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Jul 7, 2018
08:00-08:45 Conference Registration Desk Open
08:45-09:05 Books, Publishing & Libraries Conference Opening—Dr. Homer Stavely, Common Ground Research Networks, Champaign, USA
09:05-09:20 Daily Update
09:20-09:55 Plenary Session—Dr. Sidonie Smith, Lorna G. Goodison Distinguished University Professor, English and Women's Studies, University of Michigan, USA

"Humanities Futures: Doctoral Education, Scholarly Communication, and Professional Capacities"

Sidonie Smith is the Lorna G. Goodison Distinguished University Professor of English and Women’s Studies at the University of Michigan. She was President of the Modern Language Association of America in 2010. That experience led her to write "Manifesto for the Humanities: Transforming Doctoral Education in Good Enough Times" (2015). She is the author of "Where I’m Bound: Patterns of Slavery and Freedom in Black American Autobiography" (1974); "A Poetics of Women’s Autobiography" (1987); "Subjectivity, Identity, and the Body" (1993); and "Moving Lives: Women’s Twentieth Century Travel Narratives" (2001), as well as numerous essays. With Kay Schaffer, she co-authored "Human Rights and Narrated Lives" (2004). With Julia Watson, she co-authored "Reading Autobiography: A Guide for Interpreting Life Narratives" (2001; expanded edition 2010) and co-edited one anthology and four volumes of critical essays, among them "De/Colonizing the Subject: Gender and the Politics of Women’s Autobiography" (1992); "Getting a Life: Everyday Uses of Autobiography" (1996); and "Inter/Faces: Women, Autobiography, Image, Performance" (2002). Her latest book, with Julia Watson, is "Life Writing in the Long Run: A Smith & Watson Autobiography Studies Reader" (2017).
09:55-10:25 Garden Conversation and Coffee Break
10:25-10:35 Transition Break
10:35-12:15 PARALLEL SESSIONS
Room 1 Reading Between the Lines
Reading Age and Gender in Georgian Britain
Dr. David Allan, Reader, School of History, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, -, United Kingdom
Overview: The functions of gender and age in constructing reading are poorly understood. Yet these concerns have always profoundly structured people’s experiences with texts. This paper will use a case study approach to explore some of their interactions in eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century Britain, focusing on two women in particular. The first is Melesinda Munbee, a young English girl who in 1750 began documenting her reading: this was probably produced under the influence of adult supervision and also specifically written for her father’s pleasure, circumstances which allow us to see how the selection of texts and the appreciation and appropriation of reading materials could be used to define and strongly reinforce conventional identities (not least Melesinda’s allotted roles as a daughter and a child). The second revolves around Hester Lynch Piozzi, an elderly Welsh woman and one-time member of London’s literary set who in 1813 prepared a record of her own favourite encounters with books which she intended to be given after her death to her nephew John Salusbury: here too considerations of gender and age interacted with the reading strategies employed in the search for authority.
Theme:Reading, Writing, Literacy, and Learning
A Plague of Books: Anxiety and Abundance in the Gilded Age
Jessica Jordan, -, Department of English, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States
Overview: The golden touch of rapid economic growth that characterized the Gilded Age of American history did not leave unchanged the practice of book publishing – paper and printing materials were cheaper than ever before, and new mechanization processes made printing faster and more economical. These and other changes in production and distribution resulted in unprecedented numbers of books in circulation, and, as physical books proliferated, the very meaning of the book object was transformed and fragmented – an old form colliding with a new century. Book ownership, especially of works other than the Bible, had formerly been restricted to a relatively small and elite population. With the growth of public education and the decreasing cost of printed material, reading and accumulation of books simultaneously became possible for a massively expanded audience. For readers, access to books allowed new social and cultural opportunities, but the sheer abundance of books being produced in the period was also a source of anxiety about their presence and use. By examining different facets of Gilded Age book, I hope to show how these anxieties were navigated amid attempts to define and inhabit proper bookish behavior. As books were being written, printed, and distributed in greater quantities than ever before, people had to learn what to do with them. In making my argument, source materials include A Publisher’s Confession by Walter Hines Page, Adolf Growoll’s two-volume manual on bookselling, and a variety of etiquette manuals and household guides.
Theme:Books and Libraries
Henry James and the Great American Novella
Edward Morgan Day Frank, Visiting Assistant Professor of English, English Department, Weselyan University, Middletown, CT, United States
Overview: This paper examines a prominent but largely under-scrutinized literary form: the novella. My argument is that the novella’s critical neglect in Anglo-American scholarship speaks to something fundamental about its relationship to institutions more broadly, its tendency to slip through the academic and publishing structures that administer most of literary production. Early practitioners of the novella in the US were acutely aware of its slipperiness as a genre. In the preface to "Daisy Miller," Henry James described his story as “essentially and pre-eminently a nouvelle,” a form “foredoomed at the best, in more cases than not, to editorial disfavor.” Herman Melville’s editorial adviser at Putnam’s Magazine thought “Benito Cereno” was on the whole “striking & well done,” but disliked its length, lamenting “the dreary documents at the end.” In this paper I discuss the publishing conditions that surrounded the release of "Daisy Miller," seeing in this particular novella a text that self-consciously grapples with the genre’s possibilities and limitations. If the famous New York Edition of James’s collected works represented a late-career attempt to assert the value of the literary against the democratizing forces of mass publication, his investment in the novella earlier in his career suggests an altogether different conception of literary value, a conception that sees in the form of the novella itself a way of forging alternative institutional configurations, ones capable of reconciling the high and the low, the elite and the democratic.
Theme:Publishing Practices: Past, Present, and Future
On the Rims of Fiction: The "New" Self-Reflexive Novel
Denise Rose Hansen, Executive Assistant, Westminster Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Westminster, London, United Kingdom
Overview: In the multilayered autofictions recently triumphed by Ben Lerner, Alejandro Zambra, Enrique Vila-Matas, and Julián Herbert, the novel medium itself is interrogated in gerundium – in the process of writing. This makes for works that are at once brutally honest and dishonest, as both are compulsory when exposing the artifice of writing and the performative nature of any storyteller. Like browsing through open tabs, the authors flicker between various fictions and (ostensible) non-fictions, as a way of grabbling with the human and literary impotence of never being able to seize or write the slippery present. The concern of temporality is reflected in playful approaches to form and structure. While critics name such novels “metafiction”, I find the term as anachronistic and unmeaning as “postmodern”. Rather, these are examples of the reactive “new” avant-garde novel in which the multimodal and narrative texture of writing is placed above plot. Readily able to communicate the essence and texture of a contemporary life highly marked by digitality, Lerner, Zambra, Vila-Matas and Herbert navigate the void between fact and fiction, between art and life, between materiality and ephemerality, and capture that distance through literary technique and poetic prowess.
Theme:Books and Libraries
Room 2 Evolving Professional Practice
Politics of Learning: Dr. John Fell and the Fell Types at Oxford University in the Later Seventeenth Century
Dr. David Raizman, Distinguished University Professor Emeritus, Westphal College of Media Arts & Design, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, United States
Overview: This paper examines the printing types both procured from Holland and commissioned in England by Bishop John Fell (1625-1686) for the Oxford University Press, published as a specimen in 1693 but in use at the press beginning in the later 1670s. The Fell Types are well-known to historians of type and print and have been the subject of numerous articles and books, culminating in a handsome folio volume compiled by Stanley Morison and published in 1967. Bishop Fell’s mission to assemble his types for the Oxford University Press required great energy and expense, and he encountered numerous obstacles and frustrations along the way, all the while serving as Dean of Christ Church College at Oxford, Vice-Chancellor of the University, and as bishop of Oxford from 1672. While the drawn-out process of assembling the Fell Types has been studied in great detail by printers and typophiles, my paper focuses upon the types in relation to the texts for which they were used and in comparison with contemporary institutionally-based publishing of the period in Europe such as the Imprimérie Royale in France and in Rome at the Vatican, of which Dr. Fell was well aware. A study of the Fell Types reveals the political and religious motivations for typographic innovation at Oxford, and the connections between publishing, typographic quality and authority in Restoration England. It also touches upon related issues of rights, privileges, and business practice in the printing industry.
Theme:2018 Special Focus - Communicating Values: Scholarly Communication as Mediator, Agent, Actor
Mediating Professional Scholarship. . . Again: Professionalization of Science and the Creation of Nineteenth-century Academic Journals
Shawn Martin, IDEASc Fellow, Department of Information and Library Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, United States
Overview: In the digital age, technological change and evolving scholarly practices have transformed the ways in which university faculty communicate their work. Such a revolution, however, is not new. In the nineteenth-century United States, the need to create and to disseminate scholarship was just beginning to develop and evolve into the modern scholarly communication system. American scholars had long placed a strong emphasis on “practical” knowledge of use to industry, and in the nineteenth century, tied their own identities to professional middle-class scientific societies. By analyzing the socio-historical reasons for professionalization in the United States, particularly the creation of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and the American Chemical Society (ACS), two of the earliest professional scientific societies, and by performing textual analysis of nineteenth-century American journals, such as the "American Journal of Science and the Journal," of the American Chemical Society, it becomes clear that American scientific scholarship was created as a professional activity tied to the market needs of a growing industrial economy. The question is, should scholarship remain the same in a changing social world?
Theme:2018 Special Focus - Communicating Values: Scholarly Communication as Mediator, Agent, Actor
The Franklin Library "Signed 60" and the Evolution of Twentieth-century Subscription Publishing
Dr. Brian McDonald, Archives And Special Collections, Assistant Professor, Assistant Archivist, and Special Collections Librarian, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY, United States
Overview: I explore one aspect of the evolution of twentieth-century subscription publishing by considering the Franklin Library, which was established in 1973 as a division of the Franklin Mint, the manufacturer and marketer of collectibles founded in 1964 by noted entrepreneur Joseph Segel. The Franklin Library (which closed permanently in the year 2000) produced books designed specifically for collectors, often printing classics and out-of-copyright texts with attractive bindings, high quality paper, and other decorative elements, selling them at a price reasonable enough to attract a mass market. In general, Franklin Library books were produced and marketed as part of series to which customers would subscribe, paying a set amount each month for which they would receive a new book from the series. I will specifically focus on the Franklin Library series known as the "Signed 60," a collection of limited editions by contemporary American writers (produced in the late 1970s to early 1980s), hand-signed by the authors, exploring the editorial, commercial, and manufacturing aspects of producing such a series.
Theme:Publishing Practices: Past, Present, and Future
Room 3 Techniques and Trends
Critical Practice of Graphic Design and Academic Micro-publishing: Print-on-demand Editioning and the Contingent Nature of Contemporary Knowledge Production
Matthew Smith, Assistant Professor, Art Department, University of Mary Hardin-Baylor, Belton, TX, United States
Overview: This paper examines book design and production techniques used in traditional academic and university press publishing contexts, with design for contemporary academic micro-publishing. Micro-publishing is explored as a practice-based inquiry into publishing as critical graphic design. Print-on-demand technology allows academic micro-publishing practices to produce each copy of a book as an independent edition. Editorial and design changes can be, and often are, made between each printing. In this way, books become hybrid objects — simultaneously print-and-digital artifacts. Each book looks final, complete, and total, while remaining partial, contingent, and mutable. Special attention is paid to the collaborative nature of authorship, design, and design-as-authorship in academic micro-publishing.
Theme:Publishing Practices: Past, Present, and Future
Interactive Text and Publishing: Affording Reader Agency in Written Content
N. Eden Foley, Adjunct Faculty, Interactive Arts and Media , Columbia College Chicago, Chicago, United States
Overview: Historically text, in all of its media iterations, was centered on the author, affording minimal agency to its reader. The written text, by its physical nature often does not allow such agency either as readers are afforded very little when it comes to interaction or input. They certainly cannot change the content of any written material beyond vandalizing it. Some of the latest software now available enables artists to create works where readers can make choices, change the text, and alter it in ways that are more meaningful to them, or perhaps generate text that builds on the text of the 1st author. I analyze text as medium in relationship to interactivity, looking at various changes that are taking place both in writing and publication thanks to new technologies, and reviewing new channels of sharing and dissemination. With this paper, using my own work along with others as a jumping off point, I will explore the language of interaction and user agency, pose questions about their relationship to text, and explore some of the current tools, and publishing channels that are available to artists.
Theme:Publishing Practices: Past, Present, and Future
Future of Publishing Processes Integrated with Cloud Platforms
Prabhu Thangavelu, Manager, IT, Scholastic, -, New Jersey, United States
Overview: With the increasing complexity and expansion of digital technologies, there has emerged the need of cloud platforms for publishing activities which help in speed to market, faster delivery, and on demand methods thereby increasing process and procedure gaps linked to security and royalties issues. This paper explores the future of publishing industry success and its dependence on adopting cloud integration process more comprehensively and in the earlier stages.
Theme:Publishing Practices: Past, Present, and Future
Creation and Publication of “Paintings to Protect Life” Series (1929-1979)
Dr Jing Zhang,
Overview: The graphic novel series “Paintings to Protect Life” contains six-volumes with 450 religion-themed Chinese cartoons and classic poems, illustrated and co-written by Zikai Feng (1898-1975) and published between 1929 and 1979. Feng was a Kulapati Buddhist, his “Paintings to Protect Life” series was more than one-tenth of his entire life’s output, as a memorial to his teacher the Dharma Master Hongyi (1880-1942). Feng (1949) believes “...Buddhism’s underdevelopment and lack of enlightenment is due to the fact that its doctrines are too serious and too profound, which are hard for the common people to accept. It should open more convenient doors, stretch more rules to accommodate, from shallow to deep, and the outcomes of promoting dharma will definitely be enlarged.” Also, he often borrowed ideas from the “Paintings to Protect Life” to apply to his other Chinese cartoons in which Buddhist sentiments were more cultural than religious. In this research, I will introduce this series' creation process and publication stories, summarize Feng’s graphic style and design, and analyze elements and perspectives applied in storytelling and final presentation.
Theme:Publishing Practices: Past, Present, and Future
Room 4 Expanding Engagment
The Interactive Self: Defining Re-Education in a Digital World
James Pannafino, Associate Professor of Interactive Design, Art and Design, Millersville University, Lancaster, PA, United States
Overview: The digital world affects human interaction and experiences. These experiences lay the groundwork for how we learn. How can educators in humanities re-educate and adapt to changes in the digital world? How much should tools and technology dictate how we teach humans to interact with the digital world? This paper examines the intertwining connection between human experience, technology education, and their placement within humanities education.
Theme:Reading, Writing, Literacy, and Learning
Aligning Curriculums for College Success: High School and College Library Collaborations
Asst. Prof. Carl R. Andrews, Reference and Instruction Librarian, Library, Bronx Community College (CUNY), Bronx, New York, United States
Overview: In today’s highly competitive global economy, City University of New York (CUNY) graduates need strong critical thinking skills. More New York City students than ever before are applying to college and enrolling in CUNY schools. This is especially the case with high schools throughout the Bronx, as a good portion of these schools are feeder schools for Bronx Community College (BCC). Unfortunately, many of the students who matriculate into BCC come un-prepared for college level work, where information literacy skills are essential. A strong body of published scholarly literature discusses the importance of information literacy instruction at the high school level, as it relates to college readiness. In an ideal secondary education system, students receive instruction on how to think critically, how to evaluate information, and how to avoid plagiarism; these are essential skills that are necessary for college academic success. As the library liaison for the BCC First Year Seminar program, I encounter many students who are in need of academic remediation because they lack research skills. In addition to the lack of information literacy skills, we discovered that a substantial number of students who matriculate into BCC come unprepared for the critical thinking required for college level STEM courses.
Theme:Reading, Writing, Literacy, and Learning
Ancient Book Shops in Algeria: The Case Study of Setif
Boualem Zerouati, Teacher of French, Departement of Foreign Languages, University of Setif, Setif, Algeria
Overview: This paper deals with the survivance of the ancient book shops in Setif, an eastern Algerian town. We show how the shops provide multiple functions, including places of memories, philosophical cafe, and language learning space. We examine their main components, such as categories of books, shop keepers, clients, locations, and financial status. We explain the causes of their vitality, their impact on society and literacy, and their role in social mingling and the ideal life. In a prospective plan we discuss the future of these cenacles in the Gutenberg and digital galaxy.
Theme:Books and Libraries
Prototype Book Multimedia Printed Accessible for People with and without Disability
Prof. Felipe Padilla, Docente, Facultad de Artes, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Overview: This paper discusses the prototype of a printed book which uses new print technologies such as "sensitive inks" to create a relief pattern that gives blind people a sense color, it incorporates augmented reality to show language for the deaf, it has conductive inks to make "touch ink with sound," and it includes Braille typeset font. The book is printed in color to share learning in classrooms. The project uses new Colombian literature for young people and kids. It uses illustrations and typeset font for low vision people, in order to promote the teaching of reading and to aid the teacher to include people with disabilities. The project suggests that kids and young people without disabilities can also learn the language of the deaf and the Braille alphabet as well, in the attempt to implement diversity and acceptance. The prototype for this book consists of a tactile relief pattern printed with "sensitive/tactile" inks. With this relief we will convey the notion of color for visually impaired children participating in the reading activity. In a similar way, this books creates an enriching experience for the hearing impaired with the use of conductive inks. These inks provide sound queues when manipulated, touched. Additionally, the traditional accompaniment of braille will be included. As for literary content, the book will include modern and contemporary Colombian writing aimed at children in school ages. For the less visually impaired, the text will be presented in a typeset developed as adequate to read under their requirements. All accompanying illustrations will also cater for these same requirements. Our over-all goal is to encourage teachers to present fun and stimulating classroom activities for able and disable children alike, and that able-bodied children will learn about life with disabilities through the shared experience. With this project we hope to create a bridge between young people and make learning Braille more mainstream; our long term goal is to contribute our grain of sand towards a more diverse and accepting world, in and out of the classroom.
Theme:Publishing Practices: Past, Present, and Future
Room 5 Humanities Conference
Room 6 Humanities Conference
Room 7 Humanities Conference
12:15-12:25 Transition Break
12:25-13:25 Lunch
13:25-13:35 Transition Break
13:35-14:20 PARALLEL SESSIONS
Room 1 Focused Discussions
Regenerative Economies and Library as Publisher: Faculty-authored Textbooks and iBooks Author Software
Jordan Chussler, Academic Editor, IT, Lynn University , Boca Raton, United States
Overview: Using the Lynn University Digital Press (LUDP) model, attendees will be introduced to an alternative means of library publishing, which hones in on faculty as author and embraces iBooks Author software to demonstrate how curricula, specifically at institutions of higher education, are able to embrace tailored digital scholarship while simultaneously reducing the burden of costly textbooks on university students' wallets. The LUDP model will be detailed at length, providing insight into established best practices, workflow procedures, author agreements and stipends, the peer review process, and using a wealth of visual aids to illustrate these processes. Further, qualitative data as it relates to student satisfaction and retention rates will be introduced, supporting these endeavors of library as publisher in the scope of regenerative economics. The session will close with a brief Q&A session.
Theme:Publishing Practices: Past, Present, and Future, Books and Libraries
Room 2 Posters and Virtual Posters
"Cool Sightings: A Year of Natural History at Simon’s Rock": A Community Book Project
KellyAnne McGuire, -, -, Bard College at Simon's Rock, Great Barrington, MA, United States
Karen Advokaat, -, -, Bard College at Simon's Rock, Great Barrington, MA, United States

Overview: Bard College at Simon’s Rock marked its fiftieth anniversary with a community-generated, year-long book project in which we recorded the natural history (flora and fauna) "cool sightings" on our campus in Great Barrington, MA. We held events, collaborated with faculty to develop relevant assignments, and encouraged all members of the community to submit original photographs, artwork, and writing (both creative and scientific) celebrating the nature of our campus. The project team consisted of staff, faculty, and students, and the culmination is a 128-page original published book titled "Cool Sightings: A Year of Natural History at Simon's Rock." In our paper, we will share advice on adapting this project to your own organization. We will discuss the value of a community-generated book project from a pedagogical perspective, including the role of self-publishing as a teaching tool for observation and research, writing and editing, plagiarism and copyright, and interdisciplinary learning, as well as its role in building community and appreciating nature.
Theme:Publishing Practices: Past, Present, and Future
Periodical Publication in the Guangzhou Region during the Republican Era
Rina Su, Visiting Scholar, Computing& Informatics School, Drexel University, Guangdong Sheng, -, China
Overview: First, this study systematically arranges a catalog of official journals published in and around Guangzhou and fills in private publications’ own research on Guangzhou by exploring the existing large private publishing enterprises and the publishing industry. Secondly, based on the compilation for the catalog of Guangzhou periodical publications during the Republican Era, we will explore the vicissitudes of the publication industry and related social turbulence in and around Guangzhou during that time. We will do this from the perspective of the publishing history as well as from a study on the history of books. This will compensate for the lack of research conducted thus far in this field.
Theme:Publishing Practices: Past, Present, and Future
What Are Children Reading? : Access to Diversity in Literature
Dr. Jon Andes, Professor of Practice, Education Leadership and Graduate Studies, Salisbury University, Salisbury, MD, United States
Overview: As our society becomes more diverse, it is critical that children have access to a rich body of books. For many children, the primary source of reading for fun and pleasure is the school and classroom library. To encourage children to read, it is essential that school and classroom libraries contain a rich and diverse collection. Diversity in literature allows children to read and see their story in print. Seeing their story and themselves in literature will help to instill a life-long passion for reading. This preliminary study examined the themes and characters of books available and selected by first and third grade children. The preliminary study examined the two research questions: What books are available and selected to be read by children? What is the extent of diversity found in the books in terms of theme and character?
Theme:Reading, Writing, Literacy, and Learning
Regional Differences in the Allocation of Electronic and Paper Resources in Academic Libraries in China
Yumeng Li, Ph. D. candidate, School of Information Management, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China
Overview: With the rapid development of the information age, the readers' needs and viewing preferences have significantly changed. As a result, academic libraries have gradually taken the shape of a new pattern of document resources that are dominated by electronic resources and supplemented by paper resources. It has profoundly affected the direction of investment in resource construction of university libraries. And it is a new leap forward in the transformation of the functions of academic libraries. Through exploring the regional differences of purchase cost proportion between electronic and paper resources in academic libraries in China, this study will contribute to optimization configuration of scientific research funds investment of higher education institutions, as a reference in different regions and provinces and put forward some suggestions for academic libraries and government. The research measures and analyzes the overall changes of the three aspects of academic libraries in China, including electronic resources acquisition costs, paper resources acquisition costs, and the ratio of two kinds of resources, respectively. Teh study measures and analyzes the difference in the ratio of electronic resources to paper resources in China's thirty-one provinces’ academic libraries in each region. The study measures and analyzes the difference in the ratio of electronic resources to paper resources in academic libraries among three regions (the eastern region, the western region, the central region).
Theme:Books and Libraries
Room 5 Humanities Conference
Room 6 Humanities Conference
Room 7 Humanities Conference
14:20-14:40 Coffee Break
14:40-16:20 PARALLEL SESSIONS
Room 1 Crafting Connections
Visual Notetaking as a Mode of Learning: Using Visual Arts to Enhance Literacy
Dr. Laurie Andes, Department of Doctoral Studies in Literacy, Salisbury University, Salisbury, MD, United States
Dr. Brandy Terrill, Assistant Professor, Department of Early and Elementary Education, Salisbury University, Salisbury, MD, United States

Overview: This study explores the ways in which learning is improved through the use of visual arts, specifically, the use of visual notetaking. Visual notetaking can be described as the process of representing text in a visual manner. This study explores the question, “How does visual notetaking affect literacy learning?” The sample for this study consists of fourteen teacher candidates enrolled in the course, "Integrating Aesthetic Experiences into Teaching and Learning," during the spring 2018 semester. Teacher candidates in this course are enrolled in the first phase of the Elementary Education Program at a mid-Atlantic university and are juniors and seniors. During the spring 2018 semester, teacher candidates will be asked to use a form of visual notetaking. Teacher candidates will write and reflect on the arts integrated lessons that they teach. These will be collected and analyzed. Data collection will consist of two samples of teacher candidate visual notes collected, one at the beginning of the semester, and one at the end of the semester. The samples will include two photos of visual notes. Candidates will also respond in writing to the question, “How do visual arts affect your learning?” in an anonymous format, on Google Forms. Three candidates will be invited to participate in a one-half-hour interview with the co-investigator, who is not the instructor of the course. The researchers will analyze the results and present the findings.
Theme:Reading, Writing, Literacy, and Learning
Seeking Social Literacies in Librarian Praxis
Vanessa Irvin, Assistant Professor, Information and Computer Sciences Department, University of Hawaii - Manoa, Honolulu, HI, United States
Overview: Public libraries are institutions of informal education. Librarians, as educators of informal education, are advocates of literacy in both formal and informal educational settings. However advocacy is just one layer of librarian epistemology in libraries. In public library settings, in particular, librarian epistemologies are interactive and intertextual. That is to say; that from a social practice perspective, such epistemologies are social, cultural, literary, digital, as well as educative. These epistemologies (as in ways of knowing in a certain place and time) are common across the public library sector, but unique and specific to public libraries located in specific places at specific times. For librarians who serve libraries in low-income communities, such epistemologies are indeed intertextual and intersect in various ways. In these communities, social practices inside library walls are informed by social literacies beyond library walls thus suggesting an understanding that begs a few questions: what are the epistemologies of public librarians? What counts as literacy for the librarian? What counts as social? literary? cultural? One overarching question can be: what makes a librarian socially literate in the community in which he/she serves? Drawing on Bartlett & Holland’s (2002) concept of “figured worlds,” the question of librarians’ “literacy identities in relation to social structures and cultural worlds” begs exploration towards an answer (p. 12).
Theme:Reading, Writing, Literacy, and Learning
From Bricks and Mortar to the Mental: The Library and Cognition
David Vampola, Director, Digital Humanities Program, Computer Science /Cognitive Science, SUNY - Oswego, Oswego, NY, United States
Overview: For decades libraries have been using the realities and possibilities of digital methods to define their function and mission. This prosaic truism has dominated much of the discussion concerning the roles and forms that contemporary - and future - libraries should take. In this view, the focus is primarily on the role that information and communication technology (ICT) should play in determining the structure, content and purposes of libraries. Yet, there is a complementary point of view that has received comparatively less attention from commentators. This perspective is based upon models and approaches found in cognitive science. This presentation will address how three perspectives that are informed by theories from cognitive science can help us understand paradigms for thinking about libraries. The first of these, based upon the theory of the "representational mind", conceives the library in its traditional role of collecting, structuring and modeling knowledge. The second, drawn upon strains found in connectionism and situated cognition, views the library as reticulated structure of associated material and virtual elements. The third, taken from the "enactive mind" approach, considers the library as a locus for the material production of knowledge. This viewpoint can encompass the current trend for including "maker spaces" in libraries. Rather than being strictly exclusionary, these three approaches work together to develop a holistic view of libraries that embraces and can enhance human knowledge and thinking.
Theme:Books and Libraries
Room 2 Young Readers and New Literacies
New Design Framework for an e-Book in Education
Dr. Tom Chan, Professor, Computer Information Technology, Southern New Hampshire University, Manchester, NH, United States
Overview: An electronic book (e-Book) is a text-based publication in digital form. Major publishers recently reported that sales from digital textbooks now surpass prints. e-Books are increasingly adapted in classrooms. e-Books are innovative because of their interactivity and multimodality. Current e-books are merely clones of their paper counterparts, constrained by their linearity and passivity. Thus, a new design approach is necessary to harness the full power of the digital medium. e-Book design should be structured using concept mapping to connect between concepts and ideas, approaching a subject matter non-linearly. Assessment should be formative and embedded with contents, not summative at chapter ends. Presentation should be adaptive and personalize. Assessment evaluates comprehension, then push learners forward to advance topics, or remedial helping one to catch up. It should allow query in natural language and generate dynamic responses. e-Books will be breathing and growing with each interaction, a product of the learning community instead periodic edition by authors as in prints. e-Books will be a disruptor in the educational industry. It will revolutionize connections between knowledge and learners, blurring the lines between authors and teachers, publishers and schools, redefining education, its infrastructure and relationship.
Theme:Publishing Practices: Past, Present, and Future
Teaching Information Literacy in Elementary School: An Analysis of Current Practices
Jasmine Sykes Kunk, Brooklyn, NY, United States
Overview: In today's climate of "fake news" and advertorials, the ability to identify, evaluate, and use reliable sources effectively is a mandatory skill for readers and writers. Plagiarism continues to be a problem in higher education. The fields of Library Science and Education have approached these issues, but no consensus on how to teach source evaluation and citation has been met. The school librarian synthesizes Education and Library Science approaches to source reliability and information literacy. A role of the school librarian is to teach source evaluation and citation skills to children, as well as to provide support to administration and faculty when collecting resources that they can share with their students. My paper will be an interdisciplinary examination of current research and case studies on effective instruction of these twenty-first century literacy skills in elementary schools. This cohesive evaluation of early education information literacy instruction will identify the next course of research needed to ensure that children are learning these elemental tools that will further enhance their reading and writing.
Theme:Reading, Writing, Literacy, and Learning
Enchantment, Nostalgia, and the Reinvention of the Library in Children’s Fiction
Dr. Tanya Radford, Professor, English, Dominican College of Blauvelt, Orangeburg, NY, United States
Overview: Contemporary technologies have changed the ways that children encounter information and narratives and also changed attitudes towards books, reading, and libraries. This paper will examine works of contemporary children’s literature that attempt to reimagine the library and convey its value. Children’s books attempt to enchant the library, representing it as a place to find refuge, escape, adventure, and magic. While this motif of the enchanted library is by no means new to children’s literature, it has achieved new poignancy in the twenty-first century as writers reinvent the library and encourage young readers to reimagine libraries, reading, and the act of research. This paper will focus primarily on Chris Grabenstein’s "Escape from Mr. Lemoncello’s Library," employing a close reading of elements of the narrative alongside theoretical and historical discussions of the ideological import of the library, books, and librarians. Grabenstein’s novel takes place in a library completely reimagined by a genius of game design. Combining Lemoncello’s nostalgic recollections of the library of his youth with game theory, interactive computer information systems, and futuristic technologies (including the helpful presence of holographic librarians), the new library once again becomes a space of adventure, excitement, and magic.
Theme:Reading, Writing, Literacy, and Learning
Early Childhood Literacy Education in Public Libraries: How Life Before the Library Matters
Alvina Mardhani Bayne, PhD Candidate, Reading and Language Arts , Syracuse University, Syracuse, United States
Overview: Amongst the many roles of the public library is that of the literacy educator, as evidenced by the many public libraries that offer literacy-focused programs for children under the age of five. Those who work in this realm often have varied and complex educational and professional backgrounds, which influence their work as early literacy educators. Using preliminary research findings from my doctoral research project, this themed paper explores the various perspectives that library-educators have on their work, asking: How do library-educators describe the ways in which their previous work and educational experiences inform their literacy programming practices? Specifically, my research focuses on a Western Canadian public library which employs a group of library assistants (LAs) to design and implement original literacy programs for children under the age of five. These LAs are not required to have any particular educational background beyond a Bachelor’s degree in any subject or a library-related diploma. My paper discusses how differences in educational and professional background are associated with shifting understandings of literacy, library-educator training, and work in the library. In particular, the notion, purpose, and consequences of gate-keeping in the library profession are examined, highlighting competing roles within the world of public libraries and the intricate ways in which approaches to literacy education change over time.
Theme:Reading, Writing, Literacy, and Learning
Room 3 Self-Publishing Spectrum
Toward a History of Self-publishing in American Literature
Jolie Braun, Curator of American Literature, Special Collections and Area Studies, Thompson Library, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States
Overview: Self-publishing has a negative connotation, commonly dismissed as the domain of bad writing and irrelevant authors. Yet it has been the means of introducing some of our most interesting, important, controversial, and beloved works. American literature is rich with stories of writers who published their own work, including Walt Whitman, Paul Laurence Dunbar, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and Amiri Baraka. While scholars have studied this topic in relation to specific authors and publications, there has been relatively little focus on the history of self-publishing. Why has this history not been told? What are the benefits and challenges in trying to tell this story? Drawing from an Ohio State University Library exhibition exploring American literature through the lens of self-publishing, this paper reflects on and uses the process of exhibit curation as a starting point for considering these questions, what work has been done on this subject, and what gaps still exist.
Theme:Publishing Practices: Past, Present, and Future
Wattpad Self-(un)publisher: Electronic Self-publishing in the Philippines
Karryl Kim Sagun,
Overview: I focus on self-publishers on Wattpad, a Canadian-based web application founded in 2006, primarily because of its unusual popularity and success (relative to similar platforms) in the Philippines. What makes Wattpad’s success in this context more intriguing is that in a developing country such as the Philippines, people are still buying printed materials in spite of the availability of the same titles for free, legally, online. I interviewed three Wattpad self-publishers based in the Philippines: Mina V. Esguerra, Noreen Capili, and Kimberly Villanueva. All three agreed to be quoted verbatim, and be referred to by name. They have all published both on electronic platforms (particularly Wattpad) and in print. From their narratives I discover that while authors certainly have less barriers to entry for self-publishing due to newer technologies, their hands are still held by traditional publishers (most of the time assisting them, but in some occasions apparently still taking advantage of them).
Theme:Publishing Practices: Past, Present, and Future
Room 5 Humanities Conference
Room 6 Humanities Conference
Room 7 Humanities Conference
16:20-16:30 Transition Break
16:30-17:00 Closing Session and Awards Ceremony