The Paradox of Mind Concept and the Concept of Ego from the Viewpoint of Islamic Philosophers and Western Philosophers

By: Mahmoud Reza Qasemi   Seyed Mohammad Ali Dibaji  

The purpose of the present article is to distinguish between Marc Johnson's and George Lakoff's views on the physical aspect of the mind with other philosophers of the mind. The applied methodology is a library field. George Lakoff and Marc Johnson stated that the mind is essentially physical, thought is largely unconscious, and abstract concepts are mostly in metaphorical state. George Lakoff and Mark Johnson stated that: "The serious perception of cognitive science requires us to rethink philosophies from the beginning, in a way that makes it more in touch with the reality of our thinking." The oldest intellectual evidence of Ancient Greece are sonnets of Homer, referred to as Iliad and Odyssey. in these verses, human being recognized as a combination of the soul and the body. Descartes believed that there exist two kinds of materials; one physical and the other is mental. The trait of the material body is the expansion of space and the trait of the mental object of thought. Other Western philosophers have come up with different opinions. Islamic philosophers, like some Western philosophers, do not accept the physicalization of the mind, especially Ebn-sina, which proved the subtlety of the soul and the body, and they are related only to the tendencies of them.

Lakoff, Johnson, Cognitive Sciences, Western Philosophers, Islamic Philosophers
2019 Special Focus—Universal Religious Symbols: Mutual Influences and Specific Relationships
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Mahmoud Reza Qasemi

Seyed Mohammad Ali Dibaji

Student, University of Tehran, Iran