Combating Fake News

By: Ling-Yi Huang  

To empower the public with media literacy and critical thinking skills helps increase the awareness of fake news and identify them. The goals of this study are to design a gamification mechanism applied to all kinds of news website for the public, to enhance their media literacy and critical thinking skills, and therefore to help the public identify fake news. In order to motivate the public to train themselves and to practice the learned skills in everyday life, this study borrowed the concept “meaningful gamification” and designed a gamified platform to assist the teaching and to promote self-training for the general public. Some gaming elements including goals, challenges and quests, progress, feedback, competition and cooperation, actual grading, visible status, access/unlocking content, freedom of choice, freedom to fail, storytelling, new identities, and roles were employed in this gamified platform. The media literacy and awareness of fake news scale (MLAFN) is being developed by this study. The scale and the Critical Thinking Test LevelⅡ(CTT-Ⅱ) are employed in this study. Participants were recruited from the college and joined the experiment for five weeks. A pretest-posttest control group design was employed. Repeated measure analysis of variance and structured interviews was employed for the analysis of the effectiveness of the gaming mechanism. This study will contribute to the enhancement of media literacy and critical thinking skills of the public and can help raise the awareness of fake news and sharpen skills to identify it.

Media literacy, Critical thinking skills, Meaningful gamification, Fake news, Gaming
Media Literacies
Focused Discussion

Dr. Ling-Yi Huang

I obtained my PhD degree in Communication and Journalism from National Chengchi University in Taipei, Taiwan in 2015. I have worked as a Lecturer in Nanfang College of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China between 2015 to 2017 and now work as a postdoc researcher in the Department of Media and Journalism in Linneaus University in Sweden. My main research interests are communication technology and new media innovation and entrepreneurship. My main teaching courses include: “Web Journalism”, “Introduction to New Media”, “New media literacy”, “Feminism and Communication Studies”, Internet communication” and “News Writing and critical thinking”