The Personal Tutor’s Role in Secondary Education in International Literature

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Abstract

This literature review demarcates the terms consistently used to mean “tutor” in Spanish educative legislation, which establishes that the counseling of pupils would be part of a teacher’s tasks. In order to explore if Spanish legislation comprehends all the tasks entrusted to the tutor internationally, an extensive review of scholarly literature on secondary education teachers has been conducted, exploring their role as mentors and counselors. The databases consulted included Google Scholar, Eric, Scopus, and Web of Science. In addition, a focus group was interviewed for a better understanding of how the psychosocial tasks of teachers are performed in real practice. Results showed that although the focus group emphasized the importance of the psychosocial functions of teachers, international scholars have shown much more interest in teachers’ instructional and organizational tasks.