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Jul 25, 2018
08:00-09:00 Conference Registration Desk Open
09:00-09:30 Conference Opening

Phillip Kalantzis-Cope, Chief Social Scientist, Common Ground Research Networks, USA
09:30-10:00 Plenary Session

Jan Nederveen Pieterse, Distinguished Professor and Mellichamp Chair in Transnational Civil Society Networks, The Department of Global Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA

"The Big Three and the Power of People"
10:00-10:30 Garden Conversation
10:30-11:15 Talking Circles

Room 1: Social and Community Studies
Room 2: Civic and Political Studies
Room 3: Cultural Studies
Room 4: Global Studies
Room 5: Environmental Studies
Room 6: Organizational Studies
Room 7: Educational Studies
Room 8: Communication
Room 9: 2018 Special Focus - Autonomy in Times of Turmoil: What to Make of the Social?
11:15-11:25 Transition Break
Room 1 In the Margins
Delivery of Social Safety Net Services for Hidden Populations

Puteh Soraya A Rahman,

Overview: Implementation is the key word for a successful policy. However, certain groups of people might be neglected and may not have been captured within the framework of a certain policy which they were supposed to be cared by. There are lots of hurdles that they are facing before a policy can touch them. This is a study on the service delivery of social safety net services for hidden populations. Interviews were conducted with a policy planner, policy implementer, and the hidden population itself. This study will reveal the actual happenings at the grass roots level and how policy makers can make changes.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Caring for the Incarcerated: An Interdisciplinary Examination of the New South Wales Prison Medical Service

Louella Mc Carthy, Wollongong, NSW, Australia
Dr. Kathryn Weston, 
Dr. Stephen Hampton, 
Dr. Tobias McKinnon, 
Dr. Jane Carey, 
Dr. Natalia Hanley,

Overview: The prison population of Australia is at a "historic high." There are strong indications that this number will continue to climb. The health of those in prison is often poor for a variety of reasons. This project applies "ways of seeing" from the humanities and social sciences to this conundrum: what were the historical drivers for prison health care in NSW. Being armed with historical knowledge, we argue, can contribute to building a better model for future health care, and ultimately a way to improve the health of the incarcerated. Illuminating how the delivery of health care in prisons is a result of historical forces as much as of medical science will enable a better appreciation of current practice and future needs. To do so, the project is identifying the key events, people, and philosophies which have contributed to the development of prisons health services in NSW. Working in collaboration with Justice Health NSW, the main provider of prison medical services, the project offers a ground-breaking perspective of this issue. The knowledge gained through this project can transform communities by providing information for health service planners in the implementation of a sustainable and appropriate model of health care for people in custody in NSW.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Stop the Press: Using Critical Race and Audience Commodity Theories to Unpack and Challenge the Barrier of Whiteness in United States Newspapers

Dr. Sandra Robinson, 
 Elizabeth Hensley,

Overview: Newspapers are struggling to sustain and grow readership. U.S. demographics are changing. White, primarily English language readers who have traditionally subscribed to newspapers, soon will no longer be the majority demographic. Publications that continue to privilege the English language community over others can be seen as the last bastions of whiteness, which could account for their struggles. There have been multiple media projects developed in the past twenty years to help marginalized populations to have better representation in and access to media. People want to see and hear themselves, to see a reflection of their lives portrayed in the media they consume. If the perspective of only one demographic is presented, other populations can become frustrated and feel isolated and will stop consuming the type of media that does not recognize their community. California is the top agriculture producing state in the United States. Whether mono-, bi-, or multi-lingual, members of the Spanish language community play a substantial role in this agriculture industry as both laborers and farm owners. Yet, virtually all information about agriculture and their local communities comes in English language mediums. Newspapers, being the most local source of news for most agriculture communities, have the opportunity to reach Spanish language readers and to foster a Spanish language community, but by in large are failing to do so. This study provides a micro-level analysis and discussion relevant to the future of newspapers and the cultural verses commodity value of various populations. A comparative textual analysis was conducted using English and Spanish language newspapers in the top five agriculture producing counties in California. English language newspapers are far more prevalent (thirty-three) despite the sizeable Spanish language population in the five counties. Only four Spanish language papers are in publication in the five counties that have a combined Hispanic community of more than 1.5 million people. Content in the newspapers was compared between each other and with English language counterparts. The study found that most of the articles in the Spanish language newspapers published by national corporations were translations from English language sister publications. Photographs for some articles were changed. For community related articles photos of outwardly appearing white subjects that ran in the English language papers, were replaced with photos of outwardly appearing Latin@ subjects in the Spanish language papers. These trends indicate newspaper publishers in these counties privilege the perspective of the English language community over that of the Spanish language community. Critical race theory helps to unpack the implications of the lack of original Spanish language community based articles on this group of readers. Furthermore, the volume of advertising in these publications demonstrates that publishers are aware that the Spanish language community is sizeable and has purchasing power, and as such, these readers are used as an audience commodity to generate revenue. Exploiting the commodity value of the Spanish language community, without acknowledging its cultural value further marginalizes and de-values this population.
Room 2 Challenging Inequity
“Public Interest,” Judicial Reasoning, and Violence of the Law: Constructing Boundaries of the “Morally Acceptable”

Dr. Alexandra Orlova, Associate Professor, Criminology, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Overview: Constitutional courts have a major role to play in not only defining such concepts as “public interest” and “public harm” but also in contributing to the process of shaping society’s perceptions of acceptable boundaries of citizenship and defining which individuals and actions should be left outside the scope of the “morally acceptable.” In other words, constitutional courts are at the forefront of determining the extent to which the “plurality of values” can be accommodated in a democratic society, which interests take precedence, and under what circumstances. This paper examines the uncertain boundaries of “public interest” and the place of equality in regards to gay students within varying educational contexts. Through the examination of Trinity Western University case law, this paper examines the capacity of judicial reasoning to either perpetuate violence or to find, identify and “transform the sources and effects of violence,” while recognizing the intersectionality of inequalities.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Measuring Inclusivity and Marginality: Estimating Philippine Regional Input-Output Tables Using a Non-survey Approach

Ma. Josephine Theres Teves, 
 Sarah Grace Candelario,

Overview: The Philippine economy has experienced sustained and high growth as it grew by 6.5 percent in the second quarter of 2017. However, amidst economic growth, there are still people who are not able to feel the economic gains. As poverty headcount ratio remains high, the Philippines needs to pursue inclusive growth and implement the new medium-term development plan that aims to transform the country into an upper-middle income economy through rapid poverty reduction. The pursuit regional economic development analysis requires detailed information about the dynamics of regional economies. Hence, regional input-output tables must be estimated using up-to-date information. Using commonly used economic assumptions and available economic information, this paper examined on how input-output analysis helped in studying regional development policy in the Philippines. Specifically, it drew from Leontief’s demonstration of interdependencies between economic sectors to suggest that whereas national input-output tables are about giving better granularity to the national accounts through an application of the technology of production, regional input-output tables provide regional variation in that technology and an understanding of the role of inter-regional trade in an economy. The research contributes to several kinds of literature, particularly to an emerging area of study, the antecedents of inclusive growth framework.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Civic and Political Studies
The Challenges to Addressing Pregnancy Discrimination

Elizabeth Palley, Professor, School of Social Work , Adelphi University

Overview: Sexual harassment and discrimination are international problems. In the past, the United States was seen as an advanced industrial country in which women had achieved some measure of equality with men. Nonetheless, women in the United States experience both sexual harassment and workplace discrimination. One factor in this discrimination is the issue of pregnancy and parenting. Using the US as a case example, this paper will examine the challenges to both enacting and implementing legislation designed to address discrimination against women, particularly related to pregnancy and parenting.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Room 3 Putting Children First
Physical Activity in Children with Special Education Needs

Mrs. Margarita Pino-Juste, Regular Professor , Didactics and school organization,  University of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain, Spain
 Iago Portela Pino, 
 María Luisa Baamonde Paz,

Overview: Regular physical activity has many benefits for general health. People with disabilities have higher rates of physical inactivity and obesity than standard population. This study describes the level of physical activity of students aged between ten and eight years old with specific educational support needs (NEAE). Among the results it is highlighted that the practice of physical activity in children with educational support needs is moderate, being lower in girls. The majority of individualized physical activity focuses on walking, cycling, and running and the most popular sports are football and basketball. The highest level of physical activity occurs mainly during the weekend, especially in boys. Children with a lower rate of physical activity are those who suffer from maturational delay, followed by ASD, and children with ADHD. The lowest physical activity practice is found in children who are in special education centers. It is advisable to design programs where families have a very active attitude, promote awareness of the need for physical activity and provide appropriate materials and equipment as well as the incorporation of adapted sports in the child's own school and community environment.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Supporting Latino Children’s Narrative Skills through the Use of Culturally-responsive Strategies: What Can Early Childhood Educators Learn from Latino Parents?

Dr. Raquel Plotka, 
Dr. Xiao-lei Wang, -, -, Pace University, Pleasantville, New York, United States

Overview: Early narrative skills are predictive of later academic achievement (Fivush, Haden, and Reese, 2006), and early childhood educators play a central role in fostering these skills. Current research informing teacher training is based on observations of European-American families (e.g. Petersen and McCabe, 1994). European-American parents often engage children in elaborative styles of interactions, which consist of adults asking numerous questions to structure the narrative. However, Latino parents engage in a participatory narrative style, focusing on the social component of the narrative (Melzi, Schick, and Kennedy, 2011). The elaborative style has been found to be highly effective (Fivush et al., 2006). Nevertheless, the participatory style has been found to be more effective than the elaborative style for Latino children in the home environment (Plotka and Wang, 2016). This study assesses the potential effects of participatory styles in early childhood education settings. The results have implications for practice. Given the increase in diverse learners, it is essential that educators incorporate culturally-responsive ways of fostering expressive language skills in young children.
Theme:Educational Studies
Mental Health in Schools

Prof. Deirdre Heenan, 
Dr Siobhan O'Neill,

Overview: For most countries the vision is an education system where strong mental health and wellbeing are at the heart of the culture and ethos of all schools. Schools should aim to be hubs of wellbeing for all staff and children. This paper is based on research which employed qualitative and quantitative methodology to assess and review the mental health interventions in schools across Northern Ireland. It highlights that despite the increased prevalence of poor mental health amongst children and young people interventions are fragmented and not embedded in the curriculum. It outlines the benefits for schools of an evidence based approach and sets out the key challenges for schools. Schools need to to be better supported by partners in healthcare and the community and voluntary sector as research shows half of lifetime mental health problems start by the age of fourteen.
Theme:Educational Studies
Extracurricular Activities and Learning Motivation for Rural Pupils

Lucia Pumares-Lavandeira, Professor-Tutor, Research Methodologies, National Distance Education University (UNED)
Mrs. Margarita Pino-Juste, Regular Professor , Didactics and school organization,  University of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain, Spain

Overview: School motivation leads and supports students’ efforts and activities provide cognitive resources to learn. However, this is a very broad concept and some authors distinguish three relevant constructs for motivation in educational contexts, including academic self-efficacy, achievement motivation, and causal attribution to the achievement. This study determines the level of motivation toward school tasks for a group of students in fifth and sixth of primary education, in order to establish whether there is any relation between motivation and the extracurricular activities they attend. For that, an interpretive, descriptive, and inferential cross-sectional study was carried out using a non-probabilistic sample of voluntary subjects. It is designed as an ad hoc questionnaire and it is administered bythe School Motivation Scale (EME) with a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of .753. The results indicate that the motivation of students toward school tasks is high with respect to the total motivation as well as in each of the three dimensions that the EME tries to analyze. In addition, the amount of extracurricular activities that each child attends varies between a minimum of zero and a maximum of seven, and students attending these activities do, mostly, between three and six hours per week (44%). Academic and sports activities have the highest percentage of participation (26.8%), whereas academic activities have the lowest percentage (6.4%). It was found a significant correlation between the amount of extracurricular activities and self-efficacy (p=.010). There have been also found significant differences between the types of extracurricular activities (academic, sports, and arts) and self-efficacy (p=.001) were also found. Finally, the results are discussed and compared with other previous studies, demonstrating the consistency of our findings.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 6 Professional Matters
Archive of Workplace Writing Experience: An Exploration of Written Communities of Professional Practice

Prof. Jessica Mc Caughey, 
Prof. Brian Fitzpatrick,

Overview: Authors discuss data from this exploratory study focused on workplace writing transfer, both in the social sciences and outside, and explore how individuals within communities of professional practice perceive and understand their own development as writers in specific disciplinary contexts. This project asks interviewees, working professionals in a variety of different industries, organizations, and roles, to discuss how and what they write, how they developed skills specific to their field, what “successful” writing looks like in their community of professional practice, and what knowledge students across disciplines need to develop in their writing as they look towards the future. In addition to issues of pedagogy and disciplinary communication practices in action, this research examines organizational knowledge—“rules” of communication that often go unspoken. Further, audio versions of interviews are available to students, professors, and the public in the form of the Archive of Workplace Writing Experiences, a learning tool and repository, as well as a crucial link between the university and the “working world.” Through it, students in the social sciences, but also writers in other fields, can hear and consider the voices of those creating real workplace writing within disciplinary communities of professional practice.
Theme:Organizational Studies
Role of Awards in Operationalizing Professional Values: Professional Self-regulation in Landscape Architecture

Christina Ida Breed, Senior Lecturer, Architecture, University of Pretoria

Overview: Landscape designers play an important role in urban green space quality in South Africa. The operationalization of their values could have a positive effect on social and ecological health and should form part of professional self-regulation. The study employs the dual methods of constructivist content analysis of design projects featured in prominent profession-focused magazines and interpretivist analysis of semi-structured interviews with experts in the industry. It identifies social practices that show potential for the operationalization of values in the profession. These are education, legislation, rating systems, and award systems. From these, award systems are selected because they provide both intrinsic and extrinsic incentives. The analysis of existing award systems reveals shortcomings in the awards criteria. The criteria for the Institute of Landscape Architecture in South Africa’s Merit Awards are subsequently reviewed to reflect more functional values, the four categories of Ecosystem Services and ethical Nature and Landscape Values found in the literature. Operationalization is explored through social rituals, alignment with existing values, and examples of best practice. The case study illustrates the ethical complexities in weighing up and distinguishing between value types and their relationships in the context of professional practice, and captures the local value nuances on urban nature.
Theme:Environmental Studies
The Evolution of Disciplines

Kenneth Kenneth A Grant,

Overview: How do disciplines emerge? The world has seen many changes in how knowledge is viewed and used; yet, the academic world is slow to respond to these changes in its protected environment. While the subjects/content taught may evolve, the social structure of academic disciplines, particularly in the humanities and social sciences, has seen little change over the last sixty to eighty years. The strong duality of "the department and the discipline" influences research, hiring, and career advancement. Those involved in new fields vie for the endorsement of more established or core disciplines, well-established journals, and highly-reputed conferences. Work in interdisciplinary studies, while accepted, tends not to receive the same visibility and respect as that in the more “core” disciplines. There are many good and valid reasons for this rigorous approach to disciplines; however, a new perspective may be needed. This paper will examine the key characteristics of disciplines and their evolution, looking at two specific cases, the fields of “entrepreneurship,” with origins in the 1930s and “knowledge management” appearing in the 1990s, drawing on a number of perspectives, including the evolution of scientific paradigms and the perspective of institutional theory.
Theme:Educational Studies
Pre-Service Language Teachers' Wellbeing: A Causal-Comparative Study

Manuel Jesús Cardoso Pulido, PhD Candidate, Deparment of Language, Literature and Education, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Dr. Juan Ramon Guijarro Ojeda,

Overview: After delving into the literature about wellbeing and understanding the core of pre-service teachers’ emotions and human flourishing, we developed a casual-comparative study with students at the Faculty of Educational Sciences (University of Granada). Our research aims to identify the senior students’ beliefs about their teacher training programme in Foreign Languages (English) with reference to the following factors: teacher distress; emotional intelligence; teacher burnout; educational success; and perceived support from family, friends and society. Additionally, our purpose is to comprehend whether the attributes variables (independent variables) – such as gender, birthplace, parents’ profession, etc., are statistically significant or not when crossed with the dependent variables (previously mentioned). Significant results reveal that students who decided to join the teaching career with a vocational orientation perceived total support from their close social network. On the contrary, those with an instrumental justification and also those with a functional reason do not observe any assistance and hence, they are willing to leave the profession sooner. Annexing these replies with other ones like how pre-service teachers deal with different students in different contexts, may shed new light on improving the teaching experience (and students with similar variables) based on our research findings.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 7 Islamic Ideals
Eco-justice in Islamic Law

Dr. Nawal Ammar,

Overview: Despite the diversity among Muslims and Islamic perspectives, it is possible to speak about an Islamic perspective on eco-feminism. This perspective is not advancing new interpretations on Islam and environment, but rather a retrieval of existing theological elements of Islam. This is a progressive approach that is based on the concept of "aql" (knowledge transmitted from independent reason) versus "naql" (knowledge derived only from revelation and tradition). This paper asks the question of whether Islamic thought and ecofeminism have any commonalities. And if they do, then what are these commonalities? The methodology I use in the paper utilizes theoretical, historical, and narrative analysis of the texts. The balance of this paper is divided into four sections. The first section describes the main ideas of the eco-feminist perspective. The second section provides a brief description of the Islamic view of the environment, justice, and women. The third section discusses the moral dilemma emanating from this view of the environment for Muslims. The fourth and final section explores the relationship between the ideas of eco-feminism and Islamic views of the environment with suggestions for further research.
Theme:Environmental Studies
A Role for Islam in Tobacco Control Policy: Public Health Services Implications

Khaled Alturki, 
 Khaled Alturki, 
Dr. Ahmed Hamza,

Overview: This paper argues the case for the involvement of Islamic religious authorities in the wider context of tobacco control policies. It argues that Islam has the potential to contribute to efforts to combat smoking, acting as one sector of civil society to support the strategies outlined in the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. In the absence of an evidence base, the authors contend that Islam should not be allocated as a determining or driving role in the implementation of tobacco control measures. Instead, its potential to support such measures should be specified and clarified, with the aim of establishing clear guidelines as to how Islamic leaders can support the smoking cessation efforts of health administrators and practitioners. The paper clarifies the role of Muslim authorities, to identify how that role might be strengthened, and to suggest how confusion and lack of knowledge is presently weakening the influence of Islam in persuading devotees not to initiate or to quit smoking habits.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Family, Identity, and Power: How Family Shapes Masculinities among Muslims in Java

Rachmad Hidayat, Lecturer, Faculty of Philosophy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Overview: Family fundamentally is a gendered institution that conserves and embodies gendered norms and structures. This paper discusses how family shapes masculinities among Muslims men in rural Java. It is based on a qualitative study involving sixteen Muslim men living in a rural area in the Southern part of Central Java. The study employed group discussions followed by in-depth interviews with the men participants. The study reveals that marriage and family substantially shape masculinities in two ways. First, family provides a man with institutionalised gendered power that requires a man to play dominant roles in the family, particularly over women. A man’s ability to exercise this power, to observe, evaluate, judge, and control undesirable situations within the relationship constitutes the ideals of manhood. Second, family elevates a man with the status of being the real man which allows him to link himself to other married men outside the family and to participate in the social realm which constitutes as a homosocial practice. This study indicates that religious doctrine combined with Javanese norms of manhood contribute to the conservation of masculinity in the family.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Urgency in Regulating Marriage Registration from the Perspective of Islamic Law and Indonesian Positive Law

Muchammad Ichsan,

Overview: This study reviews the existence and sufficiency of regulations on marriage registration based on Islamic law and Indonesian legislative regulations. It seeks to identify the reasons why some people choose not to register their marriage at the authorized state institution as well as the harms that come with such decision. In addition, the necessary efforts to discourage sirri marriage (religiously valid yet unregistered marriage) and to prompt people to register their union are also laid out. To achieve these purposes, this study employs the juridical-normative method with a sociological approach in the writing. The findings are as follows: (1) registration is important and necessary to regulate marriages in Indonesia; (2) registration does not determine the validity of a marriage because it is not a basic principle or requirement of matrimony; (3) Islam allows a government to require marriage registration if it is beneficial or good for the community, and if it can help them avoid any form of oppression, damage, and risk; (4) Indonesia already has a sufficient set of legislative regulations on marriage registration, although some of them need to be clarified further; (5) different reasons for not registering a marriage at the authorized institution include: religious validity is considered adequate, the official registration process is deemed impractical, pre-marital pregnancy, the marriage is part of polygamy, the marriage is interreligious, the marriage involves underage individual(s), and the punishment is simply not serious enough; (6) unregistered marriage is prone to many risks.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 4
Understanding the Changing Dynamics of Arts Marketing Under the Influence of Social Media in Turkey

Hanzade Uralman, 
Dr. Ayça Tufan,

Overview: The increase in opportunities created by web 2.0 technologies that enable individuals to share and discuss online affected arts market in many ways. The actors who use social media in the contemporary art field such as galleries, museums, art magazines, art critics, new art platforms, collectors, and art consumers created new ways of seeing, buying, promotion, exhibiting, and criticizing practices being in interaction with each other. In this context, this study explores these changing practices which point out the attitudes and behaviours in online interactive environments. The study focuses on the role of social media in rapid growing art environment in Turkey. A qualitative study approach will be employed for this study. The most dynamic actors in Turkey’s contemporary arts market including art collectors, art critics, and the directors of art platforms, art galleries, and art magazines will be selected and analyzed through in‐depth interviews, documentation, official web sites, and social networking sites.
Case Study and Use of Network Technology for Teaching Branding

Maria Fernanda Dangelo Valentim Abreu, Master Science in Marketing, Audiovisuais e publicidade, Universidade de Brasilia,  Brasília, DF, Brazil
Dr. Edmundo Brandão Dantas,

Overview: In Brazil, the case study method is quite common in specialization courses, usually linked to the management area. In undergraduate courses, however, this method is still little used and, when it is, it is restricted especially to courses in administration and management, generally covered superficially in the marketing disciplines. Add to this the fact that the disciplines adopting the case study are still delivered on the basis of the traditional standard, with evidence, written work, and the like. In the subjects of the communication course, whether they refer to undergraduate or postgraduate education, the case study is practically not adopted. Most of the discussions are about theoretical points of view, usually based on the ideas of more traditional philosophers or the opinions of experts in the field. This historical position, in spite of some efficiency, prepares the communication professionals much more like thinkers or generators of news than properly managers of the communication. The teaching of journalism tends to prevail over communication courses, with this attitude. The other variations of the communication, such as advertising communication, resent a more practical methodology, where one can study situations based on real facts lived by professionals of companies of the branch and that can generate some learning for this area of communication. Allied to this, the almost total absence of systematization of national cases, with strategic information and data sheets, contributes to the fact that communication schools do not use the case study as a methodological option. For some time, very little or almost nothing was studied in the field of advertising communication about the construction, positioning, image, and identity of brands, or, more synthetically, about branding. Except for the Higher School of Advertising and Marketing (ESPM), one of the most important institutions of private higher education in advertising and marketing in Brazil (and which, incidentally, is one of the few that develops and adopts the methodology of case studies in Advertising, undergraduate courses), and the School of Communication and Arts (ECA) of the University of São Paulo (USP), the most accredited Brazilian higher education institution, did not study branding in communication courses. The subject was restricted to courses of Administration (under the market perspective) and Design (from the point of view of visual communication). Because it is understood that advertising communication is an area of extreme importance and relevance for the construction, positioning, identitym and image of brands, some professors from the University of Brasília decided to extend the study of branding also to the undergraduate course in Advertising and Propaganda, as the two schools mentioned earlier, but in a more vibrant way, did, to some extent, lead to effective participation in and outside the classroom (via the Internet and some of its by-products, as Social networks, for example), students who are often obsessed - almost "enslaved" - by the new information and communication technologies (ICTs) and their powerful gadgets, but who could engage in discipline and take an interest in the subject. In Brazil, and it is believed that across the globe, this obsession for ICTs and the mobile world, seems to have become almost a disease, an addiction. All are connected, through their gadgets, to one or more social networks, access the Internet, do research, and talk with their friends. At the Academy, this obsession is strongly reflected in the classroom, where most students tend to be dispersive, more concerned that they are "playing" with their miraculous devices. The effect of this is that the rate of retention of knowledge has become very small, in contrast to the attention deficit, which has increased significantly. In the face of such findings, and because we understand that without communication no brand is built, differentiated, and positioned, we needed to create a branding discipline that, to the extent possible, could neutralize, in one way or another, the students’ dispersion of attention, which undoubtedly undermines the retention of knowledge.
Theme:Educational Studies
13:05-13:10 Break (Lunch runs from 13:05-15:30)
Room 1 Questions of Governance
New Public Governance in the Czech Republic, Romania, and Slovakia: A Comparative Analysis of Political Cultures

Stanica Cristina, Ph.D. Candidate, School of Public Policy and Administration, University of Delaware, NEWARK, DELAWARE, United States
 Minion K. C. Morrison, Newark, Delaware , United States

Overview: The successful implementation of new public governance practices in post-communist countries is related to a multitude of factors. The literature points out the relevance of the context of each country. Studying new public governance requires understanding how the socio-economic conditions, political culture, administrative tradition, and public administration reform impact joint public service delivery and citizen engagement. This paper addresses the influence of political culture on democratic practices. It begins by theoretically connecting the concept of political culture to new public governance. Then it reviews the evolution of democracy in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Romania. Hofstede’s national cultural dimensions are deployed in this study to evaluate and compare cultural factors in these countries. We then use a set of indexes to analyze the results in comparison to average scores in the European Union. Using qualitative methods, we analyze national and cross-national European documents to track the evolution of public administration reforms, and to understand how they support public governance implementation. Elite interviews are used to help specify the characteristics of each political system and the main values that drive effectiveness and responsibility. From this evidence three categories (parochial, subject, and participant) emerge that allow us to assess indicators of good governance in each context. The interdisciplinary character of this paper is reflected in its employment of insights from the literatures of public administration (theory), governance (public policy), and political culture (comparative politics).
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Russia – Dealing with its Imperial Legacy: Examples of Ukraine and Moldova

Kristine Zaidi, PhD Student , Political Science , University of Latvia , Swindon , United Kingdom

Overview: Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia has confronted major foreign policy challenges including finding its place in the international arena and positioning itself among countries it once had under its total control. The loss was considerable, particularly in status, and it took a number of years to move away from the rhetoric of ‘great power’ to ‘one of the centers of influence in the world’. Russia’s regional ambitions, largely expressed trough its leading role in the CIS, continue in the legacy of the old empire. This legacy is reflected in Russia’s relations with Ukraine and Moldova. Albeit different cases with distinct issues, Ukraine and Moldova provide examples of Russia’s approach to maintaining and enhancing its influence in its immediate neighbourhood shared with other regional and global players, in particular the EU and NATO. Interestingly, both countries are considered a natural zone of influence. The reconciliation is not challenge free but constitutes an imperial legacy linking the past to future ambitions. Approaches Russia takes in relations with these countries, legacy and outlook, are addressed in this study. These approaches are incremental, yet guided by a long-term strategy, aiming to strengthen Russia’s regional and international status. It is both strategic and opportunistic. The issue is examined through the prism of international relations and decision making models to explain the motivation, context and how foreign policy decisions are made and executed in contemporary Russia.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Economic Solutions to Social Problems : Unpacking the Skill Shortage Crisis During the Australian Mining Boom

Melissa Cianfrini, Educational Researcher, Educational Enhancement Unit, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia

Overview: Up until a few years ago, unprecedented international demand for iron ore resulted in a national skill shortage crisis in Australia that lasted for over a decade. As a result, the Australian Government and businesses implemented strategies to meet the demand for labour, including employee incentives, increasing the mature-aged workforce, and the highly controversial strategy of increasing migrant workers. This paper addresses these national issues played out in an Australian mining community. Situated in a community psychology paradigm, eighty-nine semi-structured qualitative interviews and twenty-two online surveys with key stakeholders were analysed through the analytical ecological framework of causal layered analysis. This process revealed a theme of blame and a lack of accountability among stakeholders; highlighting the beliefs, behaviours and policies compounding the skills shortage. In particularly, it highlighted issues around the lack of education and training provided to resolve the skill shortage crisis. A critical reflection on the issue suggests a lack of awareness of the social and relational capital between employers, migrant workers, and stakeholders.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 2 Concerning America
Black American Womanists: We Voted for Her, Not for Him or Him

Dorothy Randall-Tsuruta, Full Professor of Africana Studies, San Francisco State University

Overview: In a December 13, 2017 Twitter, Alicia Garza, co-founder of Black Lives Matter, applauded Black American women for voting in the recent US elections and commented, "Remember white folks, that you too can be on the right side of history. White women voted on the wrong side of history --for Trump and for Moore." Data reported in "Essence Magazine," informed readers that ninety-six percent of all Black American women voted and for Hillary, not Trump. More recently, from all news reporting, Black American women came out in force and defeated Moore. Garza goes on to say, "Who is organizing white women to join the future we all deserve?" Black womanists (not feminists) organize in voting efforts faithful to Black Americans’ blood struggle to get the vote in the first place, drawing on Black perseverance, drive, and intelligence, and not on the rhetoric of after-the-fact white feminist women's marches. Black women grasp the fact that white feminists and their followers, should look for a change to the leadership of Black women, rather than presumptuously telling non-white women to follow the white feminists' (whine in woeful marches after the fact). In my paper I discuss the energizing effect of Black women’s (womanists) independence that keeps the eye on battles of the past bravely won so that history does not return to “Make America Worse Again” (a recent New York Review of Books cover heading).
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Language Mediation in the United States Medical Sector and How It Affects Women and Children

Prof. Alexander Rainof,

Overview: The USA is the richest country in the world. California, for instance, was in 2014 the seventh largest economy on the planet. Sadly, it boasts also the highest income inequality of any highly industrialized country on the planet, with the highest Gini Index (.42), and growing. It also has the worse social safety net and medical coverage system of all the industrialized nations. The new administration proposals portend further disparities. Those who do not speak English, are sick, or have sick loved ones, are the most affected by this situation. Of those, as amply reported in the socio-medical literature, are women and children. The law mandates that they be provided with competent language mediation (Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VI, Executive Order 13166), mediation all too often unavailable. This paper discusses some of the most distressing sociolinguistic aspects of this state of affairs and their ramifications as illustrated in the medical and legal literature, such as lack of compliance, the cost of errors in communication, the ethics of medical interpretation, cultural issues, advocacy, consent, and children used as interpreters. Possible solutions shall be discussed. Many of the examples given shall illustrate situations involving monolingual speakers of Spanish.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Civic and Political Studies, Cultural Studies, Educational Studies, Communication
But It's Only A Story: Using Ethnographic Theatre to Explore Collective Cultural Anxiety

Dr. Kerric Harvey, Washington, D.C., United States

Overview: This paper reports on the results of the author's most recent research in adapting theatrical technique for anthropological purposes, particularly in situations characterized by significant intra-group division and/or inter-group conflict. As an example of "ethnographic theatre," “The Interrogation Project” excavated cultural attitudes underpinning American political sensibility by presenting three different versions of the same ten-minute play in which the race of key characters changed across versions. The goal was to use theatre as a means of mapping the emotional, political, and moral contours of an extremely relevant and highly flammable topic of public concern—the moral, military, and ethical considerations factoring into the acceptance or rejection of torture as a tactic for combating terrorism. The play itself tells the story of a group of conductors on the 1860s Underground Railroad, an undercover operation that brought African American slaves north to freedom, who reluctantly resort to using torture in order to discover the identity of an informant in their midst. Employing the morally safe "make believe" world of a theatre piece permitted the researcher to probe for "breakpoints" in the audience's reactions towards the use of torture within the diegetic world of the play, and, by extension, the contemporary political landscape.
Room 3 On War
War as an Instrument of Policy and as a Form of Conflict Resolution

Dr. Gerardo Acay, Adjunct Professor, Social Sciences Division, Missouri Valley College, Marshall, Missouri, United States

Overview: There is a set of concepts, war and peace, conflict and cooperation, whose pairwise analyses are implied by both historical and conceptual inquiries. The latter refers to a philosophical elucidation of the meaning of statements whose function is to describe a given phenomenon; while the former identifies the events and conditions with which these statements are construed to be descriptions of what in fact did or did not happen. This is what is suggested by analytical and historical aspects of any problem being studied. Thus, the study and analyses of this set of concepts have puzzled thinkers, writers, teachers, students, etc. Moreover, they have attempted to reduce the complexities of international conflict, war and peace, etc. to some orderly structure as well as to develop a theory that will enable us to explain, to understand, a uniquely human phenomenon. This study shall use as a paradigm the classic work, "on War" by the eighteenth century Austrian military strategist and philosopher of war, Carl von Clausewitz.
Theme:Global Studies
10,000 Cries for Justice

Don Tow, President since 2010 and Program Director since 2007, NGO NJ-ALPHA, Volunteer in NGO "New Jersey Alliance for Learning and Preserving the History of WWII in Asia" (NJ-ALPHA), Middletown, NJ, United States

Overview: The “10,000 Cries for Justice” project provides an important digital archive of historical letters written about atrocities inflicted by the Japanese military on the Chinese population during the WWII period. This digital archive documenting the first-hand experience of the victims provides powerful evidence of what actually happened during this period. It provides a useful tool to learn from history. Through this insight and understanding, new genuine friendships between Japanese and Chinese people can be established and serve as a model for other countries.
Theme:Global Studies
Room 5 Dealing with Data
Exploitation of Physician Prescribing Data as a Health Information Industry Standard: A Case of Big Data Practices and Pitfalls

Frederick Langshaw,

Overview: North American physicians are not afforded the same protection of privacy and control over their information as patients are. Pharmaceutical drug Intermediaries combine datasets to reidentify physicians, link them to their prescribing habits, and sell this data to pharmaceutical marketers. Sales representatives approach unknowing doctors with data-informed sales pitches to influence their prescribing habits. Framed in a big-data, surveillance studies framework, this work explores the philosophical underpinnings, as well as social, technical, and legal issues central to the exploitation of physician data. Its aim is to understand to what degree physicians own their data, how far their data extends them (i.e. for access) and who can legitimately control and act on their data. This work is informed by surveillance, structural-functionalist, and medical sociology literature, legal documents, industry publications, and corporate websites, reports, best practices materials, policies, and white papers. This case reflects problematic big-data practices, consequences, public concern and agency for privacy protection in an increasingly data-driven world. Implications of limiting or prohibiting these practices include improving the state of privacy (and data-trading) law, physician privacy, public trust in medicine and research, and public health, as less physicians will be persuaded to prescribe expensive, inadequately tested, or unsafe brand pharmaceuticals.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Defining Strategies for Technology Transfer: A Technology, Intelligence-based Tool for Risk Assessment

Mauricio Perez, 
Dr. Karla Cedano,

Overview: In the technology transfer context, defining strategies for technology project planning arises as a necessary and challenging activity. This challenging activity comprises elements like market uncertainty and the need for timely decision making within an environment of limited resources (financial, time, among others). In this context, technology intelligence (TI) aids in the generation of knowledge for reducing risk in decision making. This work suggests a tool for identifying and qualitatively measuring different risks, detected from previous TI activities. Such risks, their level and alternatives for mitigating them are also discussed. Furthermore, a tool for calculating a risk score for technology projects at early stages of development is also proposed. This tool was developed by the Technology Transfer Office of the National Institute of Genomic Medicine, in collaboration with Cedano Villavicencio, Ph.D.
Theme:Organizational Studies
Room 6 Women on the Rise
Women's Empowerment in Post-social Conflict Areas: What's the Role for Enhancing Standard of Living in Poso District, Indonesia?

Dr Titik Sumarti Suyono, 
Dr Ekawati Sriwahyuni ,

Overview: Social conflict always affects the society, families, and women in different parts of the globe. These people have lost the cohesiveness of neighborhoods, family members, and property, even living in shelters, losing their jobs including agrarian resources, and facing poverty. On the other hand, social conflict is actually a force than can create social capital in the internal communities that are threatened by other communities and can improve welfare. Women have an important role in facing the impact of social conflict for the family and communities. This paper analyzes women's empowerment in agriculture and the creation of social capital as well as its relation to household living standards after social conflicts. The study was conducted in four different social communities experiencing social conflict in Poso District, Indonesia. This research used a quantitative and qualitative approach. The quantitative approach used survey methods. The qualitative approach used case study. The results show that in post-social conflicts women are increasingly empowered in agriculture and able to create social capital, but have not been able to achieve significant changes in household living standards. The presence of NGOs in building women’s schools has been an important role for women’s empowerment movement.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Transformative Gender Identity of Returned Migrant Women in Contemporary China: Is "Coming Home" Possible?

Dr. Yuchen Han,

Overview: China’s economic miracle in the post-Mao era is greatly contributed to by the laborious work of the millions of rural-urban migrant factory girls. Driven by numerous social reasons, most of this group of women return to their places of origin after extended experiences in the urban centers. Nevertheless, the out-migration and urban experiences imprint the women with intensive dynamics and tensions of China’s transformation at all levels. Particularly, their gender identity is under perplexing transformation. This is firstly because of their economic independence and wide exposure to the diversity of gender discourses; secondly, they try to return to the rural home both physically and mentally, but they find it hard to re-adjust, although the rural home is also under transformation. This study is empirical-data-based, out from a half-year ethnographic research on “the lived experience of returnee migrant women in the fast-growing China’s hinterland.” The data discussed in this study, is based on a longitudinal participant observation on a returnee sister’s life upon return and her representation of her life story. This paper discusses how Maoist women’s liberation discourse, market-economy-oriented neoliberal discourse, and agricultural patriarchal value cooperate with one another, making imprints on contemporary Chinese rural women’s ideological world and guiding their construction of their gender roles; and meanwhile how the women react and perceive themselves.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Cultural Studies
Room 7 Where Do I Belong?
No Longer "All My Relations": Indigneous Statelessness within the US

Dr. David Wilkins, 
 Shelly Hulse Wilkins,

Overview: Over the last thirty years, the number of federally-recognized Native Nations located within the United States has increased, and yet, corresponding population figures for these states have declined. Given the well-documented history of US eradication and assimilation of Indigenous Peoples, it would be easy to attribute this phenomenon to ill-conceived or hostile federal policies. However, in this case, Native governments, themselves, are driving the trend through policies of banishment, erroneous denials of citizenship, or disenrollment of bone fide citizens. Since the 1990s, more than eighty Native Nations have culturally, politically, and legally terminated the rights of Indigenous citizens. With the first comprehensive examination of the origins and significance of Tribal disenrollment, we examine these disturbing practices, which often leave targeted Tribal citizens with neither traditional options nor legal avenues for appeal. At the center of the issue are questions of how Native Nations are defined today and who has the fundamental right to define “belonging.” Through analysis of hundreds of Tribal constitutions and interviews with both former Tribal citizens and the Tribal officials who rendered them stateless, we discuss the damage to communities across Indian Country and consider ways to address the problem.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies, Cultural Studies
Building of Exclusionary Identities and Its Effects on Human Rights

Dr. Ana Jara, professor, Philosophy of Law, University of Granada, GRANADA, Granada, Spain

Overview: The construction of exclusionary identities usually does not start in the legal field. Though it may also happen through law, often it is in the educational spaces where it is sown and from there it later flows to political levels. At those levels it becomes institutionalized and subsequently affects the legal system, either directly or indirectly, eliminating factually the efficiency of certain dispositions and rules. There are many difficulties and problems of all kinds that, each day with greater intensity, have a negative impact on the effective deployment of human rights. From the wide and diffuse space that we conventionally identify as “culture” to the accelerated economic universe of “globalization,” without forgetting factors such as religious fanaticism, new forms of violence, or the depraved use of new technologies, an entire arsenal of cultural, political, and economic elements successfully conspire against the universality and effectiveness of recognized, solemnly proclaimed and, in many cases, normatively formalized human rights. The recognition of the “sovereign state” as the central subject of international law, even assuming its juridical, democratic, and constitutional legitimacy, has not managed to completely neutralize the tendencies of political power to the exclusionary identity building and the collective self-assertion of particularisms. Therein lies, in Jürgen Habermas's opinion, “the realist sting that sticks to the flesh of human rights.” It is true that the political role of the national State is not in question, but perhaps the time has come to accelerate the search for other political actors with more capacity for action and more effectiveness in guaranteeing and protecting human rights.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
14:25-14:35 Break
Room 1 Adolescent Struggles
Economic Crisis and Adolescents' Educational Outcomes : A Case Study in Southern Europe

Antonio Citarella,

Overview: This study investigated the effects of economic crisis on three adolescents outcomes, including academic grades, career indecision, and positive future expectations. Additionally, the mediating role of academic self efficacy was tested. Data from 500 middle school youth from Southern Italy were analyzed using path modeling. Results indicated that financial pressure due to crisis negatively affects academic grades and positively affects career indecision, while no significant effect was found among economic pressure and positive future expectations. Academic self efficacy positively relate with academic grades and positive future expectations, and negatively with career indecision. However, academic self efficacy does not mediate the relationships between economic pressure and outcomes.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Three Years after a Disaster: The Impacts of a Derailed Train on the Behavior and Health of High School Students

Eve Pouliot, 
Mrs. Danielle Maltais,

Overview: In July 2013, a train derailed in downtown Lac-Mégantic, Quebec. It was responsible for forty-seven deaths, forty-four buildings destroyed, 2000 evacuees, and a major oil spill. A survey has been conducted during winter 2017 among high school students to examine their psychological and social characteristics and the impact of this disaster in regards of exposure or no exposure to this event. The results show that the majority of the respondents are satisfied with their school, their family, and their social life. They have good self-esteem. Many traumatized students thought about suicide in the twelve months prior to the survey. They also report more self-injurious thoughts than non-exposed students. They also showed more moderate to severe post-traumatic stress disorders (scores of twnety-six or more at the Impact of Event Scale). Exposed students were also significantly more likely than non-exposed students to report a deterioration in the quality of life within their municipality.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Mediation Role of Delinquency Behavior as the Mediator on the Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Drug Abuse Behavior

Dr. Mahadzirah Mohamad, Deputy Vice Chancellor (Academic & International), , Office of Deputy Vice Chancellor (Academic & International), Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin 
Dr. Nor Azman Mat Ali,

Overview: The incidents of drug abuse increased globally. It was reported that youths were the majority group involved in drug abuse and it became a major social problem in Malaysia. Delinquency was found to be a leading factor that contributed to youth drug abuse. Moreover, it was noted that life satisfaction was found to be an important mitigating factor that addressed drug abuser relapse. The objectives of the study were to ascertain the effect of life satisfaction on drug abuse behavior and to identify the mediating role of delinquency on the relationship between life satisfaction and drug abuse behaviour. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed among youths at drug rehabilitation centers. A total of 275 questionnaires were subjected for analysis using structural equation modelling as the main technique for data analysis. Results indicated that life satisfaction had a significant influence on delinquency but had no direct effect on drug abuse behavior. Moreover, delinquency had a full mediating effect on the relationship between life satisfaction and drug abuse behavior. This study concluded that increasing life satisfaction could reduce delinquency and drug abuse behavior among youth. Therefore, drug rehabilitation programmes should focus on improving life satisfaction to curb drug abuse relapse.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 2 Stories of Migration
Migration in Russian Media: Representation Strategies

Kseniia Semykina, MA student, Department of Sociology, National Research University Hugher School of Economics, Moscow, Moscow, Russian Federation

Overview: Migration became an important issue in Russia only after the USSR dissolution. The authorities still struggle to implement a comprehensive migration policy, while public opinion stays strongly anti-immigrant. Thus, elites create various messages in the public realm, and public opinion is more one-sided. The question of representations which the media constructs becomes important in understanding what meanings circulate in society and influence people's perceptions. Framing theory is used to analyze media discourse on migration in Russia. It is based on the idea that media messages are formed by interest groups using frames, structures which highlight certain aspects of the described event to present the reader with a certain interpretation of it. The existing literature on migration framing suggests that rge most common are criminality, economic, cultural, human rights, and human interest frames. Usage of these frames is compared in six federal newspapers, with an emphasis on differences in mass or business audience orientation, and in newspapers with traditionally critical or non-critical stance towards government policies.
Immigration Enforcement Policies and Family Separation at the United States-Mexico Border: What Is Next?

Sophie S. Alves,

Overview: This is a theoretical paper that presents the different immigration enforcement policies that have been implemented in contemporary United States and their consequences on Latin American immigrants and their families. Based on the information I have found online though resources such as The Pew Hispanic Center, I will answer the following question: how do immigration enforcement policies and family separation impact the United States and all its inhabitants? Indeed, family separations impact children’s well-being as well as their schooling; family members experience emotional trauma as well as economic hardship, and so on. However, immigrants are not the only ones impacted. The overall U.S. population suffers the consequences of such policies. This is manifested through active resistance coming from different organizations in the Tucson community, in Arizona, such as Derechos Humanos, Mariposas Sin Fronteras, or No More Deaths, to name a few. The actions go from providing immigrant families with safe spaces to direct action and civil disobedience. I will thus examine some of the ways individuals have shown their solidarity to immigrants and their families through “transgressive actions.” This work is all the more important now that the new U.S. president is trying to implement new immigration policies and reinforce the “Latino Threat Narrative” according to which Latin American immigrants are the downfall of the nation. Considering that many European governments look up to the United States in terms of national security measures, this paper and the conversation that can issue from that are essential.
Theme:Global Studies
Migration Trauma: An Escape from Trauma Only to Encounter It Again

Dr. Rebecca Rojas, 
 Patricia Gonzalez,

Overview: The movement of people globally has not been this great since the end of WWII and often it is traumatic experiences in their country of origin that prompts individuals and families to migrate in search of a better life. These traumatic experiences in their country of origin can include war, violence, famine, family violence, and lack of natural resources. Migrant stories do not all have happy endings. Leaving one's country of origin always is accompanied by a sense of loss. In addition to this grieving for what was familiar, the experiences of the journey and experiences within host countries can also be traumatic experiences. This paper will introduce information on what is known currently about migration trauma and the stressors of acculturation. The paper will also include clinical case examples that document how migration trauma affect the mental health functioning of individuals and families.
Theme:Global Studies
New Home, New Strategy: Changing Gender Roles Among Displaced Families in Post-conflict Villages in Poso Regency, Indonesia.

Ekawati Wahyuni, Associate Professor in Population and Gender Studies, Communication and Community Development Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

Overview: Indonesia is a multiethnic country. Different interests of each ethnic group often produces tensions and social conflict. One of massive social conflicts occurred in Poso Regency, Central Sulawesi Province. The social conflict was claimed as a religious conflict, although a political contestation also contributed. An uneasy relationship between Muslim and Christians had already been forming since 1992 and it exploded into a social conflict in 1998 and 2000. It pushed people of both religions to flee Poso for safety. When peace eventually returned to Poso, some villagers refused to return to their previous villages because of the trauma they had experienced. They preferred to build a new life in other villages. Typical in post-conflict areas, women of displaced communities in Poso have had to work harder to meet their basic needs compared to the situation before the conflict. In the new village, land ownership is limited and the displaced families depend more on non-agricultural work performed by women than on agriculture. Displaced families commonly abandon or sell their agricultural land in the previous village but are rarely able to buy land in their new village. This research uses a mixed-method approach in an IDP village with 80 participants. The data collection methods include structured interviews, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions. Results of the increasing role of women to support the economy as a change of tradition among the indigenous ethnic group in Poso is discussed.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 3 Civil Leadership
Citizen Enforcement Can Eliminate Vehicle Idling: Turn Your Engine Off When Stopped!

Prof. Samara Swanston, 
 George Pakenham,

Overview: New York City has two laws intended to limit the idling of motor vehicles-- no person is permitted to cause the engine of a vehicle to idle for longer than three minutes and no person is permitted to cause the engine of a motor vehicle to idle for longer than one minute if such vehicle is adjacent to a public school or non-public school unless it is loading. Although these idling restrictions have been in place in the City for a number of years, many drivers persist in idling, leading to questions about the effectiveness of these laws. Citizen enforcement could require the city to set up a page on their website where individuals could submit video to the Department showing violations of the City’s anti-idling law. For those videos that lead to a civil penalty for the violator, the individual who submitted the video would be entitled to 50% of the civil penalty amount. It would also raise the fine amounts for a first violation of the City’s anti-idling law by approximately 50%. Finally, it would require DEP to hold training sessions on the requirements for submission of successful complaint regarding the violation of the City’s anti-idling law.
Theme:Environmental Studies
Understanding the Culture of Traffic Safety Citizenship

Jay Otto, Research Scientist, College of Engineering, Montana State University
Dr. Kari Finley, Senior Research Scientist, Center for Health and Safety Culture, Montana State University
Dr. Nicholas Ward,

Overview: Risky driving behaviors such as drinking and driving, speeding, and not wearing a seat belt are major contributing factors to roadway fatalities. To reach zero deaths, we must affect change using novel approaches. One such approach is to empower the majority of safe road users to engage in prosocial behaviors to impact the smaller group engaging in risky behaviors The goal is to instill a sense of responsibility in everyone for the safety of others. An integrated behavioral model guided the development of a survey to understand values, beliefs, and attitudes regarding engagement in prosocial behaviors that impact the traffic safety of others. Results of the study provide a better understanding of traffic safety citizenship behavior thus informing how to grow these conditions in communities. Using data from a random sample of adults in the United States, this paper will identify values, attitudes, and behaviors predictive of traffic safety behaviors and their relationship to two measures of traffic safety citizenship behaviors: asking someone to wear a seat belt and asking someone to stop reading or typing on a cell phone while driving. Recommendations to increase traffic safety citizenship will be discussed.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Knowledge of In-school Youth Regarding Responsible Citizenship in Vhembe District, South Africa: Responsible Citizenship

Makondelele Makatu,

Overview: The study explored the knowledge that in-school youth in Vhembe District, South Africa have regarding responsible citizenship. Qualitative and exploratory design was adopted to access in-depth data. Mobilization processes were considered to access twenty male and female youth in a particular rural community that was purposefully selected. In order to collect data, semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with each participant. Data were analysed thematically. It was evident in the analysed data that in-school youth define responsible citizenship in terms of knowledge and practice of one’s constitutional rights, lifestyle, and relationship and interaction with peers, siblings, and parents. It was concluded that in-school youth have a clear knowledge regarding responsible citizenship and understand that being responsible should be compared with being irresponsible so that in-school youth know how to live in their communities and at school. The study recommended that in-school youth must be trained on issues about responsible citizenship so that they can be part of development of their families, communities, and schools.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 4 Community Connections
Engaging Community to Improve Yahara Lakes through Beach Initiatives

Diana De Pierola,

Overview: Clean Lakes Alliance (CLA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to the improvement and protection of the lakes, streams, and wetlands in the Yahara River watershed, in Dane County, Wisconsin. Through partnerships with diverse stakeholders CLA focus on community support, advocacy, and education to restore and protect our lakes. CLA also engages to build a vision where the lakes are the center of the community. Madison has twenty-five public beaches and the public values and enjoys the recreation and beauty that beaches offer. However, beaches are impacted by many factors, including high phosphorus levels and heavy rain events, which can trigger algal blooms and E. coli outbursts leading to periodic beach closures. Engaging the public raise awareness of these issues are at the center of CLA efforts. In support of CLA Beach Initiatives, and in partial fulfillment of the Environmental Conservation MS Program, I propose to work together with CLA and communities in the Yahara watershed, and in Madison’s lakes, in the following project, I propose to apply my communication and monitoring skills to collect data, analyze trends, and develop a strategy to engage the public and propose solutions that will lead to an improvement in lake’s conditions. Specifically, I will develop a student art contest to communicate effectively to the youth in the area issues of concern related to lakes conditions, considering local people’s values and perspectives and devising ways to foster engagement. Through my placement with CLA, I would like to learn to evaluate the quality of the Madison’s lakes and to measure the impacts of human population on the lakes.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Environmental Studies
Urban Food Gardeners and New Food Movements in South Africa: A Case Study of Khayelitsha Township

Darlene Miller,

Overview: In the context of food monopolies and big agri-food domination in South Africa, the "New Food Movements" in SA do not change the structures of land ownership or food production and distribution. This paper argues, however, that the subjectivities of black urban food gardeners – many of whom are young men – evokes a new “African imaginary” and a form of indigenous spirituality through their re-connection with the earth in their food gardens. In an ethnographic case study of one urban township in Khayelitsha in the Western Cape province of South Africa, this paper examines the young men who articulate this anti-capitalist sensibility or “disposition” that gestures at new subjectivities in a poorer urban neighbourhood. A new sense of time and space resides in the “cool gardener” image which negates the conspicuous consumption of fast capitalism while simultaneously producing “cool” urban imaginaries. "Cool gardeners" have a new sense of time and space that espouses “vernacular environmentalism,” distinct from middle class forms of environmentalism.
Theme:Environmental Studies
Mobilizing Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit in Narwhal Management through Community Empowerment: A Case Study in Naujaat, Nunavut

Dr. Lucia Fanning,

Overview: This research examines the relationship between government wildlife management and the use of Inuit knowledge or Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit (IQ) through a case study focusing on narwhal harvesting in the community of Naujaat, Nunavut. Since the introduction of a community quota system in 1977 by the Canadian federal government, the ultimate responsibility for decision-making has shifted to the government rather than hunting communities. This shift corresponds with changes in the use of IQ within the community. Interviews with hunters, elders, and representatives from the Hunters and Trappers Organization in Naujaat provide insight into the nature of these changes, allowing the relationship between government-based management policies and community perspectives to be characterized. Key factors influencing the role of IQ in narwhal management decision making included the imposed quota-based system, the perception of the ongoing role for IQ, communication challenges, modern day drivers of change, and the lack of decision-making authority at the community level.
Theme:Environmental Studies
Changes in Social Cohesion and Community Resilience to Food Insecurity Caused by Forest Fires in Peatland Areas: A Case of Forest Fires in Southern Sumatra

Dr. Nurmala Katrina Panjaitan, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University
Dr Sofyan Sjaf,

Overview: Indonesia has been continuously experiencing forest fires with a peak in 2013-2015. Forest fires cause ecosystem damage, impact the health of community, and destroy the supply of food from nature. But, for communities in peatland areas, forest fires are not entirely a disaster because it increases the fertility of the land for planting swamp rice. With the prohibition to cultivate in burnt forest land, the community loses its main food source (rice) while their income is also greatly reduced as a result of forest fires. Social cohesion has become the backbone of the community members to be resilient in facing life's challenges with institutional of mutual help as the basis of collective action to overcome community problems. However, with reduced household incomes there is a change in community social cohesion. This paper will analyze the various impacts of forest fires on community social cohesion and its impact on community resilience in adapting and resolving food insecurity threats. This paper explores a constructive policy to strengthen community resilience in order to survive independently in the face of threats of forest fires in peatland areas.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 5 Respecting Our Elders
A Younger Value Position for Senior Services: "I am Not Old", or Don't Call Me a Senior

Agnes Otjen, 
 Anna Talafuse,

Overview: Adult Resource Alliance (ARA), the senior services organization for Yellowstone County in Montana, won a ballot initiative for increased funds for more services such as Meals on Wheels and their four senior centers in June of 2016. At the same time, they asked the students of Montana State University Billings to develop the strategy and positioning to broaden their appeal to a younger target audience. The area population was aging and shifting in terms of attitudes and behaviors from baby boomer to generation X. The students determined the main problem was that adults over age fifty-five were not aware of, nor did they recognize themselves as needing or benefiting from the services of ARA. Therefore, community services were not being utilized. 50.8% of seniors respond negatively to the word “senior.” Secondary research revealed the need to change services offered and the names of the centers to something other than "senior." Primary research focused on self-actualization and attitudes towards prime of life for ages forty to seventy. 304 responses to a random sample email survey provided results to better understand attitudes about modern aging and direct creative concepts for a new positioning effort. The new slogan for ARA became "keeping up with you." The changes to the services and branding campaign are being launched in the summer of 2017. Most of the students graduated in the spring of 2017 and considered this applied course as essential experiential learning as well as an important social and service contribution to their community.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Efficacy of Music Therapy as a Non-pharmacological Treatment for the Elderly

Mrs. Margarita Pino-Juste, Regular Professor , Didactics and school organization,  University of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain, Spain
 Sara Domínguez Lloría, Pontevedra, Pontevedra, Spain
 María José González Ojea,

Overview: Aging and advanced age cause different pathologies in people, including anxiety, depression, and dementia. The treatment of their symptoms requires innovative approaches, able to reduce the high cost of treatments and the side effects of traditional pharmacological interventions. Music therapy, together with other musical interventions, has gained popularity as a non-pharmacological treatment for elderly people with dementia or depressive symptoms. Our objective has been to analyze the scientific production on the use of music therapy for elderly people through a bibliometric and content analysis of the scientific publications within the last five years. To this end, a retrospective ex post facto design has been used, taking into account the Scopus and Web of Science databases. The results of the publications suggest that music therapy programs in gerontological patients improve social skills and cognitive abilities in the short term, causing an undoubted improvement in patients who presented depressive states. In addition, there are improvements in relationships between equals, reduced conflicts, and a better atmosphere of peaceful coexistence, thanks to the development of social skills strategies and an increase in empathy. In recent years, studies on the use of music therapy in gerontology have increased, although more attention is needed to integrate it with other interventions in the health field and to advance in the design for the effectiveness of the different programs.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Attitude and Fear of Death in Older People: Life Story Analysis

Nazaret Martinez Heredia, En Formacion, Pedagogia, Contratada FPU, Granada, Spain

Overview: This research shows that the elderly discuss their attitudes and fears towards their own and others' deaths, highlighting the importance and need to create various points of encounter and educational reflection. To this effect, a qualitative methodological design was selected using information collection techniques with semi-structured and in-depth interviews to learn the life story of older people. The sample consists of thirty individuals from the city of Granada, aged between 65 and 85 years. The results show a positive attitude of death to oneself, but not so much to the death of others, recounting the fear or the anxiety towards the finiteness of a loved one. As a main conclusion, we emphasize the importance of creating educational spaces aimed to allow adults to be able to treat these negative attitudes and reinforce positive ones through the development of a pedagogy and education towards death.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 6 Household Shifts
Aging Korea and Its Prospects on Urban Growth or Shrinkage

Kyeongmin Choi, 
Dr. Hyunjeong Lee, Professor, Dept. of Housing & Interior Design, Kyung Hee University

Overview: Economic development from 1962 aggressively carried out rapid industrialization in South Korea and accordingly a speedy urbanization stirred fast expansion of small or large cities. Having been facing uneven development across the territory, the nation has suffered from unexpected outcomes and been forced to seek for equally sharing fruits of economic growth throughout it by establishing and implementing the national territorial development plan. In fact, two economic crises in recent decades have been coincided with structural transformations, and socio-demographic change entailed by economic slowdown poses a new challenge of urban management in many cities. A growing number of cities, especially small cities, suffer from depopulation and vacant housing resulting from the erosion of an industrial base and its job loss, and many have to depend on public subsidy from the central government in order to maintain public services and infrastructure at an adequate level which further may be not just to delay shrinkage but also to restore urban growth by attracting investors and companies with job creation. With an increasing number of elderly and a fertility rate dropping below replacement rate, the nation predicts urban shrinkage in some areas, and it’s important to strategically identify cities which are likely to be inflicted by it. This research will assess cities by using a wide array of indexes in association with urban growth, and seek for ways to make cities sustainable.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Changing Korean Urban Landscape and Its Institutional Forces

Dr. Hyunjeong Lee, Professor, Dept. of Housing & Interior Design, Kyung Hee University
 Do Yeon Hwang,

Overview: Since modern South Korea was framed by and evolved from a developmental model, the housing system has been strongly embedded in pro-growth, market-driven orientation, and speedy industrialization and intense urbanization has dramatically reformed urban landscape. Further, two economic crises – the Asian Financial Crisis and the Global Financial Crisis – have strengthened economic uncertainties and demographic shifts, thus deepening household variations and housing varieties. In fact, casualization in employment, reduction in real wages, and delays in family formation have resulted in dwindling housing opportunities and even widened socio-economic disparities (e.g., shrinking middle-class and housing price fluctuations and differences by regions). In recent years, it’s clear that the housing system has been threatened by low economic growth, low fertility, and low interest rates, challenging urban landscape. With respect to the socioeconomic phenomenon, the research examines the state’s institutional shifts characterized as path dependence and also identifies structural forces affecting urban transformation, particularly dynamics in household and housing sectors. In doing so, this research uses a wide range of data and the findings provides a profound understanding of the state’s opportunities and challenges in housing and urban setting.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 7 Shared Spaces
Charitable and Civic Culture Embodied in Chinese Calligraphy in Public Venues in Hong Kong

Dr. Chak-kwong Lau,

Overview: This paper examines the broader social and cultural implications of works of Chinese calligraphy that are embedded in charity organizations in Hong Kong. This specific type of calligraphy exists as engraved couplets and tablets, for example, as signs highlighting the cultural, historical significance of charity organizations in Hong Kong. The calligraphic works under examination will be treated as public art, instead of the products on private display in artists’ studios that were examined in conventional art historical researches. In this specific category of calligraphy, matters of aesthetic choice are obviously intermingled with consideration for the various functions of public venues and for the social, cultural, and historical contexts involved. The paper, with its interdisciplinary approach, therefore sheds light on significant aspects of the social and cultural developments that are reflected in these calligraphic works with their specialized formats in their architectural setting.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Civil and Religious Space in Malerkotla

Colin James Law, PhD Student, Religious Studies, University of Ottawa

Overview: This research examines two sites in Malerkotla, India, one civil monument, and one religious shrine. An exploration into the history of the town provides a backdrop for the importance these sites play for the community. The religious site, a shrine to Shaikh Sadruddin, a fifteenth century Muslim Shaikh who founded the town, functions as a place of worship and a gathering place for the community. The civil memorial, the Kuka Martyrs Memorial, built in 1993, serves as a monument to sixty-six Sikhs who were killed by a British deputy commissioner in 1872. I argue that the memorial functions as a civil religious sacred site and unites the town toward a shared history. Both sites transcend individual religious tradition and are visited by people of all faith traditions. The town’s collective memory and emphasis on key historical events play a part in connecting the town’s different religious communities toward a larger shared identity.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Visuality of Death in Iran

Alireza Hassanzadeh, -, -, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Hessen, Germany

Overview: When we come back to the oldest shapes and forms of gravestones in Iranian culture, it becomes evident that places of burial of deceased persons are not personalized by symbols. Instead, these gravestones show only names and time of birth and death of a deceased person, not more. In following the footprints of visual gravestones and checking records of individual visualization of death, we discover some stones have been inscribed and etched with motifs and inscriptions. They generally inform us about the gender and occupation of the deceased person but there has been never any image of the person on the gravestone. After the Bam earthquake in 2003, a new form of gravestones emerged in Iran. On these gravestones, an etching of the face of the deceased person has been added. This practice soon spread to other Iranian cities. The question therefore arises, to which this paper intends to provide insight into, what does this change in the form of gravestones show from the invisibility of the dead person’s individual face to his/her visibility? Does it show a strong wave of individualization in Iran? Interestingly, the faces of women are seen on the new forms of gravestones in the cemetery but not on the notice papers of death on the walls of the city. What does it mean? This paper attempts to find the answers to such questions, including: Why are we faced with the visualization of death in recent decades and what is the difference between the meaning of the visuality of death from the old to new gravestones? Why are the faces of women not seen in the notices of death on the walls of the city but recently seen on headstones in Iran? What does this change show on a discursive level in public about the shape of the visuality of death in Iran that portrays the individual face of men and women? To examine the topic under discussion, comparative field work was completed in Bam, Rasht, Gonbad, and Tehran. The paper therefore draws upon participant observation, interviews with key informants, and the nominal groups’ method of inquiry in this research. The result of this paper on two ethnographic and anthropological levels proves the change of Iranian world views and standpoints on the meaning of death and life.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 8 The College Years
Till Death Do Us Part: The Concept of a Catholic Marriage among Filipino College Students

Asst. Prof. Lorna Tyson, 
 Philip Joseph Sarmiento, Assistant Professor, CLE Department, Institute for Christian Formation and Social Integration , Holy Angel University , Angeles, -, Philippines
 Nestor Sibug, -, -, Holy Angel University, Angeles, -, Philippines
Asst. Prof. Ria Ignacio, 
Dr. Jocelyn Masbang-Velasquez,

Overview: This study determines the concept of a Catholic marriage among Filipino college students utilizing a descriptive research design. A total of 1021 (male=419; female=602) college students were asked to participate. A researcher-made questionnaire and focused group discussion guide were used in the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics for quantitative portion and thematic analysis of Braun and Clarke (2006) for the qualitative portion. Results revealed that the majority of the participants want to have a Catholic marriage in the future. Furthermore, the concept of marriage among college students is a sacrament/sacred (62.5 %), covenant and commitment (24.1 %), and ceremonial (12 %). Factors that would lead to failure in marriage are infidelity, financial issues, and lack of communication. However, success in marriage needs to have a God-centered relationship, fidelity to one’s partner, and unconditional love. Likewise, results showed the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) in a Catholic marriage. Thus, recommendations were given to strengthen and sustain positive concepts of courtship, marriage, and family life.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Cultural Studies
Food Insecurity among University Students: Results of a Large Survey at a Public University in Southern New Jersey

Dr. Robert R. Weaver,

Overview: University education becomes more and more necessary for success in an increasingly competitive, knowledge-based economy. While its costs continue to rise, income levels remain flat for most households. Caught between work, debt, and rising expenses, more and more students struggle to afford basic necessities, finding themselves hungry and “food insecure.” This poses another challenge to student success and social mobility. This paper reports the results of a large survey designed to characterize the nature and extent of food insecurity at a public university in Southern New Jersey. The study uses an online survey to explore how parental education, high school previously attended, gender, ethnicity, and race may influence food insecurity. We expect that students from lower SES backgrounds will experience higher levels of food insecurity than their counterparts from higher SES backgrounds. The study also asks open-ended questions to obtain views on various issues related to food insecurity – e.g., the stigma associated with using food pantries, obstacles faced to eating healthy foods, effects of food insecurity on academic performance. The paper will describe the programs and prospects of addressing the problem of hunger on campus, and will improve our understanding of the effects of structural inequalities on student success as explored through the prism of food insecurity.
Theme:Educational Studies
Students’ Perspectives on Radical Ideology in the Islamic Education Department of the Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin, Makassar

Erwin Hafid,

Overview: This study investigates students’ perspectives on radical ideology in the Islamic Education Department at the Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin, Makassar (called UINAM). The research design applied by the researcher was qualitative descriptive. Sources of data in this study were the students of the Islamic Education Department who were active in Islamic organizations such as Wahdah Islamiyah, Hidzbut Tahrir Indonesia, Jama’ Tablig, Ikatan Mahasiswa Muhammadiyah, Pergerakan Mahasiswa Islam Indonesia, and Himpunan Mahasiswa Indonesia. Then, the data collected in this study were qualitative data obtained from the findings of student interviews. The research instrument utilized were unstructured interview guidelines. The findings of this study indicated that radicalism was deemed a very dangerous idea for the unity of Indonesian. This understanding should be avoided, especially in the campus environment, as some events indicated that some students and alumni had been involved in radical actions. It is believed that radicalism is a dangerous thing if left to freely influence the students’ mindsets on doing radical action(s). Further, the data also shown that there were several factors that affected why radical ideology grew up easily in the campus environment, including being a closed-minded student, having uncontrolled extracurricular activities, having lack of nationalism, and having lack of religious understanding.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Social Representations of Climate Change in Spanish University Social Sciences and Humanities Students

Amor Escoz Roldán,

Overview: The present work is an analysis of climate literacy in university students, from eight degrees belonging to the branch of social sciences and humanities, focusing on the theory of social representations. 677 cases belonging to the University of Santiago de Compostela and the University of Granada have been studied through a questionnaire of closed type. This presentation will present the results, which show a medium level with respect to the knowledge that students have about the phenomenon of climate change,
Theme:Environmental Studies
16:15-16:30 Welcome Reception and Poster Session
Room 1 Poster Session: Room 1
Three Years After a Railway Disaster: Are Adults Fine?

Mrs. Danielle Maltais, 
Dr. Melissa Généreux, 
 Mathieu Roy, 
 Eve Pouliot, 
Dr. Christiane Bergeron-Leclerc, 
 Oscar Labra,

Overview: In July 2013, a train derailed in downtown Lac-Mégantic. It was responsible for forty-seven deaths, forty-four buildings destroyed, 2000 evacuees, and a major oil spill. A phone survey was conducted during autumn 2016 among 800 adults to examine the behavioral, psychological, and social impacts of this disaster three year after in regards of intense, moderate, or no exposure. Relationships between exposure intensity and these impacts were examined. A quarter (25 %) experienced intense exposure, 53% moderate exposure, and a quarter no exposure (22%). Higher proportion of high-exposure individual report their health status as either fair or poor, present more symptoms of traumatic stress disorder and symptoms of anxiety and depression. A substantial number of individual’s with high exposure have reported difficulties when managing both the catastrophe and its consequences on their personal, family, or professional lives. A quarter of the individuals who lost loved ones in the tragedy have difficulties in managing their grief.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Consequences of Macrosocial Catastrophes on Social Workers’ Psycho-social Health and Performance at Work: Results from a Recent Multidisciplinary Study

Dra. Danielle Maltais,

Overview: In many countries, social workers play a central role in the support of victims when emergency measures are deployed following a natural or technological disaster, or a disaster caused by human negligence. Their interventions take place not only during the social disturbance period but also at the time of the return to a normal life for victims. Social workers sometimes find themselves coping with different intervention modalities as well as difficult working conditions. When the characteristics of the disasters (nature, suddenness, duration, intensity, etc.) are juxtaposed to the ones of the workers (intervention skills, training received, intrinsic efforts made, etc.) and also of the organizations (expectations towards their employees, organizational support offered to the employees, extrinsic efforts required, etc.), the vulnerability level of social workers is increased due to their exposure to environments hard to manage. This vulnerability experienced by the workers in an emergency period can be reflected through various symptoms such as anxious disorders, PTSD, and exhaustion. This paper discusses the major findings of a recent quantitative and qualitative study for which 291 social workers from Canadian public organisation were recruited to participate. Results highlight the impacts of disaster on social workers’ psychological health taking into account personal, contextual and organizational factors that promote psychological health or facilitate resilience among them.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
The Conservation of Contemporary Works of Art: Paradigmatic Case Studies

Dra María Del Carmen Bellido Márquez,

Overview: The conceptual evolution and the material renovation of contemporary artwork have generated many problems in its conservation. The current law considers the duty of preservation and the right for all citizens to enjoy cultural heritage, as well as the duty of its maintenance by official organizations. The study on the major causes of alteration and the established recommendations for new artwork preservation can be seen in the criteria followed in different examples of contemporary art: the consideration of the possibility to forbid lending of Pablo Picasso’s “Guernica;” the maintenance of Eduardo Chillida’s “The Comb of the Wind” at an exhibition under bad conditions; and the retrieval and exhibition of Richard Serra’s lost piece of artwork, “Equal-Parallel: Guernica-Bengasi.” In conclusion, there are different reasons why those who are restaurateurs and curators have needed to extend their classical working criteria, namely the wide diversity of the constitutive material of contemporary artwork, the difficulty to predict its durability and the concepts of reduced durability. Thus, every particular case has to be studied with the artists very closely and many choices need to be made.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Mediating Role of Work Engagement: The Bullying and Turnover Intention Link in the Workplace

Dr. Melinde Coetzee, Professor, Industrial and Organisational Psychology, University of South Africa, Pretoria, GAUTENG, South Africa
Dr. Jeannette van Dyk, Psychologist , Organisational, Jeannette van Dyk

Overview: Employees’ turnover intentions may entail expensive consequences for companies. Although the links between workplace bullying and turnover intention, and work engagement and turnover intention are empirically well established, little is known about the link between work engagement and workplace bullying, including the mediating role of work engagement in the bullying – turnover intention link. Using a cross-sectional convenience sample of 373 employees in South African organisations, structural equation modeling and mediation analysis showed that perceptions of work- and person-related bullying were linked to low levels of vigour and dedication, which in turn were positively associated with high turnover intention. Work engagement partially mediated the effect of high workplace bullying on high turnover intention. The findings added important new insights to the engagement and retention literature by providing empirical evidence that alludes to the importance of enhancing employees’ vigour and dedication in order to buffer the negative effect of bullying on employees’ turnover intention. The findings extend the retention literature and are important for talent retention and business performance strategies in the current turbulent business climate.
Theme:Organizational Studies
How Can Cities Contribute to a More Satisfying Everyday Life for Their Senior Citizens?

Slavomir Ondos, 
Dr. Alena Rochovska,

Overview: Cities change during a lifetime of their citizens and so do specific needs and requirements of their inhabitants. The social and demographic shifts experienced along the aging trajectory strongly modify functional patterns, a code of everyday operation enabled by public infrastructure and market. Urban communities tend to be highly mixed in age terms, continuously reinvented as incoming households join and later replace previous generations only to experience the same later in life. Cities face a crucial design challenge if they want to contribute to a more satisfying everyday life for their senior citizens, at the same time as they must provide satisfying service also to their active and highly mobile population. Our study is based on a survey conducted among the inhabitants and visitors of a typical Central European high-density neighbourhood in downtown Bratislava, Slovakia, where senior communities and gentrifiers slowly create a unique inter-generation setting, often beyond bare co-existence.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Being Solitary and Being Senior: Lives of the Elderly in Urban and Rural Areas in Slovakia

Marcela Kacerova, 
 Lubica Volanska,

Overview: Economical and social independence in the group of aged sixty-five plus are definitely some of the significant tokens of active and healthy aging. Especially economic independence is desirable in the societies of transitive economic systems and freedom in financial decisions is highly valued even among retired individuals. On the other hand, such independence in many cases indicates solitude. This is the stage of life where feelings of loneliness are more sensitive and connected with departure of spouses. We attempt to approach and analyze such households with individuals over sixty-fiev. There might be structural differences between individuals living in rural areas with presumed higher possibilities of social networks and individuals living in cities, where the large panel houses´ neighborhoods might be more hostile toward especially psychologically healthy ageing. We try to compare solitary individuals in these landscapes comparing possible geographically distinct characteristics.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Bilingual Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review of Socio-linguistic Development

Marie Sanford, Clinical Associate Professor, Speech-Language Pathology, Ithaca College

Overview: This poster reviews the interface of bilingualism and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) relative to their combined effects on socio-linguistic development. Because children with ASD often require numerous opportunities for social connections, communicating in their parents’ language promotes socio-linguistic growth. Research findings that corroborate such revisions are presented. Substantial evidence exists to support the claim that bilingualism can provide the same, and often better, results for social and cognitive skills throughout the lifespan (Ristow, 2015; Valiventi-McDermott et. al, 2013). Not only do bilingual and monolingual speakers have similar scores in vocabulary, expression, and communication, but bilingual speakers have an advantage in verb association (Sheng et. al, 2006). Additionally, early-onset bilingualism before the age of six typically results in bilateral hemispheric brain involvement in linguistic processing, whereas monolingual processing is typically dominant in only the left hemisphere (Hull et. al, 2007). A defining aspect of ASD is difficulty in making social connections, yet language is viewed as one of the most effective way to make social connections. If a bicultural and/or bilingual family attempts to speak only English to the child on the autism spectrum, much of the linguistic meaning may be lost in translation. This practice potentially reduces the child's social skills instead of enhancing them. This poster addresses the potential impact of socio-linguistic development on bilingual children with ASD.
Theme:Educational Studies
Reflection Strategies for Youth Offenders with Social Communication Disorders

Kathleen Greenan, 
 Marie Sanford, Clinical Associate Professor, Speech-Language Pathology, Ithaca College

Overview: Although youth offenders include a relatively small portion of adolescents with communication disorders, this population has a disproportionately high rate of social disadvantage. A comprehensive review of evidence exists that identifies youth offenders as having compromised social language skills. The multifactorial and interconnected links between communication and social competence suggest that pathways play a critical role in comorbidity between language and behavior difficulties. Understanding the nature of an individual’s approach to succeeding in social learning has become critical in today’s volatile world. Unfortunately, intervention methods stressing appropriate communicative engagement seem lacking. This poster offers evidence of successful social reflection strategies for improving social communication skills. This poster highlights improvements in social-conversational discourse presented in a case review format and indicates a positive correlation to measured progress with generalization to other communication partners. Elements of teaching and learning about the social world of youth offenders are presented.
Theme:Educational Studies

Jul 26, 2018
08:00-09:00 Conference Registration Desk Open
09:00-09:15 Daily Update
09:15-09:45 Plenary Session

María Francisca Carazo Villalonga, Vice President “Albaycín Foundation”, Granada, Spain
09:45-10:15 Garden Conversation
Room 1 Building Cultures
Learning Democracy: Values and Attitudes in South Africa's First Post-apartheid Generation

Prof. Robert Mattes, 
Prof. David Denemark, 
Prof Richard Niemi,

Overview: Using an original 2012 survey of eleventh grade students in metropolitan Cape Town, South Africa – the first generation to complete their education in post-apartheid schools – we explore why students in this new democracy are less supportive of democratic governance than older generations. South Africa’s students are the product of a reformed school curriculum largely which emphasizes the importance of the methods by which schools and teachers train students in democracy more than what they actually teach. Our study, however, shows that the most important cause for students’ low levels of support for democracy is the failure of schools to impart basic facts about South African politics and an appreciation of the role of active, critical, and peaceful participation by citizens. We argue schools can best help to build a democratic culture if they concentrate not on revamping teaching methods and styles, but on teaching students basic factual content about politics, democracy, and citizenship.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Creating National Citizens in Paraguay: Comparing Primary School Textbooks, 1989-2015

Carolina Alegre Benítez, Doctoranda, Didáctica de las Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Granada, Spain
Dr. Oswaldo Lorenzo-Quiles, Vicedean of Research, International Projects and Transference, Education and Humanities of Melilla, Unniversity of Granada, Melilla, Melilla, Spain
Dr. Marisa del Socorro Zaldívar Acosta,

Overview: This paper examines the construction of the Paraguayan national identity from the historiographical chronicle of the Paraguayan War (1864-1870) present in a sample of school textbooks published between 1989 and 2015. Specifically, two objectives are established in the study. First, I explore how the school helps secure historic speech settings citizenship in national key. Secondly, the study reveals the tensions caused between a teaching of the romantic story linked to training project Paraguayan nation-state and history teaching conceived beyond national identity ascriptions and articulated around the other conflicts inherent in the current processes of globalization in the region.
Theme:Educational Studies
Fostering a Culture of Democracy through Literature: Educating on Democracy at European Schools

Dr. Antonio Garces, 
Dr. Ólfur Páll Jónsson,

Overview: The paper is located within the long tradition of European democratic education and education for democratic citizenship. This paper supplements the project Competences for Democratic Culture by the Council of Europe (2016) by exploring ways to engage students to develop democratic competences through literature. The primary aim is to draw instructive insights from fictional life narratives, insights that prompt students to consider and evaluate an individual’s motivations, aspirations, and choices in terms of a culture of democracy. Fictional characters’ struggles are of interest to students as they set a course for their own life journey, make their own choices, and in doing so, give consideration to the kind of person they would like to become. My purpose has been simply to show how a focused approach to ethical inquiry in the literature classroom can awaken and educate students’ democratic moral imaginations. It sets clear task examples to offer guidance to teachers and students. The paper is introduced by a brief but clarifying theoretical support. It provides a method, a set of lenses and questions, that respects the integrity of a story, embraces the complexity of a fictional character’s character culture growth, and responds to the developmental readiness of the adolescent reader.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 2 Leading Leaders
Relationship between Teachers’ Organizational Commitment and Principal's Leadership Style in Alternative Arab High Schools in Israel

Prof. Ismael Abu-Saad, Professor, Education, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
 Amer Haj,

Overview: Alternative schools are selective in their nature and designed to provide "better" education than the public schools, with annual tuition for student attendance supplementing the public education funding. In order to fulfill their potential, however, alternative schools must also have effective leadership and high teacher commitment. This study examines the relationships between leadership styles (LS) and teachers’ organizational commitment (TOC) in alternative Arab high schools in northern Israel. The sample included 307 teachers. Data were collected using the Multi-Factor Leadership and Teachers’ Organizational Commitment questionnaires. Factor analysis was used to identify LS and TOC dimensions. Relationships between TOC and LS dimensions were tested using multiple regression models. Factor analysis identified two TOC dimensions (affective commitment and continuous commitment) and two LS dimensions (transformational leadership and transactional leadership). Teachers' affective commitment was significantly related to transformational leadership style (β=0.28, P<0.001), and negatively related to transactional leadership (β=-0.33, P<0.001). Teachers' continuous commitment was positively related to transactional leadership style (β=0.19, P<0.001). The findings suggest that a combination of transformational and transactional principal leadership may improve teachers’ commitment in alternative Arab schools in Israel.
Theme:Organizational Studies, Educational Studies
Formative Assessment Strategies for Leaders

Dr. John B. Bond,

Overview: Formative assessment is broadly applied in the classroom to provide both students and teachers in-the-moment feedback on progress. Similar strategies can be applied by principals and other school leaders to assess the understanding, opinions, and reactions of those they lead. In this paper several formative assessment strategies will be shared that can easily be implemented during staff meetings or other gatherings of work groups. In addition to raising the level of engagement, such formative techniques also model an open and inviting leadership style. It is an approach that enhances both collaboration and trust between a leader and a staff.
Theme:Educational Studies
Exploring Positive Leadership as a Catalyst for Flourishing in Schools

Dr. Benjamin Kutsyuruba, Associate Professor, Faculty of Education, Queen's University

Overview: Sustaining and fostering well-being has garnered attention in numerous organizational contexts with surprisingly minimal focus in educational settings. Our examination of flourishing in Canadian schools highlighted the need for deliberate focus on the role of school principals’ positive leadership and its effect on thriving and well-being of others in schools. This research utilized appreciative case studies where we engaged with seven principals in focus group conversations designed to examine what it means to them to flourish in their work. Data were gathered through these open-ended, appreciative, focus-group conversations and researcher observations in the participants’ schools. Collected data were analyzed using an iterative process of coding, categorizing, and abstracting data. Several findings emerged from the analysis: a) school principal are instrumental in creating conditions where teachers experience a sense of thriving; b) despite this important role, principals do not necessarily have the time and opportunity to focus on teacher wellbeing in impactful ways; and c) principals’ sense of wellbeing and flourishing were related to wellbeing of teachers and students, indicating a relational imperative of wellbeing in education. Results of our study: a) establish a positive perspective on research of leadership in school organizations; yielding new knowledge about organizational climates and cultures for flourishing in learning communities; b) provide new insights and applications of flourishing intelligences that have been developed in partnership with participants; c) provide an empirical framework for the development of new tools aimed at fostering, assessing and sustaining flourishing leadership in schools.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 3 Linking Past, Present, and, Future
The Dream Quest of Authentic Urbanism

Scott Sworts, Post-graduate Programme Lead, School of Architecture, Oxford-Brookes University, Oxford, United Kingdom

Overview: The core proposition of New Urbanism is one of the ultimate expressions of nostalgia, and embodies the reality of an imagined past that is damaging the neighborhoods of today. When we allow nostalgia to become the primary focus of urban design, we substitute it for the potential to create the authentic. This is because nostalgia is the idea that "the past is better than the present and definitely better than the future; our best days are behind us; and if we want to have a glorious future, we have to recreate that great past." In the nostalgia contrivance, there is no way that the future can be bright unless it is a reboot of the “Golden Age.” Except that “Golden Age” never really existed. When applied to urban planning it becomes nostalgic environmental determinism, with the core idea being that if you revert to the forms of the the past, you will be able to solve a host of modern problems. This misguided strategy ignores the realities of modern aspirations and ever-changing patterns of life. This paper will explore the possibilities for an urban development that is responsive to current societal needs while embedding the necessary flexibility to allow those neighborhoods and cities to respond to future development.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Complementarity Analysis Between the Knowledge Discovery Process and the International Relations Theories of Neofunctionalism and Complex Interdependence

Juliana Alvarenga, Advisor, Corporate Diplomacy Services, Aldeota Global

Overview: This introductory investigation seeks to explain how the theoretical narratives of Neofunctionalism and Complex Interdependence combined with the emerging technological methods of Knowledge Discovery Process is giving rise to a new institutional model for global governance. Neofunctionalism is contributing to the structuring of these new institutions by asserting that the formation of networks of Epistemic Communities – highly specialized individuals who can influence policy and decision making in institutions – is becoming a new form of defining collective interests through a mode of knowledge validation that is turning from an Institutional process of change called Adaptation to a process of change called Learning. In turn, the theoretical constructions of Complex Interdependence is paving the way for the recognition of a transition of power in the International System. In past centuries, States were the legit actors defending the interests of each society, whereas, with the emergence of international institutions, other actors are gaining equal importance. This process is largely due to technological advancements, which are flattening decision-making structures.
Theme:Global Studies
Room 4 New Approaches to Social Science
Applied Social Sciences: A Canadian Case of Research in Action at the Doctoral Level

Dr. Hassan Wafai, Victoria, BC, Canada
Dr. Mary Bernard, Professor, College of Interdisciplinary Studies, Royal Roads university, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

Overview: In Canada, not unlike many other countries, most conventional university doctoral programs do not adequately prepare graduates for employment outside of academia, and yet the reality is that eighty percent of graduates will gain employment in the private and public sectors, outside of universities. In our particularly turbulent times of global and local dichotomies, market requirements require, more than ever, problem solving applied research skills from an interdisciplinary perspective. The Canadian Association for Graduate Studies has made innovation in doctoral programming a priority at its annual conference in each of the past three years. This paper will focus on the Canadian experience with particular attention to the development of new Doctor of Business Administration at Royal Roads University. Methods include a review of the literature on innovation in doctoral education, an analysis of existing evaluations of the Doctor of Social Sciences program at RRU using similar principles to the DBA, and preliminary analysis of initial BC university, government and private sector feedback on the DBA proposal. The implications of the work are to provide an analysis of a research-based doctoral program oriented to applied, interdisciplinary, business management research and to explore how students can independently develop original, impactful interdisciplinary applied research on the practice of management.
Theme:Educational Studies
Law and Other Sciences: What Is the Contemporary Status of Law Science?

Dr. Dovile Valanciene, researcher,  Institute of Sports Science and Innovations,, Lithuanian Sports University

Overview: Interdisciplinarity is a very important feature of the new science. In this stage it is useful to examine the extent to which the sciences/fields (areas) (web of science categories) and law science are engaged in integration and dialogue, by examining the frequency and the ways in which our selected concept „legal“ is used in the most representative selected scientific database (we chose a representative database of research articles—Thomson Reuters (ISI) Web of Science), and consider how that concept is used (the context of the concept). The aim of this research: after a review of the most fundamental features of the new interdisciplinary science and its impact in encouraging sciences to seek dialogue, this article examines the connections and integrations law science and other sciences/fields (areas) and to answer the question what is the contemporary status of law science. The research methodology is a systematic and logical analysis of new science in terms of its most common features and approach to interdisciplinarity, as well as an empirical analysis of the content and the quantity of the studies. The main finding: it is high time to change the approach to science itself. Legal science should become increasingly open to cognition, innovation, and changes. Our research shows that legal science dialogue is growing with other sciences (e. g., from economics to literature and neurosciences). This research is funded by the European Social Fund under the No 09.3.3-LMT-K-712 “Development of Competences of Scientists, other Researchers and Students through Practical Research Activities” measure.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Naturalist Realism and Social Science: Moving beyond the Local-Global Tension in Science

David Maree, Professor, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa

Overview: Two prominent epistemological approaches in social science are positivism and social constructionism. Social constructionism symbolizes the primacy of the social against the individualist hegemony of an objectivist and universalist science steeped in empiricism. Apparently, the constructionist epistemological interests are local and fundamentally opposes positivism's global tendencies. This paper argues that both approaches are mistaken and would not be able to solve local-global polarities and aspirations. After a brief critical look at the critical realism of Bhaskar who strived to move beyond this dualism with an explicit naturalist ontology, this paper proposes a naturalist realist ontology and epistemology. Naturalist realism provides the proper grounding for a theory of science for social science (and psychology) by clarifying what science is, what social and psychological reality involves, and how epistemic access is facilitated. In essence, the basis of a naturalist realism is critical difference, ontologically grounded and the paper indicates how this understanding allows a movement beyond the local-global tendencies of positivism and constructionism.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 5 At Your Service
The Relationship between Government and Civil Society Organizations: "Nobody Gives You Power; You Just Take It"

Tihomira Trifonova, Teacher, Philosophy, Sofia University, Sofia, Bulgaria

Overview: The place and role of civil society has been the topic of a heated debate in many arenas, with priority on the academic and political. It is regarded as important for a variety of reasons, among them its impact on “social capital,” its role in public service delivery, and its political role. The functions of the civil society, such as articulating citizens’ interests and demands, defending their rights, and meeting their needs are deemed to be central to democratic accountability. In performing these functions, the civil society organisations (CSO) enter into several types of relationships with the governing authorities (Najam, 2000) and allegedly transform the power relations. This paper examines those relationships from a number of perspectives in an attempt to apprehend their nature, including what power is involved, how it influences the other side in the relationship, which relationships are productive, and what drivers they create. It analyses the changing forms and spaces of power through institutional arrangements and street-level strategies, with a focus specifically on the dimensions of public service delivery and political work, and investigates what is behind claims of increasing marketisation, managerialism, de-politicization, and convenience interactions. The conclusions are based on research and observations of national and various European CSOs, a qualitative dataset from interviews, and a structured questionnaire data. The analytical framework departs from strategic institutional interests, dwells upon whether reality gets strained by rhetoric and discusses the strength of identified explanatory factors.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
The Demise of Accountability in Public Services: The Hidden Scourge of Sepsis

Dr. Paul Stepney, Research Fellow; Adj Professor, Research Collegium 2012-2013; Dept of Social Work , University of Tampere

Overview: Sepsis will be used as a focus to examine the demise of accountability in public services. Accountability is a contested concept and sepsis demonstrates what happens when accountability is eroded. Accountability is a slippery and contested concept in social policy, consequently, theoretical insights from Foucault and Habermas will help inform the debate. On 15 January 2013 my good friend and former colleague, Peter Henriques, died of Sepsis. Peter was a fit, healthy fifty-two-year-old man who was at the peak of his academic and professional career. Up until that sad day I had barely heard of sepsis and knew very little about it. However, when I began to research the condition I was shocked to discover that sepsis is responsible for more than 250,000 deaths every year in the United States and 44,000 deaths each year in Britain. Approximately 50% of deaths are due to late diagnosis and inadequate treatment by medical practitioners, thus preventable. During the past ten years the problem has been brought to the attention of doctors, policy makers, and managers (www.rorystauntonfoundation.com), so why has so little seemingly been done at a national level? The logical question that must be asked is who is responsible for not responding to this hidden sepsis challenge? The sepsis debate is intended to demonstrate what is at stake when accountability is eroded and what might be done about it.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Examining Disparities in the Salaries of Hospital Chief Executive Officers in the United States

Dr. Lesley Clack, 
Dr. Rachel Ellison, Assistant Professor, Program Coordinator Health Services Administration , Allied Health, University of Louisiana at Lafayette

Overview: This study explores disparities among salaries of hospital CEOs in the United States. A common belief in hospital management is that male, Caucasian CEOs make significantly larger salaries than females and other races. Analysis of salary data was conducted utilizing online hospital salary databases. Demographic data were also collected. Results confirm that disparities do exist across the spectrum. The implications of this study are significant for the field of healthcare management as disparities can affect both social dynamics and organizational culture. Understanding where disparities lie is the first step towards bridging the gap and reducing barriers for cultural diversity within healthcare management.
Theme:Organizational Studies
Room 6 Seeing Ourselves
Lili Kastiher: Writing in Auschwitz as a Metaphysical Revenge

Dr. Lily Zamir,

Overview: Lili Kasticher wrote at the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp from April to November 1944. The possession of a piece of paper or a pencil stub was absolutely forbidden in Bireknau. Anyone caught with such contraband was immediately sentenced to death. Consequently, inmates at Auschwitz produced virtually no written material, with rare exceptions, such as the "Sonderkommandos," who documented everyday life at the camp, in the hope that someone would find them after the war, as indeed occurred. Jewish inmates were ordered by the Germans to write postcards to their relatives, describing the "decent" living conditions prevailing in their "new place." No women are known to have written at Birkenau except for Lili Kasticher, who risked her life by stealing pieces of paper and pencil stubs to write poetry. She encouraged her friends to do the same by offering them a prize, a portion of her daily rations. Lili also wrote a political-social manifesto entitled "Rules of Behavior," intended as a guide to survival for herself and her blockmates, understanding the power of these writings as a means of rebellion and metaphysical revenge. The notes she wrote were concealed on her body until her liberation in spring 1945.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Professional Identity of Seafarers: The Balance of Substantive and Situational Selves and the Interplay with Imposter Syndrome

Dr. Carina Buckley, Southampton, United Kingdom
Dr. Mark Bee,

Overview: The concept of professional identity, while complex, provides a framework for professionals to construct their own ideas of how to be, how to act, and how to understand their work and place in society, through the interplay of their substantive and situational selves. This research explores how seafarers express and negotiate their professional identity within both a professional community and a hierarchical organisational culture. Although much work has been done on the role of communities of practice and professional identity in education and medicine, little has been applied to the maritime industry. A local exploratory case study approach, using interpretive inquiry, was adopted to develop understanding of this socio-cultural phenomenon. Data were analysed using an inductive, thematic approach. Of particular note to this study was the interaction of imposter syndrome and professional identity, and the implications for professional development. As a result of this study, a theoretical model was constructed to develop an advanced understanding of the concordance between role and self. Despite being a small scale study, the model has resonance and transferability to similar groups as they negotiate their professional identity in changing and demanding roles.
Theme:Organizational Studies
Is it Just Style? Freestyle Skiing and Snowboarding as Socio-technical Networks

Dr. María-Victoria Pérez-y-Pérez,

Overview: In professional sport, equipment, technologies and other non-humans or ‘technical actants’ alongside humans or ‘social actants’ are critical in defining, assessing and achieving elite performance. Although non-humans are always central to the creation of action, their importance has often been neglected in sociology for a focus on the relationships between humans such as athletes, coaches and judges. An Actor-Network Theory (ANT) framework recognizes the ‘social’ as mediated by non-human actants – a way to trace the unexpected forms of power. Drawing on findings from an ANT-inspired ethnographic study of professional freestyle ski and snowboarding (FSS) park and pipe, I provide a way to understand how non-humans can have agency and affect sports performance, proposing that power is shared among both human and non-human actants, reversing the standard sociological conception of agency. For example, this study shows how the FSS athlete’s ability to raise amplitude or increase trick difficulty is made up of the assemblage of human and non-human actants. Importantly, it is the size, shape and scope of this assemblage that will determine what is produced; that different kinds of assemblages will produce different kinds of effects; that assemblages are individualized rather than universal and therefore highly unstable. Thus, the work traces the constant care to achieve stability within the FSS athlete assemblage to provide insights into how professional FSS is evolving.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 7 Healthcare for All
Evaluating Healthcare Providers' Perception of the Value of Digital Technology in Supporting Healthcare Practices and Patient Wellness: Technology and Healthcare Delivery

Dr. Sharon Laing, Assistant Professor, Nursing and Healthcare Leadership Program, University of Washington Tacoma, Tacoma, Washington, United States

Overview: This study obtains healthcare providers perspectives on the role of digital technology in promoting health for low-resource patients. A focus group (fourteen providers) and key informant interviews (three providers) lasting sixty minutes were conducted. Respondents were medical doctors, behavioral health specialists, medical assistants, and nurse practitioners. The study questions the role of wearable devices in supporting health, the perceived barriers to incorporating patient health information from mobile devices into workflow, and the identification of information to support working with digitally-savvy patients. Responses were tape-recorded and later transcribed, data were analyzed for common themes, and respondents were offered $75 for participation. Healthcare providers (HCP) see benefits of mobile technology to promote patients’ health. They identify health status tracking capacity (depression, anxiety, blood pressure, and blood glucose) to be potentially valuable in advancing work with patients. Though interested in incorporating digital health data into healthcare practices, perceived barriers include added work load, and not knowing how to integrate new information into existing work systems. To effectively work with digitally-aware patients, HCP would benefit from information that helps to identify patients likely to use mobile technology, and information identifying evidence-based mobile devices, so that they can confidently recommend the devices to patients.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Exploring the Lifestyle Management of Type 2 Diabetes Among African Immigrants Living in the United Kingdom

Folashade Alloh, 
Prof. Ann Hemingway, 
Dr. Angela Turner-Wilson,

Overview: African immigrants have been reported to have higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes than the general population in the UK. This is in addition to the poorer health outcome presented by this population. This calls for the need to explore the management of diabetes among this population, this is to help identify better management regime for this group. A qualitative methodology was adopted with specific focus on the use of constructivist grounded theory to provide theoretical explanation for the management process of diabetes. Twenty-five, semi-structured interviews were conducted among West African immigrants living with type 2 diabetes in London. Audio recordings were transcribed and analysed according to grounded theory methodology to generate the theoretical explanation for the management process. This study found important lifestyle influence on the management process of diabetes among this population while using the information to provide theoretical explanation for management of type 2 diabetes. The findings from this study highlights the need to consider the cultural and lived experiences before migration influence on type 2 diabetes management by healthcare practitioners during management recommendations for this group. This will help achieve better management regime which will greatly impact on the health outcome among this population group.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Factors Conducive to Mutual Aid among Young People with Chronic Illness

Dr. Steven Sek-yum Ngai, Professor, Department of Social Work, The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Overview: Encouragement of youth mutual aid is growing in momentum with the shift to a strengths approach to youth work that emphasizes building on service users’ strengths and resources. Mutual aid is regarded as particularly useful in helping young people with chronic illness because the provision of professional youth services is usually short-lived due to budget constraints. Given this consideration, this paper provides empirical data about factors conducive to mutual aid and rehabilitation of young people. Based on information from a survey of 400 young people with chronic illness, it shows how youth work facilitates mutual aid among the aforementioned youth population in maintaining balanced coordination, empowerment, altruism, continuity, and sustainability. It also clarifies issues and doubts about the effectiveness and feasibility of youth mutual aid in view of evidence that adult input is required, and that young people are not capable enough of helping themselves. Because young people’s peer grouping tends to aggravate problems through learning of problematic attitudes and behavior and the diffusion of positive responsibility, youth work input is necessary to negate undesirable influences arising from the peer group. Specifically, it is important to prevent youth with chronic illness from forming self-defeating or self-injuring groupings by promoting socially desirable social capital in mutual aid youth groups.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 8 Media Connections
Perceptions of Distant Lands: An Analysis of Spanish Online News About Thailand

Chadchavan Sritong, Spanish Lecturer, Western Languages Department, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Khon Kaen, Khon Kaen, Thailand

Overview: Online news plays an important role in our modern international society. People from different countries effortlessly access other countries' movements by reading online news, including two far away countries like Spain and Thailand, whose citizens know little about each other. This study aimed to discover and discuss how Spanish people perceive Thailand through Spanish online news about Thailand. Various types of news were collected from six online news agencies that published news about Thailand in 2017. The data collection was done online using a main keyword “Noticia(s) de Tailandia 2017” (Thailand news 2017, in English translation) for searching. The findings show that the six news agencies published ninety-six articles about Thailand in 2017, which were classified into six types: forty-two political news, thirteen crime news, five accident news, four sport news, three natural disaster news and twenty-eight general news. These ninety-six new stories revealed that those agencies mainly transmitted controversial political issues in Thailand to their compatriots, which is the biggest interest of Spanish-speakers toward Thailand. This may be due to having the similar political historical backgrounds including military dictatorship as well as being constitutional monarchy countries. Whereas, others types of news shared only a small aspects in Spanish news websites.
Theme:Cultural Studies
The Connection between Taiwan’s New Immigrants’ Impressions towards Immigrant TV Programs and their Identity Construction

Pei Tsai, Associate Professor, Department of Radio, Television and Film, Shih Hsin University in Taiwan

Overview: The study is based on interviews with 400 of Taiwan’s new immigrants from Southeast Asia and China-Hong Kong-Macao areas. Findings indicate that new immigrants have low satisfaction rate towards current TV programs for new immigrants/ immigrant workers in Taiwan. In follow-up focus group discussion, new immigrants found TV representations of new immigrants too monolithic, mostly successful stories of new immigrants running restaurants, thus creating a stereotype that new immigrants are only good at cooking. Alternatively, negative immigrant experiences such as divorce or domestic violence could also be presented, as well as information of social and legal assistance for new immigrants. TV programs should include success stories in which immigrants have integrated with local culture. They can also encourage people to treat new immigrants better by inviting families to talk about their experiences. It should be clear that new immigrants are indeed helpful to Taiwanese society in many ways. Presenting current developments of immigrants’ home countries and avoiding stereotypical images is also recommended. Taiwanese audience can also watch these programs learn more about the immigrants’ mother countries. Broadcasting a range of positive immigrant stories may improve understanding, pride, and success.
11:30-11:40 Transition Break
Room 1 Focused Discussions: Room 1
Psychology of Political Communication in Social Media: Using Social Media to be Global and Autonomous

Chandra Kaye Massner, 
Dr. Le Anne Epling, Pikeville, Kentucky, United States
 Rachel Little, 
Dr. Nancy Cade,

Overview: This discussion will focus on an interdisciplinary project of political science, psychology, and communication that examines the intersection of how social media are used to communicate political views and messages. Social media provide an opportunity for users to become increasingly globally minded; however, the reality is that users become ever more narrowed in their issues and spheres of interest. This paper examines reinforcement theory, selective exposure, and self-determination theory in how political messages are shared and liked on social media. Social media users were surveyed to determine their political affiliation and social media involvement. Participants also completed a basic psychological needs scale. Results showed that participants with higher levels of autonomy more frequently shared like-minded political content. While social media create a global community, social media users tend to like and share content that is highly selected and localized to their concerns and interests.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Civic and Political Studies, Communication
Impact of Workplace Learning on Individual and Organizational Performance: A Critical Review

Karen Cacciattolo, HR Manager, Office for Human Resources, University of Malta

Overview: This work illustrates the definition and meaning of learning and workplace learning, in which the theory of Lave and Wenger (1991) is analysed, including the strengths and limitations of the concepts of "communities of practice" and "legitimate peripheral participation." The notion of apprenticeships is also tackled. The work also tackles the meaning of performance and its importance in relation to work and learning. Several research examples are introduced regarding the concept of workplace learning and its effect on the individual and organisational performance. Issues that include positive and negative effects are also discussed. The importance of learning by experience and informal learning is highlighted and issues of power and politics emerge throughout the analyses presented in this piece of work.
Theme:Organizational Studies, Educational Studies
Mothers Make Contemporary Art

Prof. Susan Hogan,

Overview: Our overarching questions are concerned to explore what role arts engagement might have to play in antenatal and postnatal provision, especially where post-birth trauma is being translated into bodily symptoms. "The Birth Project" is also interested in exploring to what extent clinically-related birth practices are implicated in iatrogenic outcomes and post-natal distress. Furthermore, we are also concerned to investigate what is distinctive about an arts-based approach in terms of expressing narratives about the transition to motherhood. Several sets of workshops have been run to-date for "The Birth Project." A participatory arts group, "Mothers Make Art," has been facilitated by the artist Lisa Watts. Watts has a distinctive art practice called "Live Art," described by Gorman as "an art practice that presents the living body to encourage a self-reflective exploration of subjectivity, art and knowledge production" (2014 p.6). One aspect of this way of working is that it "engages with how the audience experiences the performing body’s interaction with objects and materials" (Watts 2010 p.2). "Mothers Make Art," asks questions in two ways: what are the effects of participation in workshops for the makers of the art and then what are the effects on others who experience the art that is produced as viewers. The "Mothers Make Art" group comprised eight women who live in a city in the north of England. They self-selected to participate in a series of twelve workshops. Some of the women were trained in the arts, some not, but all had an interest in visual arts, and an openness to learn and to make. The brief was to use a participatory framework to enable the women to explore any topics they wished with respect to the birth experience and motherhood. In "Mothers Make Art" structured techniques were used to enable the participants to explore the nature of meaning making and to construct and deconstruct works (physically and metaphorically). An important method employed was the use of everyday objects, (ornaments, clothing, mothering paraphernalia, toys), to help to create stories. There was also an opportunity to be meditative with everyday objects (cling-film, tin-foil, kitchen paper). Rather than making a representation or literal object referring to their birth or mothering, the women focused on the formal aesthetic qualities of the materials. This way of working explores objects with a focus on their material capabilities, rather than having a predetermined vision of where the art making might lead. This not only provided a self-reflective space, but functioned to give the women the skills and confidence to manipulate materials to be able to create their own original art piece at the end of the series. The art works were varied; one women pegged up her boys clothes from the tiny newborn garments to the larger ones representing fads and crazes. She acknowledged the preciousness of each stage with an acute awareness of the fleeting nature of the experience, a heightened awareness of temporality, with poems and a monologue. Another of the installation pieces explored the maker’s sense of stability, with a series of finely balanced and delicately poised fragile mixed-media pieces, comprising living plant bulbs, glass, and plastic containers, wire and wood and other materials. Rachel, a medical consultant, spoke of valuing the time and space to make art work. She said that the work was about seeking equilibrium between the domestic, professional and personal realms of her life, as well as exploring notions of what it is to be a good mother. She invited the group to say what her piece evoked: precariousness, balance, complexity, giving the bulbs space to grow, were a few of the reactions.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 6 Virtual Lightning Talks: Room 6
Treatment of Equine Flesh Wounds in the Roman Army: Roman Military Medicine

Prof. Valentine J. Belfiglio,

Overview: The Roman Veterinary Corps was a Roman innovation that facilitated the success of the cavalry in battle. A Veterinarius Medicicus (Veterinary Corps officer) and his staff treated battle wounds inflicted on horses by spears, swords, arrows and other weapons used in antiquity Roman veterinarians treated equine flesh wounds by irrigation, antiseptics, herbal drugs, surgery, and the use of bandages and moisturizing dressings. Under the principles of immediacy and expectancy, the Roman veterinary staff salvaged and returned to duty as many horses as possible. This early treatment acted as a force multiplier to help the Romans to achieve success in battle.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Understanding the Success of Gender and Development Programs: How Motivations and Resources Shape the Autonomy of Countrywomen in Chile

Gloria Miryam Mora Guerrero, 
 Juan Carlos Peña Axt, 
 María Cecilia Fernández Darraz,

Overview: Although the governments of third-world countries have promoted programs aimed at helping countrywomen to overcome their poverty and subordinate situation, there are no conclusive studies regarding the effects of these programs on the women’s lives. This research explores whether participants in these programs develop motivations and have access to resources that increase their chance of changing the unfair conditions which they face in their personal, family, and community lives. Based on constructive grounded theory, the study was performed with twenty-seven users of the Programa de Formación y Capacitación para Mujeres Campesinas (Education and Training Program for the Countrywomen) of southern Chile. The findings show a motivational development process that, while conditioned by available resources, guides women towards the search for personal, family, and social autonomy.
Theme:Global Studies
Spanish Education TEFL Policies at Preschools : A Comparison of Monolingual and Bilingual Regions

Dr Beatriz Cortina-Pérez,

Overview: Being plurilingual has become one of the major goals in today’s Europe, not only with the purpose of facilitating the entrance to and the mobility within the European labour market, but also to protect and promote linguistic diversity. Within these measures, the EU has promoted the early development of foreign languages. In Spain, being a diverse cultural and linguistic territory, education administration is overseen by regional governments; thus, this early introduction is viewed and managed differently depending on each region. This study reviews the degree of introduction of the foreign language in preschools (3-6 years old) into the educational system of monolingual (n=13) versus bilingual autonomous regions (n=6). To this end, a documentary analysis of a total of 89 official legislative texts and 19 web pages was conducted as well as nineteen semi-structured interviews with experts from different regions based on four variables: multilingual plans, time regulation, teacher training and requirements, and finally, methodological guidelines and specific resources.
Theme:Educational Studies
"Endurance Work": Embodiment and Endurance in the Physical Culture of High-altitude Mountaineering

Dr. Jacquelyn Allen-Collinson, Professor , School of Sport & Exercise Science, University of Lincoln
Dr. Lee Crust, 
Dr. Christian Swann,

Overview: The 2015 Nepal earthquake and avalanche on Mount Everest generated one of the deadliest mountaineering disasters in modern times, bringing to media attention the physical-cultural world of high-altitude climbing. Contributing to the current sociological concern with embodiment, in this paper, we investigate the lived experience and social "production" of endurance in this sociologically interesting physical-cultural world. Via a phenomenological-sociological framework, we analyse endurance as cognitively, corporeally, and interactionally lived and communicated, in the form of "endurance work." Data emanate from in-depth interviews with nineteen high-altitude mountaineers, ten of whom experienced the 2015 avalanche. The paper responds to the call to address an important lacuna identified in sociological work: the need to investigate the embodied importance of cognition in the incorporation of culture. The concept of endurance work provides a powerful exemplar of this cognitive-corporeal nexus at work as a physical-culturally shaped, embodied practice and mode-of-thinking in the social world of high-altitude climbing.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Linking University Student and Professor Performance: Assessing Bilingual Implementation through Action Research

Dr. Mary Griffith,

Overview: This study deals with the professional development of content and language integrated learning (CLIL) and the specific implications for professors at the university level. Some universities find themselves in what Donald Schön calls a “squeeze-play”: An educational institution in which educational policy plays a small role. There are some specific considerations related to professionals in higher education, their needs and their expectations. Without the practical element, professional development in education is detached from the setting and the real challenges professors face every day. We will focus the discussion on student performance to include interaction, final results, as well as student opinion. The initial purpose of the research project was professor assessment through student data. It is this student data that will be the focus of this paper and the three research questions are as follows: Will Spanish students interact in a CLIL class? How will CLIL student results compare with control group taught in first language? How do students rate themselves and their instructors after the CLIL experience? All of this data were used in an action research project whereby professors shared in the data analysis and found students’ response to their teaching enriching to their professional practice.
Theme:Educational Studies
Setting the Scene: Participatory Arts for the Well-being of People with Dementia and their Carers

Meghann Ward,

Overview: Participatory arts activities are amongst the services being provided in both urban and rural community contexts for people living with dementia and their carers. There is much variability in the programmes and services offered nationwide and therefore a need to gain clearer understanding of the benefits, limitations, and general practicalities of the different individual participatory arts activities being provided. Underpinned by non-representational theory and therapeutic landscapes literature, this participatory action research project explores and evaluates the effectiveness of a unique participatory arts programme entitled ‘Setting the Scene’, which is currently being implemented at Theatre by the Lake in Keswick, England. The project involves adults with dementia, professional and family carers, and the main stakeholders or practitioners of dementia care in the local community. Using ethnographic methods and visual recordings, the project investigates how the activities used by Theatre by the Lake’s participatory arts programme can influence the health, well-being and quality of life of people living with dementia, in addition to their carers. The project also considers how best to sustain the engagement and participation of people with dementia in creative arts settings. The research team considers participants as co-researchers and uses their input to aid in the gradual development and refinement of the ‘Setting the Scene’ programme, working towards a transferable logic model intended to guide the implementation of the programme in external organisations.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Marketing for Social Wellbeing: A Study of Confucian Living Practices

Long Yang, PhD Candidcate, Management and Marketing , Waikato Management School
Dr. Mary FitzPatrick,

Overview: This paper presents an interdisciplinary research project that explored the potential of Confucian living practices to address the negative consequences of consumerism. This global social phenomenon is based on the Western ideology of consumer culture that encourages people to expect quality of life from buying and consuming material possessions. However, in the field of psychology and sociology, increasing numbers of studies link consumerism to the alarming increases in alienation, conflict, and manipulation among individuals. Many marketing scholars and professionals also argue that a lifestyle based on material consumption decreases individual life satisfaction and collective social wellbeing because consumerist beliefs and values support individuals gratifying self at the expense of maintaining the critical relationships with families, friends, and communities that contribute to long-term health and happiness. Following a qualitative methodology, this research used the memory-work method to work with twenty-seven Chinese participants and collectively enable them to make sense of their daily social interactions. Data showed that Confucian traditions were significant in the participants’ pursuit of interpersonal harmony at familial and communal levels. Findings revealed that for these participants, a better quality of social life was experienced by reconciling interpersonal conflicts to establish mutually beneficial relationships and by accepting the moral responsibility to help each other in their everyday social practices. Thus, this research indicates that marketing scholars and professionals might address urgent social issues related to consumerism by a renewed focus in Western culture on building harmonious relationships for social wellbeing.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 7 Virtual Posters: Room 7
Racism in Schools: Analysis of the Attitudes of Fifth Grade Spanish and Greek Students Towards Refugee Children

Georgia Angelidou, Child Protection Specialist, Office in Greece, International Organization for Migration - IOM, ALEXANDROYPOLIS, Greece
Prof Eva Aguaded Ramirez,

Overview: In 2015, in Europe developed the largest refugee crisis since the World War II, with the increase of people who crossed the Mediterranean Sea, seeking protection. It is estimated that half of the refugees and asylum seekers corresponds to children. In order for these minors not to lose opportunities, host countries worked in order to have refugee children access education both into the refugee camps and in public schools. However, not in all cases, they were welcome. The objective of this research is to measure the attitudes of Spanish and Greek students of the fifth grade towards refugee children and to check whether they accept the schooling of the refugee minors. A survey was conducted, in which 188 Spanish and 120 Greek students, from schools in the city of Granada and Alexandroupolis, participated, applying quantitative methods. Results show the students generally accept the schooling of the refugee children in the classes, believe that their arrival can be enriching, and respect refugee´s rights. In conclusion, the vast majority of respondents have a positive attitude towards refugee children.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Cause-related Marketing in a Cross-cultural Context: Awareness of and Attitudes towards Cause-related Marketing among Young Consumers from Different Cultures

Delia Jackson, Senior Lecturer, School of Language and Global Studies, University of Central Lancashire

Overview: Corporate social responsibility and cause-related marketing are increasingly used by brands and NGOs as both gain from such partnerships. This strategy has worked well in individualistic cultures, mainly the USA. Vaidyanathan et al (2013) asked if the “impact of tying products to social causes translates across cultures?” Most of the research into CSR has been carried out with participants from one culture and there appears to be a paucity of research into a comparison of how CSR is regarded within different cultures. Therefore, this paper asks how aware are consumers from different cultures in Europe and Asia about the existence of CSR and what values do they attach to CSR? This paper will build on the research by Vaidynathan et al (2013), using student participants in focus groups from the Czech Republic, France, and China. The paper will be of importance to practitioners and marketers operating in different cultures who are engaging in cause related marketing.
Theme:Organizational Studies
The Relationship among Different Types of Children's Aggression, Empathy, and Self-Control

Dr. Helen Vrailas Bateman,

Overview: Children's aggressive behavior is a major problem in our society and in our schools. Aggressive children display lower levels of academic achievement, are more likely to engage in other types of deviant behavior, and more likely to drop out of school. Understanding the mechanisms through which aggressive behavior is generated can help us create interventions aimed at reducing aggression in children. This study examines the mechanisms that drive aggressive behavior in school-age children. We are particularly interested in examining the relationship among different types of aggressive behaviors (physical and relational, proactive and reactive) and children's empathy and self-control. Seventy middle-school children from a rural school located in the Southeastern United States participated in the study. Students completed a series of self-report measures including measures in social skills and aggressive behavior. We hypothesized that children who displayed higher levels of aggressive behavior (both physical and relational) would display lower levels of empathy and self-control. Our findings offered support to our hypothesis. More specifically, we found that children's aggressive behaviors (proactive physical, reactive physical, proactive relational, reactive relational) were negatively correlated with children's empathy and self-control. Our findings suggest that one of the mechanisms through which we could reduce the levels of both physical and relational aggression in children is to teach children empathy and self-control skills.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Borderlands of Coffee: Between Climatic Changes, Environmental Policies, and Market Volatility on the Chiapas-Guatemalan Border


Overview: Growing coffee has been until recent times the main source of income for thousands of people in Mexico and Latin America. Climatic changes, local environmental degradation, unusual pest outbreaks, and social and political disorganization are configuring highly vulnerable landscapes, where local and global scales are interacting in a myriad of pathways, depending on local culture and historic particularities. However, international market volatility and its associated uncertainty is a common feature to all of them. Such vulnerability is here explored in the borderlands of Chiapas and Guatemala, belonging to the Tacana Volcano Biosphere Reserve. Post-colonial legacies, the influence of environmental international policies, and a political culture of governmental clientelism and paternalism come into play in a high mountain ecosystem, hit regularly by seismic and volcanic activity, together with increasing natural disasters. Coffee productivity, impacts of coffee leaf-rust, climatic variability perceptions, and scientific-local knowledge interactions are some of the topics explored through ethnographic methods along with questionnaires, as a part of an ongoing project whose final objective has to do with interactions between global discourses and local narratives regarding climate change in the Tacana hills on both sides of the border.
Theme:Environmental Studies
Heteronormativity, Sexuality, and Gender in The Ring of the Dove by Ibn Hazm of Cordoba

Dr. Raúl Ruiz Cecilia, Senior Lecturer, Department of Foreign Language Teaching and Learning, University of Granada, Granada, Granada, Spain

Overview: The main objective of this study is to decode the hidden heteronormative discourses as well as to uncover issues related to sex and gender in The Ring of the Dove by Ibn Hazm of Cordova. At the same time, we are discussing the feminine voice and the homoeroticism of the author and the characters. This work tends to uncover the hidden queer identities, gender, and sex within the verses. The methodology applied in the research consists of selective literary analysis which enabled us to find the specific lines where the above mentioned aspects are to be found. As a result of our investigation we have realised that this treatise is abundant with scenes and descriptions which demonstrate the consciousness of sexual rights and liberties in Andalusian society. In conclusion, unlike the rest of Europe, the society of Al-Andalus was very liberated from medieval dogmatic shackles in respect of sexuality and gender affiliation.
Theme:Educational Studies
Exchange Rate Movements and Trade Balance in Four Association of Southeast Asian Nations' Emerging Markets

Belinda S. Mandigma, Ph.D, Faculty, Financial Management, University of Santo Tomas, Manila City, Metro Manila, Philippines

Overview: Several studies were done in the past on the impact of the strengthening USD on emerging markets in general, but none specifically addressed how FX movement of domestic currencies in ASEAN-4 viz-a-viz the USD would affect exports and imports of goods and services. Since the sustained appreciation of the USD followed by a recent depreciation is anticipated to translate into financial spillovers to emerging markets like the ASEAN-4, this study measures this FX movements’ impact to the region particularly to the trade sector, which would consequently affect other sectors of the economy like the domestic consumers, OFWs and their beneficiaries, tourism sector, government, and private corporate sectors. This project will be of particularly significant help to sectors with USD stimulated economic, transaction and translation exposures at present and in the future. It is expected to enhance the understanding of individuals and companies on the real influence of exchange rates to ASEAN-4 foreign trade markets, thereby increasing their knowledge on how to mitigate their FX risks. That is, in any transaction involving the USD, they can explore alternative routes like choosing currency swap arrangements with other non- U.S. trading partners whose currencies are not pegged to the USD.
Theme:Global Studies
Towards Shariah-compliant Credit Surety Funds: Identifying Opportunities and Challenges

Ma. Josephine Theres Teves,

Overview: Mindanao represents twenty-four percent of the Philippines’ population; yet, there are no Islamic financial products offered by any domestic institution, aside from Al Amanah Islamic Investment Bank (AAIIB). The recently enacted “Philippines’ Credit Surety Fund (CSF) Cooperative Act of 2015” offers a financing arrangement for those micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) experiencing difficulty in financing. This study determines the possibility of creating Shariah-compliant CSFs, compares Shariah-compliant financing characteristics with traditional financing, and investigates the existing Philippines’ Shariah screening methodology for financial products and services. The author conducted a one-on-one interview with the regulators from Cooperative Development Authority, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP), and members of the Advisory Council of AAIIB regarding characteristics and objectives of the CSF and the methodologies and frameworks used in determining the Shariah compliance in financial products. Focused group discussions were done with Mindanao MSMEs representatives to gather issues and problems regarding their access to credit facilities. Results showed that the Philippines has no coherent, consistent, and inclusive set of regulations and standards for Shariah-compliant financial products and services. All regulatory decisions are on a per-industry basis and no universal methodology has been produced.
Theme:Organizational Studies
12:25-12:40 Lunch (Lunch runs from 12:25 - 15:30)
Room 2 Virtual Groups
Virtual Teams and Cohorts: Group Potency in Virtual Teams

Dr. Paul Shelton, 
Prof Michelle Shelton,

Overview: A majority of work today in Fortune 500 companies is accomplished through the use of teams and groups. (De Meuse, 2009). Much of education, especially graduate education, uses groups (cohorts) as a primary pedagogical approach. According to Maher (2005, p. 195), “a cohort is defined as a group of about 10–25 students who begin a program of study together, proceed together through a series of developmental experiences in the context of that program of study, and end the program at approximately the same time.” There are positive outcomes of learning within a cohort model. Some positive attributes of the cohort model are decreased attrition rates, development of strong social and professional relationships, and enhanced intellectual stimulation (Bista and Cox, 2014). With cohort (group) models being a growing trend in graduate education, it is increasingly important for us to more fully understand how groups develop and thrive. According to Shelton (2008, p. iii), “group potency is the collective belief that a group can succeed, achieve, and be effective in its endeavor.” GP has been shown to positively relate to overall group performance (Lee, Farh and Chen, 2011). Potency has been positively associated with performance, effectiveness and empowerment (Shelton, 2008; Stajkovic, Lee and Nyberg, 2009). Having a strong sense of GP has been shown to have a positive effect on the interpersonal climate of group members, as well as promoting greater collaboration within the group (Lira, Ripoli, Peiro´ and Zornoza, 2011). Technology has significantly impacted how we work together in groups, and this is seen in the cohort education model as well. Cohorts have access to virtual collaboration techniques that allow them to communicate synchronously or asynchronously from different places and times (e.g., videoconferencing, email, discussion boards, Google Hangouts, Zoom) (Garfield and Dennis, 2012-13). While much has been identified regarding group potency and different teams in organizations, little has yet to be discovered about group potency formation in virtual teams in the education system. This paper discusses how groups and teams have developed (or not developed) potency in virtual graduate education courses.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Cultural Studies, Global Studies, Organizational Studies, Educational Studies
Independent Virtual Mentoring Platforms: A Chance for Everybody to Find Career Mentoring?

Nadine Baumann, Digitalisation of HR Processes, HR, German Federal Authority, Bamberg, Bayern, Germany

Overview: Mentoring is one of the most effective measures of career-oriented personality development. Therefore, it is a popular instrument of personnel development, women’s promotion, onboarding of new personnel, and the development of management trainees. Set as a program, companies and organisations deploy mentoring to support disadvantaged groups. Nevertheless, only the best candidates get access to these mentoring programs. With the digitalisation of society and thus social transition, the Internet’s potential concerning mentoring was discovered. Not only can mentors and mentees communicate via digital communication media but getting access to a mentoring program, or a mentor, becomes easier. Despite these developments, it still seems to be difficult for potential mentees to find a mentor. Therefore, this paper discusses independent virtual career mentoring platforms (in Germany) concerning recruitment of mentors, application procedures for mentees, the process of matching mentor and mentee, and preparation to take on the role as a mentor respectively the role as a mentee. The paper also explores how mentors and mentees assess the (virtual/blended) mentoring provided from an independent platform on the Internet.
Room 3 Striving for Social Justice
And the Beat Goes On: Mexican American Liberals and the Quest for Educational Equality during the Chicana/o Movement, 1968-1978

Prof. Guadalupe San Miguel Jr.,

Overview: In the past several decades historians have investigated the complex origins, evolution, and legacy of the radical Chicana/o movement in the community. In most, if not all of these studies, the important role that liberal activists have played in promoting significant social change during the same period has been ignored. By liberal activists I mean those who rejected the politics of protest and continued to work for change within mainstream institutions. Some of these activists worked with or were members of Congress and enacted legislation aimed at promoting curricular changes in the schools. Others worked within federal agencies and participated in the development and implementation of policies aimed at eliminating many of the “invidious” discriminatory school practices that limited the educational opportunities of Mexican American students. Others still were grass-roots activists who contested discrimination in education by filing federal lawsuits against specific practices such as school segregation, special education testing, and unequal financing of the schools. Although we know about these efforts those who actively participated in them remain unknown and ignored. Who were these determined men and women that contested discrimination in American life during the years of the radical Chicano Movement? What actions did they take, what means did they use and how successful were they in their efforts? How did they relate to the radicalism swirling around them? What impact did this activism have on their lives and on the social, economic, and educational opportunities of Mexican Americans in general? These are the questions this historical study seeks to answer by looking and analyzing government documents, personal papers of important individuals, organizational sources, newspaper clippings, and oral histories of key activists.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Cultural Proficiency: An Ethnographic Perspective on Identities and Intersectionalities of the Blaxicana, African American/Latina in the United States

Dr. Ana Thorne,

Overview: Navigation of the social, racial, and class strata of the Estados Unidos requires a studied practice of cultural proficiency on the part of its citizens, especially those who are black or brown. The historical failure of Latinos and African Americans to forge a sustainable, cooperative political bond in the struggle for democratic equality in the United States appears to be grounded in the signifying cultural difference between “racism” and “racismo.” The significance of this distinction and its impact on the mixed-race Latina-African female situates within the construct of identify formation, against a backdrop of color coding and culture clash, and the social construction of race. Within an ethnographic narrative frame, this discussion illustrates direct correlations of lived experiences to the broader community and cultural accounts that shape aspects of a mixed-race identity. The work connects a community's background, environment, and residents in a dialogue that includes the larger arenas of critical race theory, interracial marriage, and history that inform the characteristics implicated in the evolution of a Blaxicana identity.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 4 Coexisting
Role of Protected Areas in Improving Rural Livelihoods and Well-being in Southern Africa: A South African Case Study

Prof. André Pelser,

Overview: In most African countries, rural communities surrounding protected areas are likely to experience poverty rates higher than the national average. Protected areas are thus increasingly expected to cross the boundaries of conventional biodiversity protection and to also provide tangible benefits to neighbouring communities that will contribute to poverty reduction. Official conservation policy in South Africa strongly promotes the integration of biodiversity conservation with overall population and development programmes as a means to mitigate poverty among rural populations. This paper deals with the main findings of an assessment of two intervention programmes run at the Golden Gate Highlands National Park in the Free State province of South Africa and the core lessons learned from this initiative. If poverty is understood and recognised as a multi-dimensional reality of existence, then a protected area’s contribution to poverty alleviation should not be confined to the financial aspects of poverty only, but should also allow for a broader social, cultural, and economic scope.
Theme:Environmental Studies
Agricultural Expansion, Livelihood Stability, and Change in Rural Indonesia: Cases of Oil Palm Plantations in Central Kalimantan

Dr. Arya Hadi Dharmawan, 
Dr. Eka Intan Kumala Putri, 
Dr. Nurmala Katrina Panjaitan, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University

Overview: Massive expansion of oil palm in rural Indonesia has been a major phenomena for many years. It began in the 2000s, when many corporations and smallholders were expanding their plantation following the increasing price of palm oil in the world market. The oil palm plantation expansion has been considered to be very aggressive encroaching on forest lands and bringing about negative effects on deforestation, intensified carbon emission, and loss of biodiversity as well as giving rise to worsening water conditions. On the social-economics side, oil palm expansion has triggered dramatic social change in the form of livelihood transition, adaptive mechanism from diverse to single dependence on livelihood sources. The depth and width of social change caused by oil palm expansion are, however, determined by socio-cultural and technological as well institutions existing in the community. This paper elaborates on the typology of oil palm expansion and understanding the socio-economical impacts of oil palm expansion in rural regions. The expansion also causes livelihood stability, resilience, and vulnerability. The paper wants to come up with theory of agricultural expansion and to find out constructive policy solutions for oil palm expansion in Indonesia.
Theme:Environmental Studies
Low-pricing Strategy of Forest Products in a Community Forestry Program: A Subsidy for Forest Users or Loss of Economy?

Mrs Bhagawati Gautam,

Overview: Community-based forest management is often glorified as one of the best forest management alternatives in developing countries like Nepal. It is also believed that the transfer of forest management authorities to local communities is decisive to make efficient decisions, maximize the forest benefits, and improve people’s livelihood. The community forestry of Nepal also maximizes the forest benefits, sharing them among the users' households and improving their livelihood. However, how the local communities fix the price of forest products and local pricing made by the forest user groups affects the equitable forest benefits-sharing among the users' households and their livelihood improvement objectives. The answer to this is largely silent among researchers and policy-makers alike. This study examines the local pricing system of forest products in the lowland community forestry and its effects on equitable benefit-sharing and livelihood improvement objectives. The study discovered that forest user groups fixed the price of forest products based on three criteria: costs incurred in harvesting, office operation costs, and livelihood improvement costs through community development and income generating activities. Since user households have heterogeneous socio-economic conditions, the forest user groups have applied a low-pricing strategy even for high-value forest products that the access of socioeconomically worse-off households can be increased. However, the results of forest products distribution showed that as a result of the low-pricing strategy the access of socioeconomically better-off households has been increasing at a higher rate than worse-off and an inequality situation has been created. Similarly, the low-pricing strategy is also found defective to livelihood improvement objectives. The study suggests for revising the forest products pricing system in community forest management and reforming the community forestry policy as well.
Theme:Environmental Studies
Contributions of Environmental History in the Creation of Hybrid Knowledge That Adds to Social Change: Building Transdisciplinarity in the Environmental Humanities

Dra. Martha Micheline Cariño Olvera, La Paz, BCS, Mexico

Overview: The complexity of the social reality in the civilization crisis that we face as humanity has led the environmental sciences and humanities to apply a transdisciplinary analysis in order to understand and deepen long-term explanations. This is how environmental history research projects need to incorporate other social sciences approaches such as ecological economics, political ecology, ethnobiology, and critical geography. This leads to a transdisciplinary confluence in which the loans between these hybrid fields of knowledge are so intense and common that with our research practice we are transcending multidisciplinary fields towards a new hybrid knowledge field of environmental humanities. Through this emerging paradigm and with multidisciplinary research teams we are able to better understand environmental problems such as climate change and its past and present adaptation/mitigation strategies, socio-environmental conflicts arising from various extractive activities and in different ecosystems, the multiple processes of dispossession caused by the expansion of the borders of nature commodities, and the asymmetry of power that prevails in the imposition of the development model on geographic identities and diverse types of life. The results of these kind of research projects can better contribute to social change.
Theme:Environmental Studies
Room 5 Gamification
Knowledge about Gaming and University Student Teachers

Alba Fiuza Fernández,

Overview: Gamification means the use of game mechanics and not recreational environments applications, such as the school environment, in order to enhance motivation, concentration, effort, commitment, and other positive values common to all games. Gamification allows us to establish clear objectives to overcome. It also offers constant feedback, shows the progression of students, recognizes their effort, and guides them over the course of the teaching and learning process. This sample is composed of student teachers in the primary education specialty of Galicia, Spain. The scale obtains a reliability of 0.94 α. The index of Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) provides a value of 0.932 and Bartlett's test of sphericity (2 = 2739,793; gl = 351, p<.000), ensuring that the factor analysis is right and the model achieves a good fit. The students of primary education have not heard of the term gamification, but still consider its implementation feasible in the school environment.
Theme:Educational Studies
Spanish and American Serious Games on Climate Change

Tania Ouariachi, Lecturer/Researcher, Professorship Communication, Behavior & the Sustainable Society, Hanze University of Applied Sciences
 Laura Galván, 
Dr Mª Dolores Olvera Lobo, 
Dr. José Gutiérrez-Pérez,

Overview: What types of serious games tackling climate change are out there? What are the communicative trends? Do these types of games share similar quality levels across borders? This paper carries out a comparative quality assessment of games produced in two different countries. It looks at the United States (at the forefront of climate change games development) and Spain (experiencing its video game development “golden age,” ranking fourth in Europe and ninth in the world). For that purpose, we develop and put into practice a tool to assess the quality of thirty games (fifteen American and fifteen Spanish) based on the opinion of experts through the Delphi method. Criteria are categorized into identification, narrative, contents, gameplay, and didactics. Results reveal positive trends on how to communicate climate change, including make it local –to avoid psychological distance-, make it visual –to make climate change more real and memorable-, and make it connected – to provide a sense of agency. The total scores also reveal a higher quality level of American serious games on climate change. The paper will provide examples for best practices.
Network Analysis of Sharing Activities in an Online Community

Sujin Yoon,

Overview: This study investigates the effects of a network that shares and accumulates emotions related to sharing activities as a form of social capital in a community. The process of sharing activities in the community affects the formation of social capital, and it is closely related to the outcomes of community activities, reciprocity, and trust. Examining how the emotions of a community of users are shared through posts and comments, it focuses on network analysis methodologies, including actor analysis and semantic network analysis, to inspect the sharing process of a game (Stardew Valley) community in Naver (a portal site in South Korea). The results of the analysis are expected to show the community as having the network form of a variety of connections that change according to the posts and comments, and, furthermore, that different types of users share their emotions and build a sense of community based on the community network.
Moving Towards the Integration of Unaccompanied Foreign Minors: Design and Development of a Mobile Application to Foster Educational and Social Intervention

Jose Javier Romero Díaz de la Guardia, 
Dr. Eva Olmedo Moreno,

Overview: In this study, carried out within a research, development, and innovation (RDI) project financed by the Ministry of Education in Spain (EDU2017-88641-R), we explore the design and development process of an application for mobile devices, targeted to unaccompanied foreign minors, existing in the cross-border cities of North Africa and southern Europe.The purpose of the application is to shape the intervention process proposed by the project, and use a serious game dynamic based on challenges of overcoming, goals achievement and rewards, enriching the users personal learning environment, and contributing to a pleasant and playful way to improve their self-efficacy and school performance. It favours the inclusion of these groups in the societies where they are inserted, both from the educational and the laboral perspective. The development model is iterative and incremental, so that measurable results may be obtained in advance. Starting from an initial base version covering a subset of key intervention areas, new objectives are added to address all aspects of the educational intervention that is intended to be implemented. The contact with the target population from initial stages allows for immediate feedback that facilitates the addition of new functionalities or the adaptation of those already proposed.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 6 National Concerns
Generational Similarities or Differences of Socioeconomic Status between Youth and Parent Generations in South Korea

Youngjoo Kim, Graduate student, Housing & Interior Design, KyungHee University, Seoul, South Korea
Dr. Hyunjeong Lee, Professor, Dept. of Housing & Interior Design, Kyung Hee University

Overview: Since two consecutive economic crises, economic uncertainties and market volatility along with employment insecurity have become much stronger in South Korea. The circumstances lead to the dependence of a younger generation entering the housing and labour market using their parents' generation’s resources. Since neoliberal globalization emerged in the 1990s, individualization has been firmly upheld, and ironically, it’s still prevalent for parents to financially support adult children in order to ensure their stable life. Labour market flexibility forces the younger generatios to suffer from low incomes and job insecurity, which makes property ownership attainment more difficult than in their parents' generation, when it was relatively easy to ascend both housing and middle-class ladders. Although today’s younger generation acquire a higher education and higher-paying jobs than their parents' generation, the continuous decline of housing affordability prohibits early entry to homeownership, and the much less benign setting widens a socioeconomic gap among the younger generation. In this regard, this research examines the relationships of socioeconomic status between parents and adult children, and also explores the effect of intergenerational wealth transfer by using the panel data.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Compensating Differentials and Preferences for Occupational Fatality Risk: Evidence from the Mexican Drug War

Dr. Miguel Antonio Delgado Helleseter, 
Dr. Kevin Thomas Schnepel,

Overview: The escalation in violence in recent years resulting from the Mexican government's war on drug trafficking has caused a large and unprecedented increase in workplace fatality risk for workers in Mexico. We exploit this increase in violence to estimate a compensating differential for fatality risk using panel data constructed from a national employment and occupation survey. We also provide estimates of the value of a statistical life (VSL) in Mexico. Our results imply a VSL for a nationally representative sample of Mexican workers that is well below the range of estimates typically found in developed countries, which is consistent with the notion that health and safety are normal goods.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
State Defense Values of Indonesia to Unify the Nation: Diversity Viewed from the State Ideology of “Pancasila”

Novky Asmoro,

Overview: The Indonesian Constitution Article 27 paragraph 3 states that every citizen shall have the right and obligation to participate in the defense of the state. Therefore, it is necessary to have a state defense mechanism that is highly defensive, optimal, and effective based on the full awareness of its citizens in the principle of independence of their own ability. Starting from that, the "State Defense (Bela Negara)" as an effort to implement the state defense system will be effective if there is total participation of its citizens. In order to raise the awareness and ability to defend the effective defensive state, several concrete efforts are needed to establish the solidity of the Indonesian Five Principles, called “Pancasila,” as a state philosophy. It was determined that "Bela Negara" is an entry point for the application of Pancasila in everyday life in stemming biased efforts and intervening among ideologies such as religious fundamentalism, socialism, liberalism, and communism. In this paper, analyzed through qualitative methods the relationship between the state defense system and the achievement of Pancasila as the state philosophy to unify the diversity of the nation is explored. After conducting the qualitative research, it would ask the research question if the five values of a “Defense State” could solve the complexity of the social problem in Indonesia? Active participation of the community should be actively encouraged through formal sector roles such as schools, government institution, and the Indonesian Armed Forces as well as Indonesian Police. The strong commitment of the citizen, and the active participation of the people to the integrity of all components of the nation will be the key to the success of the state defending program to be accepted by all parties in this country.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Civic and Political Studies
Advancing Inclusion of Migrants in National Political and Development Processes: Diaspora Philanthropy and the Overseas Vote of Migrant Filipinos

Dr. Maria Divina Gracia Roldan,

Overview: The main question the paper poses is: How do migrants, in this case overseas Filipinos, participate in national development and political processes through diaspora philanthropy and overseas voting? More specifically, what is the policy framework that enable overseas Filipinos to participate in Philippine elections; what are the forms of diaspora philanthropy among overseas Filipinos? In what development areas do they contribute?; and what is the role of government, migrant organizations, and other key actors in fostering links of overseas Filipinos to their country of origin? Documentary analysis of laws and program materials are made to ascertain existing initiatives for overseas Filipinos. Reports from government and non-government migrant organizations on the conduct and results of overseas voting in the 2010, 2013, and 2016 elections also are examined. Data on donations coursed through the Lingkod sa Kapwa Pilipino (LINKAPIL) program are evaluated to ascertain which areas overseas Filipinos have contributed to. Interviews are conducted among key informants in government agencies and migrant organizations to determine their roles. The paper provides insights to decision-makers in various levels (e.g., government, migrant organizations, local government units) on how to harness resource inputs of migrants to promote civic and political participation in national development.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
14:20-14:30 Coffee Break
Room 2 Building Bridges for Sustainability
Sustaining Earth: Bringing Law, Society, and Sustainable Development Together

Ravi Saxena, Assistant Professor, KPM School of Law, NMIMS University, Mumbai. India

Overview: In modern times, it is conceived that law has started regulating the multiple and continuously expanding territories of development. Resource management, integration of markets, global patterns of lifestyle, urbanization, and use of modern technology are viewed as the inseparable ingredients of human life and irrevocable elements of "development." History has proven that all human endeavors have conceived and acted upon some sense of development. Modern history is also a reference point where it seems that global society has come up with a concept of development that, in an unprecedented manner, interacts with the objective of achieving the goal of "human comfort." Such a design of development has received a global recognition by governments in particular and global society in general. Our social relations have primarily started emerging as of consumers and producers. The modern idea of development is conceived primarily as an economic one. It is understood as the primary indicator of national growth. It is narrowly defined in terms of GDP, national income, per capita income, and prosperity in general. Economic well-being, the opportunities for economic well-being, and the prospects of economic well-being are the major concerns and parameters of different governments around the globe. Capital, concrete, and chip have become the cardinals of modern idea of development. Many discussions enquire into the relationship between law and the sustainability of the development-model are the backdrop of this critical commentary. As to how this modern development promises similar fruits to the many generations that are to come and how law can be an instrument in negating the ill-impact of this model of development, has been the focal point of this research. Are there any other factors contributing to development? The only parameter used to measure the development of community was taken to be the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This certainly promises its advantages but on the other hand, it has certain limitations as well. It hardly can answer the nature of the relationship of human society with the environment. What cost this development entails is a missing story in this grand narrative of economic development.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies, Environmental Studies
Communicating About the Environment : A Bridge Between the Local and the Global

Dr. Steven Woods, Professor/Chair/Director of Forensics, Communication Studies, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA, United States

Overview: The tension between the local and the global is a microcosm of the interactions surrounding issues of the environment. All environmental problems are local, but still relate to and interact with larger ecological systems as well. This paper will examine rhetorical constructions of the “local” and how they can serve as a bridge for discussions about worldwide issues overall while still preserving the integrity of the local themed message. These insights can help to build a unifying strategy of communication about environmental problems by increasing the understanding of ecological systems and their interrelationships and their connections to social relationships. Such insights can also help counteract the attempts to polarize and diminish efforts to address environmental well being by those who profit from its destruction.
Communicative Behavior Study as Local Discursive Practice for Participatory Planning and Governance System Advances

Novieta Hardeani Sari,

Overview: This paper demonstrates an overview of the local discursive practice in Indonesia and development of general participatory planning theories to date, especially in the context of "communicative behaviour" and "socio-cultural geography" frames that occur in the social interaction processes, for instance, discourse or social group discussion. The aim is to propose an alternative communication model for participatory planning and civic engagement in sustainable governance systems. It means the communication model that will use as an aid dialogue between the government and non-government will address a local equity voices and communicative action, for social justice and pathway-wellbeing in Indonesia. It will summarize the general strengths and limitations of these alternative communication models, but at the same time, this study offers to develop rhetorical and dialectical designs as a communication approach to persuade and engage more people and stakeholders to take part in pathway-wellbeing prospectively. With reference to the set of three other studies in which areas community communicative behaviour identification offers advances in which areas such cultural discourse analysis, spatial knowledge management and politic of governing needs to link and be complemented respectively. The paper intends to capture a development of communication approaches from recent studies, both for participatory planning and governance system advances.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Civic and Political Studies, Communication
Research on the Status and Development in Asian Environmental Administrative Public Interest Litigation

Hongqing Teng,

Overview: As today’s Asia is seeing an unprecedented environmental crisis, eco-civilization has been made a crucial state strategy by countries concerned. Hence the building of a administrative public interest litigation system according to law is the best approach to safeguarding the environmental rights of citizens and achieving environmental justice. Aimed at environmental protection, environmental administrative public interest litigation safeguards the environmental rights of citizens by means of administrative litigation. If the government power is not subject to proper supervision and control, abuse of power may ensue, resulting in greater damage to the public interest in the environment. To cope with worsening environmental problems and safeguard national and individual environmental rights, there are no other alternatives but to resort to administrative litigation, supplemented by NGO, public interest litigation by the average citizens, remedy, etc. To gain an insight into problems and find effective solutions to such problems, it is necessary to study cases in recent years in Asian countries and probe into the strength and weakness of the similar systems in each country.
Theme:Environmental Studies
Room 3 Prevailing Norms
A Translation in the Political Field of a Deeply Felt Religious Faith: Eisenhower, Religious Cultural Heritage, and Nuclear Decisions in Crisis and in Peace

Brian Muzas, South Orange, NJ, United States

Overview: Using archival and secondary sources, this paper examines President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s religious cultural heritage (RCH) and nuclear decisions. It connects his philosophical ethics, his philosophy of government, and his philosophical anthropology to a decision-making framework predicted to describe his nuclear decisions, namely a just war framework. It begins with a look at Eisenhower’s “Cross of Iron” speech, the Solarium exercise, and the New Look. It then explores his nuclear decisions during a series of Cold War nuclear crises. Next it treats in context his “Atoms for Peace” proposal to internationalize nuclear energy. Eisenhower’s decisions are indeed commensurate with a just war framework expected from his religious cultural heritage (RCH).
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Iranian Rituals as Existential Normative Communitas: The Idea of Islamic Fraternity in Iran after the Islamic Revolution

Alireza Hassanzadeh, -, -, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Hessen, Germany
 Somayeh Karimi,

Overview: Rituals mirror a system of beliefs and create a narrative of ontological-social orders in society while inviting people to believe in what is considered to be ideal and normative according to conceptualizations of an ideal-world. Such rituals make the visibility and collective performance of a religious worldview possible and allow people to internalize norms and ideals. Over the course of a ritual, a redefinition of social milieu is made possible based on what the worldview emphasizes. Therefore, rituals are occasions for the emergence of a system of values in a society as they depict how things “should” be. One important idea around which rituals revolve is the idea of fraternity and brotherhood in Islamic countries including Iran, which places a great deal of emphasis on this principle. In Iran, the focus of this study, the Islamic revolution has restored Islamic values with the aim of revitalizing Islamic principles. Since the beginning of the Islamic revolution, the idea of brotherhood and fraternity has appeared in different forms in revolutionary discourses and interpretations of rites like the hajj, etc. The idea of Islamic brotherhood is represented in rituals that are constructed based on the leading principles of Islam. The main elements of these rituals correspond to the concept of existential normative communitas, and they therefore help us to understand Islamic brotherhood and fraternity. This paper opens a new field of discussion under the lens of the idea of fraternity. It illustrates the primary foundation of rituals concerned with fraternity by applying Victor. W. Turner’s theories of communitas to them.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Global Sectarianism and the Failure of Secularism

Prof. Benedict DeDominicis, associate professor of political science, -, Catholic University of Korea, Bucheon-si, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea

Overview: Emotional attachments to the dignity and esteem of religious communities can also become particularly important as mass political participation characterizes the evolution of a national community. As mass politics becomes a characteristic feature of the political development process, religious-community attachments became particularly important in much of the world in the twentieth century. This polarization among religious and territorial national community attachments is most intense in the Middle East, but it is present throughout the world: witness the Christian political movement in the US, the influence of the Jewish right in Israel, and the Hindu nationalist movement in India. The members of the national community, however, who identify with the religious community but with a lesser level of emotional intensity will demonstrate a stronger inclination to view religion in doctrinal terms, and not as a national duty. Therefore, they will tend to resent, often with very great intensity, any moral diktat from religious leaders. A common consensus between these groups on the external and internal challenges to the national community commonly does not emerge. The result is the emergence of a sharp polarization between these two groups. They will come to view each other with great distaste, even leading to violence.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
International Law and Culture Change

Prof. Lan Cao,

Overview: The growth of international law in the post-World War I era stemmed partly from the belief that universal norms would make life for all the world’s population safer, more equitable, and more conducive to each person’s acquisition of basic material needs. Starting in the sixties and seventies, some scholars challenged this assumption and established the school of “cultural relativism,” a model that pays deference to local cultural traditions and favors them over contrary international human rights norms. Such efforts at combining a few select international norms with local cultural traditions largely failed. My paper sets forth a provocative new solution to this seemingly intractable problem by arguing that cultural norms that violate basic norms must be changed through a scholarly legal discipline called “law and development.” I show that the basic foundations of international law, including public and private international law as well as international human rights law, have been acultural, that is, culture has been relegated to the margin and ignored. I argue that culture must be brought back into the framework. I defend a holistic view of development and argue that cultural norms that impede the human capabilities of the poor, women, and other marginal groups should be changed. The premise is that cultural change does not have to constitute cultural disrespect, and that local societies only benefit by a careful combination of externally wrought change and internally fostered tradition.
Theme:Global Studies
Room 4 STEM Trends
Alignment of Curriculum Outcomes and Classroom Discourse to Assessments: Modelling Higher-order Thinking in Science Classrooms

Zanele Shilenge, Lecturer, school of Education, Durban University of Technology

Overview: Data were collected through document analysis and semi-structured interviews with twelve science heads of departments (HODs) and senior teachers, who are experienced in teaching high school physical sciences. The documents that were analysed are past question papers and teachers’ notes used for teaching and assessing learners. The Revised Bloom’s taxonomy (Anderson and Krathwohl, 2001) was used as a conceptual framework in analysing the collected data. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, anonymized, and coded for themes. The findings highlighted diversity among the teachers in four areas: their own understanding of the concept of higher-order thinking, practical utilization of instructional strategies related to modelling and fostering higher order thinking in the classroom, beliefs about students’ abilities to acquire higher-order thinking skills, and self-perception regarding teaching towards higher-order thinking. It was found that in general the teachers understand what higher-order thinking skills are. Their daily preparation documents revealed that they do plan for modelling higher-order thinking. However, in actual fact, they treated difficult class exercises or tasks as being a higher-order thinking exercise. Assessments and tests conducted were mainly content driven and did not test for any higher-order thinking. Most teachers seldom model higher-order thinking abilities among their students. Only a minority of teachers see modelling of higher-order thinking as an important objective of teaching physical sciences. In summary, teachers are uncertain about the whole issue of modelling higher-order thinking in schools.
Theme:Educational Studies
Can Problem Solving Be Problematized: The Historical Shadow of STEM Literacy

Lei Zheng,

Overview: The policy and scholarship of STEM education take for granted the idea that students must be prepared with competencies of problem-solving and decision-making through STEM practices for civil life. Drawing upon the theory of historical and social epistemology (Daston, 1995; Popkewitz, 2013), I problematize the governmental power historically implicated in this idea by asking: what make possible problem-solving and decision-making to be thought as the fundamental and universal literacy of science and democracy that order particular ways of learning and living in curriculum practices. In this paper, I first review the literature in the history of social/science that has critically analyzed the knowledge-power relations implicated in collapsing science, democracy, and human/nature after World War II. Then, I examine how problem-solving was circulated in transnational curriculum reforms with systems analysis of human quality (Peccei, 1979/2013) and human learning (Botkin et al., 1979). With the fear of a sudden global catastrophe prognosed by the Club of Rome (OECDA, 1969) and the economic boom of Japan in the 1980s, learning and curriculum were “innovated” in the US and other OECD countries to be anticipatory (Shane and Tabler, 1981; OECD, 1979). That is to prepare students for the most-likely future by asking them to simulate problem-solving and decision-making in “collected” contexts. This innovative effort did not challenge the status quo as it intended but reinscribed it by objectivizing the potentialities of human body-minds as the infinite resources that could be controlled scientifically for problem-solving and decision-making to actualize the events without “surprise.”
Theme:Educational Studies
What Makes the Next STEM Worker?

Wendy Chen,

Overview: Since the Industrial Revolution, the West has witnessed rapid economic growth thanks to the fast development of science and technology. However, as of 2016, the Randstad STEM Study data reported that over three million STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) jobs in the US could not be filled by qualified workers and that US students have expressed decreased interest in pursuing a STEM career as they grow older. It is thus important to investigate empirically what may affect students’ STEM career inclination. By using a nationally-representative longitudinal dataset and building upon the ecosystem literature, this paper finds that STEM learning ecosystem plays an important role.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 5 Social Media Engagement
Communication Style of Social Media Communication

Prof. Pieter J Fourie, Emeritus Professor, Communication Science , University of South Africa

Overview: This paper explores the relative unknown terrain of the communication style of social media communication. After explaining the move from mass communication to network communication in the age of digital mediated communication, the exploration is set against the background of a description of two of the outstanding features of network communication, namely interactivity and interconnectivity. The nature of especially interactivity is explored as the source of what is beginning to emerge as style markers of social media communication, namely: reactivity (including opinionated and provocative communication), ritualistic (rhetorical) communication, fragmentation, personalisation, intertextuality (including ambiguity, repetition, abundance and redundancy), and ideological and stereotyped communication. It is argued that interactivity and inter-connectivity determines the communication style of social media communication.
General Anxiety Disorder and Social Media Engagement: Is There a Relationship?

Subir Sengupta,

Overview: Numerous studies have shown that excessive social media engagement leads to anxiety and depression. This study examines if general anxiety disorder (GAD) can predict social media engagement. Anxiety is a subjective state of internal discomfort. Major symptoms of GAD include excessive anxiety and worry that is not easy to control. A total of 348 subjects participated in the study. A path analysis using AMOS software showed that GAD was unable to directly predict social media engagement, b = .10, p > .05. Fear of missing out (FoMO), defined as a pervasive apprehension that others might be having rewarding experiences from which one is absent, FoMO is characterized by the desire to stay continually connected with what others are doing. Since anxiety is an important component of FoMO, as FoMO refers to fears, worries, and anxieties people have about missing out, FoMO was entered as a mediating variable. GAD was able to predict FoMO scores, b = .66, p < .001, and when FoMO was regressed onto social media engagement, the results b = .36, p < .01, showed that FoMO was indeed related to social media engagement. In sum, this study shows that FoMO mediates the relationship between GAD and social media engagement.
Social Media Attention in Manhattan and Miami Using Twitter Analytics

Dr. M. Anthony Kapolka III,

Overview: Miami has been dubbed "New York South," but how similar is the twitter attention of users in both locales? From archived tweets issued from Miami and Manhattan over a one-year period, an analysis is done in two stages. First, a random sampling from each city is used to compute weekly TRRs (topic related ratios) and perform collective attention analysis to identify hashtags favored in each city for that week. Second, these hashtags are used to retrieve related tweets from each locale, from which Social Media RFV (recency, frequency, value) metrics are computed and message length is examined for contraction trends (indicating excitement). By examining results obtained from each city's dataset, similarities and differences in twitter usage can be obtained, likely reflecting underlying social sentiment in the two cities.
Room 6 War on Gender
The Design of Narratives to Address Gender-based Violence: Matlakala's Story as a Case Study

Prof. Piet Swanepoel, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa

Overview: This paper focuses on the design of narrative interventions that research has shown to be effective in changing the causes of the violent behavior of men. In South Africa the campaigns against gender-based violence during the sixteen days of activism have come under severe attack, amongst others, for their inability to change the violent behavior of men. Narratives are often used as strategies for these campaign interventions, despite the fact that no conclusive evidence has been forthcoming on their efficacy as strategy to change the violent behavior of men and little research has been forthcoming that focus in depth on how precisely the elements of a narrative have to be designed to effectively address the major factors that theory-driven empirical research has shown to cause the violent behavior of South African men. In this paper the focus is on the design of the elements of narrative interventions that research has shown to be effective in changing the causes of the violent behavior of men. Empirical research on the causes of the inaction of victims, perpetrators, occasional and professional bystanders, and supporters, and their design in terms of rhetorical narrative elements are discussed using the design of a number of narrative GBV interventions, especially "Matlakala's Story," as examples.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Colombians Rejected Peace: The Representation of Gender as a Dangerous Ideology in the Peace Process 2016

Angela Bohorquez Oviedo,

Overview: President Juan Manuel Santos and the FARC rebels began the eleventh formal peace talks in 2012. Colombians feared the inclusion of gender at the peace negotiation table. Christian evangelical leaders and two former right-wing politicians affirmed that gender was a "dangerous ideology," arguing that “the antichrist is in Colombia” and “the accord was agreed with voodoo” while provoking fear of modifying traditional family values and promoting homosexuality. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate how the newspapers "El Tiempo" and "El Espectador" represented gender online as "gender ideology" for undermining the construction of a peaceful society and leading 50.2% of Colombian voters to reject the final proposal. This study will combine the Foucauldian perspective of the power of discourse with Judith Butler’s conception of gender as a social construction to interpret how the Christian evangelical and right-wing politicians altered the framework of the original peace agreement. From Stuart Hall’s lens, mass media will be analyzed as enterprises with functions of symbolic and cultural construction of meanings. These Colombian newspapers reveal their discursive power to represent gender as a fixed natural order to understand social relations and disseminate the manipulation of conservative forces for delegitimizing arguments in favor of gender equality.
Room 7 Emerging Pedagogies
Futures Pedagogy and Water Literacies: Connecting Students to Place and Eco Justice

Dr. David G. Lloyd,

Overview: This paper focuses on the use of futures thinking in assisting students to connect to their local wetland and plan for its continued acceptance as integral to place. This case study with primary teachers and their classes involved a year-long curriculum, professional learning project that used action research as a method to challenge teachers to develop a curriculum for the Anthropocene through a transdisciplinary topic on a wetland near their schools.
Theme:Educational Studies
Opening the Secret City: Tapping Resources from a Historic Research Lab to Guide Interdisciplinary Secondary Teaching and Learning

Dr. Janet Isbell, Associate Professor, Curriculum & Instruction, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, TN, United States
Dr. Julie Baker, 
Dr. Jeffery Roberts, 
Dr. Andrew Callender,

Overview: Pedagogy has moved toward more student-centered learning, critical inquiry, and collaborative learning, change reflected in content standards, in teacher assessment, and in teacher evaluations. Guided inquiry and critical thinking are much needed in deeply contradictory times, but such changes require a shift in teacher thinking about content and pedagogy. Providing the tools for change was the goal of a summer workshop that asked teachers to think differently and to develop lessons around a theme that was rooted in their own history and would cross discipline boundaries. Opening the Secret City gathered thirty Tennessee secondary teachers of English, social studies, and science for professional development that led them to world-renowned research labs, gave them time with historians and scientists, and equipped them with books and films—all centered on the Manhattan Project. The teachers, and eventually their students, were immersed in the rich history and science of the Manhattan Project and Oak Ridge, Tennessee, exploring how individual and collective actions of the past continue to shape the world at home and across the globe. The workshop is a model for interdisciplinary teaching and learning using a themed approach and existing local, regional, and state resources.
Theme:Educational Studies
The Sociolinguistic Functions of Language Usage During Children’s Learning Interactions

Mariana Alvayero Ricklefs,

Overview: This ethnographic case study examines sociolinguistic functions of language usage during learning interactions of bilingual children in a fifth-grade English classroom of a urban public school in the USA. The study framework is formed by critical discourse analysis (Fairclough, 2014; Wodak, 2015) as theory and method. Focal participants are six Spanish-English bilingual students, three girls and three boys. Data were collected during a one-year period and encompassed observations of children’s interactions twice a week in the English Language Arts ninety-minute block. These interactions were audio-recorded and complemented with detailed field-notes. Data also included audio-recorded and transcribed semi-structured interviews of focal students. Data comprised documents too, such as the fifth-grade English curriculum, students’ work samples, and test scores. Data analysis consisted of open coding (sorting of patterns of language use) and analytic coding (thorough breakdown of themes and of language functions). Data findings suggested that language, English and Spanish, functioned to repair speech perceived as flawed, and to bestow or withdraw authority on the language source. Additionally, language became a site of power struggles and ideological “turmoil” in the classroom micro-cosmos embedded within society’s sociocultural and political macro-cosmos. Educational and research implications are considered.
Theme:Educational Studies
Inclusive Education and Cooperative Learning in an EFL Classroom : A Case Study

Leopoldo Medina Sánchez, Profesor sustituto interino, Didáctica de la lengua y la literatura, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain
Dr. Cristina Pérez Valverde,

Overview: This study investigates the effects of the implementation of a methodology based on cooperative learning in a mainstream secondary EFL classroom in which there is a student with a mild intellectual disability. The main purpose is to describe the methodology, classroom dynamics, and teaching material employed for EFL learning, as well as to elicit the appraisal and judgment of the students’ working conditions on the part of their English teachers. To this end, we have conducted a case study in a state school during two academic years. The research instruments have been documentary analysis, in-depth interviews, and participant observation. The data gathered gives evidence of the benefits of the cooperative methodology implemented. Furthermore, the study elicits the most important challenges that teachers must face in order to meet the educational needs of students with mild intellectual disability. In this sense, the discourse of the teachers involved in the study reveals the following needs: the urgency for smaller classes, an increase of human and infrastructural resources, improving the quality and the quantity of teaching materials, promoting a close collaboration among the school’s professionals, and strengthening relationships with the students’ families.
Theme:Educational Studies

Jul 27, 2018
08:30-09:00 Conference Registration Desk Open
09:00-09:20 Daily Update
09:20-09:50 Plenary Session

Fernando Trujillo Sáez, Associate Professor, Department of Didactics of Language and Literature, University of Granada, Spain
09:50-10:20 Garden Conversation
10:20-10:30 Transition Break
Room 1 Colloquium
Chinese Network Capital: Past and Present

Dr. Victor Zheng, 
Prof. Siu Lun Wong, Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Dr. Tsai-man Ho, 
Dr Kin Sheun Louie, 
 Posan Wan, Research Officer, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Overview: We live in a network society. Although we know that we are interconnected with many others in the social web, we mostly take this as consumption (goods) instead of investment (capital). This panel addresses the research question of “network” (social, economic, political, and cultural connections) and discuses from the angle of “capital,” focusing on making network for generating benefit, by using a generic term “network capital.” Since Chinese culture puts strong emphasis on network (guanxi), this panel opts to use overseas Chinese as cases to illustrate how they maneuver various kind of network past and present to achieve their different goals. Prof. Siu-lun Wong's "Soul Searching: Overseas Indian and Chinese Diasporic Comparison" will compare the Chinese and Indian diasporas massive migration flows in the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries from the perspective of an innovative perspective of “soul-searching.” He will examine their disparities in terms of remittance behavior, network patterns, and homeland ties. Dr. Tsai-man Ho will focus on socio-business re-networking by using the case of Taiwanese businesses in Vietnam in her paper, "Business Relocation and Network Re-establishing in Today's Taiwan." Her paper will address problems faced when the Taiwanese firms tried to move their assembly lines to Vietnam under the so-called “Southern-looking economic development policy.” Dr. Victor Zheng will talk about Chinese business network in South East Asia and Hong Kong by using an in-depth case of Aw Boon Haw—the so-called “King of medicine business” and “King of newspapers business” in the twentieth century. Dr. KS Louie and Posan Wan will talk about the Cuban Chinese endeavours in Cuban in the twentieth century, especially to compare life before and after communist rule. In their paper "Cuban Chinese and Their Survival Network," they will also discuss the current China-Cuban relation and the recent life of the Cuban Chinese. By using the above-mentioned cases/presentations, this panel hopes to enhance the understanding about Chinese network capital, especially on its idiosyncracy, intricacy, and intertwining.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 2 Models of Understanding
Just World Hypothesis: Theory and a Natural Field Experiment

James Konow, Professor, Economics, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA, United States

Overview: The Just World Hypothesis (JWH) posits that people are motivated to believe that the actual rules of their world are fair. An implication of the JWH is that people will adjust their beliefs about fairness toward actual rules, when beliefs are endogenous and diverge from the prevailing rules. We formulate a theory of distributive preferences in which beliefs about the fair rule are endogenous and based on two possible rules, equity (i.e., proportionality to contributions) and equality (i.e., equal splits). We test the theory with a natural field experiment conducted in Ethiopia in which participants work over a two week period under either equal or equitable pay rules. The behavioral and questionnaire results are consistent with the predicted adjustment of beliefs about fair pay toward actual pay. Specifically, worker productivity shifts in ways that are not predicted by models of self-interest or stable fairness preferences.
Theme:Global Studies
Social Community in Bhutan: Gross National Happiness and Buddhism in View

Yuki Tashiro, Research fellow, Center for Relational Studies on Global Crises, Chiba University, Chiba-city, Chiba-ken, Japan

Overview: This paper investigates the changes in Gross National Happiness and how GNH and its concept is penetrated and inherited by people. We visited the Kingdom of Bhutan (hereinafter "Bhutan") for the study. Due to the influence of modernization, consumer trends are appearing in urban areas such as Thimphu (especially among young people), and this cannot be avoided. This is what actually happens in Bhutan, but at the same time, the government is trying to improve the situation, and they seem to have flexibility and accept changes as necessity. The current government regime is occupied by people from rural areas and they know what actual life is like in rural areas. However, in the future, those people would be replaced by people who are born and raised in urban areas. When this generational change happens, will the balance of the GNH's four pillars be kept or will it be overtaken by materialism? It is important to keep an eye on the future of Bhutan and its people. As for the research method and relevant theory, the "socion theory," which has been developed in Japan under the influence of sociologist Niklas Luhmann's (1995) "Social Systems" (Stanford University Press), is applied to elucidate complex social-psychological linkages among diverse stakeholders in and around the country of Bhutan.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Judicial Independence in Indonesian Law

Prof. Sufirman Rahman,

Overview: This paper examines judges’ independence based on the independence of the judicial authority in Indonesia that is guaranteed in the Constitution based on Article 24 and 25 of the 1945 Constitution which is further implemented in the Law No. 48 Year 2009 dealing with judicial authority. Independence is defined as free from executive influences and other countries’ authority, free from coercion, recommendation, and other good things of external and internal judicial in determining decisions. To examine the judicial authority, the researchers applied sociological-judicial approach. This approach views that law is not only as a norm, but law in its social context is also influenced by some external factors. This approach aims to analyze law in its social context that is directed to the various studies towards some factors related to judicial independence of Indonesian Law. It was found that there are four courts which implement the judicial authority; General Court, Religious Court, Military Court, and Administrative Court. At the beginning, the four courts are separated and not organized in one organization, administration, and finance. In this case, the General Court and Administrative Court are organized by the Department of Justice. Then, Religious Court is organized by Religious Affairs. Military Court is organized by Department of Defense. Finally, Supreme Court as the highest court conducts supervision and cassation and also reviews the court decisions.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Subjectivity in the Social Sciences

Dr. Steven Brown,

Overview: Subjectivity is ubiquitous and implies perspectives that range in scope from the intrapersonal (as in individual musings and daydreams) to the intercultural (as in communication between and among identities) and in sophistication from the inchoate babblings of infants to the theoretical pronouncements of philosophers and mathematicians. Q methodology is a philosophical and conceptual framework that, in tandem with its technical and analytical procedures, provides the basis for a science of subjectivity that is applicable across all humanities and sciences as well as their extensions into public policy, and that has implications for all themes in this conference. This paper will introduce the basic principles and procedures of Q methodology (rooted in the fundamentals of factor-analytic developments of the past century) and will demonstrate its applicability to a variety of subject-matter domains, such as literary interpretation, strategic planning and decision making, scientific creativity, educational and psychological assessment, and the intensive analysis of single cases.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Room 3 Community Resilence
Local Knowledge in Bangladesh: From Coping to Adaptation

Prof. John Hicks, Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia
Dr. Mir Rabiul Islam, 
Dr. Valerie Ingham, Associate Professor of Emergency Management, Institute for Land, Water and Society, Australian Graduate School of Policing and Security, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia
Dr Elaine Kelly,

Overview: Due to its geographical location, Bangladesh is predictably subject to regular flooding. Recent evidence indicates a change in flood frequency and the severity of flood events. We conducted field trips to Bangladesh in 2010 and 2015, and utilised in-depth interviews with participants from regularly flooded villages. In this context, we argue that it is useful to consider strategies to cope with a given flooding event separately from strategies to adapt to flooding in general and that, in the absence of organised and adequately resourced adaptation programs, coping strategies, reliant on local knowledge, will increase. In discussing coping and adaption strategies we focus on three elements common to each: governance, social networks, and income diversification. In particular, we are interested in how the nature of each element differed between scenarios of coping or adaptation and in demonstrating how local knowledge, essential for coping with a crisis, can also be employed to aid efforts of adaptation to repeated crisis.
Theme:Global Studies
A Cultural Paradigm Shift in Sub-Saharan Africa: Cultural Dimensions and Determinants

Raphael Ebanda, Volunteer, Research & Development, ESPAF

Overview: Ranging from the nomadic to the centralized and territorial, and from the trans-human pastoralist to sedentary agriculturalist, Africa is made of amazing, but simple diversity. The cultural traits acquired from African ancestors shaped the life styles of local communities, whose attitudes and behaviour have evolved with time into a new cultural paradigm. This study characterizes the cultural paradigm shift that is silently taking place in Sub-Saharan Africa. An ethnographic research design was conducted during the years 2016 and 2017 with the local communities at Akono in Cameroon and Rusinga in Kenya. The survey questionnaires included 248 participants in each site and unveiled determinants and cultural dimensions, whose stepwise regression model showed a significant correlation. At the Akono site, globalisation, monetisation of the economy, government regulations, and climate change significantly contributed to the variation in cultural dimensions. At the Rusinga site, globalisation, monetisation of the economy, climate change, and religion significantly contributed to the variation in cultural dimensions. The interviews were conducted with ten elders from each community and revealed that the transformation of cultural dimensions contributed to the loss of traditional practices at Akono and Rusinga respectively, while activities for subsistence evolved. Indigenous culture is selectively being discriminated and handed down to younger generations.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 4 Lessons from Literature
Perspectives and Voices of Differences: Patriarchy and Feminism, or When Zeus and Lilith Collide

Alba Elizabeth Melgar, 
 Gloria Velasquez,

Overview: Patriarchy is the system of male domination through the control of female sexuality. The control of female sexuality through the institution of patriarchal marriage is central to patriarchy. Mythology is an ontological phenomenon that illustrates people’s perceptions, and patriarchy is a concept deeply rooted into mythology. Zeus, was the ruler of skies and earth, the personification of the laws of nature; the ruler of the state, gods, and men and the founder of patriarchy. Gradually, the idea of male ownership of children took hold. Women gradually lost their freedom, mystery, and superior position. Slowly, the social order was painfully reversed. Women became the underclass. Part of this devaluation of women’s image is due also to mythology. Before the Hellenistic period, Athena was the most important goddess. But because she was born only of Zeus, Athena’s powerful self-image as goddess was demoted. As the goddesses fell, the misogyny present in patriarchy rose. But, the rise of patriarchy was also bringing the seed of its own nemesis, feminism. As patriarchy collides with feminism, Zeus the founder of patriarchy collides not with Eve but with Lilith, the Other First woman, First Feminist, founder of feminism. In Genesis 2:21-23, Eve was not the first woman but the second and Lilith was the first, Genesis 1:27. Haughty and defiant, Lilith refused to submit to Adam’s authority, refusing to lay beneath him during intercourse. Lilith free from male authority, fled and challenged masculine authority renouncing to conceive. Lilith’s subsequent career as the agent of destruction of the male authority made of her the first feminist. “The nature and symbolism of the myth of collision between Lilith and Zeus also reveal that, in our shrinking global village, the universalized feminist fight can only succeed, and that nothing will bring back the dark ages of patriarchy.”
Theme:Cultural Studies
From Similarities to the Future: A Discourse Analysis of Schools and Factories in Cartoons

Hatiye Garip, Research Assistant, Communication Design, Özyeğin University

Overview: To show similarities between schools and factories, the study focuses on the ones that use factory school criticism. Additionally the study explains the future of schools and factories with regard to the cartoonists’ point of view. The explanation of the future provides an optimistic output for the future of school as a public institution. The paper also attempts to use similarities of school and factory as a case study. The study underlines Foucault’s critics about space while determining the similarities between these public institutions selected for the study. Using discourse analysis as a research method, while supporting it with content analysis and semiology provides a detailed examination, since as it is very helpful to see beyond the sampling contents. In this study, both cartoons that use factory metaphors for school criticism and the ones that criticize school-education are analyzed to show how they place them and what do they mean for cartoonists. I also try to understand the secret meanings of these public institutions from cartoonists’ perspective as they have the ability of criticizing with humor.
Theme:Educational Studies, Communication
"The Last Blond," or the Convergece of Race and the Socio-economic Apparatus

William Rosa,

Overview: Clemente Palma’s "The Last Blond" (La ultima rubia) proposes the existential validity of modernity within the parameters of the scientific materialism of the period and the perspective of a polyphasic relevant language. From here on language moves from being conceived as a scientific tool that corroborate a pre-selected set of ideas to a malleable discourse that allows an approach to matters as fundamental as the search for philosophical principles or on a quantifiable level, the production of gold from the multivalued perspective of the dynamic between what is true and what is a lie. The discourse turn to learned positions, to authorities not to propose but to establish the path to follow in search of the pre-conceived goals; this is, to produce gold since this, after all, is the one that validates what he already established as the truth and therefore, constitutes the dominant voice since it is in control of the knowledge which is no other thing but the power that he seek which in turn represents the mercantilist goals of the period and key to material progress. The discourse is not a mere communication device used by representatives from determined spaces but rather it is conceived and employed as an instrument to impose, or better, it is seen as a domination artifact supported by the known unknown in order to delineate behavior patterns as well as interaction methods. Thus, we should ask, how this story teller arrives at this position, how he manages to convince others to agree with him, how he engineers to string us in his narration to the point that we also side with him.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 5 Across Academics
Combining Social and Educational Literacies in the United Arab Emirates

Dr. Sameera Tahira Ahmed, Assistant Professor , Mass Communication , UAEU, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates

Overview: The UAE has one of the highest levels of Internet penetration and social media usage in the world. A combination of various factors, including a young population and a rapidly developing telecommunications infrastructure means that almost all the population has access to the Internet and use of social media is widespread. This paper introduces data collected in the UAE to examine social and educational uses of modern information and communication technologies, including e-learning, and examines the relationship between both types of literacies on individuals, the socio-cultural landscape and the economy. It uses both quantitative and qualitative data, including focus group interviews with males and females, to explore how channels and competencies are affecting learning and communication experiences. The UAE University (UAEU) is used as a case study to illustrate the patterns of consumption and usage within higher education and these are presented within the broader national context.
Making Writing Relevant for Students beyond Academia: A Pedagogical Exploration in Spanish Composition Classes

Dr. Lisa Kuriscak,

Overview: Second language (L2) writing classes bring together learners from many majors and minors, traditionally leading to a lack of real-world application for students’ careers (given instructors’ lack of expertise is these fields). This aggravates an already pervasive view of writing as an inoculation and L2 writing classes as grammatical-accuracy boot camp. This paper reports on an alternative pedagogical approach to L2 writing in Spanish, embracing the multifaceted (and imperfect) writing process and exploring how various forms of technology (both inside and outside the classroom) affect students’ agency, motivation, and development in that process. Pre- and post-test surveys were distributed to participants, who were students in Advanced Spanish Composition classes in different classroom contexts (to determine the effect of class configuration and student- vs. instructor-controlled technology on outcomes) at a large, public, U.S. university. Data were also collected from focus groups and samples of student writing. Tasks were designed to make the writing relevant for students’ careers and personal lives post-college (including the exploration of social problems), to give them practice generating and receiving feedback to/from peers, and to help them learn to tailor their writing to specific audiences and thus more effectively communicate their ideas beyond the scope of academia.
Theme:Educational Studies
The Link Between Language Proficiency and Creativity Among Business Management Students

Mercedes Mareque, 
 Elena De Prada Creo, 
Mrs. Margarita Pino-Juste, Regular Professor , Didactics and school organization,  University of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain, Spain

Overview: Taking into account the existing discrepancies between company requirements regarding internationalization and innovation and the limited training on these areas of expertise received in most management schools, the main objective of this paper is to delve into the relationship between language knowledge and creativity in order to propose specific courses of action for the improvement of these skills. The methodology used is based on a survey given to 303 management degree students during the academic year 2016-17. The results obtained reveal that the level of creativity and language proficiency among the population analysed is low and clearly needs improvement. Regarding training in foreign languages, the results indicate that language learning that solely takes place in the classroom is insufficient for either attaining the required proficiency demanded by the market or for fostering creativity. Hence, designing programmes for management studies that combine and integrate creativity and language learning are essential for the successful future incorporation of the students into the work market.
Theme:Educational Studies
Bad Advice: Graduate Students and Their Advisors

Michael Hood, Associate Professor, English, Nihon University, College of Commerce, Tokyo, Japan

Overview: At the graduate level, the advisee-advisor relationship plays a significant role in determining students’ academic success or failure. This relationship is perhaps even more significant for graduate students pursuing their degrees in their second language, as they may face linguistic and cultural challenges that their L1 classmates do not as they socialize into new academic communities. Using communities of practice, legitimate peripheral participation, and activity theory as a theoretical framework, I conducted a series of case studies examining the relationships between L2 graduate students in U.S. universities and their advisors, from the genesis of those relationships through graduation or withdrawal from the university. Data comprise interviews, institutional policy statements, course syllabi and assignments, and on-site observations. These data are used to co-construct narrative accounts of the participants’ relationships with their advisors as a means of shedding light on the sources of dysfunction and how the participants overcame (or did not overcome) dysfunctional relationships. Findings indicate that L2 graduate students with a strong professional identity and strong socio-academic support networks were able to strategically confront, compensate for, or work around a dysfunctional relationship with their advisors, guide their own learning trajectories, and achieve their academic goals. Those who lacked such a sense of professional identity or access to such support networks tended to defer to their advisors, even in the face of indifferent, neglectful, or incompetent advising. Findings also indicate that the dysfunction runs deep, from policies at the institutional level, through lack of awareness, training, and competence at the advisor level.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 6 Navigating Life
A Critical Psychological Analysis of How Mental Health in United Kingdom Schools Is Approached and Constructed

Dr Sam Carr, Bath, United Kingdom

Overview: This paper draws upon literature from critical psychology, mental health, and schooling to critique how children and young people’s “mental health” is currently constructed, presented, and practiced in relation to schooling in the UK. We look critically at the how policy has problematized mental health and argue that the mental health movement in contemporary schools can be seen to reflect an agenda related to the construction of neoliberal subjectivities and the governance of personhood in neoliberal society. Furthermore, we believe that it would be remiss not to take this opportunity to engage in open debate about the meaning of mental health in the context of schooling, carefully examining the possibility that educational policy may be as much a part of the problem as it is the solution and critically engaging with the meaning of mental health.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
HIV Stress Exchange: HIV Trauma, Intergenerational Stress, and Queer Men

Dr. Tyler Argüello,

Overview: Within dominant research and practice, HIV is commonly positioned as the categorical outcome of a risk-laden life trajectory: one is positive, negative, or has an unknown status. “Test and treat” drive mainstream prevention and interventions in the U.S. (ONAP, 2015). This approach, however, does little to address HIV as an historically traumatic event and chronically stressful experience for queer men. This project deployed a discourse analysis (Fairclough, 2003, 2013; Gee, 2014; Kress and van Leeuwen, 2006) to explore the process of HIV stress exchange (HSE), as I term it, which is a purposefully triangulated conversation amongst HIV discourse, intergenerational stress, and queer men. Initial findings will be reviewed; data selection completes summer 2017, and is comprised of in-depth interviews and an original archive of visual resources. In this moment, queer men hold anxieties related to non-validated, unintelligible, and often unvoiced stress specifically due to living within the era of HIV, inclusive of all ages and sero-statuses. Tending to HIV as discourse exchanged across generations is an important addition to the array of prevention strategies and interventions. This work can illuminate the effects of HIV as a principally traumatic event, and how queer men negotiate this stress and their wellbeing.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Social Communication Challenges in Neurodiverse Populations

Amanda Guzman, Graduate student, Speech-Language Pathology, Ithaca College, Ithacan New York, United States
 Marie Sanford, Clinical Associate Professor, Speech-Language Pathology, Ithaca College
 Jenna Abrahamsen, student, Ithaca College
 Sarah Tracey,

Overview: Neurodiversity is an emergent area of scholarship that views neurological differences as resulting from natural variations in the human genome. The continuum of neurodiversity encompasses a wide range of neurological differences including autism spectrum disorder (ASD), learning disabilities (LD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and various psychological disorders. Aligned with these neurodiversities are recurrent departures in both sensory processing behaviors and social communication patterns. The combination of these phenomena often results in impairments in social skills and difficulties in navigating new social environments, leading to potential academic failure, social isolation, and loss of employment. These individuals often require support to achieve positive social outcomes. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association describes social communication skills as the ability to vary speech style, take the perspective of others, understand and appropriately use the rules for verbal and nonverbal communication, and use the structural aspects of language (e.g., vocabulary, syntax, and phonology) to accomplish these goals. Understanding the nature of an individual’s approach to succeeding in social learning has become critical in today’s ever-changing world. This study identifies the challenges of social communication differences in a variety of neurodiverse populations and addresses the advantages of identifying associations between sensory processing patterns and social communication skills.
Theme:Educational Studies
Push on Through: Educational Policy and the Role of Schooling in Responding to a Mental Health Crisis

Ceri Brown, Senior Lecturer, Education, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom

Overview: The unprecedented number of children suffering from mental illnesses in the UK, has prompted the government into promising that, 'every child will learn about mental health and wellbeing' (DoE/DoH 2017 p29). This signals a fundamental transformation in schools’ involvement in mental health and the state’s extended reach into children's psychic development. We might consider this against a broader shift from a ‘pathogenic’ to ‘salutogenic’ approach to mental health (Weare 2010) where a focus upon mental health problems is replaced with one that designs actions to promote wellbeing and health. At the heart of this project is a narrative of mental health constructed through the architecture of mental strength: resilience, thriving, character. It is argued that such concepts reflect the policy hijacking of what are socio-cultural and structurally shaped protective factors, reduced to the products of personal capability and individual agency. Drawing upon a pilot study exploring young peoples' understandings of mental health concepts within six secondary schools' identified for an intensive focus on mental health education, this paper argues that the policy formulation of good mental health in terms of 'push on through' the pressures experienced in today's performative culture of schooling, run counter to the best interests of children.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 7 Constructed Realities
Deconstructing the Binary: Teaching Racial and Ethnic Identity in American Classrooms within the Context of Globalization

Prof. Michelle Diane Wright, Associate Professor/Department Coordinator, History & Africana Studies, Community College of Baltimore County

Overview: The foundation of the Africana Studies discipline is the study of collective racial and ethnic identity formation within the African Diaspora. For more than two centuries, race in the American context has been fallaciously defined utilizing binary terms of Black and White without consideration of other possible equations. While recent DNA discoveries have proven race to be a social construct rather than biological fact, the categorization of people according to phenotypical characteristics persists and are generally dictated by governmental census definitions. As the world becomes culturally and socially more integrated, the binary structure of racial definitions in the United States has become obsolete. This fact however, creates a pedagogical challenge as most traditional college students enter the classroom with the binary paradigm firmly entrenched. This paper examines instructional methods that can assist American students in comprehending the myriad of understandings of race and ethnicity globally, and to reassess their discernment of a complex and ever-changing social construct that actually impacts their daily lives.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Masculinity, Femininity, and Trust in Government

Dr. David Jones, New York, NY, United States
Dr. Monika Mc Dermott, Bronx, NY, United States
Prof. Oksan Bayulgen, 
Prof. Jeffrey W. Ladewig,

Overview: As Americans' trust in their government – most specifically Congress – has declined over the past half century, it has become increasingly important to answer the question of who does or does not trust government, and why. A popular avenue of inquiry has been into potential gender differences in trust. The evidence, however, is mixed. One possible reason for this is that studies may be focusing on the wrong interpretation of gender. Specifically, studies focus on biological sex as the key to trusting attitudes when the more appropriate explanatory variable is likely to be gendered personalities. The psychological literature has long demonstrated that common beliefs about sex effects are actually better explained by personalities, but this idea is relatively new to political science. Given that feminine individuals are more caring and compassionate while masculine personalities are more individualistic and tough – and that these personalities are not sex-specific – it makes sense that feminine personalities, not women, are the more trusting. This paper analyzes the effects of gendered personality traits on trust in government, demonstrating that feminine personalities are significantly more trusting of our governing institutions than are masculine personalities. It also examines what happens when individuals possess equally high levels of both sets of gendered traits – androgynous personalities – or low levels – the undifferentiated.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
The Cultural Persona as a Construct: Linking Cultural Models, Representation, and Practice

Mark Edberg,

Overview: This paper reviews a construct that I began discussing in several earlier publications (Edberg 2007, 2004a, 2004b), and to which I want to return in order to update and consider with respect to current implications. The construct can be referred to as the cultural persona -- a kind of living representation in the form of a persona or archetype (not in the Jungian universal and psychological sense) that aggregates cultural models, values, and how those are embodied in practice. Cultural personas are thus deeply embedded models that play multiple roles in cultural transmission, socialization, and the sustainability of cultural identity and practice over time. They contribute to the process by which some cultural representations and practices persist, while others do not. The idea of a cultural persona also draws from Bourdieu, in the sense that some cultural personas are linked to embodiment and everyday practice within structural hierarchies, and draws from semiotics and mimetic theory regarding the symbolic content of a given persona and the ways in which the persona reverberates and is replicated. Also important in this respect is the way in which such personas become material for the assembling of identities, within and across cultural contexts, and how this occurs through appropriation, mimesis, and recontextualization. As examples, I draw from previous ethnographic work on the narcotrafficker persona as represented in a specific Mexican media form called the corrido, and from a brief examination of other personas, including some that seem to occur across cultures (the social bandit) and others (e.g., the American cowboy) that are more culture-specific. Finally, because as an anthropologist I am involved in the application of anthropology to public health concerns (e.g., HIV/AIDS, violence, substance use, health inequities, marginalized populations), I consider the utility of the cultural persona construct for understanding what is referred to in a public health context as “health risk behavior.” Specifically, how do cultural personas embody and lend meaning to behavior that has implications for health (negative and positive)?
Theme:Cultural Studies
A Relational Construction of Social Class and Ethnicity : Introducing a New Mapping Tool

Michael Donnelly, Senior Lecturer, Department of Education, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom

Overview: This paper introduces a new ‘mapping tool’ developed as part of a 3-year comparative study into spatial and social im/mobilities of young people - involving over 180 young people across 20 fieldwork sites across all four corners of the UK. A key focus of the project was to foreground geography in our understandings of young people’s university transitions and im/mobility intentions, capturing the diverse spatial vantage points from which their choices are oriented. The ‘mapping tool’ involves participants using different colours to express their subjective perceptions and feelings about the geography of the UK (in this case), which is then followed-up by an interview orientated around their map. Their map, like all maps, are visual representations of how these young people cognitively configure space, including the array of identities and resources that exist across it – it is their geography of the UK. Use of this tool in our research elicited rich spatial imaginaries of our participants, and we report here on its particular affordances for allowing a relational construction of social class and ethnic differences to be captured. We draw on interview data to show how the tool helped to reveal how young people came to define their classed and ethnic identities and orientations to mobility in relation to the perceived other. The distinctive characteristics of the tool - including its weak framing of space and place - allowed this relationality to come through in unique and in-depth ways during interviews.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
12:10-13:15 Lunch
Room 1 Breaking the Cycle
Collaborative Police Action on Intimate Partner Violence

Dr. Carmen Gill,

Overview: The National Framework for Collaborative Police Action on Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has been developed over the last three years by the “Crime Prevention, Community Safety and Well-being Committee” of the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police (CACP) along with academics, policy makers, and community agencies. This strong partnership led to this initiative providing a truly National Framework to all police services across Canada aiming to inform policy and actions designed to keep families and communities safer. Police officers’ perspectives with regards to how they should intervene in IPV incidents, what they see as appropriate, and what is expected of them by their organization vary widely. In Winter 2017, the National Framework was sent to all Police Chiefs across Canada with the expectation that all police agencies in the country will revise their action strategy regarding IPV. Following the adoption of the National Framework by CACP research as taken place to assess the impact of the framework across Canada and to address issues face by Aboriginal communities regarding IPV. In this presentation we will present the National Framework and results of the implementation of the framework and analysis of police files focusing on First Nations in Canada and IPV.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
International Alternatives to Gang Suppression Policing : From Cure Violence to Social Inclusion

Alex Vitale, Professor, Brooklyn College

Overview: Over the last decade there has been a significant increase in concern about youth gangs in Latin America, Europe, and the US. Much of this concern has engendered a variety of “get tough” or “mano dura” responses such as gang injunctions, large-scale conspiracy prosecutions, deportations, the use of military police, and even extra judicial killings. At the same time, alternative approaches have been developing. Some, like the Cure Violence program in the US, use positive behavior modification schemes to break the cycle of violence and push people in to pro-social activities. Others, like Ecuador, have attempted to use social inclusion approaches to politically activate youth by directly linking them to government agencies, decision making processes, and even political parties. This paper will review a number of these new non-punitive approaches and discuss the latest research on their effectiveness. I will also place the subjects of these policies in a global context, exploring the transnational nature of gang identities tied to migration and cultural diffusion, the ways in which globalization shapes youth opportunities and outlooks, and the flows of gang suppression ideologies, modalities, and alternatives.
Theme:Global Studies
Uniform of the Jerk, the Skin of the Thug: Phenomenology of Embodiment and the Totalizing of the Other

Dr. Brett Morgan Breton, Assistant Professor, Behavioral Sciences, Utah Valley University, Orem, UT, United States
 Dlayne Swensen, 
Dr. Matthew Draper,

Overview: Media outlets present polarized views of the embodiment of both law enforcement and the public. One portrays the noble protector, ready to serve and protect a community with self-sacrifice. The other presents the violent bigot, ready to lash out with the slightest provocation. This paper draws from the lived-experiences of police officers and their families to argue that the public perception of police follows a troubling trend particularly where ethnic minorities are concerned. This increasing trend seems to be painting a picture that portrays law enforcement professionals as “jerks.” Although this perception may prove accurate in specific cases, these potentially represent exceptions rather than rules. We offer phenomenological evidence to argue that law-enforcement officers and the public co-constitute their experience in that relationship. One worrisome phenomenon we found is the tendency to objectify others (“totalize”) and take them up in dogmatic, abstractionist, and one-sided ways. Such characterization can then lead to misunderstandings, distrust, rebellions, and more. This potential totalization of the "other" tends to be reciprocal, often based on the experiencing of “bad Apples.” We offer potential explanations as well as potential suggestions aimed at ameliorating the difficulties that ensue when abstractionist and totalizing paradigms are embraced and practiced.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Detecting Radicalization in Communities: The Loss of Local Connections and Why We Should Worry

Sue Roberts,

Overview: Following the 2017 terrorist attacks in the UK by extremist religious individuals and terrorists, it is notable that politicians and commentators called for more partnership working in England (BBC question time, 5 June 2017; Faith Matters 2017; Brendan Cox 19 June 2017). It is by this means that local information and intelligence can be accessed, especially relating to emerging radicalisation which could lead to active terrorism of the kind witnessed in these attacks (UNISON 2016). This paper looks at the reasons why local information and multi-agency partnership are important to policing and community safety in this context. Policy changes and their effects in governance and partnership arrangements that have occurred since 2010 are reviewed and the paper goes on to present findings on the vital role for partnership working and local intelligence in tackling community safety issues. The third part of the paper considers the question of how relevant agencies can monitor ongoing extremism and terrorism in communities through local intelligence gleaned through partnership working and other means.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Room 2 Confronting Danger
Are What Terrorist Attacks Are and What Will Happen Related?: A Psychological Outline and Network of Ideas on the Human Factor

Drs. Cristina Curtolo, Researcher in Clinical Psychology, Department of Law, University of Macerata, Italy

Overview: Does the terrorist attack really have the quality of cowardice? From a holistic perspective terrorism articulates several deep and complex elements, whose powerful human factor in marking territories in relation to victims, and the rite of burning fear have exposed the problem of a huge amount of data from which, I believe, no ideas come out which are useful for avoiding passionate responses whose psychological effect is a form of beliefs covering the living substance of a phenomenon undergoing transformation. Theoretically, the aversion to combining a fact with its meaning is counterproductive because it implements the aggressive spirit (Curtolo 2012; 2016) that drives the rationality of "we-terrorist," while bearing in mind that the basis of the brain's psychic functioning requires recognition. This argument focuses on uncertainty and unpredictability linked to the motivational scale of the person who becomes a terrorist when responding to the call of narrative suggestions that connect the turmoil of political affirmation to the sacred.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
Mitigating the Social Worries of Transformative Technologies: A Bibliometric Appraisal

Dr. Marie Lavoie,

Overview: To raise awareness of emerging technologies, a panel of experts from the World Economic Forum identifies every year the most salient technological trends. For the time being, these technologies – among those, additive manufacturing/3D printing, deep learning/artificial intelligence, and CRISPR/genes editing – are highly uncertain and can potentially have dangerous implications. Transformative technologies deal with a variety of challenges and thus face cultural, economic, regulatory, political, social, geographical and even linguistic barriers, and have the potential to disrupt the way we live, work, think, and produce. This should eventually alert social expertise to get involved. In this race, once the progress takes place, nobody might be able to hit the brakes, as emphasized by Harari (2015). Thus, important issues arise regarding safety and ethics. Scientists need to be advised ethically, socially, and legally to effectively manage social worries and maintain public trust. Scientists and specialists in SSHs have a responsibility to collaborate in order to prevent unintended consequences. This paper will delineate the network of experts and organizations in which these technologies developed and the magnitude of the evolving pattern of collaboration (disciplinary, institutional, national, and international) by using bibliometric analysis on the basis of Elsevier’s database.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Organizational Studies
Room 3 Youth Struggles
Reconnecting with School and Giving It New Meaning: Academic Resilience of Young Adults Aged Sixteen to Twenty-four Years Old

Doucet Manon, 
Mrs. Danielle Maltais, 
 Eve Pouliot,

Overview: In Quebec, young adults return to school in adult education centres to obtain their high school diploma. To achieve this, the road has been tortuous and challenging. Events, learning, and adaptation difficulties have left traces of painful memories from the moment they entered school. What do they show about their journey and their return to school and what was the role of the teachers so that these young people could give a new meaning to school. A fresh perspective on two qualitative studies shows data collected from students and teachers indicating some reciprocity of recognition of the process of resilience. The results of a first study conducted with thirty students and a second study using semi-structured interviews and focus groups of about forty teachers highlighted the process of academic resilience of these young people. By actuation of their strengths to experience success and by teachers' acknowledgement of their potential, their tenacity and commitment, many have regained confidence in their abilities and returned to school and have regained power on their studies and their lives.
Theme:Educational Studies
Gymnasium Users and Gardeners: Supplementing the Body Image and Its Contradictions

Gary Gabriels,

Overview: Recently it has been shown that gymnasium users are aware of the increased use of nutritional supplements in commercial gymnasiums. Supplement ingestion is to increase the nutritional content of a normal diet, to fill a dietary need, and/or a presumed deficiency. These supplements are often used by people in predominantly affluent communities who engage in competitive ‘activities’ and/or to enhance body image. Supplements may contain adulterated substances that may potentially have harmful short - and long-term health consequences to the consumer. Many of the users of supplements are unaware of the potential mislabelling on the products, the health/wellness benefit and risk concerns, and the ‘contradictions’ regarding consumption. Food movements (globally), are a growing and a diverse phenomenon. In South Africa, youth are the majority of the large unemployed sector, hence job creation for youth in poor communities is a key development goal. Preliminary research findings indicate a socio-cultural shift where young people have become involved in urban food gardens, with a consummate high level of bodily awareness, including maintenance of their health and wellness, through gardening. Township youth (gardeners) may thus redirect their ideas of a good body-image into new urban food movements. Thus, for the non-affluent youth consumer, who may not be able to afford nutritional supplement products, may resort to high caffeine containing energy drinks, to supplement, and redirect their ideas of a good body-image, due to social-cultural and lifestyle shifts. The research paper illuminates the respective paradigms and the consequence and contradictions of supplement consumption.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 4 Reaching Higher
Re-configuring European Higher Education: Enhancing Diversity, Access, and Success for All

Dr. Lisa Price, 
Dr. Nana Osei Kofi, 
Dr. Bradley Boovy,

Overview: This paper examines higher education in Europe and the under-representation of people of color, whose participation in European Higher Education as students, professors, administrators, is extremely limited. Although racial and ethnic diversity is nothing new to Europe, it remains exceedingly difficult for people of color to gain access to European institutions of higher education. Drawing on case studies from the Netherlands, Germany, and Sweden, we examine the major historical and contemporary challenges that shape the current context. Europe today is a continent where global social, political, and economic circumstances are facilitating rapid demographic shifts, which are resulting in further racial and ethnic diversification. Meanwhile, the growth of right-wing extremist, racist, and xenophobic social movements in response to this diversity in the European population is notable. As such, it is imperative that European higher education respond to and challenge these crises with an agenda that is informed by a social justice imperative, and thus become more inclusive in order to strengthen civil society at all levels. As part of our engagement with historical and contemporary challenges, we will also discuss strategies to facilitate change, such as curricular changes to address difference, power, and discrimination; compulsory coursework in tertiary education; student and faculty recruitment and retention; faculty development; and institutional climate assessments, drawing on international examples and lessons learned from a range of institutions of higher education.
Theme:Educational Studies
Co-teaching in Higher Education: The Practice and Power of Collective Autonomy

Dr Catherine Hill, 
Dr Nadera Alborno,

Overview: Traditional models of teaching in higher education, which have ruled universities for more than 600 years, are slowly being retired and replaced by more active learning paradigms and student-centered pedagogies. The individual autonomy of the lecture hall is being challenged by the social, cultural, and technological changes of an increasingly cosmopolitan world. The process of worldwide globalization has facilitated the movement of people and ideas unlike any other time in human history. We are now partaking in conversations across boundaries of information, ideas, and identities leading to the evolution of a cosmopolitan worldview and an information culture wherein everybody matters and human plurality is valued. While universities are notoriously slow to change, they remain at the core of this evolving culture, not as gatekeepers of information but as facilitators of learning. This paper focuses on the practice and power of co-teaching in higher education as a model of collective autonomy. Such a strategy values the social experience of student-centered learning and aims to empower students to solve real world problems, engage in critical discourse and acquire a culturally proficient consciousness as members of cosmopolitan communities in a globalized world.
Theme:Educational Studies
Design and Quality Parameters of an Instrument to Measure Teaching Competences in Higher Education

Dr. Oswaldo Lorenzo-Quiles, Vicedean of Research, International Projects and Transference, Education and Humanities of Melilla, Unniversity of Granada, Melilla, Melilla, Spain
Dr. Marisa del Socorro Zaldívar Acosta, 
 Carolina Alegre Benítez, Doctoranda, Didáctica de las Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Granada, Spain

Overview: The study constructs an instrument to measure the perception on their own teaching competences of a group of university professors of health sciences in Yucatan, Mexico. The method used has been both quantitative and qualitative, using mixed techniques to evaluate the relevance and quality of the four analyzed dimensions determined by the literature review: Planning of the subject, Teaching practice, Reflection of teaching in classroom, and Motivation for teaching practice. The instrument was validated by a group of 150 Mexican professors from different subjects related to health sciences (sixty men and eighty-two women). The implications of the study are interested not only for university professors in health sciences, but also for higher education professors from other disciplines, since the conceptual references used for its construction have into consideration common aspects to teaching in different disciplines.
Theme:Educational Studies
14:55-15:15 Coffee Break
Room 1 What Kind of Science?
How Scientific are Different Social Sciences?

James Clark, Professor, Psychology, U of Winnipeg

Overview: Grouping of academic disciplines reveals a hard/soft dimension that orders disciplines (Biglan, 1973): natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities. Subsequent research has confirmed that this dimension reflects how scientific or empirical disciplines are, one indicator being the prevalence of graphs in journal articles. The scientific status of disciplines also varies within the broad categories, although the ordering is inconsistent across studies and recent decades have witnessed strong challenges to empiricism in some social sciences. The present study examines the prevalence of data graphs and tables in introductory textbooks from four social sciences: psychology, sociology, politics, and anthropology. Graphs were much more common in psychology and sociology than in politics and anthropology, suggesting that initial exposure to the empirical status of the social sciences varies markedly. Moreover, students have different opportunities to develop competencies in the interpretation of graphs, a major communication tool in science. The prevalence of tables was much lower with a different pattern of results. The findings support other research on variation among social science disciplines in their commitment to an empirical or scientific approach, with implications for epistemology, teaching, and interdisciplinary studies.
Theme:Educational Studies
Life-World Knowledge and Scientific Knowledge: Continuity or Discontinuity

Prof. Abdeljalil Métioui, 
 Louis Trudel,

Overview: Science is a social activity like all other human activities. Its mode of production is related to the socio-cultural environment and the political-economic context (Solomon, 1993). However, the content of scientific knowledge is the result of consensus-based approval in the scientific community. To this end, the Encyclopedia Universalis defines scientific content as being neutral, that is, having no national affiliation (1980, p.752). However, life-world knowledge is not universal and is the result of consensus among members of a given community. This paper highlights the epistemological discontinuity between the life-world knowledge and the scientific knowledge. For example, we will see that the concepts of the movement, force, time, velocity, energy, heat, and temperature do not have the same meanings in the two worlds of knowledge. We will also see that their confrontations are essential in the teaching context.
Theme:Educational Studies
Room 2 Building Better Schools
Construction of a Multicultural and Interdisciplinary Curriculum: Between the Practice and the Academic Production

Dr. Ana Ivenicki, 
Dr Giseli Pereli De Moura Xavi,

Overview: This paper analyses data from a research carried out in two parts. The first one refers to the collective effort of building an interdisciplinary and multicultural curriculum for primary education carried out within a partnership between a higher education institution and a local authority in Brazil. This phase was developed by the educational actors of both institutions through workshops, meetings, and on-line conversations. The second phase aimed to glean the extent to which multicultural, interdisciplinary curricula have been discussed within the knowledge production in Brazil. Methodology in this phase was the study of the state of art, as gleaned in articles about curriculum within the proceedings of the annual conferences carried out by the Brazilian National Research and Post-Graduation Association, as well as in the Brazilian Review of Education, both from 2010 to 2015. It shows potentials and challenges when translating multicultural and interdisciplinary approaches into actual collective curriculum construction. Data revealed trends and challenges in both phases of the research. The arguments that informed the study were based on a critical multicultural perspective that stresses the increasing need to raise awareness to inequalities that attain identities of gender, race, sexual orientation, and others, besides social and economic disparities.
Theme:Educational Studies
Analysis of the Process of Change in Schools: From the Culture of Complaint to the Culture of Transformation

Lucia Lomba Portela,

Overview: Educational change is a necessity in light of ongoing technological advances. Schools are regularly under pressure to change and improve teaching-learning processes which must be innovative. However, many practices persist. Teachers are the essential figures to initiate changes in schools. The beginning of a new process of change and improvement requires a predisposition to confront and overcome difficulties which appear. The aim of this study is to determine the obstacles that schools face during change. A quantitative methodology is used. The scale of resistance to change (ERC) identifies the experience of teachers. Results of this project indicate multiple variables that impede change including legislative challenges, lack of material, excessive bureaucracy, the total number of students per classroom, and students´ preparation for standardized tests. Teachers also describe how difficulties are easier to manage if all members of the educational community are involved.
Theme:Educational Studies
Multiculturalism in Islamic Boarding Schools: A Case Study of the Islamic Boarding School of Darul Istiqamah Maccopa, South Sulawesi Indonesia

Muhaemin Latief,

Overview: This research elaborates on how Islamic boarding schools (so-called pesantren) contend with multiculturalism and how they dealt with it. This research relies on qualitative research by conducting interviews either in focus group discussion or in in-depth interviews. Moreover, the researcher also conducted direct observation concerning the multicultural life of pesantrens. This study was conducted in Pesantren Darul Istiqamah, Maros, Indonesia, representing a traditional pesantren in South Sulawesi. The research subjects were teachers, students, and Kyai (religious leaders) of the pesantren. The data are analysed systematically through qualitative approach. Then, the findings suggest that pesantrens have their own understanding regarding multiculturalism. Their understanding was mainly gathered from the holy Koran without learning from western perspectives. They believe that human beings are created on the basis of difference, so people should appreciate one another. The differences related to language, race, and religion were the must. These concepts had been implemented in the pesantren's curricula. The curricula were very inclusive and more opened to any difference. There was no enforcement from pesantren management to just learn from a specific sect. In addition, the expanding networks of the pesantren is also inclusive. They had already collaborated with different organizations in relation to development of pesantren management. Another aspect that might be considered is its vision of leadership which was widely opened. The leaders (kyais) are involved in multicultural campaigns, such as seminars, workshops, bench markings. They perceived that the progress of pesantrens strongly depended on the way kyai dealt with contemporary issues, including multiculturalism.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 3 Collaborative Practice and Perspectives
It's All Liquid: Applying Social Transaction Theory to Organizational Culture and Culture Change

Thomas Whalen,

Overview: There has been much written in the literature regarding organizational culture. Specifically, how it is developed, how it emerges, and how to change it. Some social theorists treat culture as a monolithic feature of an organization that can either be frozen and unfrozen at the direction of leadership. Others approach culture as an unchanging object. Still others approach culture as something that is subject to their command. This paper will apply Social Transaction Theory (STT) to the subject and show that these are flawed views. STT states that social entities such as culture continually and organically emerge from social transaction. An organization’s culture is completely dependent on its people and their continual interaction with each other and the surrounding environment. Dewey and Bentley’s term “transaction” is used to combine human and environmental interaction into one entity. By using the STT lens to examine organizational culture, we can provide guidance to business and not-for-profit leaders in developing strategies to deal with developing and established stronger organizational cultures.
Theme:Cultural Studies
Campaign to Improve Conservation Awareness: Improving Awareness of Energy Conservation for a Rocky Mountain City

Agnes Otjen, 
Dr. Sarah Keller,

Overview: University professors collaborated on an interdisciplinary project with students to improve awareness of a city-wide attempt to conserve energy. The project had a two-pronged strategy: To improve public awareness of city employee efforts to conserve energy and to encourage the public to follow their lead and increase individual energy conservation practices. Primary research included a pre- and post-survey (n = 350) and focus groups (n = 40) to assess the effectiveness of the campaign. Utilizing the results of early research, students employed various marketing models and concepts to develop the appropriate targets and associated messages for an Integrated Marketing Communications (IMC) campaign. Final results revealed the campaign did increase public willingness to make small changes in their habits.
Theme:Social and Community Studies, Environmental Studies, Communication
Democratization or Instrumentality?: The Implications of the Turn to Co-produced Research for Contemporary Universities

Prof. Keri Facer,

Overview: In the UK as elsewhere, there is increasing support for "collaborative" research between universities and partners in the community. Such research has been described variously as supporting the radical democratisation of knowledge production and as promoting instrumentality and eroding the autonomy of universities. This paper reports on interviews with 100 academics and "community partners" involved in the co-production of research as part of a major UK-wide programme involving over 300 projects and over 1000 partners. It examines the motives, tensions, and negotiations involved in combining academic and community knowledges in the research process. In particular, it argues that there are different traditions of collaboration, with highly divergent lineages that need to be taken into account when framing collaborative research, and that these, as much as disciplinary boundaries, structure expectations about the nature of the "public," the question of "knowledge," and the value and purpose of research in these emerging partnerships. The paper concludes by reflecting on the wider implications of the university as a collaborative institution, arguing that the democratic responsibilities of academics are both enabled and put at risk in this "participatory turn."
Theme:Cultural Studies
Room 4 Exploring Economic Outcomes
Midas Touch: A Theory of Resource Curses

Daniel Arbucias,

Overview: This work conducts a comparative analysis on how diamonds and petroleum may produce different outcomes in relation to the resource curse. Much of the extant literature seeks to uncover why certain states experience the resource curse while others do not, ignoring vast variations among resource curse states. This work, however, is more interested in decoupling the differences among resource curse states rather than identifying why some states fall into this trap. It hypothesizes that different resources lead not only to different outcomes among resource curse states, but in fact lead to different resource curses. Many analyses of the resource curse treat resources only as important as the revenue they generate, ignoring the unique material and social qualities these resources possess. This work considers revenues salient factors in determining differences among resource curse states without ignoring how resources’ intrinsic qualities influence political and civil outcomes. Six hypotheses will be tested to evaluate competing resource curse explanations for adverse outcomes. By analyzing thirty-four resource curse states, buttressed with qualitative cases in Venezuela, Angola, and Sierra Leone, I wish to establish causal linkages between resources and resource curses.
Theme:Civic and Political Studies
To Cut or Not To Cut? : How Do Cuts to the Corporate Tax Rate Impact Business Investment, Economic Growth, Wages, and Unemployment?

Snyder Tricia Coxwell,

Overview: Recently the United States reduced the maximum corporate tax rate from 39% to 22%. Previously, the U.S. had the highest statutory corporate tax rate in the developed world. Many supply-side economist believe that the higher tax rate caused American companies to move to low-tax jurisdictions to increase their after-tax profit. Advocates for the tax cut argue that reducing the U.S. corporate tax rate, will encourage U.S. business to reinvest in the U.S., which in turn should increase business investment, output, and wages, while reducing unemployment. Keynesian economist who oppose the tax cuts, believe that the cut will have little impact on aggregate demand and thus have little impact on business investment, output, and job creation. In this paper, we empirically examine how corporate tax cuts impact business investment, output measured as GDP, wages, and unemployment. More specifically, we use annual data from 1960 to 2016 collected from the St. Louis Federal Reserve FRED website to determine the impacts that U.S. corporate tax rates have on business fixed investment, GDP, median wages, and the Civilian Unemployment. Results show that the impact of tax cuts is small and short lived for GDP and statistically insignificant for wages, unemployment, and business investment.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
Non-parametrically Identifying Peer Effects When Correlated Effects Are Present But Exogenous Effects Are Absent

Mr Jian Xin Heng,

Overview: This paper explores possibilities for identifying peer effects on socio-economic outcomes, when the outcome in question depends non-parametrically on peer outcomes. In the paper's model, an individual's outcome is an unknown function of his peers' expected outcome and his own characteristics, added to an individual-specific error. When the data is cross-sectional, the function is identified only under a stringent assumption on the relationship between each individual's outcome, characteristics, and his peers' outcomes. This assumption takes the form of an "interaction index" regressor, which shuts down transmission of peer effects when its value equals zero. When the data consists of observations across time periods in addition to individuals, this assumption can be dispensed with and the model is identified using a more traditional IV-based approach. Finally, a procedure is introduced for estimating the cross-sectional model. The paper's results have some bearing on how peer effects estimates should be interpreted.
Theme:Social and Community Studies
16:55-17:25 Conference Closing and Award Ceremony