Stokvels as a Community-based Saving Club Aimed at Eradicating Poverty

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  • Title: Stokvels as a Community-based Saving Club Aimed at Eradicating Poverty: A Case of South African Rural Women
  • Author(s): Micheal M Van Wyk
  • Publisher: Common Ground Research Networks
  • Collection: Common Ground Research Networks
  • Series: Diversity in Organizations, Communities & Nations
  • Journal Title: The International Journal of Community Diversity
  • Keywords: Stokvels, Community-based Saving Club, Poverty, Rural Women
  • Volume: 17
  • Issue: 2
  • Year: 2017
  • ISSN: 2327-0004 (Print)
  • ISSN: 2327-2147 (Online)
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.18848/2327-0004/CGP/v17i02/13-26
  • Citation: Van Wyk, Micheal M. 2017. "Stokvels as a Community-based Saving Club Aimed at Eradicating Poverty: A Case of South African Rural Women." The International Journal of Community Diversity 17 (2): 13-26. doi:10.18848/2327-0004/CGP/v17i02/13-26.
  • Extent: 14 pages

Abstract

Afrocentric ubuntu encompasses the philosophical principles of respect, inclusivity, human dignity, sharing, caring, honesty, communal dependence, and empathy. These principle are manifest in the stokvel, a community-based savings scheme that emerges in economically deprived African townships and rural communities for alleviating financial needs where official channels are inaccessible or do not exist. Stokvels are means of empowering rural African women to face the challenges of surviving in conditions of abject poverty. This article discusses the experience of a stokvel through an interpretive-narrative-based inquiry research paradigm. A purposive sampling method was employed in the selection of four rural women. For ethical reasons, pseudonyms were chosen, namely Mmabatho, Seipati, Anna, and Puleng. Their life journeys in becoming stokvel club activists are followed, and the semistructured interview sessions conducted with participants were transcribed and analysed. This Afrocentric ubuntu-based community practice provides financial support and sustainability to stokvel club members at large. Stokvels, or mahodisanas in Sotho-speaking regions, offer these marginalised rural women the opportunity for a more congenial and better-understood form of savings than do Western-style banks. These stokvel clubs provide an identity and inclusion in a specific culture as well as a savings community. Through stokvel activities, members become empowered, both in urban and rural areas. Stokvels help by supplementing limited earnings, guaranteeing access to credit when needed, and, recently, by providing start-up capital for new small, medium, and micro enterprises (SMMES).