Architectural Considerations and Design Principles Affecting ...

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Abstract

In areas where catastrophes, natural disasters, or armed conflicts have occurred, the economic and social context of the affected population becomes vulnerable. In all of those cases, is it essential to provide, as fast as possible, security and therefore housing. Dwellings must achieve the main objectives of an emergency house: simple construction system, fast to build, and adaptable to any kind of placement. Once a shelter is given, and it provides basic habitability, a second step would include considering somatic and proprioceptive aspects to improve human health. The way refugees perceive the built space around them becomes a significant factor to achieve welfare. Thus, in this context, the design of living spaces should be developed trying to endeavor physical, mental, and social wellbeing of its occupants. This article aims to provide several basic habitability parameters, “bio-healthy markers,” which contribute, as far as possible, to acquire an optimal health state. These markers are analyzed in an emergency house prototype developed by REbirth INhabit research group, within VEM project (Reference Oracle MEADSAIR), sponsored by Airbus Defence and Space. This is a patent prototype with the reference ES2488790A1 Modular Adaptable Housing Architecture, with the international extension WIPO/PTC WO 2014/114836 A1.