Effects of Social Security Scheme on Food Security Status of Aged Beneficiaries in Ekiti State, Nigeria

By: Oluwatosin Oluwasegu Fasina   Olanrewaju Tehinloju  

This study investigated the effects of a social security scheme on the food security status of aged beneficiaries in Ekiti state. One hundred and twenty respondents were sampled through a multistage sampling procedure. The data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Mean age of respondents was 70 years and majority (61.7%) of males were married. Food security status of the households revealed about 7% of the beneficiaries and 5% non-beneficiaries were food secure. More non-beneficiary households (50%) were food insecure with moderate hunger than 46.7% of beneficiary households. Also, 10% and 18.3% of beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries respectively were food insecure with sever hunger. Results further show that educational level (t=-2.81, p< 0.05), farm size (t=3.95, p <0.00), and household size (t=-8.42, p< 0.00) of beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries were significantly different. Beneficiary households were thus better off with lesser food insecurity. The study concluded the social security scheme was effective in reducing food insecurity among the aged. The policy should thus be reinforced and expanded for economic, health, and social wellbeing of the aged.

Government policies, Wellbeing, Social security, Aged
Economic and Demographic Perspectives on Aging
Paper Presentation in a Themed Session

Dr. Oluwatosin Oluwasegu Fasina

Ondo, Nigeria

Dr. Oluwatosin Oluwasegun Fasina, a Nigerian, was born on April 16, 1973 to Rev. (Dr.) and Mrs. Solomon Olubamji Fasina in Osogbo, Osun State Nigeria. He completed his primary education at St Bernadette’s Nursery and Primary School, Abeokuta in 1983 and finished his secondary education at the Federal Government College Minna, Niger State in 1989. In the year 1997 he graduated with a Bachelor of Agriculture from the University of Agriculture Abeokuta and went on to bag a Master of Science in Agricultural Extension and Rural Development from the University of Ibadan where he emerged the best student. He proceeded for his PhD in Agricultural Extension in the same University which he completed in 2008. His responsibilities at FUTA Akure include lecturing, research, mentoring as well as extension and community services in pilot villages of the FUTA/WAAPP (West African Agric Productivity Program). His research interest includes gender and generational studies, time use and gerontology. His marriage with Omolara is blessed with two children

Olanrewaju Tehinloju


I am a young scholar in rural sociology, currently a Ph.D student at the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.