Investigating Fine-tuning Medium-of-Instruction Policy in Hong Kong


Bilingual education has been found popular and practical in many parts of the world. Hong Kong, as one of the leading financial centers, used to have a good population of bilingual users. However, a dramatic drop in English standards was observed as negative value-added effects on English language achievements were found on secondary students who learned content-based subject knowledge through L1 Chinese. The declining English standards alerted many educators, parents and students that the compulsory mother tongue medium-of-instruction policy initiated in 1997 should give way to the Fine-Tuning Medium-of-Instruction Policy (FTMOI) in 2010. This allows students to study content-based subjects through English once again. By doing so, students should get more exposure to academic English in a school setting. This does not only enhance the opportunities for students' studying overseas, but it is widely believed that the FTMOI helps improve students' English proficiency level.This part of the research paper aims to explore the strategies employed by both teachers and students when teaching and learning content-based knowledge is conducted through a second language. The way how specific strategies work to help students build up content knowledge through L2 English will be discussed.


Second Language Acquisition, Comprehensible Input, Degree of Bilingualism


Literacies Learning


Paper Presentation in a Themed Session


  • Connie Lau
    • Teacher, English, Hong Kong Baptist University Affiliated School Wong Kam Fai Secondary and Primary School, Hong Kong Hong Kong