Technology Assisted Open and Distance Learning


Higher education institutions, with a significant commitment to deliver instruction to time and location bounded students have been adopting different technologies to increase access to educational opportunities and also delivering their courses using the range of ICTs though, the quality of education yet to be considered. So, this paper discuss about the modes and models (first to fifth generations) of open/distance learning adopted globally, some efforts made in Nepal with the challenges faced and, possible technological and academic aspects to be managed. The educational needs of a mother, a farmer, a teacher, or a working person in the village remain still unaddressed in Nepal. This is due to most of the higher education institutions are located at city/urban areas and may not offer classes in flexible hours. As a result, very few number of higher education attendance in Nepal are from age adjusted groups. Previously Tribhuwan University, Kathmandu University and now Open University has been functioning with online and hybridized models with some face-to-face hours of interaction. But, some crucial factors like; communications, feedback and support to students, faculty experiences, infrastructures and technologies are still inadequate to both learners and facilitators, who sometimes pronounced & teach "IT" as "it". Finally, the institutions should not view it simply as an easy way to make money, rather a systematic educational delivery mechanism to reach time-bound and location-bound students.


Higher Education, ICTs, Open and Distance Learning


Technologies in Learning


Paper Presentation in a Themed Session


  • Dr. Tara N Poudel Poudel
    • Educational Leadership
    • Dr. Tara N Poudel, did PhD from Kathmandu University (KU), School of Education, Nepal. His PhD specialization is Educational Leadership and PhD research focused on “Gender based Violence in Education/School”. He has earned M. Phil. Degree in 2010 from KU. He has published number of research articles in national and international journals, magazines and newspapers. He has presented the papers in a number of international conferences and national workshops and seminars. Since last five years he has involved with several national and international non-government organizations and with governmental agencies as a consultant/independent researcher and headed more than two dozen of research projects successfully. His research interest includes, gender based violence, discrimination, social inclusion and exclusion, educational leadership, gender equality etc. He can reach by email: poudelinsu@gmail.com.