Agricultural Productivity and Food Security Stability in Sub-Saharan Africa

By: Ayodeji Ogunlesi   Koye Gerry Bokana  

Food supply fluctuations remain a major challenge in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). In this regard, this study empirically examined the impact of agricultural productivity on food security stability in 37 selected countries in SSA from 1990 to 2016, using the pooled, Least Square Dummy Variable (LSDV), random and System Generalized Methods of Moment (SYS-GMM) models. The study adopted Per-capita Food Supply Variability (PCFSV) as a measure of food security stability while agriculture value-added contribution to GDP (AGVA) and crop production (CRPROD) were selected indicators of agricultural productivity. The LSDV and SYS-GMM model estimations revealed that agricultural productivity and the control factors contributed significantly, though with a mix of positive and negative effects, to food security stability in the selected countries in SSA during the period under review. The LSDV model showed that AGVA had no statistically significant positive effect on food security stability, however, this was corrected in the SYS-GMM model, but with a positive impact. The study concludes that stability in food security is achieved and sustained by improving agricultural productivity. Based on the findings, the study recommended that food security stability should be improved by enhancing agricultural productivity through ensuring effective implementation of pro-agriculture growth policies in SSA.

Food Supply variability,
Food Production and Sustainability, Food, Nutrition, and Health, Food Policies, Politics, and Cultures
Paper Presentation in a Themed Session

Ayodeji Ogunlesi

-, -, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
-, South Africa

I am a Ph.D. Economics research candidate in the Department of Economics in the School of Accounting, Economics, and Finance, College of Law and Management Studies at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. I am presently researching in Food Security in the Sub-Saharan and Southern African region. My interest is in providing policy solutions to the challenge of food scarcity currently faced by the vulnerable and poor who live in the rural areas. My career background had been in the private sector, having worked over 5 years in the banking sector before voluntarily leaving to pursue full-time Ph.D. research program at University of KwaZulu-Natal.

Koye Gerry Bokana

-, -, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
-, South Africa