Postcolonialism and Political Discourse in Chinua Achebe's Tetralogy

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  • Title: Postcolonialism and Political Discourse in Chinua Achebe's Tetralogy
  • Author(s): Bamshad Hemkatshoar, Ali Salami
  • Publisher: Common Ground Research Networks
  • Collection: Common Ground Research Networks
  • Series: New Directions in the Humanities
  • Keywords: Hybridity, Otherness, Postcolonialism, Discourse, Identity
  • Year: 2019
  • ISBN (hbk): 978-1-86335-177-5
  • ISBN (pbk): 978-1-86335-178-2
  • ISBN (pdf): 978-1-86335-179-9
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.18848/978-1-86335-179-9/CGP
  • Citation: Hemkatshoar, Bamshad , and Ali Salami. 2019. Postcolonialism and Political Discourse in Chinua Achebe's Tetralogy. Champaign, IL: Common Ground Research Networks. doi:10.18848/978-1-86335-179-9/CGP.
  • Extent: 118 pages

Abstract

Chinua Achebe, the Nigerian novelist, is one of the outstanding figures in modern African literature whose works can be taken as early attempts in literature to move toward de-colonization. Achebe provides an alternative discourse which can depict not only an authentic picture of the native African life with all its complexity, but also dynamic native characters in such a context: real-life black characters with humane existential conflicts who can contemplate on what has been affecting their African pre-colonial identity. What makes Achebe’s novels different from other novels is the way he relies on the notions of ‘Otherness’ and ‘hybridity’ in constructing his alternative non-Eurocentric discourse. This book studies four novels by Chinua Achebe i.e. Things Fall Apart, No Longer at Ease, Arrow of God, and A Man of People, so as to investigate how he has constructed his alternative discourse; a discourse which has been successful in providing a room where the colonized are given voices to speak and the reader has a chance to understand better their world and what they have confronted because of colonization. Since each novel focuses on a different colonial or postcolonial phase in Nigeria and Achebe has made use of different discursive strategies in each of them, it can be claimed that taking them as a tetralogy and studying them together can result in providing a vivid picture of Achebe’s discourse and what his novels seek to mirror about the Nigerian hybrid identity and the colonized man’s struggles in the way of dealing with ‘otherness’ and difference.