Institutional Adjustment to Globalization to Increase Religious Tolerance

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  • Title: Institutional Adjustment to Globalization to Increase Religious Tolerance
  • Author(s): David John O'brien
  • Publisher: Common Ground Research Networks
  • Collection: Common Ground Research Networks
  • Series: Religion in Society
  • Journal Title: The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society
  • Keywords: Globalization, Tolerance, Institutions
  • Volume: 8
  • Issue: 2
  • Year: 2018
  • ISSN: 2154-8633 (Print)
  • ISSN: 2154-8641 (Online)
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.18848/2154-8633/CGP/v08i02/27-42
  • Citation: O'brien, David John. 2018. "Institutional Adjustment to Globalization to Increase Religious Tolerance." The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society 8 (2): 27-42. doi:10.18848/2154-8633/CGP/v08i02/27-42.
  • Extent: 16 pages

Abstract

This article examines formal and informal institutional arrangements that either encourage or discourage religious intolerance in response to rapid social and economic change. The initial premise, described in the first part of the article, is based on the work of Gordon Allport, which shows that those who identify themselves as most “religious” tend to be among the most and least tolerant; the former being the “devout” while the latter are “institutional.” The second part of the article examines the economic and social factors underlying the historical relationship, documented by Karen Armstrong, between major social change and the rise of intolerant fundamentalist religious movements. The last section of the article describes three specific ways in which institutional adjustments can reduce intolerance: (1) develop economic policy adjustments to increase household and community resilience; (2) develop institutional arrangements that create incentives for individuals to bargain with one another, rather than engage in zero-sum games; and (3) examine comparative community level studies that offer clues to building resilience and overcoming intolerance.