Teachers’ Voices Matter


Scholars conceptualize multigrade teaching (MG) as an approach used by a single teacher teaching learners from different curriculum grades (for example grades 4 to 6) within the same class period. An integrated social constructivist theoretical frame underpins the multi-graded teaching for optimal learning. This article explores MG teachers’ views on cooperative learning as a pedagogical approach and examines how they implemented the different cooperative learning approaches in the MG class. A qualitative research approach was employed with telephonic interviews and open-ended e-mail responses as data collection instruments. Findings revealed that participants were trained in and knew how to use cooperative learning approaches to teaching. They were confident, positive, and eager to plan cooperative learning approaches for MG classes. Some drawbacks emerged because of a lack of sufficient resources. Further research is needed to explore teaching multigrade and planning multigrade lessons quarterly, as stipulated in the new curriculum policy.


Multi-grade, Cooperative Learning


Pedagogy and Curriculum


Paper Presentation in a Themed Session


  • Prof. Micheal M Van Wyk
    • Professor and Chair of Department , Curriculum and Instructional Studies, University of South Africa, South Africa Gauteng, South Africa
    • Professor and Chair of Department, Curriculum and Instructional Studies, College of Education, University of South Africa (UNISA). University awarded the Scholarship of Excellence in Research (2013), and the Scholarship of Excellence in Tuition (2018). Published several research articles in international and national peer reviewed journals. Published academic text books and several book chapters on student support, economics education and community digital learning. Current research focus is on innovative peadagogies, e-learning, ePortfolios as alternative assessment, flipped class pedagogy, self-directed learning and cooperative learning approaches. Serving as advisory board member for Ubiquitous Learning: an International Journal