment of interlocution. From this perspective, assertions of identity are really contextual and negotiated use of language offset by the peer group as the all-powerful real/imagined social.
Theme:2018 Special Focus - Autonomy in Times of Turmoil: What to Make of the Social?
Room 2 Building Bridges for Sustainability

Communicating About the Environment : A Bridge Between the Local and the Global
Dr. Steven Woods, Professor/Chair/Director of Forensics, Communication Studies, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA, United States
Overview: The tension between the local and the global is a microcosm of the interactions surrounding issues of the environment. All environmental problems are local, but still relate to and interact with larger ecological systems as well. This paper will examine rhetorical constructions of the “local” and how they can serve as a bridge for discussions about worldwide issues overall while still preserving the integrity of the local themed message. These insights can help to build a unifying strategy of communication about environmental problems by increasing the understanding of ecological systems and their interrelationships and their connections to social relationships. Such insights can also help counteract the attempts to polarize and diminish efforts to address environmental well being by those who profit from its destruction.

Communicative Behavior Study as Local Discursive Practice for Participatory Planning and Governance System Advances
Novieta Hardeani Sari, PhD Candidate, Human and Social Geography, Newcastle Unversity, Newcastle, United Kingdom
Overview: This paper demonstrates an overview of the local discursive practice in Indonesia and development of general participatory planning theories to date, especially in the context of "communicative behaviour" and "socio-cultural geography" frames that occur in the social interaction processes, for instance, discourse or social group discussion. The aim is to propose an alternative communication model for participatory planning and civic engagement in sustainable governance systems. It means the communication model that will use as an aid dialogue between the government and non-government will address a local equity voices and communicative action, for social justice and pathway-wellbeing in Indonesia. It will summarize the general strengths and limitations of these alternative communication models, but at the same time, this study offers to develop rhetorical and dialectical designs as a communication approach to persuade and engage more people and stakeholders to take part in pathway-wellbeing prospectively. With reference to the set of three other studies in which areas community communicative behaviour identification offers advances in which areas such cultural discourse analysis, spatial knowledge management and politic of governing needs to link and be complemented respectively. The paper intends to capture a development of communication approaches from recent studies, both for participatory planning and governance system advances.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Civic and Political Studies, Communication

Research on the Status and Development in Asian Environmental Administrative Public Interest Litigation
Hongqing Teng, -, -, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China
Overview: As today’s Asia is seeing an unprecedented environmental crisis, eco-civilization has been made a crucial state strategy by countries concerned. Hence the building of a administrative public interest litigation system according to law is the best approach to safeguarding the environmental rights of citizens and achieving environmental justice. Aimed at environmental protection, environmental administrative public interest litigation safeguards the environmental rights of citizens by means of administrative litigation. If the government power is not subject to proper supervision and control, abuse of power may ensue, resulting in greater damage to the public interest in the environment. To cope with worsening environmental problems and safeguard national and individual environmental rights, there are no other alternatives but to resort to administrative litigation, supplemented by NGO, public interest litigation by the average citizens, remedy, etc. To gain an insight into problems and find effective solutions to such problems, it is necessary to study cases in recent years in Asian countries and probe into the strength and weakness of the similar systems in each country.
Theme:Environmental Studies
Room 3 Prevailing Norms

A Translation in the Political Field of a Deeply Felt Religious Faith: Eisenhower, Religious Cultural Heritage, and Nuclear Decisions in Crisis and in Peace
Brian Muzas, -, -, Seton Hall Univeristy, South Orange, NJ, United States
Overview: Using archival and secondary sources, this paper examines President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s religious cultural heritage (RCH) and nuclear decisions. It connects his philosophical ethics, his philosophy of government, and his philosophical anthropology to a decision-making framework predicted to describe his nuclear decisions, namely a just war framework. It begins with a look at Eisenhower’s “Cross of Iron” speech, the Solarium exercise, and the New Look. It then explores his nuclear decisions during a series of Cold War nuclear crises. Next it treats in context his “Atoms for Peace” proposal to internationalize nuclear energy. Eisenhower’s decisions are indeed commensurate with a just war framework expected from his religious cultural heritage (RCH).
Theme:Civic and Political Studies

Global Sectarianism and the Failure of Secularism
Prof. Benedict DeDominicis, Associate Professor of Political Science, International Studies Department, Catholic University of Korea, Bucheon-si, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
Overview: Emotional attachments to the dignity and esteem of religious communities can also become particularly important as mass political participation characterizes the evolution of a national community. As mass politics becomes a characteristic feature of the political development process, religious-community attachments became particularly important in much of the world in the twentieth century. This polarization among religious and territorial national community attachments is most intense in the Middle East, but it is present throughout the world: witness the Christian political movement in the US, the influence of the Jewish right in Israel, and the Hindu nationalist movement in India. The members of the national community, however, who identify with the religious community but with a lesser level of emotional intensity will demonstrate a stronger inclination to view religion in doctrinal terms, and not as a national duty. Therefore, they will tend to resent, often with very great intensity, any moral diktat from religious leaders. A common consensus between these groups on the external and internal challenges to the national community commonly does not emerge. The result is the emergence of a sharp polarization between these two groups. They will come to view each other with great distaste, even leading to violence.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Room 4 STEM Trends

Alignment of Curriculum Outcomes and Classroom Discourse to Assessments: Modelling Higher-order Thinking in Science Classrooms
Dr. Zanele Masuku, Lecturer, School of Education, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa
Overview: Data were collected through document analysis and semi-structured interviews with twelve science heads of departments (HODs) and senior teachers, who are experienced in teaching high school physical sciences. The documents that were analysed are past question papers and teachers’ notes used for teaching and assessing learners. The Revised Bloom’s taxonomy (Anderson and Krathwohl, 2001) was used as a conceptual framework in analysing the collected data. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, anonymized, and coded for themes. The findings highlighted diversity among the teachers in four areas: their own understanding of the concept of higher-order thinking, practical utilization of instructional strategies related to modelling and fostering higher order thinking in the classroom, beliefs about students’ abilities to acquire higher-order thinking skills, and self-perception regarding teaching towards higher-order thinking. It was found that in general the teachers understand what higher-order thinking skills are. Their daily preparation documents revealed that they do plan for modelling higher-order thinking. However, in actual fact, they treated difficult class exercises or tasks as being a higher-order thinking exercise. Assessments and tests conducted were mainly content driven and did not test for any higher-order thinking. Most teachers seldom model higher-order thinking abilities among their students. Only a minority of teachers see modelling of higher-order thinking as an important objective of teaching physical sciences. In summary, teachers are uncertain about the whole issue of modelling higher-order thinking in schools.
Theme:Educational Studies

Can Problem Solving Be Problematized: The Historical Shadow of STEM Literacy
Lei Zheng, -, -, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, United States
Overview: The policy and scholarship of STEM education take for granted the idea that students must be prepared with competencies of problem-solving and decision-making through STEM practices for civil life. Drawing upon the theory of historical and social epistemology (Daston, 1995; Popkewitz, 2013), I problematize the governmental power historically implicated in this idea by asking: what make possible problem-solving and decision-making to be thought as the fundamental and universal literacy of science and democracy that order particular ways of learning and living in curriculum practices. In this paper, I first review the literature in the history of social/science that has critically analyzed the knowledge-power relations implicated in collapsing science, democracy, and human/nature after World War II. Then, I examine how problem-solving was circulated in transnational curriculum reforms with systems analysis of human quality (Peccei, 1979/2013) and human learning (Botkin et al., 1979). With the fear of a sudden global catastrophe prognosed by the Club of Rome (OECDA, 1969) and the economic boom of Japan in the 1980s, learning and curriculum were “innovated” in the US and other OECD countries to be anticipatory (Shane and Tabler, 1981; OECD, 1979). That is to prepare students for the most-likely future by asking them to simulate problem-solving and decision-making in “collected” contexts. This innovative effort did not challenge the status quo as it intended but reinscribed it by objectivizing the potentialities of human body-minds as the infinite resources that could be controlled scientifically for problem-solving and decision-making to actualize the events without “surprise.”
Theme:Educational Studies

What Makes the Next STEM Worker?
Wendy Chen, -, -, George Mason University, Fairfax, United States
Overview: Since the Industrial Revolution, the West has witnessed rapid economic growth thanks to the fast development of science and technology. However, as of 2016, the Randstad STEM Study data reported that over three million STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) jobs in the US could not be filled by qualified workers and that US students have expressed decreased interest in pursuing a STEM career as they grow older. It is thus important to investigate empirically what may affect students’ STEM career inclination. By using a nationally-representative longitudinal dataset and building upon the ecosystem literature, this paper finds that STEM learning ecosystem plays an important role.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 5 Social Media Links

Communication Style of Social Media Communication
Prof. Pieter J Fourie, Emeritus Professor, Communication Science , University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Overview: This paper explores the relative unknown terrain of the communication style of social media communication. After explaining the move from mass communication to network communication in the age of digital mediated communication, the exploration is set against the background of a description of two of the outstanding features of network communication, namely interactivity and interconnectivity. The nature of especially interactivity is explored as the source of what is beginning to emerge as style markers of social media communication, namely: reactivity (including opinionated and provocative communication), ritualistic (rhetorical) communication, fragmentation, personalisation, intertextuality (including ambiguity, repetition, abundance and redundancy), and ideological and stereotyped communication. It is argued that interactivity and inter-connectivity determines the communication style of social media communication.

General Anxiety Disorder and Social Media Engagement: Is There a Relationship?
Subir Sengupta, -, -, Marist College
Overview: Numerous studies have shown that excessive social media engagement leads to anxiety and depression. This study examines if general anxiety disorder (GAD) can predict social media engagement. Anxiety is a subjective state of internal discomfort. Major symptoms of GAD include excessive anxiety and worry that is not easy to control. A total of 348 subjects participated in the study. A path analysis using AMOS software showed that GAD was unable to directly predict social media engagement, b = .10, p > .05. Fear of missing out (FoMO), defined as a pervasive apprehension that others might be having rewarding experiences from which one is absent, FoMO is characterized by the desire to stay continually connected with what others are doing. Since anxiety is an important component of FoMO, as FoMO refers to fears, worries, and anxieties people have about missing out, FoMO was entered as a mediating variable. GAD was able to predict FoMO scores, b = .66, p < .001, and when FoMO was regressed onto social media engagement, the results b = .36, p < .01, showed that FoMO was indeed related to social media engagement. In sum, this study shows that FoMO mediates the relationship between GAD and social media engagement.

Social Media Attention in Manhattan and Miami Using Twitter Analytics
Dr. M. Anthony Kapolka III, Associate Professor, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Wilkes University, Wilkes-Barre, PA, United States
Overview: Miami has been dubbed "New York South," but how similar is the twitter attention of users in both locales? From archived tweets issued from Miami and Manhattan over a one-year period, an analysis is done in two stages. First, a random sampling from each city is used to compute weekly TRRs (topic related ratios) and perform collective attention analysis to identify hashtags favored in each city for that week. Second, these hashtags are used to retrieve related tweets from each locale, from which Social Media RFV (recency, frequency, value) metrics are computed and message length is examined for contraction trends (indicating excitement). By examining results obtained from each city's dataset, similarities and differences in twitter usage can be obtained, likely reflecting underlying social sentiment in the two cities.

Droughtshaming on Twitter During the 2011-2016 California Drought
Valarie Bell, computational social scientist , Digital Communication analytics, University of North Texas, Denton, United States
Overview: The 2011-2016 California drought was the region’s most severe in a millennium. State sanctions could have considerably mitigated the disaster's effects by compelling California’s mega-user water consumers, and their entire class of residential over-consumers, to significantly cut water usage. But in the absence of government action, ordinary Californians grew angry and frustrated and turned to social media shaming via Twitter to identify and informally sanction harmful drought deviants by calling them out for their selfish, conspicuous consumption of a scarce community resource, during an historic, epic crisis. This study examines how Californians utilized social media shaming in the interests of their community's well being, at a time when government was impotent and ineffective. Shamers targeted major over-consumers resistant to fines, higher water rates, and other efforts aimed at reducing largely outdoor water over-consumption. By analyzing a sample of historical California droughtshaming tweets from January-August '15, three questions were investigated: 1) who was being droughtshamed - by social class & community type (e.g., privileged vs. disadvantaged) for residents; and organizations (business, government, non-profit) and community type; 2) the statewide distribution of the drought burden of the drought versus those who continued to conspicuously consume; and, 3) shaming's impact on statewide water consumption. Findings include: The very wealthy, businesses, and government agencies responsible for maintaining water resources during the crisis were themselves over-consumers. Shaming patterns show high-status symbols were targets. Poor and working class residents suffered under water restrictions instituted due to wealthier residents' over-consumption. Shaming was a genuine factor in water reduction.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Room 6 Gendered Considerations

The Design of Narratives to Address Gender-based Violence: Matlakala's Story as a Case Study
Prof. Piet Swanepoel, -, -, University of South Africa, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
Overview: This paper focuses on the design of narrative interventions that research has shown to be effective in changing the causes of the violent behavior of men. In South Africa the campaigns against gender-based violence during the sixteen days of activism have come under severe attack, amongst others, for their inability to change the violent behavior of men. Narratives are often used as strategies for these campaign interventions, despite the fact that no conclusive evidence has been forthcoming on their efficacy as strategy to change the violent behavior of men and little research has been forthcoming that focus in depth on how precisely the elements of a narrative have to be designed to effectively address the major factors that theory-driven empirical research has shown to cause the violent behavior of South African men. In this paper the focus is on the design of the elements of narrative interventions that research has shown to be effective in changing the causes of the violent behavior of men. Empirical research on the causes of the inaction of victims, perpetrators, occasional and professional bystanders, and supporters, and their design in terms of rhetorical narrative elements are discussed using the design of a number of narrative GBV interventions, especially "Matlakala's Story," as examples.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Colombians Rejected Peace: The Representation of Gender as a Dangerous Ideology in the Peace Process 2016
Angela Bohorquez Oviedo, -, -, University of Delaware
Overview: President Juan Manuel Santos and the FARC rebels began the eleventh formal peace talks in 2012. Colombians feared the inclusion of gender at the peace negotiation table. Christian evangelical leaders and two former right-wing politicians affirmed that gender was a "dangerous ideology," arguing that “the antichrist is in Colombia” and “the accord was agreed with voodoo” while provoking fear of modifying traditional family values and promoting homosexuality. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate how the newspapers "El Tiempo" and "El Espectador" represented gender online as "gender ideology" for undermining the construction of a peaceful society and leading 50.2% of Colombian voters to reject the final proposal. This study will combine the Foucauldian perspective of the power of discourse with Judith Butler’s conception of gender as a social construction to interpret how the Christian evangelical and right-wing politicians altered the framework of the original peace agreement. From Stuart Hall’s lens, mass media will be analyzed as enterprises with functions of symbolic and cultural construction of meanings. These Colombian newspapers reveal their discursive power to represent gender as a fixed natural order to understand social relations and disseminate the manipulation of conservative forces for delegitimizing arguments in favor of gender equality.

Sport Interest and Exercise Data Preferences: Variations across Age, Gender and Location
Gülden Turhan, -, -, Marmara Univeristy
Overview: The purpose of study is twofold. The first question we ask is how sport interests vary across gender, age and location. The second question is what is the difference between women and men in terms of the most preferred exercise type. A voluntary sample is made up of 62 men and 262 women. Participants who studied in Nottingham Trent University are in age from 18 to 30. Two alternative locations were presented to them to reply where they live including a metropolitan and a rural community. The variance analyses show that sport interest changes significantly across gender - not for individuals of different ages and living in different locations.According to the regression analysis results, gender has significant influence on sport interest, but age and location have no such effect. Men have more sport interest than women. The most preferred exercise type by men are gym training, football, and jogging and by women, gym, jogging, and swimming. Out of male participants, there is no one taking part in cheerleading, club dancing, dodge ball, gymnastics, lacrosse or netball. The sport the women don’t prefer is cricket. The preferred rate of the yoga, fitness and hiking by women is sharply higher than by men. As for exercise data, men are very interested in almost all the data except for body temprature and respiration rate. Women’s interest towards exercise data differs from men related to distance, calories burned, heart rate, speed, pace, steps, altitude, and ascent and decent.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

One Female Wong Pinter (Javanese Shaman) among the Forty: A Study on Javanese Feminism
Sartini Sartini, Lecturer/researcher, Philosophy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, DIY, Indonesia
Overview: Wong Pinter is one of the traditional healers in Java characterized by the ability to heal or help to solve life problems, not asking for rewards, doing ascetic steps, avoiding bad deeds, and being a role model in society. The results of previous studies show data that found only one female wong pinter among nearly forty wong pinters have been studied. Thus it is interesting to study, why the number of female wong pinters is very little compared to the number of male wong pinters. This study explores why this happened. The research method is done by literature review, by tracing Javanese concepts of women. Analysis is done by connecting the findings about the reasons a a person becomes a wong pinter and the activities undertaken, taking into consideration the Javanese concepts of woman. One of the reasons there are so few women in this role is that becoming a wong pinter requires doing a lot of ascetic steps and activities, including in the implementation of "tetulung" (helping), which are not possible requirements for most Javanese women based on the basic provisions of Javanese ethics regarding the position and ideal of women.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 7 Emerging Pedagogies

Futures Pedagogy and Water Literacies: Connecting Students to Place and Eco Justice
Dr. David. Lloyd, Lecturer, Education, University of South Australia, Stirling, South Australia, Australia
Overview: This paper focuses on the use of futures thinking in assisting students to connect to their local wetland and plan for its continued acceptance as integral to place. This case study with primary teachers and their classes involved a year-long curriculum, professional learning project that used action research as a method to challenge teachers to develop a curriculum for the Anthropocene through a transdisciplinary topic on a wetland near their schools.
Theme:Educational Studies

The Sociolinguistic Functions of Language Usage During Children’s Learning Interactions
Dr. Mariana Alvayero Ricklefs, National Louis University, Chicago, United States
Overview: This ethnographic case study examines sociolinguistic functions of language usage during learning interactions of bilingual children in a fifth-grade English classroom of a urban public school in the USA. The study framework is formed by critical discourse analysis (Fairclough, 2014; Wodak, 2015) as theory and method. Focal participants are six Spanish-English bilingual students, three girls and three boys. Data were collected during a one-year period and encompassed observations of children’s interactions twice a week in the English Language Arts ninety-minute block. These interactions were audio-recorded and complemented with detailed field-notes. Data also included audio-recorded and transcribed semi-structured interviews of focal students. Data comprised documents too, such as the fifth-grade English curriculum, students’ work samples, and test scores. Data analysis consisted of open coding (sorting of patterns of language use) and analytic coding (thorough breakdown of themes and of language functions). Data findings suggested that language, English and Spanish, functioned to repair speech perceived as flawed, and to bestow or withdraw authority on the language source. Additionally, language became a site of power struggles and ideological “turmoil” in the classroom micro-cosmos embedded within society’s sociocultural and political macro-cosmos. Educational and research implications are considered.
Theme:Educational Studies

Inclusive Education and Cooperative Learning in an EFL Classroom : A Case Study
Leopoldo Medina Sánchez, Profesor sustituto interino, Didáctica de la lengua y la literatura, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain
Dr. Cristina Pérez Valverde, -, -, University of Granada, Granada, -, Spain

Overview: This study investigates the effects of the implementation of a methodology based on cooperative learning in a mainstream secondary EFL classroom in which there is a student with a mild intellectual disability. The main purpose is to describe the methodology, classroom dynamics, and teaching material employed for EFL learning, as well as to elicit the appraisal and judgment of the students’ working conditions on the part of their English teachers. To this end, we have conducted a case study in a state school during two academic years. The research instruments have been documentary analysis, in-depth interviews, and participant observation. The data gathered gives evidence of the benefits of the cooperative methodology implemented. Furthermore, the study elicits the most important challenges that teachers must face in order to meet the educational needs of students with mild intellectual disability. In this sense, the discourse of the teachers involved in the study reveals the following needs: the urgency for smaller classes, an increase of human and infrastructural resources, improving the quality and the quantity of teaching materials, promoting a close collaboration among the school’s professionals, and strengthening relationships with the students’ families.
Theme:Educational Studies

Jul 27, 2018
08:30-09:00 Conference Registration Desk Open
09:00-09:20 Daily Update
09:20-09:50 Plenary Session

María Francisca Carazo Villalonga, Partido Popular, Granada, Spain

“17 Different Educational Policies in One Country: The Case of Spain”
09:50-10:20 Garden Conversation

Garden Conversations are informal, unstructured sessions that allow delegates a chance to meet plenary speakers and talk with them at length about the issues arising from their presentation. When the venue and weather allow, we try to arrange for a circle of chairs to be placed outdoors.
10:20-10:30 Transition Break
Room 1 Colloquium

Chinese Network Capital: Past and Present
Dr. Victor Zheng, Shatin, China
Prof. Siu Lun Wong, Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
Dr. Tsai-man Ho, -, -, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan City, Taiwan
Dr Kin Sheun Louie, -, -, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
Posan Wan, Research Officer, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Overview: We live in a network society. Although we know that we are interconnected with many others in the social web, we mostly take this as consumption (goods) instead of investment (capital). This panel addresses the research question of “network” (social, economic, political, and cultural connections) and discuses from the angle of “capital,” focusing on making network for generating benefit, by using a generic term “network capital.” Since Chinese culture puts strong emphasis on network (guanxi), this panel opts to use overseas Chinese as cases to illustrate how they maneuver various kind of network past and present to achieve their different goals. Prof. Siu-lun Wong's "Soul Searching: Overseas Indian and Chinese Diasporic Comparison" will compare the Chinese and Indian diasporas massive migration flows in the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries from the perspective of an innovative perspective of “soul-searching.” He will examine their disparities in terms of remittance behavior, network patterns, and homeland ties. Dr. Tsai-man Ho will focus on socio-business re-networking by using the case of Taiwanese businesses in Vietnam in her paper, "Business Relocation and Network Re-establishing in Today's Taiwan." Her paper will address problems faced when the Taiwanese firms tried to move their assembly lines to Vietnam under the so-called “Southern-looking economic development policy.” Dr. Victor Zheng will talk about Chinese business network in South East Asia and Hong Kong by using an in-depth case of Aw Boon Haw—the so-called “King of medicine business” and “King of newspapers business” in the twentieth century. Dr. KS Louie and Posan Wan will talk about the Cuban Chinese endeavours in Cuban in the twentieth century, especially to compare life before and after communist rule. In their paper "Cuban Chinese and Their Survival Network," they will also discuss the current China-Cuban relation and the recent life of the Cuban Chinese. By using the above-mentioned cases/presentations, this panel hopes to enhance the understanding about Chinese network capital, especially on its idiosyncracy, intricacy, and intertwining.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 2 Models of Understanding

Just World Hypothesis: Theory and a Natural Field Experiment
James Konow, Professor, Economics, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Overview: The Just World Hypothesis (JWH) posits that people are motivated to believe that the actual rules of their world are fair. An implication of the JWH is that people will adjust their beliefs about fairness toward actual rules, when beliefs are endogenous and diverge from the prevailing rules. We formulate a theory of distributive preferences in which beliefs about the fair rule are endogenous and based on two possible rules, equity (i.e., proportionality to contributions) and equality (i.e., equal splits). We test the theory with a natural field experiment conducted in Ethiopia in which participants work over a two week period under either equal or equitable pay rules. The behavioral and questionnaire results are consistent with the predicted adjustment of beliefs about fair pay toward actual pay. Specifically, worker productivity shifts in ways that are not predicted by models of self-interest or stable fairness preferences.
Theme:Global Studies

Social Community in Bhutan: Gross National Happiness and Buddhism in View
Yuki Tashiro, Research fellow, Center for Relational Studies on Global Crises, Chiba University, Chiba-city, Chiba-ken, Japan
Overview: This paper investigates the changes in Gross National Happiness and how GNH and its concept is penetrated and inherited by people. We visited the Kingdom of Bhutan (hereinafter "Bhutan") for the study. Due to the influence of modernization, consumer trends are appearing in urban areas such as Thimphu (especially among young people), and this cannot be avoided. This is what actually happens in Bhutan, but at the same time, the government is trying to improve the situation, and they seem to have flexibility and accept changes as necessity. The current government regime is occupied by people from rural areas and they know what actual life is like in rural areas. However, in the future, those people would be replaced by people who are born and raised in urban areas. When this generational change happens, will the balance of the GNH's four pillars be kept or will it be overtaken by materialism? It is important to keep an eye on the future of Bhutan and its people. As for the research method and relevant theory, the "socion theory," which has been developed in Japan under the influence of sociologist Niklas Luhmann's (1995) "Social Systems" (Stanford University Press), is applied to elucidate complex social-psychological linkages among diverse stakeholders in and around the country of Bhutan.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Subjectivity in the Social Sciences
Dr. Steven Brown, Kent, United States
Overview: Subjectivity is ubiquitous and implies perspectives that range in scope from the intrapersonal (as in individual musings and daydreams) to the intercultural (as in communication between and among identities) and in sophistication from the inchoate babblings of infants to the theoretical pronouncements of philosophers and mathematicians. Q methodology is a philosophical and conceptual framework that, in tandem with its technical and analytical procedures, provides the basis for a science of subjectivity that is applicable across all humanities and sciences as well as their extensions into public policy, and that has implications for all themes in this conference. This paper will introduce the basic principles and procedures of Q methodology (rooted in the fundamentals of factor-analytic developments of the past century) and will demonstrate its applicability to a variety of subject-matter domains, such as literary interpretation, strategic planning and decision making, scientific creativity, educational and psychological assessment, and the intensive analysis of single cases.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 3 Community Resilence

Local Knowledge in Bangladesh: From Coping to Adaptation
Prof. John Hicks, Professor, School of Accounting and Finance, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia
Dr. Mir Rabiul Islam,
Dr. Valerie Ingham, Associate Professor of Emergency Management, Institute for Land, Water and Society, Australian Graduate School of Policing and Security, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia
Dr Elaine Kelly,

Overview: Due to its geographical location, Bangladesh is predictably subject to regular flooding. Recent evidence indicates a change in flood frequency and the severity of flood events. We conducted field trips to Bangladesh in 2010 and 2015, and utilised in-depth interviews with participants from regularly flooded villages. In this context, we argue that it is useful to consider strategies to cope with a given flooding event separately from strategies to adapt to flooding in general and that, in the absence of organised and adequately resourced adaptation programs, coping strategies, reliant on local knowledge, will increase. In discussing coping and adaption strategies we focus on three elements common to each: governance, social networks, and income diversification. In particular, we are interested in how the nature of each element differed between scenarios of coping or adaptation and in demonstrating how local knowledge, essential for coping with a crisis, can also be employed to aid efforts of adaptation to repeated crisis.
Theme:Global Studies

A Cultural Paradigm Shift in Sub-Saharan Africa: Cultural Dimensions and Determinants
Mr. Raphael Ebanda, Volunteer, Research & Development, ESPAF, Kangemi, Nairobi, Kenya
Overview: Ranging from the nomadic to the centralized and territorial, and from the trans-human pastoralist to sedentary agriculturalist, Africa is made of amazing, but simple diversity. The cultural traits acquired from African ancestors shaped the life styles of local communities, whose attitudes and behaviour have evolved with time into a new cultural paradigm. This study characterizes the cultural paradigm shift that is silently taking place in Sub-Saharan Africa. An ethnographic research design was conducted during the years 2016 and 2017 with the local communities at Akono in Cameroon and Rusinga in Kenya. The survey questionnaires included 248 participants in each site and unveiled determinants and cultural dimensions, whose stepwise regression model showed a significant correlation. At the Akono site, globalisation, monetisation of the economy, government regulations, and climate change significantly contributed to the variation in cultural dimensions. At the Rusinga site, globalisation, monetisation of the economy, climate change, and religion significantly contributed to the variation in cultural dimensions. The interviews were conducted with ten elders from each community and revealed that the transformation of cultural dimensions contributed to the loss of traditional practices at Akono and Rusinga respectively, while activities for subsistence evolved. Indigenous culture is selectively being discriminated and handed down to younger generations.
Theme:Cultural Studies

Key to Sustainable and Enduring Societal Peace in Intractable Conflicts: The South African Experience
Olugbenga-Jay Oguntuwase, Researcher, Philosophy,Politics & International Relations, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Overview: The dialectics of history took another turn when, South Africa succeeded in berthing a new democratic society in a transition that did not involve an external third party mediator and without shedding any blood, which is the general characteristic feature of apartheid South Africa. The society through its negotiations and institution of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, eased out apartheid for the first multi–racial general election in which power shifted from the white minority to the black majority with the inauguration of Dr. Nelson Mandela as the first black president of democratic South Africa. This work seeks to look at the mediation processes from a theoretical perspective. Our concern in this paper is to derive a blueprint for the sustainability of societal peace especially in conflicts that have hitherto been tagged as intractable. Hence, looking back, South Africa may not have gotten it all right, but qualitatively, a major stride had been achieved in the de-escalation of the south African apartheid conflict, particularly with the dismantling of apartheid against all odds. South Africa is just one among a number of other intractable conflicts in the world. The fundamental questions to ask is that what elements, principles, theories, and narratives whether accidental or by design cumulatively accounted for the successful de-escalation of the South African intractable conflict? This is with a view towards harnessing them together as a blue print for the de-escalation of similar intractable conflicts on the globe. A close study of the South African conflict, using Critical Discourse Analysis, within a philosophical purview, reveals that a set of theoretical paradoxes may underlie the peace process in SA. Teasing out these for posterity, sustainable societal peace and stability is what this paper is all about.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies

Psychosocial Effects of the Perception of Economic Inequality in Everyday Life
Juan Diego García-Castro, Professor , San Ramón, University of Costa Rica
Overview: Contemporary societies are characterized by an increasing economic inequality which has an impact on life expectancy, violence, social relationships, health, and academic performance, among other factors (Wilkinson & Pickett, 2017). The paper discusses the partial results of an ongoing research on the Perception of Economic Inequality in Everyday Life (PEIEL). Research on the construction of a new measurement scale, descriptive studies on psychosocial effects of PEIEL, and confirmatory studies with experimental manipulations are described. It is discussed how PEIEL decreases tolerance to inequality and increases support for redistributive policies. A higher exposure to perceived economic inequality and its negative effects on society can activate an intention to reduce it. The practical implications of having measured PEIEL open up the possibility to reduce tolerance of economic inequality by presenting its negative effects on people’s everyday life. It can also provide a root for the development of more precise theoretical models of other psychosocial effects of perceived inequality. The hope is that its results can be useful in the long term to develop social programs and policies aimed at reducing inequality and its associated effects.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 4 Lessons from Literature

Perspectives and Voices of Differences: Patriarchy and Feminism, or When Zeus and Lilith Collide
Alba Elizabeth Melgar,
Ms. Gloria Velasquez, Adjunct Associate Professor, Foreign Language Department, Austin Community College, San Marcos, Texas, United States

Overview: Patriarchy is the system of male domination through the control of female sexuality. The control of female sexuality through the institution of patriarchal marriage is central to patriarchy. Mythology is an ontological phenomenon that illustrates people’s perceptions, and patriarchy is a concept deeply rooted into mythology. Zeus, was the ruler of skies and earth, the personification of the laws of nature; the ruler of the state, gods, and men and the founder of patriarchy. Gradually, the idea of male ownership of children took hold. Women gradually lost their freedom, mystery, and superior position. Slowly, the social order was painfully reversed. Women became the underclass. Part of this devaluation of women’s image is due also to mythology. Before the Hellenistic period, Athena was the most important goddess. But because she was born only of Zeus, Athena’s powerful self-image as goddess was demoted. As the goddesses fell, the misogyny present in patriarchy rose. But, the rise of patriarchy was also bringing the seed of its own nemesis, feminism. As patriarchy collides with feminism, Zeus the founder of patriarchy collides not with Eve but with Lilith, the Other First woman, First Feminist, founder of feminism. In Genesis 2:21-23, Eve was not the first woman but the second and Lilith was the first, Genesis 1:27. Haughty and defiant, Lilith refused to submit to Adam’s authority, refusing to lay beneath him during intercourse. Lilith free from male authority, fled and challenged masculine authority renouncing to conceive. Lilith’s subsequent career as the agent of destruction of the male authority made of her the first feminist. “The nature and symbolism of the myth of collision between Lilith and Zeus also reveal that, in our shrinking global village, the universalized feminist fight can only succeed, and that nothing will bring back the dark ages of patriarchy.”
Theme:Cultural Studies

From Similarities to the Future: A Discourse Analysis of Schools and Factories in Cartoons
Hatiye Garip, Research Assistant, Communication Design, Özyeğin University, Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey, Turkey
Overview: To show similarities between schools and factories, the study focuses on the ones that use factory school criticism. Additionally the study explains the future of schools and factories with regard to the cartoonists’ point of view. The explanation of the future provides an optimistic output for the future of school as a public institution. The paper also attempts to use similarities of school and factory as a case study. The study underlines Foucault’s critics about space while determining the similarities between these public institutions selected for the study. Using discourse analysis as a research method, while supporting it with content analysis and semiology provides a detailed examination, since as it is very helpful to see beyond the sampling contents. In this study, both cartoons that use factory metaphors for school criticism and the ones that criticize school-education are analyzed to show how they place them and what do they mean for cartoonists. I also try to understand the secret meanings of these public institutions from cartoonists’ perspective as they have the ability of criticizing with humor.
Theme:Educational Studies, Communication

"The Last Blond," or the Convergece of Race and the Socio-economic Apparatus
William Rosa, Montclair State University, Montclair, New Jersey, United States
Overview: Clemente Palma’s "The Last Blond" (La ultima rubia) proposes the existential validity of modernity within the parameters of the scientific materialism of the period and the perspective of a polyphasic relevant language. From here on language moves from being conceived as a scientific tool that corroborate a pre-selected set of ideas to a malleable discourse that allows an approach to matters as fundamental as the search for philosophical principles or on a quantifiable level, the production of gold from the multivalued perspective of the dynamic between what is true and what is a lie. The discourse turn to learned positions, to authorities not to propose but to establish the path to follow in search of the pre-conceived goals; this is, to produce gold since this, after all, is the one that validates what he already established as the truth and therefore, constitutes the dominant voice since it is in control of the knowledge which is no other thing but the power that he seek which in turn represents the mercantilist goals of the period and key to material progress. The discourse is not a mere communication device used by representatives from determined spaces but rather it is conceived and employed as an instrument to impose, or better, it is seen as a domination artifact supported by the known unknown in order to delineate behavior patterns as well as interaction methods. Thus, we should ask, how this story teller arrives at this position, how he manages to convince others to agree with him, how he engineers to string us in his narration to the point that we also side with him.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 5 Across Academics

Combining Social and Educational Literacies in the United Arab Emirates
Dr. Sameera Tahira Ahmed, Assistant Professor , Mass Communication , UAEU, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
Overview: The UAE has one of the highest levels of Internet penetration and social media usage in the world. A combination of various factors, including a young population and a rapidly developing telecommunications infrastructure means that almost all the population has access to the Internet and use of social media is widespread. This paper introduces data collected in the UAE to examine social and educational uses of modern information and communication technologies, including e-learning, and examines the relationship between both types of literacies on individuals, the socio-cultural landscape and the economy. It uses both quantitative and qualitative data, including focus group interviews with males and females, to explore how channels and competencies are affecting learning and communication experiences. The UAE University (UAEU) is used as a case study to illustrate the patterns of consumption and usage within higher education and these are presented within the broader national context.

Making Writing Relevant for Students beyond Academia: A Pedagogical Exploration in Spanish Composition Classes
Dr. Lisa Kuriscak, -, -, Ball State University, Muncie, IN, United States
Overview: Second language (L2) writing classes bring together learners from many majors and minors, traditionally leading to a lack of real-world application for students’ careers (given instructors’ lack of expertise is these fields). This aggravates an already pervasive view of writing as an inoculation and L2 writing classes as grammatical-accuracy boot camp. This paper reports on an alternative pedagogical approach to L2 writing in Spanish, embracing the multifaceted (and imperfect) writing process and exploring how various forms of technology (both inside and outside the classroom) affect students’ agency, motivation, and development in that process. Pre- and post-test surveys were distributed to participants, who were students in Advanced Spanish Composition classes in different classroom contexts (to determine the effect of class configuration and student- vs. instructor-controlled technology on outcomes) at a large, public, U.S. university. Data were also collected from focus groups and samples of student writing. Tasks were designed to make the writing relevant for students’ careers and personal lives post-college (including the exploration of social problems), to give them practice generating and receiving feedback to/from peers, and to help them learn to tailor their writing to specific audiences and thus more effectively communicate their ideas beyond the scope of academia.
Theme:Educational Studies

The Link Between Language Proficiency and Creativity Among Business Management Students
Mercedes Mareque, -, -, Univeridad de Vigo
Elena De Prada Creo, Vice-Dean of International Affairs, English Studies , University of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain
Mrs. Margarita Pino-Juste, Regular Professor , Didactics and school organization, University of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain, Spain

Overview: Taking into account the existing discrepancies between company requirements regarding internationalization and innovation and the limited training on these areas of expertise received in most management schools, the main objective of this paper is to delve into the relationship between language knowledge and creativity in order to propose specific courses of action for the improvement of these skills. The methodology used is based on a survey given to 303 management degree students during the academic year 2016-17. The results obtained reveal that the level of creativity and language proficiency among the population analysed is low and clearly needs improvement. Regarding training in foreign languages, the results indicate that language learning that solely takes place in the classroom is insufficient for either attaining the required proficiency demanded by the market or for fostering creativity. Hence, designing programmes for management studies that combine and integrate creativity and language learning are essential for the successful future incorporation of the students into the work market.
Theme:Educational Studies

Bad Advice: Graduate Students and Their Advisors
Michael Hood, Associate Professor, English, Nihon University, College of Commerce, Tokyo, Japan
Overview: At the graduate level, the advisee-advisor relationship plays a significant role in determining students’ academic success or failure. This relationship is perhaps even more significant for graduate students pursuing their degrees in their second language, as they may face linguistic and cultural challenges that their L1 classmates do not as they socialize into new academic communities. Using communities of practice, legitimate peripheral participation, and activity theory as a theoretical framework, I conducted a series of case studies examining the relationships between L2 graduate students in U.S. universities and their advisors, from the genesis of those relationships through graduation or withdrawal from the university. Data comprise interviews, institutional policy statements, course syllabi and assignments, and on-site observations. These data are used to co-construct narrative accounts of the participants’ relationships with their advisors as a means of shedding light on the sources of dysfunction and how the participants overcame (or did not overcome) dysfunctional relationships. Findings indicate that L2 graduate students with a strong professional identity and strong socio-academic support networks were able to strategically confront, compensate for, or work around a dysfunctional relationship with their advisors, guide their own learning trajectories, and achieve their academic goals. Those who lacked such a sense of professional identity or access to such support networks tended to defer to their advisors, even in the face of indifferent, neglectful, or incompetent advising. Findings also indicate that the dysfunction runs deep, from policies at the institutional level, through lack of awareness, training, and competence at the advisor level.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 6 Navigating Life

A Critical Psychological Analysis of How Mental Health in United Kingdom Schools Is Approached and Constructed
Dr Sam Carr, Senior Lecturer in Education and Director of Studies for Education with Psychology, Education, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
Overview: This paper draws upon literature from critical psychology, mental health, and schooling to critique how children and young people’s “mental health” is currently constructed, presented, and practiced in relation to schooling in the UK. We look critically at the how policy has problematized mental health and argue that the mental health movement in contemporary schools can be seen to reflect an agenda related to the construction of neoliberal subjectivities and the governance of personhood in neoliberal society. Furthermore, we believe that it would be remiss not to take this opportunity to engage in open debate about the meaning of mental health in the context of schooling, carefully examining the possibility that educational policy may be as much a part of the problem as it is the solution and critically engaging with the meaning of mental health.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

HIV Stress Exchange: HIV Trauma, Intergenerational Stress, and Queer Men
Dr. Tyler Argüello, -, -, California State University, Sacramento, CA, United States
Overview: Within dominant research and practice, HIV is commonly positioned as the categorical outcome of a risk-laden life trajectory: one is positive, negative, or has an unknown status. “Test and treat” drive mainstream prevention and interventions in the U.S. (ONAP, 2015). This approach, however, does little to address HIV as an historically traumatic event and chronically stressful experience for queer men. This project deployed a discourse analysis (Fairclough, 2003, 2013; Gee, 2014; Kress and van Leeuwen, 2006) to explore the process of HIV stress exchange (HSE), as I term it, which is a purposefully triangulated conversation amongst HIV discourse, intergenerational stress, and queer men. Initial findings will be reviewed; data selection completes summer 2017, and is comprised of in-depth interviews and an original archive of visual resources. In this moment, queer men hold anxieties related to non-validated, unintelligible, and often unvoiced stress specifically due to living within the era of HIV, inclusive of all ages and sero-statuses. Tending to HIV as discourse exchanged across generations is an important addition to the array of prevention strategies and interventions. This work can illuminate the effects of HIV as a principally traumatic event, and how queer men negotiate this stress and their wellbeing.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Social Communication Challenges in Neurodiverse Populations
Amanda Guzman, Graduate student, Speech-Language Pathology, Ithaca College, Ithacan New York, United States
Marie Sanford, Clinical Associate Professor, Speech-Language Pathology, Ithaca College, Ithaca, New York, United States
Jenna Abrahamsen, student, Ithaca College
Sarah Tracey, -, -, Ithaca College, Ithaca, United States

Overview: Neurodiversity is an emergent area of scholarship that views neurological differences as resulting from natural variations in the human genome. The continuum of neurodiversity encompasses a wide range of neurological differences including autism spectrum disorder (ASD), learning disabilities (LD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and various psychological disorders. Aligned with these neurodiversities are recurrent departures in both sensory processing behaviors and social communication patterns. The combination of these phenomena often results in impairments in social skills and difficulties in navigating new social environments, leading to potential academic failure, social isolation, and loss of employment. These individuals often require support to achieve positive social outcomes. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association describes social communication skills as the ability to vary speech style, take the perspective of others, understand and appropriately use the rules for verbal and nonverbal communication, and use the structural aspects of language (e.g., vocabulary, syntax, and phonology) to accomplish these goals. Understanding the nature of an individual’s approach to succeeding in social learning has become critical in today’s ever-changing world. This study identifies the challenges of social communication differences in a variety of neurodiverse populations and addresses the advantages of identifying associations between sensory processing patterns and social communication skills.
Theme:Educational Studies

Push on Through: Educational Policy and the Role of Schooling in Responding to a Mental Health Crisis
Ceri Brown, Senior Lecturer, Education, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
Overview: The unprecedented number of children suffering from mental illnesses in the UK, has prompted the government into promising that, 'every child will learn about mental health and wellbeing' (DoE/DoH 2017 p29). This signals a fundamental transformation in schools’ involvement in mental health and the state’s extended reach into children's psychic development. We might consider this against a broader shift from a ‘pathogenic’ to ‘salutogenic’ approach to mental health (Weare 2010) where a focus upon mental health problems is replaced with one that designs actions to promote wellbeing and health. At the heart of this project is a narrative of mental health constructed through the architecture of mental strength: resilience, thriving, character. It is argued that such concepts reflect the policy hijacking of what are socio-cultural and structurally shaped protective factors, reduced to the products of personal capability and individual agency. Drawing upon a pilot study exploring young peoples' understandings of mental health concepts within six secondary schools' identified for an intensive focus on mental health education, this paper argues that the policy formulation of good mental health in terms of 'push on through' the pressures experienced in today's performative culture of schooling, run counter to the best interests of children.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 7 Constructed Realities

Deconstructing the Binary: Teaching Racial and Ethnic Identity in American Classrooms within the Context of Globalization
Prof. Michelle Diane Wright, Associate Professor/Department Coordinator, History & Africana Studies, Community College of Baltimore County, Baltimore, United States
Overview: The foundation of the Africana Studies discipline is the study of collective racial and ethnic identity formation within the African Diaspora. For more than two centuries, race in the American context has been fallaciously defined utilizing binary terms of Black and White without consideration of other possible equations. While recent DNA discoveries have proven race to be a social construct rather than biological fact, the categorization of people according to phenotypical characteristics persists and are generally dictated by governmental census definitions. As the world becomes culturally and socially more integrated, the binary structure of racial definitions in the United States has become obsolete. This fact however, creates a pedagogical challenge as most traditional college students enter the classroom with the binary paradigm firmly entrenched. This paper examines instructional methods that can assist American students in comprehending the myriad of understandings of race and ethnicity globally, and to reassess their discernment of a complex and ever-changing social construct that actually impacts their daily lives.
Theme:Cultural Studies

Masculinity, Femininity, and Trust in Government
Dr. David Jones, Professor, Political Science, Baruch College and Graduate Center, City University of New York, New York, NY, United States
Dr. Monika Mc Dermott, Professor, Political Science, Fordham University, Bronx, NY, United States
Prof. Oksan Bayulgen, -, -, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, United States
Prof. Jeffrey W. Ladewig, -, -, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, United States

Overview: As Americans' trust in their government – most specifically Congress – has declined over the past half century, it has become increasingly important to answer the question of who does or does not trust government, and why. A popular avenue of inquiry has been into potential gender differences in trust. The evidence, however, is mixed. One possible reason for this is that studies may be focusing on the wrong interpretation of gender. Specifically, studies focus on biological sex as the key to trusting attitudes when the more appropriate explanatory variable is likely to be gendered personalities. The psychological literature has long demonstrated that common beliefs about sex effects are actually better explained by personalities, but this idea is relatively new to political science. Given that feminine individuals are more caring and compassionate while masculine personalities are more individualistic and tough – and that these personalities are not sex-specific – it makes sense that feminine personalities, not women, are the more trusting. This paper analyzes the effects of gendered personality traits on trust in government, demonstrating that feminine personalities are significantly more trusting of our governing institutions than are masculine personalities. It also examines what happens when individuals possess equally high levels of both sets of gendered traits – androgynous personalities – or low levels – the undifferentiated.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies

A Relational Construction of Social Class and Ethnicity : Introducing a New Mapping Tool
Michael Donnelly, Senior Lecturer, Department of Education, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
Overview: This paper introduces a new ‘mapping tool’ developed as part of a 3-year comparative study into spatial and social im/mobilities of young people - involving over 180 young people across 20 fieldwork sites across all four corners of the UK. A key focus of the project was to foreground geography in our understandings of young people’s university transitions and im/mobility intentions, capturing the diverse spatial vantage points from which their choices are oriented. The ‘mapping tool’ involves participants using different colours to express their subjective perceptions and feelings about the geography of the UK (in this case), which is then followed-up by an interview orientated around their map. Their map, like all maps, are visual representations of how these young people cognitively configure space, including the array of identities and resources that exist across it – it is their geography of the UK. Use of this tool in our research elicited rich spatial imaginaries of our participants, and we report here on its particular affordances for allowing a relational construction of social class and ethnic differences to be captured. We draw on interview data to show how the tool helped to reveal how young people came to define their classed and ethnic identities and orientations to mobility in relation to the perceived other. The distinctive characteristics of the tool - including its weak framing of space and place - allowed this relationality to come through in unique and in-depth ways during interviews.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 8 Complex Connections

Archetypal Politics in the Start-up Nation of Israel: The Journey of an Unlikely Hero
Antti Tarvainen, Doctoral researcher, Social sciences (Doctoral programme for societal, political and regional change), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Overview: The paper introduces ‘archetypal politics’ as an analytical tactic to study the destabilisation and stabilisation of national imaginaries in the midst of 'globalisation processes'. The concept is developed through an empirical study of 'heroic' narrations of Israeli Palestinian entrepreneurs in the 'start-up nation' of Israel. In 2015 the Israeli right-wing government presented a “five year plan for the economic development of the minority sector” and started to integrate the Palestinians of Israel into its celebrated innovation economy. This marked a radical shift in the government policies as the Israeli Palestinians have been historically excluded from 'access to globalisation' (Jamal 2009). The sphere of high-tech entrepreneurship especially is filled with exclusionary Zionist imaginary: it is perceived not just as the most valued labour market in Israel, but also as a manifestation of Zionist spirit. The key material of this paper consists of eight narratives and images collected among the first generation of Israeli Palestinian high-tech entrepreneurs. Through an archetypal reading, I trace how the rigid forms of zionism become challenged/reproduced as the Israeli Palestinian entrepreneurs, for the first time, join this pristine global site of capital in Israel. Inspired by C.G Jung and Joseph Campbell, their inclusion 'into the global' is examined through the archetype of the 'hero'. By weaving deconstructive globalisation theory into their narratives, I argue that these entrepreneurs take part in the rooting of Zionist enlightenment myths into a global space, and thus play heroes in a story that ultimately denies their collective connection to the land.
Theme:Global Studies

Decolonizing Solidarity Against Structural Violence by Incorporating Community Narratives
Rakhshanda Saleem, Associate Professor, Counseling Psychology, Lesley University, Cambridge, MA, United States
Overview: Structural violence embedded in systems and institutions of society has a detrimental impact on marginalized communities. Social, economic, and political inequalities, exclusion, and violent acts (i.e. hate crimes) are examples of systemically supported violence. Although there are differences and unique challenges faced by each community, many forms of structural violence share significant commonalities and are connected within global historical and ongoing geopolitical inequalities. Thus, it is imperative for social justice advocacy aimed at dismantling these systems to develop transnational intersectional analysis. This must include inclusion of the voices, struggles, and lived experiences of marginalized individuals to inform an intersectional analysis that incorporates global hierarchical realities. In this community-engaged project, interviews were conducted across three distinct communities within the US: (1)Muslims, (2) immigrant Latina women with undocumented status, and (3) LGBTQ+ persons who have experienced incarceration. The purpose of these interviews was to gain an understanding of the experiences and differences in the structural violence experienced by three unique communities as well as their commonalities and interconnections. The stories were analyzed using thematic analysis, and themes detailing the impact of structural violence on individual wellbeing were identified within the context of their intersecting identities. Furthermore, this research centered stories of resilience, community, and resistance providing a narrative not limited to being a victim of systemic violence. We analyze the geopolitical implications, particularly the role of forced migration, politics of imperialistic militarism, and racism in maintaining these brutal and inhumane conditions. We advocate an approach that decolonizes discourses that uphold inequitable systems.
Theme:Global Studies

Identity, Autonomy, and Constructing the New Self and New Social: A Review of the Ayyavazhi Movement of Travancore Kingdom
L David Lal, Assistant Professor, Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Information Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam, India
Overview: Indian society is comprised of numerous social identities, however, it has the unique distinction of defining of social through caste. Groups located at the lowest rung of social categorisation began their quest for autonomy through movements of various nature. This paper considers the interaction of global and local by reviewing questions of individual and collective autonomy of people from Shanar community and their definition of new social. Inspired by the global Christian missionary teachings, Ayya Vaikundar successfully experimented with local practises to construct a new social through the Ayyavazhi movement. As the imagination and lived reality of social was defined by caste in India, this movement began with issues of individual autonomy by practises such as Kannadi Vazhipadu - mirror worship (worshipping themselves) that provided a new self to the community. Moreover, by establishing Samthuva Samajam - society for equality, it re-defined the established traditional meanings of equality for the community. With definitions of self and social, the Ayyavazhi community has shaped a new lived reality moving away from caste while offering individual and collective meaning in social life. This paper raises several significant questions including: Can a movement that occurred in a particular time and space provide us a meaning of new social? How does the new social replace the old social and in what way? What lessons of individual and collective autonomy we can seek from this movement? This study is based on field visits, narratives, literature review and archival material.
Theme:Cultural Studies
12:10-13:15 Lunch

Today's lunch will be enjoyed as a group from 12:10-13:15 (12:10pm-1:15pm). Lunch will only be served during this designated hour.
Room 1 Breaking the Cycle

Collaborative Police Action on Intimate Partner Violence
Dr. Carmen Gill, -, -, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Overview: The National Framework for Collaborative Police Action on Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has been developed over the last three years by the “Crime Prevention, Community Safety and Well-being Committee” of the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police (CACP) along with academics, policy makers, and community agencies. This strong partnership led to this initiative providing a truly National Framework to all police services across Canada aiming to inform policy and actions designed to keep families and communities safer. Police officers’ perspectives with regards to how they should intervene in IPV incidents, what they see as appropriate, and what is expected of them by their organization vary widely. In Winter 2017, the National Framework was sent to all Police Chiefs across Canada with the expectation that all police agencies in the country will revise their action strategy regarding IPV. Following the adoption of the National Framework by CACP research as taken place to assess the impact of the framework across Canada and to address issues face by Aboriginal communities regarding IPV. In this presentation we will present the National Framework and results of the implementation of the framework and analysis of police files focusing on First Nations in Canada and IPV.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Room 2 Confronting Danger

Are What Terrorist Attacks Are and What Will Happen Related?: A Psychological Outline and Network of Ideas on the Human Factor
Drs. Cristina Curtolo, Researcher in Clinical Psychology, Department of Law, University of Macerata, Italy, Macerata, Italy
Overview: Does the terrorist attack really have the quality of cowardice? From a holistic perspective terrorism articulates several deep and complex elements, whose powerful human factor in marking territories in relation to victims, and the rite of burning fear have exposed the problem of a huge amount of data from which, I believe, no ideas come out which are useful for avoiding passionate responses whose psychological effect is a form of beliefs covering the living substance of a phenomenon undergoing transformation. Theoretically, the aversion to combining a fact with its meaning is counterproductive because it implements the aggressive spirit (Curtolo 2012; 2016) that drives the rationality of "we-terrorist," while bearing in mind that the basis of the brain's psychic functioning requires recognition. This argument focuses on uncertainty and unpredictability linked to the motivational scale of the person who becomes a terrorist when responding to the call of narrative suggestions that connect the turmoil of political affirmation to the sacred.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies

Mitigating the Social Worries of Transformative Technologies: A Bibliometric Appraisal
Dr. Marie Lavoie, -, -, Glendon College, Toronto, Canada
Overview: To raise awareness of emerging technologies, a panel of experts from the World Economic Forum identifies every year the most salient technological trends. For the time being, these technologies – among those, additive manufacturing/3D printing, deep learning/artificial intelligence, and CRISPR/genes editing – are highly uncertain and can potentially have dangerous implications. Transformative technologies deal with a variety of challenges and thus face cultural, economic, regulatory, political, social, geographical and even linguistic barriers, and have the potential to disrupt the way we live, work, think, and produce. This should eventually alert social expertise to get involved. In this race, once the progress takes place, nobody might be able to hit the brakes, as emphasized by Harari (2015). Thus, important issues arise regarding safety and ethics. Scientists need to be advised ethically, socially, and legally to effectively manage social worries and maintain public trust. Scientists and specialists in SSHs have a responsibility to collaborate in order to prevent unintended consequences. This paper will delineate the network of experts and organizations in which these technologies developed and the magnitude of the evolving pattern of collaboration (disciplinary, institutional, national, and international) by using bibliometric analysis on the basis of Elsevier’s database.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Organizational Studies
Room 3 Youth Struggles

Gymnasium Users and Gardeners: Supplementing the Body Image and Its Contradictions
Gary Gabriels, -, -, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa
Overview: Recently it has been shown that gymnasium users are aware of the increased use of nutritional supplements in commercial gymnasiums. Supplement ingestion is to increase the nutritional content of a normal diet, to fill a dietary need, and/or a presumed deficiency. These supplements are often used by people in predominantly affluent communities who engage in competitive ‘activities’ and/or to enhance body image. Supplements may contain adulterated substances that may potentially have harmful short - and long-term health consequences to the consumer. Many of the users of supplements are unaware of the potential mislabelling on the products, the health/wellness benefit and risk concerns, and the ‘contradictions’ regarding consumption. Food movements (globally), are a growing and a diverse phenomenon. In South Africa, youth are the majority of the large unemployed sector, hence job creation for youth in poor communities is a key development goal. Preliminary research findings indicate a socio-cultural shift where young people have become involved in urban food gardens, with a consummate high level of bodily awareness, including maintenance of their health and wellness, through gardening. Township youth (gardeners) may thus redirect their ideas of a good body-image into new urban food movements. Thus, for the non-affluent youth consumer, who may not be able to afford nutritional supplement products, may resort to high caffeine containing energy drinks, to supplement, and redirect their ideas of a good body-image, due to social-cultural and lifestyle shifts. The research paper illuminates the respective paradigms and the consequence and contradictions of supplement consumption.
Theme:Cultural Studies

Students’ Perspectives on Radical Ideology in the Islamic Education Department of the Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin, Makassar
Erwin Hafid, -, -, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia
Overview: This study investigates students’ perspectives on radical ideology in the Islamic Education Department at the Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin, Makassar (called UINAM). The research design applied by the researcher was qualitative descriptive. Sources of data in this study were the students of the Islamic Education Department who were active in Islamic organizations such as Wahdah Islamiyah, Hidzbut Tahrir Indonesia, Jama’ Tablig, Ikatan Mahasiswa Muhammadiyah, Pergerakan Mahasiswa Islam Indonesia, and Himpunan Mahasiswa Indonesia. Then, the data collected in this study were qualitative data obtained from the findings of student interviews. The research instrument utilized were unstructured interview guidelines. The findings of this study indicated that radicalism was deemed a very dangerous idea for the unity of Indonesian. This understanding should be avoided, especially in the campus environment, as some events indicated that some students and alumni had been involved in radical actions. It is believed that radicalism is a dangerous thing if left to freely influence the students’ mindsets on doing radical action(s). Further, the data also shown that there were several factors that affected why radical ideology grew up easily in the campus environment, including being a closed-minded student, having uncontrolled extracurricular activities, having lack of nationalism, and having lack of religious understanding.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 4 Reaching Higher

Implementing Create a-Research-Space (CARS) Framework: A Matter of Internal Quality Assurance
Dr. Nasreen Hussain, Head, Education, Institute of Business Management, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Overview: Ever since the establishment of Higher Education Commission (HEC) in 2002, funds have been pouring in Pakistan to give a boost to higher education and increase the number of PhDs. Concentrated efforts are being put in by HEC to encourage quality research by facilitating all universities to increase the number of PhD candidates. The aim of this research study was to evaluate PhD theses in education available on official HEC website and to find out the academic writing and organizational skills used by the candidates. Eight PhD theses were randomly selected from the four provinces of Pakistan. Qualitative research was opted using document analysis to give voice and meaning to the academic work and Create a-Research-Space (CARS) framework developed by Swales and Feak (1994) was used as the basis of data analysis. Introduction chapters were examined to study the moves used by the students, which included establishing a research territory, establishing a niche and occupying the niche. Overall findings indicated that the moves were ignored to quite an extent, thereby affecting the quality of academic writing and the impact on the production of theses. The findings raise two very pertinent questions: Do the supervisors lack overall research skills, thereby lowering the quality of academic work of the students or is it ignorance on their part? The findings of the study will be helpful to the supervisors as well as the research students to use appropriate moves during the supervision process as proposed by Swales and Feak.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 5 History Comes Alive

Re-inscribing History: "Seeing" Historical Records and Databases
Yoonkyung Kim, Assistant Professor, University of Houston, Houston, United States
Overview: Most images and informational data from historical records and databases remain unseen because there is a massive over-saturation of visual material. This material has not been thoroughly investigated or understood. Historical archives offer opportunities to discover stories that reposition history in more intimate terms. I explore what remains unseen by revealing new routes that these “facts” can take. Exploring the boundaries between the public and the personal, I visit archival documents, public databases, and historical collections. Fascinated by their stories’ multifaceted nature, I critically examine these primary sources that nourish generations of new histories. My intention is to redefine our relationship with controlled primary sources. By creating new narrative structures, I expand the terms of the archives’ accessibility through personal encounters. The resulting works produce a new interpretation of history that links the past and present, disseminating stories that challenge the fate of most archives. Re-inscribing history helps viewers connect to historical details by offering them proximity to the primary source through my experience of various archives. My practice is specifically that of reconstruction; linking the past to my personal life.

Black American Womanists: We Voted for Her, Not for Him or Him
Dorothy Randall-Tsuruta, Full Professor of Africana Studies, San Francisco State University
Overview: In a December 13, 2017 Twitter, Alicia Garza, co-founder of Black Lives Matter, applauded Black American women for voting in the recent US elections and commented, "Remember white folks, that you too can be on the right side of history. White women voted on the wrong side of history --for Trump and for Moore." Data reported in "Essence Magazine," informed readers that ninety-six percent of all Black American women voted and for Hillary, not Trump. More recently, from all news reporting, Black American women came out in force and defeated Moore. Garza goes on to say, "Who is organizing white women to join the future we all deserve?" Black womanists (not feminists) organize in voting efforts faithful to Black Americans’ blood struggle to get the vote in the first place, drawing on Black perseverance, drive, and intelligence, and not on the rhetoric of after-the-fact white feminist women's marches. Black women grasp the fact that white feminists and their followers, should look for a change to the leadership of Black women, rather than presumptuously telling non-white women to follow the white feminists' (whine in woeful marches after the fact). In my paper I discuss the energizing effect of Black women’s (womanists) independence that keeps the eye on battles of the past bravely won so that history does not return to “Make America Worse Again” (a recent New York Review of Books cover heading).
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
14:55-15:15 Coffee Break
Room 1 What Kind of Science?

How Scientific are Different Social Sciences?
James Clark, Professor, Psychology, U of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Overview: Grouping of academic disciplines reveals a hard/soft dimension that orders disciplines (Biglan, 1973): natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities. Subsequent research has confirmed that this dimension reflects how scientific or empirical disciplines are, one indicator being the prevalence of graphs in journal articles. The scientific status of disciplines also varies within the broad categories, although the ordering is inconsistent across studies and recent decades have witnessed strong challenges to empiricism in some social sciences. The present study examines the prevalence of data graphs and tables in introductory textbooks from four social sciences: psychology, sociology, politics, and anthropology. Graphs were much more common in psychology and sociology than in politics and anthropology, suggesting that initial exposure to the empirical status of the social sciences varies markedly. Moreover, students have different opportunities to develop competencies in the interpretation of graphs, a major communication tool in science. The prevalence of tables was much lower with a different pattern of results. The findings support other research on variation among social science disciplines in their commitment to an empirical or scientific approach, with implications for epistemology, teaching, and interdisciplinary studies.
Theme:Educational Studies

Evolutionary Thought and Transdisciplinary Practices
Chessa Adsit Morris, PhD Student, History of Art and Visual Culture, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States
Overview: "I love fools’ experiments. I am always making them" (Charles Darwin c.1896). My paper discusses a research project aimed at establishing transdisciplinary research tools and methods to creatively explore existing systems of meaning-making (social, cultural, political and aesthetic), critically analyzing normative conceptions of evolution founded upon human exceptionalism and competitive individualism, in order to restructure our collective imaginations. Darwin’s conception of evolution introduced a mode of thinking that transformed the logic of knowledge, influencing theoretical, conceptual and processual understandings in fields as broad as linguistics, education, psychology, art history and engineering. Drawing on current research in Ecological Evolutionary Developmental biology (which is calling for a “post-modern synthesis”), my research focuses on bringing together scientists, philosophers, artists, activists, and cultural practitioners in order to create new conceptual, theoretical, methodological, practical and translational understandings of evolution. This is an attempt to counteract the normative and conservative modes of thought and practice that have proliferated over the last 150 years, and denaturalize the logics of endless growth and exploitation proliferating under advanced capitalism, both of which have led to environmental degradation and catastrophe. The ultimate goal is to utilize these new understandings to reimagine forms and processes of governance, education, and economics in innovative ways.
Theme:Environmental Studies
Room 2 Building Better Schools

Construction of a Multicultural and Interdisciplinary Curriculum: Between the Practice and the Academic Production
Dr. Ana Ivenicki, Full Professor, Educational Studies, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Dr Giseli Pereli De Moura Xavi,

Overview: This paper analyses data from a research carried out in two parts. The first one refers to the collective effort of building an interdisciplinary and multicultural curriculum for primary education carried out within a partnership between a higher education institution and a local authority in Brazil. This phase was developed by the educational actors of both institutions through workshops, meetings, and on-line conversations. The second phase aimed to glean the extent to which multicultural, interdisciplinary curricula have been discussed within the knowledge production in Brazil. Methodology in this phase was the study of the state of art, as gleaned in articles about curriculum within the proceedings of the annual conferences carried out by the Brazilian National Research and Post-Graduation Association, as well as in the Brazilian Review of Education, both from 2010 to 2015. It shows potentials and challenges when translating multicultural and interdisciplinary approaches into actual collective curriculum construction. Data revealed trends and challenges in both phases of the research. The arguments that informed the study were based on a critical multicultural perspective that stresses the increasing need to raise awareness to inequalities that attain identities of gender, race, sexual orientation, and others, besides social and economic disparities.
Theme:Educational Studies

Analysis of the Process of Change in Schools: From the Culture of Complaint to the Culture of Transformation
Lucia Lomba Portela, Pontevedra, Galicia, Spain
Mrs. Margarita Pino-Juste, Regular Professor , Didactics and school organization, University of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain, Spain

Overview: Educational change is a necessity in light of ongoing technological advances. Schools are regularly under pressure to change and improve teaching-learning processes which must be innovative. However, many practices persist. Teachers are the essential figures to initiate changes in schools. The beginning of a new process of change and improvement requires a predisposition to confront and overcome difficulties which appear. The aim of this study is to determine the obstacles that schools face during change. A quantitative methodology is used. The scale of resistance to change (ERC) identifies the experience of teachers. Results of this project indicate multiple variables that impede change including legislative challenges, lack of material, excessive bureaucracy, the total number of students per classroom, and students´ preparation for standardized tests. Teachers also describe how difficulties are easier to manage if all members of the educational community are involved.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 3 Collaborative Practice and Perspectives

It's All Liquid: Applying Social Transaction Theory to Organizational Culture and Culture Change
Thomas Whalen, -, -, Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts
Overview: There has been much written in the literature regarding organizational culture. Specifically, how it is developed, how it emerges, and how to change it. Some social theorists treat culture as a monolithic feature of an organization that can either be frozen and unfrozen at the direction of leadership. Others approach culture as an unchanging object. Still others approach culture as something that is subject to their command. This paper will apply Social Transaction Theory (STT) to the subject and show that these are flawed views. STT states that social entities such as culture continually and organically emerge from social transaction. An organization’s culture is completely dependent on its people and their continual interaction with each other and the surrounding environment. Dewey and Bentley’s term “transaction” is used to combine human and environmental interaction into one entity. By using the STT lens to examine organizational culture, we can provide guidance to business and not-for-profit leaders in developing strategies to deal with developing and established stronger organizational cultures.
Theme:Cultural Studies

Campaign to Improve Conservation Awareness: Improving Awareness of Energy Conservation for a Rocky Mountain City
Agnes Otjen,
Dr. Sarah Keller, -, -, Montana State University Billings, Billings, Montana, United States

Overview: University professors collaborated on an interdisciplinary project with students to improve awareness of a city-wide attempt to conserve energy. The project had a two-pronged strategy: To improve public awareness of city employee efforts to conserve energy and to encourage the public to follow their lead and increase individual energy conservation practices. Primary research included a pre- and post-survey (n = 350) and focus groups (n = 40) to assess the effectiveness of the campaign. Utilizing the results of early research, students employed various marketing models and concepts to develop the appropriate targets and associated messages for an Integrated Marketing Communications (IMC) campaign. Final results revealed the campaign did increase public willingness to make small changes in their habits.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Environmental Studies, Communication
Room 4 Exploring Economic Outcomes

Midas Touch: A Theory of Resource Curses
Daniel Arbucias, PhD Candidate, Political Science and International Relations, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, United States
Overview: This work conducts a comparative analysis on how diamonds and petroleum may produce different outcomes in relation to the resource curse. Much of the extant literature seeks to uncover why certain states experience the resource curse while others do not, ignoring vast variations among resource curse states. This work, however, is more interested in decoupling the differences among resource curse states rather than identifying why some states fall into this trap. It hypothesizes that different resources lead not only to different outcomes among resource curse states, but in fact lead to different resource curses. Many analyses of the resource curse treat resources only as important as the revenue they generate, ignoring the unique material and social qualities these resources possess. This work considers revenues salient factors in determining differences among resource curse states without ignoring how resources’ intrinsic qualities influence political and civil outcomes. Six hypotheses will be tested to evaluate competing resource curse explanations for adverse outcomes. By analyzing thirty-four resource curse states, buttressed with qualitative cases in Venezuela, Angola, and Sierra Leone, I wish to establish causal linkages between resources and resource curses.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies

To Cut or Not To Cut? : How Do Cuts to the Corporate Tax Rate Impact Business Investment, Economic Growth, Wages, and Unemployment?
Snyder Tricia Coxwell, -, -, William Paterson University, Wayne, United States
Overview: Recently the United States reduced the maximum corporate tax rate from 39% to 22%. Previously, the U.S. had the highest statutory corporate tax rate in the developed world. Many supply-side economist believe that the higher tax rate caused American companies to move to low-tax jurisdictions to increase their after-tax profit. Advocates for the tax cut argue that reducing the U.S. corporate tax rate, will encourage U.S. business to reinvest in the U.S., which in turn should increase business investment, output, and wages, while reducing unemployment. Keynesian economist who oppose the tax cuts, believe that the cut will have little impact on aggregate demand and thus have little impact on business investment, output, and job creation. In this paper, we empirically examine how corporate tax cuts impact business investment, output measured as GDP, wages, and unemployment. More specifically, we use annual data from 1960 to 2016 collected from the St. Louis Federal Reserve FRED website to determine the impacts that U.S. corporate tax rates have on business fixed investment, GDP, median wages, and the Civilian Unemployment. Results show that the impact of tax cuts is small and short lived for GDP and statistically insignificant for wages, unemployment, and business investment.
Theme:Social and Community Studies

Non-parametrically Identifying Peer Effects When Correlated Effects Are Present But Exogenous Effects Are Absent
Mr Jian Xin Heng, -, -, Yale Univeristy, New Haven, United States
Overview: This paper explores possibilities for identifying peer effects on socio-economic outcomes, when the outcome in question depends non-parametrically on peer outcomes. In the paper's model, an individual's outcome is an unknown function of his peers' expected outcome and his own characteristics, added to an individual-specific error. When the data is cross-sectional, the function is identified only under a stringent assumption on the relationship between each individual's outcome, characteristics, and his peers' outcomes. This assumption takes the form of an "interaction index" regressor, which shuts down transmission of peer effects when its value equals zero. When the data consists of observations across time periods in addition to individuals, this assumption can be dispensed with and the model is identified using a more traditional IV-based approach. Finally, a procedure is introduced for estimating the cross-sectional model. The paper's results have some bearing on how peer effects estimates should be interpreted.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
16:55-17:25 Conference Closing and Award Ceremony