The Relationship Between Language and Memory in Senescence and Senility

By: Marcus Oliveira   Rosana Novaes Pinto  

Considering the influence of historical-cultural aspects of higher psychological functions (Vygotsky, 1934/1984), we assume that language can not be reduced to the strict rules of the formal system, just like memory cannot be understood as a technical skill. Both activities were developed along the human history and are inter-constitutive (Oliveira, 2017). This work aims to publicize and discuss some of the results obtained in a qualitative and microgenetic longitudinal postdoctoral study that relates language and memory in the context of "normal" aging and in pathologies (aphasia and dementia). We have analyzed some clippings of video-recorded speech-language pathology sessions that took place at the State Reference Center for Elderly Health Care (CREASI), in the city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. The units of analysis consist of utterances effectively produced in dialogical situations, which considered the singular history of the individuals as well as their social practices. The same principles also guide the linguistic-cognitive rehabilitation, in order to help the subjects to reorganize aspects of language and memory functioning. The clinical work is based on the so called “ethical-responsible dimension” (Bakhtin, 2010), which inserts researches in the process, as the “parter of real communication”. This mutual collaboration is a powerful therapeutical tool to minimize the effects of aging processes, especially on the pathological condition, which affects positively the individual's quality of life. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee and research under opinion number 2.547.410.

Memory, Forgetfulness, Language, Aphasia, Dementia, Neurolinguistics
Medical Perspectives on Aging, Health, Wellness
Paper Presentation in a Themed Session

Dr. Marcus Oliveira

Professor and researcher, Speech Therapy, Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Brazil
Bahia, Brazil

I'm a Professor at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA) and a Speech Therapist with a PHD in Linguistics at the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP) and member of GELEP (Grupo de Estudos da Linguagem no Envelhecimento e nas Patologias - Group of Studies of Language in Aging and in Pathologies). Currently I am developing post-doctoral studies at UNICAMP. My major interest is the study of language in relation to the (meta)memory process and forgetfulness. I have also developed research on the philosophy of language  at the University of Bari, Italy. 

Prof. Rosana Novaes Pinto

Associate Professor II, Department of Linguistics, State university of Campinas, Brazil
São Paulo, Brazil

I am an Associate Professor (II - Livre Docente) and University Scholar in the Department of Linguistics at the Language Studies Institute, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), São Paulo, Brazil. I am the leader of a Research Group - GELEP (Group of Studies of Language in Aging and in Pathologies) and also coordinate the Group 3 of CCA (Centro de Convivência de Afásicos) - an aphasics' center for language activities.  My research interests include language in normal and in pathological states, focused on aphasia; normal and pathological aging; methodological and ethical issues regarding evaluation and follow up of aphasic subjects. Recent publications include: Qualitative Research in Neurolinguistics: the case of Word Finding Difficulties and Related phenomena (2017). The aphasic utterance: A significal approach (2013); Bakhtinian ethics in the light of contemporary problems: Ponzio and The Art of Listening (2013); The contributions of concepts developed by the Circle of Bakhtin to the description and the analysis of aphasic subjects’utterances (2013); The concept of fluency in the studies of aphasia (2012); A social-cultural approach to aphasia: contributions from the work developed at a center for aphasic subjects (2012); Brain, language and cognitive functioning in the socio-historical-cultural perspective: inferences from the study of aphasias (2012). I have also been the director of the journal Cadernos de Estudos Linguisticos (CEL) from 2016-2018 and president of GEL (Grupo de Estudos Linguísticos do Estado de S. Paulo) from 2013 to 2015.