Article Requirements | Initial Submission

Article Requirements | Initial Submission

Anonymous Authorship

  • Initial submissions should omit all author-identifying material for a two way anonymous peer review.
  • Submissions must not appear on any publicly visible website to avoid compromising the validity of an anonymous review.
    • If your article submission is publicly visible on any website, please remove the content before uploading your submission.

Compatible File Type

  • We only accept text files or files in .doc or .docx format (such as from Microsoft Word or Open Office).
    • We do not accept PDF files.

No Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Submissions

  • Concurrent submissions are not accepted.
    • Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and it is unacceptable.
    • Manuscripts must only be peer reviewed by one journal at a time.
  • We do not accept submissions of previously published works.
  • No more than 30 percent of unoriginal text can be used by the author; these other places must be acknowledged and cited.
    • The remaining 70 percent of the article must be unique and original to your current submission.

Quality Academic Writing

  • Articles must follow conventions of the English language in regard to proper grammar, punctuation, and typical writing practices.
  • All submitted articles must read as a formal academic article.
    • Word choice should not reflect a conversational or relaxed dialogue, be overly dependent on the use of bulleted lists, or rely heavily on the use of direct quotes.
    • A formal academic article should articulate ideas in a writing style that is precise, logical, and professional.
  • All factual statements must be supported by cited sources or research evidence.
  • Authors must ensure the accuracy of citations, quotations, diagrams, tables, and maps.
    • All in-text citations must be cited in the reference list and all sources in the reference list must be cited within the article.
    • Sources accessed online must include a DOI or URL.
  • Article submissions must consist of material that is unique and original, meaning that articles must engage cited material through critical thought.
    • Cited material cannot simply be copied.
    • Quotes must credit the original author and must be referenced correctly.
    • All quoted material must be indicated using “quotation marks.”

    *This includes material written by a contributing author. Referenced material must be properly cited. Quoted material must be indicated using “quotation marks” and cited properly.

Scholarly References and Citations

  • All sources must be cited in the reference list and in the main text.
  • Sources accessed online must include a DOI or URL.
  • References with non-English titles must include a translation. Please include translated titles in brackets following original language title.
  • At least 5 of the sources must be one of these publication types:
    • An edited book.
    • A peer reviewed publication (book, journal, or other).
    • An academic journal.
    • A university press publication (book, journal, or other).

    * Sources by contributing authors do not count toward this minimum.
    * Citing multiple works by the same author(s) only qualifies as meeting one of the required five.

Word Count

  • Articles must be a minimum of 2,000 words to a maximum of 8,000 words.
    • Please note that only the main text is included in the word count; the abstract, references, figure captions, and tables are not counted toward the word count.

Other Notes and Reminders

    • Article submissions should include an updated abstract and set of keywords.
    • Please format your submissions according to the journal article template. Use of the template is recommended for Initial Submissions and required for all Final Submissions.
    • Please follow the citation guidelines of the seventeenth edition of the Chicago Manual of Style. See our Chicago Manual of Style Guide Quick Guide for formatting help and guidelines. This is a requirement for all Final Submissions.
    • Please refrain from using any of the "citations and bibliography" tools or features in Microsoft Word. These are not editor-friendly software tools and they cause numerous problems during typesetting. Citations and references should be entered as regular text without the aid of any special features or tools.
    • Please insert all images as jpg files. Please keep image resolution below 300 DPI.
    • In case of symbols, please only insert symbols using standard fonts (e.g., WingDings, Arial Unicode MS).
    • Please avoid using advanced MS Word features* such as automatic reference tools, drawing objects, automatic table of contents and table of indexes, bookmarks, background or font colors, highlighting, strike-through, embossing, or any other complex MS Word feature.
      (* MS Word footnotes/endnotes tools are one exception to this rule.)

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