BRICS and the Challenges of Food Security in the Indian Ocean Rims

By: Lere Amusan  

Food security has been one of the major problems that BRICS is facing in the age of climate change. Economic, strategic and political imperative that some members of BRICS are sharing directly or indirectly through the Indian Ocean need academic interrogation. Before the formation of BRICS, Russia, India, China and South Africa are very active participants in the politics and strategic arrangements of the third largest ocean (Indian Ocean) in the global system. The implications of the blue economy in the 21st century taken into account of the impact of climate change and how the same is influencing life under water with direct negative impact on food security will be the focus of this paper. Employing interdependence theory of liberal school, it will be concluded that international regimes such as BRICS and Indian Ocean Rims Association (IORA) need to come to term on how to exploit the Indian Ocean resources in a sustainable manner. Doing this will save the water from overfishing by the technologically advanced states; this approach will also check the ongoing plastic dumping in the ocean, an action that is threatening livelihood of littoral member states in the age of climate variability.

"BRICS", " IORA", " Food Security"
Food Production and Sustainability
Paper Presentation in a Themed Session

Prof. Lere Amusan

Professor and Head of Department, Politics and International Relations, North West University, South Africa, South Africa
-, South Africa

Lere Amusan is a professor of International Relations with special interest in food security and insecurity. Also of his interest is the issue of climate change and how this affect sustainable development in Africa. He is currently head, department of Politics and International Relations. Prof. Amusan has published widely on politics of development and underdevelopment in the developing areas. At the global level, he presented papers on food insecurity in Africa and how this can be alleviated through liberal approach to development. Among others, Amusan, to his credit, has published the following articles in global referred journals: The plights of African resources patenting through the lenses of the World Trade Organisation: an assessment of South Africa’s Rooibos Tea’s labyrinth journey; Water: a crisis in waiting; Development at the crossroad in the age of climate change in Africa: crises of adaptation and human security in the 21st century; and Africa and climate change in the era of complex interdependent globalised international system among others. I am currently working on challenges of food security in Southern Africa with special focus on Botswana and South Africa.