Female sexual satisfaction is an important issue that can affect women’s physical and mental health as well as their family life. Although physiological and pathological changes are the main reason for the reduction of libido and sexual satisfaction in postmenopausal women, socio-cultural and demographic factors are involved in this regard as well. The main goal of this study is to examine some demographic and socio-cultural factors affecting sexual satisfaction among postmenopausal women in Shiraz, Iran City. This cross-sectional study was carried out with 400 married postmenopausal women aged 45-59 years in Shiraz in 2018. Data collection tool was a questionnaire which consisted of four sections: demographic questionnaire, menopause attitude questionnaire, lifestyle questionnaire, and sexual satisfaction questionnaire. The results were analyzed in SPSS-20 using Pearson and Spearman tests and multiple linear regressions. The findings show that sexual motivation of about 70% of respondents had declined after menopause. In addition, 45% and 32% of respondents respectively had sexual relationship once-twice and less than once monthly. The results of multiple regression reveal that the main predictors of sexual satisfaction are lifestyle (B= 0.378, t = 2.09, P<0.05), number of monthly intercourse (B= 0.199, t = 4.81, P<0.01), and positive attitude towards menopause (B= 0.242, t = 5.99, P<0.01). Demographic and socio-cultural factors significantly influence sexual activity and sexual satisfaction of postmenopausal women. Accordingly, researchers and health planners should pay more attention to these factors alongside physiological and psychological dimensions.
MENOPAUSE, SEXUAL ACTIVITY, POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN, SEXUAL SATISFACTION
Social and Cultural Perspectives on Aging
Paper Presentation in a Themed Session
Assistant Professor, Social Sciences, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Afghanisan
I Ph.D. graduate in the field of demography from University Sains Malaysia. I have been working as an assistant professor at the University of Sistan and Baluchestan since 2017. My research interests are aging, family planning, reproductive health, fertility, and demographic changes.