Assessment of Midwifery and Nursing Students’ Nutrition Competence in Ethiopia

By: Kefyalew Muleta   Mesfin Goji  

Malnutrition is a major public health problem in Ethiopia contributing to half of infant and child mortality. One of the factors that contributed to the high stunting rate is the shortage of capable providers who are competent to provide nutrition services. The purpose of this study was to assess graduating midwifery and nursing students’ nutrition competence and explore the factors that influence their competence. A cross-sectional survey was employed in June 2015. Students’ knowledge was assessed and their skills were assessed using a five-station objectively structured clinical examination. Students’ perception of the nutrition learning environment and their learning experience was assessed. Bivariate and multivariable analysis, including Chi-square test and independent sample t-test, were used to detect statistically significant associations or differences. Out of the total 113 students only 38.1% of students demonstrated adequate competency in nutrition. The mean percentage score for nutrition knowledge and skills were 63.8% and 46.6% respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between midwifery and nursing students’ nutrition competence(P>0.05). However, both showed lesser competence in performing basic nutrition skills such as anthropometry. The majority (98.2%) of students reported that they had no access to nutrition skills laboratory when they took the nutrition course. In multivariable analysis, students who perceived the practice sites as conducive for nutrition skills learning achieved higher levels of competence. The target students were deficient in nutrition competencies. The study suggests revision of midwifery and nursing curricula for adequacy and relevance of nutrition contents, learning and assessment techniques.

Nutrition Competence
Food, Nutrition, and Health
Paper Presentation in a Themed Session

Kefyalew Muleta

Education and training advisor for nutrition and health, Nutrition Education, Jhpiego, Ethiopia

Mesfin Goji

Program manager, Jhpiego, Ethiopia