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Jul 5, 2018
08:00-09:00 Conference Registration Desk Open
09:00-09:30 Conference Opening—Dr. Homer Stavely, Common Ground Research Networks, Champaign, IL, United States
09:30-10:05 Plenary Session—Dr. Stewart Varner, Managing Director, Price Lab for Digital Humanities, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States

"What Does Digital Humanities Mean?"

Stewart Varner is the Managing Director of the Price Lab for Digital Humanities at the University of Pennsylvania. In 2003, while he was a student at Emory’s Institute for the Liberal Arts, he started working as a graduate student assistant on the Emory Women Writers Resource Project. Though it wasn’t called this at the time, this was Stewart’s introduction to the Digital Humanities. After earning his PhD in American studies and a master’s degree in library and information science, he began work as the Digital Scholarship Coordinator at Emory’s Woodruff Library. He managed the Digital Scholarship Commons (DiSC) until early 2014, when he accepted the position of Digital Scholarship Librarian at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Stewart arrived at Penn in September 2016 and can often be found riding his green bike around West Philadelphia.
10:05-10:35 Garden Conversation and Coffee Break

Garden Conversations are informal, unstructured sessions that allow delegates a chance to meet plenary speakers and talk with them at length about the issues arising from their presentation. When the venue and weather allow, we try to arrange for a circle of chairs to be placed outdoors.
10:35-10:45 Transition Break
10:45-11:30 Talking Circles

Held on the first day of the conference, Talking Circles offer an early opportunity to meet other delegates with similar interests and concerns. Delegates self-select into groups based on broad thematic areas and introduce themselves and their research interests to one another.

Plenary Room - 2018 Special Focus: Reconsidering Freedom
Room 1 - Spanish Language Talking Circle
Room 2 - Critical Cultural Studies
Room 3 - Communication and Linguistics Studies
Room 4 - Literary Humanities
Room 5 - Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Room 6 - Humanities Education
11:30-11:40 Transition Break
Room 1 Spanish Language Session
Room 2 Ubiquitous Humanities
Humanities for All at Princeton Public Library: New and Innovative Approaches

Hannah Schmidl, National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow, Administration, Princeton Public Library
 Janie Hermann, Public Programming Librarian , Administration, Princeton Public Library, Princeton, United States

Overview: The Princeton Public Library (PPL) approaches humanities-related work with the goal of broadening public access to humanities through programs, projects, collections, and more. Thanks to a National Endowment for the Humanities Challenge Grant, PPL is expanding community access to the humanities. Our philosophy is to combine multiple disciplines and public program formats to create numerous points of entry for the public to access humanities knowledge. Our broad approach diversifies and democratizes the kinds of knowledge the public can gain by creating multiple ways for the public to enjoy humanities content. PPL often plans around themes (like History of Science, racial literacy, and civic engagement) to create series that include public lectures, film screenings, and discussions; topical book and media collections; and topic guides including specialized reading lists. We hope to shape the future of humanities learning in public libraries. The implications of PPL’s work are twofold: enhanced understanding of the humanities within our community, and demonstrating a successful model for others. Positive feedback, robust attendance at programs, and good circulation numbers demonstrate the impact of this work locally. PPL strives to provide a replicable model for other public libraries. Information and method sharing is an important aspect of our work.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Reading Public Poetry in a Lifelong Learning Setting

Rachael King, Course Organiser / Teaching Fellow, Centre for Open Learning, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, Edinburgh, -, United Kingdom

Overview: Poems that first appear in non-literary publications (for example, in newspapers) can have a wider reach than those first published in traditional book, pamphlet, or specialist magazine form. In this paper, I explore how students in lifelong learning/continuing education settings respond to poems initially published outside traditional literary arenas ("public" poems), and in particular, poems that confront, or reflect upon, topical concerns or national events (for instance, a royal wedding, a political election, a natural disaster or international conflict). I further consider the role fictive poetry, as opposed factual reporting, can play in generating a "safe" space for discourse about challenging topics. The experience of reading poetry collectively in an educational setting, both silently and aloud, differs from reading poetry alone in a less formal environment. I explore the extent to which lifelong learning students’ particularly rich and diverse range of life experiences feeds and influences their appreciation, commentary, and discussion of the poems.
Theme:Humanities Education
Two Birds (or Possibly More): Engaging with Language and History through Drama

Peter E. R. Jordan, -, -, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Overview: This paper discusses how the performance of drama can provide a forum for the examination of a wide range of subjects and disciplines, for actors and audience alike. In particular, I shall focus on the recent publicly presented production of The George Wong Case, performed by students of City University of Hong Kong. The play sought to recreate the proceedings against a garage mechanic named George Wong, in 1946. It is known as Hong Kong’s first treason trial, which took place barely six months after the British retook possession of Hong Kong from the Japanese. Wong was accused of collaborating with the Japanese and being party to illegal imprisonment, torture and murder. Most contentiously, he was tried for treason against the United Kingdom. Wong’s counsel argued that Wong was a Chinese national and therefore could not be tried for treason. The argument was rejected and Wong was hanged. In this production, the students not only explored rhetorical and subtextual nuances of speech, but in the process also examined Hong Kong’s colonial past, the nature of justice and authority, legal and moral issues, and perhaps most importantly, the layered and competing claims on an individual’s identity.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Room 3 On Being and Remembering
Cillini : The Children's Burial Grounds of Ireland

Joseph Duffy, Artist, Moving image, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, England, United Kingdom

Overview: The Cillini spread across rural Ireland, dotted along margins in the corners of fields and the interiors of circular fairy forts, each of its rocks a marker, each stone a grave. The Cillini take up root as traumatic sites of oppressive religious practices. They are the sites of unconsecrated burials, of suicides, and mainly of unbaptised infants. Based to the concept of Original Sin in Catholic doctrine as construed by Augustine of Hippo, unbaptised children were banned from consecrated ground. They were assigned to wander in perpetual purgatory, taken from their mothers at the dead of night and hidden from sight. The fairy fort offered a ring of protection, of curses to keep out intruders and destructive farming practices and the potential for a different afterlife to keep these children safe. My current film and visual material with Cillini as subject matter will be discussed in this paper. Harrowing spaces are explored using drones to create an emotive sense of place, an eerie encounter between worlds, the contemporary and the ancient, the world of the living and the world of limbo, of fairy lore and tragedy in a landscape embedded with sorrow. Whilst these sites were intended to foster exclusion, trauma and being forgotten, my work Is to aid in remembrance. In evoking new memory spaces, there are opportunities for stigma to be removed and communities to be able to grieve and begin the process of healing, free from the constraints of doctrine.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Reconsidering Freedom
Stories Our Grandparents Told Us

Lenora Hayes, Assistant Professor, Department of Communication, Languages and Cultures, Fayetteville State University, Fayetteville, North Carolina, United States
Dr. Eugenie Almeida, Professor, Department of Communication, Languages and Cultures, Fayetteville State University, Fayetteville, -, United States

Overview: This is a research project conducted using critical discourse analysis to study themes and patterns of discourse in African American and Hispanic American student essays about stories they were told by their family. We found that nine themes characterized African American student essays. There was some overlap between African American and Hispanic American discourse about stories they were told by their family but there were major differences between African American student discourse and Hispanic American student discourse about stories they were told by their family.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
"Journey to Love": William Carlos Williams’s Introspective Journey and His Testament to the Sacredness in the "Thisness" of Life

Gail Corso,

Overview: The collection, "Journey To Love," dedicated to William Carlos Williams’s wife, Flossie, was written after he suffered debilitating effects of serious health issues. As the now elderly, disabled writer, Williams creates these sixteen poems, characterized by a shifting point of view, and his quizzically yet honest voice about the sacredness in details of everyday life. The older Williams affirms truth in his recall of images that in their “thisness” memory keeps alive. From the initial image of the lone Negro woman clasping her newspaper- wrapped bouquet of marigolds “as a torch,” Williams imagines her walking through the early morning streets, an alternative image of Lady Liberty. She represents otherness, difference, not just a woman walking the streets alone, but rather, a streetwalker. This image reflects a bit of the times, an image of survival, an image of one breaking out of the norms of social acceptability; the simple marigolds she holds symbolize sexuality. The older Williams discovers truth in such an image as he reminisces upon images in his memories. These peak memories paradoxically maintain a vitality of their own, for as he writes, “Memory/ is liver than sight.” Each of these sixteen poems reflects Williams’ interiority as husband, son, and poet, “This was I,/a sparrow./I did my best;/farewell.” The sacredness in the ordinary, in the "thisness" of those images of life that he witnessed, in the "thisness" of his own life is revealed as Williams identifies with that lone sparrow, both an ordinary or common bird now separated from the community of other sparrows, yet one that in Christian beliefs symbolizes the hope for God’s care, concern, and perhaps, forgiveness. Several intense poems integrate the personal pronoun, “I” and the collective “we” showing his double consciousness about his body, soul, and mind—his disabilities, his limitations as a poet, his life as a husband, his life as the “pink locust.” In yet another poem, the persona of a female reflects on male female relationships and hopes that in a furious storm she and her husband can stick it out together, as “so solidly had our house been built.” She wishes this image to “the final fury,” or as the reader might understand the wish, “till death do us part.” He portrays the wife as the image of fidelity. Through this collection of poems, Williams reveals his beliefs that in earlier poems affirm life with its beauty in love, loss, and grief, and presence of grace and dignity in ordinary details, and perhaps in broken places. In his role as a physician, witnessing the birth of over 3000 humans, he affirms the beauty of the birthing process —“ They enter the new world naked,/cold, uncertain of all/ save that they enter. All about them/ the cold familiar wind... But now the stark dignity of/entrance ….” Williams asserts, how “they [we]/ grip down and begin to awaken” (Spring and All). …. Through his poetry, Williams affirms this “stark dignity” this beauty of life in the ordinary, often stark details of our being.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Room 4 Suffering and Salvation
Trauma and the Power of Wounds to Save Our World: A Reparative Read of Our Shared Humanity

Dr. Jane Grovijahn, Associate Professor, College of Arts and Sciences, Our Lady of the Lake University, San Antonio, -, United States

Overview: “Global Trauma is the voice of God calling to us.” (Langberg, 2011) Trauma, Langberg asserts, is perhaps the greatest mission field of the twenty-first century, remaining a place of enigma and urgency. The frequency and impact of trauma in our lives is no longer debated. In fact scholars now remind us that trauma has become a common feature of our contemporary lives whether we are speaking of genocidal violence or the dreary redundancy of sexual assaults. According to Dr. Diane Langberg, clinical psychologist and co-founder of A Place of Refuge, one in seven persons live with the searing mark of trauma. Given its normalcy, how can we create effective responses to the common presence of trauma in our public sphere in such a way to lessen its mark upon us and move forward into reparative strategies capable of carrying its immensity? Working from an interdisciplinary approach, I explore how scholars across the humanities represent a landscape of survival necessary for us to reclaim the luminescence of our shared humanity. Here we enter into what Mayra Rivera (2015) names the “generative capacities of the flesh,” binding us to wounds as spaces of possibility within redemptory reclamations.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Literature as a Device Alerting Humanity to Gender-based Violence as a Social Ill

Prof. Nompumelelo Zondi, Professor and Department Head, Department of African Languages, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, -, South Africa

Overview: The dialectic of gender and power relations are escalating and causing challenges in South Africa in particular and in Africa in general. The situation manifests through men becoming perpetrators of gender-based violence which knows no boundaries, even as it spills over to families as domestic violence. Embracing United Nation's International Human Rights for over two decades the South African government has endeavored to increase awareness of the negative impact of violence on women and children through 16 Days of Activism Against Violence Against Women and Children. The main objective of the campaign is to mobilize all sectors of society to act against abuse and to protect all those who are vulnerable. Authors have also come on board by writing books to that effect. One such acclaimed Zulu writer, Maphumulo (2008) engages readers in the discourse through his award winning drama titled "Kudela Owaziyo" (Happy is the one who knows the end)
Theme:Literary Humanities
Inequality of Suffering in Haiti: Differences in Suffering through "Amour" by Marie Vieux-Chauvet

Elke Defever, Boca Raton, Florida, United States

Overview: After its revolution, Haiti fell into a period of chaos, allowing those in power to prey on those below them. This chaos was exploited by the Duvalier reign. In her novel "Amour" Marie Vieux-Chauvet gives a representation of this oppression from a female perspective. In her introduction of the re-edition, Edwige Danticat asks the question: “Is all suffering equal when the people who suffer are not considered equal” (Danticat xi)? In fact, when people are not considered equal, we will see that suffering is not equal. In Haiti, it is the women who seem to suffer most; thus, it seems suitable that in French "souffrance" is a feminine term. Those who are oppressed suffer deeper. Marie Vieux-Chauvet goes even further and shows us that an intelligent dark-skinned woman from the former elite is in the worst position in the Duvalier regime.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Room 5 Novel Ideas
Calibrations of Nostalgia in Mohsin Hamid’s "The Reluctant Fundamentalist" and "Exit West"

Amanda Hodes,

Overview: Nostalgia and longing for home figure prominently in Mohsin Hamid’s texts, "The Reluctant Fundamentalist" and "Exit West." However, nostalgia functions differently in each novel. "The Reluctant Fundamentalist" focuses on critiquing harmful modes of longing, whereas "Exit West" reclaims nostalgia in the immigrant narrative as a means for human connection and emotional healing. In analyzing the former text, this paper uses the theories of nostalgia scholar Svetlana Boym to unpack how Hamid portrays the dangers of both the absence of nostalgia and “restorative nostalgia”—a term for indulgent non-critical forms of longing. Hamid depicts this through the allegorical figures of Erica and Underwood Samson, while instead heralding the “reflective,” or critical, nostalgia of the protagonist Changez as a viable alternative. In the latter text, the paper analyzes how nostalgia imbricates Saeed’s relationship with religion, as well as how the loss of national home is succored through recourse to natural, eternal imagery of a planetary home. Likewise, the paper questions how Hamid’s intermingling of the past and present frames the nostalgic desire to re-access the past as productive. By examining these two texts, I aim to gain insight into nostalgia’s complex function in the contemporary global novel and human experience.
Theme:Literary Humanities
From Virginia Woolf’s Mrs Dalloway to Michael Cunningham’s The Hours: on storytelling, adaptation, and evolution

Dr. Victoria de Zwaan, Associate Professor, -, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada

Overview: In A Theory of Adaptation (2006), Linda Hutcheon suggests that “(s)tories … get retold in different ways in new material and cultural environments; like genes, they adapt to those new environments by virtue of mutation” (32). Taking this comment as a starting point, I examine a cluster of texts connected to Virginia Woolf’s experimental novel Mrs Dalloway: a “faithful” 1997 British film adaptation of the same name, American writer Michael Cunningham’s book The Hours (1998), and its 2002 film adaptation. Not strictly adaptations of Mrs Dalloway in terms of fidelity to the original plot or characters, I contend that both book and film versions of The Hours constitute worthy adaptations of Mrs Dalloway, superior in many ways to the 1997 Mrs Dalloway film. More specifically, with its painstaking translation of Woolf’s stream of consciousness technique into filmic techniques such as voice-over and flashback, the 1997 film is strikingly creaky and awkward, and entirely lacking in the energy and innovation of Woolf's novel. The Hours, by contrast, interprets and reworks the story for a contemporary audience, making direct commentary on the cultural situatedness of Woolf’s novel and re-invigorating its deeper themes. In this way, while inventing stories that on the surface have little to do with the original novel, it echoes the experimental spirit of Mrs Dalloway by creating an overt intertext with it.
Theme:Literary Humanities
John Updike's "The Coup" : An Orientalist Discourse

Asad Al Ghalith, Professor of English, -, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Amman, -, Jordan

Overview: "The Coup" is different from Updike’s other novels in that "The Coup" itself was a “coup” for Updike’s literature -- its language, subject matter, and style are all novel (Hunt 195). In contrast, however, Islam's treatment therein remains unchanged and conforms to the same tired stereotypes. This research explores how Islam is abused and misunderstood in the narrative. In "The Coup," Updike created a country; he created a people; he created a name (Greiner, 29), much like the imperialists who came to Kush from his country. Consequently, he offers the reader a governable imperialist construct in typical Orientalist fashion. In addition, he offers a geography in which to fit that construct. The protagonist stresses this when he says, “I say Kush is a fiction, an evil dream the white man had, and that those who profess to govern her are twisted and bent double." "The Coup" is a work to which all the dogmas or ideological positions that Edward Said mentioned in Orientalism apply. The first dogma is that the Orient represents what is irrational, undeveloped, inhumane, and inferior, whereas the West is the exact opposite. The second prevailing principle is that traditional texts about the Orient are preferred to realities. The third principle is that the Orient is static and does not change, and incapable of defining itself. The fourth dogma is that the Orient needs to be either feared or controlled (2003, 300-301). These dogmas are embodied in fixed images.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Room 6 Scientific Ties
The Tyranny of Science and the Humanities as a Liberating Force

Eric Cassell, Cornell University , Internal Medicine and Public Health , Medical Practice, Research & Scholarship
 Lauren Barron, Director and Clinical Professor, Medical Humanities , Baylor University , Waco, Texas, United States

Overview: For science, only knowledge from scientific methods or research is valid. Understandings from the humanities are discounted; subjectivity and subjective knowledge have no place. But people are concerned about and comprised of their experiences: past and present, waking and sleeping, thinking and feeling, interpersonal events and private ideas and fantasies. From the 1950s into the 1980s, dynamic psychologies infused these concerns with knowledge and sophistication. After WWII, science, scientific objectivity, and empiricism, plus a denigration of subjectivity, rode the success of medical science to increasing influence in Western society. By the mid-80s, science as a social force drove from favor previously successful everyday psychological sophistication. Science has taken the place of religion before the Renaissance. Devotion to STEM implies nothing else is important. This emphasis has had a malignant effect on the teaching and study of the humanities. Medicine about persons and relationships, not only the body, is case in point in which science reigns supreme and technology overrides human concerns. Scientific medicine implies that science makes the diagnosis and treats the patient. The humanities offer liberation from the tyranny of science. Medicine is constituted by physicians as persons caring for patients as persons. The humanities teach about persons, emphasizing their relationships, historical being, aesthetic nature, constant search for meaning, and drive for freedom. Science values sameness, but individuals differ one from another in every respect. This paper considers how teaching the humanities provides depth, rigor, and humanistic knowledge to thinking about people as human beings, not just human bodies.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Reconsidering Freedom
Freedom Within the Bounds of Evolution: An Evolutionary Perspective on Normative Self-Government

John Mizzoni, Professor of Philosophy, Arts & Humanities, Neumann University, Jenkintown, United States

Overview: We can broaden the scope of the humanities by doing more to unearth the roots in our evolved biology. Such a large project pushes the humanities toward a closer relationship to the sciences. This paper focuses on how the philosophical study of ethics has successfully moved in this direction. One might think that only ethical approaches that view ethics as purely social or emotion-based could achieve such a project. Yet even ethicists who maintain that morality emerges from a particular intellectual capacity—the capacity for normative self-government, i.e., freedom—can understood morality in an evolutionary framework. We need only accept that normative self-government can derive from self-consciousness. The capacity of normative self-government may be understood as an effect or side-effect of biological evolution. Under the perspective of the timeline of human evolutionary history, once human beings had evolved brains that could yield the intellectual capacity of reflective self-consciousness, then humans would have become capable of normative self-governance. Normative ethics, then, could be said to have become possible. The evolutionary process would have then provided the necessary conditions for morality, yet not the sufficient conditions.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Reimagining Human Beings and Our Place in the Natural World

Dr. Jeffrey K. Soleau, Professor of Humanities, Interdisciplinary Studies, The Sage Colleges, Albany, NY, United States

Overview: To understand human beings as “special” and “superior” beings because we are situated at the top of an ontological hierarchy is a Western model that is deeply problematic for those concerned about the environment and the future direction of the world. Humans have within us a self-contradiction - we have learned to think of ourselves as separate from the natural world - although we are of this natural world. Humans are indeed unique beings. Rather than superior beings, however, humans are unique beings with the freedom to engage in the ethical task of careful listening, of respectful speaking, and of preserving the natural world through responsive thought and action. Our essential task is to come to our senses by recovering and affirming our ethical role within the natural world. Sources considered in developing this paper include E. F. Schumacher, Martin Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, and Max Oelschlaeger.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
12:55-13:05 Transition Break
13:05-14:05 Lunch
14:05-14:15 Transition Break
Room 1 Spanish Language Session
Room 2 Essential Questions
Weak Science: Humanities and the Sciences

Prof. Shai Frogel, Ramat Hasharon, Israel, Israel

Overview: The great technological achievements of natural science bring to see empirical method as the only scientific method and causes human sciences to adopt this view. Yet, since this method fits the material objects of natural sciences it de-humanizes human reality and thus blazes the way for materializing human existence. From this perspective, humanities are not a science at all or mostly a very weak science. The paper claims that only a resistance to this tendency could rehabilitate the humanities. The resistance should emphasize the essential difference between investigating a meaningless being, the material world, and a being of meaning, the human spirit and its products. By emphasizing this difference, one can explains why the humanities are a different science and not a weak science; a science which could not and should not be based on empirical method but on interpretation and human understanding. The paper uses Husserl's phenomenology and Gadamer's hermeneutics for advancing its claim. Husserl explains the failure of positivist sciences to distinguish between method and reality and thus opens the way to existential reflection on the significance of what he names "lifeworld" (Weltleben). Gadamer explains why truth is a result of understanding or interpretation and not of a method for pointing on the educational role of the humanities. Both Husserl and Gadamer argue that what is at stake is not only epistemological question but, and more importantly, an ethical issue. Actually, they bring us back to the fundamental question of the humanities: What is a human being or what is a flourishing human existence (Eudaimonia)?
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Decolonial Perspective on Contemplative Studies: What Does a Contemporary Indian Poet Have to Say?

Dr. Nuño Aguirre de Cárcer, Researcher, -, University of the Witwatersrand

Overview: Contemplative Studies brings together different contemplative practices from major religions, to create a discipline in which first-, second- and third-person perspective are integrated. Contemplative Studies can be conceived as a dialogue between science, particularly with neuroscience, humanities and religious studies, to analyze the nature of contemplative practices. This emerging field is a very promising new direction in the Humanities; it is interdisciplinary by definition, global and diverse by the nature of the object studied. However, there is a serious risk that Contemplative Studies might fall into the trap of repeating and reinforcing ongoing forms of coloniality, creating a gap between present-day Science and old, long-gone traditions from India and the East. For this reason, it is essential to introduce a critical perspective in the discussion. In my view, decoloniality can be an adequate theoretical framework to approach contemplative texts and practices, helping the field develop into a more inclusive one. In this paper, I will use the work of poet and essayist Ranjit Hoskote (Bombay, 1969) as an example of what could be a decolonial perspective on Contemplative Studies. I will analyze how he brings forth his own multi-faceted contemplative tradition into the present: through poetry and translation. This analysis is intended as a contribution to the future syllabi of Contemplative Studies, currently lacking contemporary authors, particularly from the Global South.
Theme:Humanities Education
D. H. Lawrence's Postcolonial Modernism

Doo-Sun Ryu, Professor, Department of English, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea

Overview: Since the beginning of this century the issues of modernism and postcolonialism have begun to be addressed together, resulting in the term “postcolonial modernism.” Lawrence has benefited from this trend, as opposed to in the past, when the issues were discussed separately. Even so, a kind of extremism seems to characterize general assessments of Lawrence nowadays. On the one hand, Lawrence is regarded as a modernist who shared colonialist assumptions about the colonized, a complicity branded by Edward Said’s term “orientalism.” On the other, modernist Lawrence is said to have turned to the colonized’s culture for the regeneration of “finished” Western traditions. Therefore, this paper proposes to address the question, “How can these two seemingly incompatible assessments be attended to?” It will draw on insights Lawrence gave in his last work, "Apocalpyse," in which he doubts the ethnological notion of “Urdummheit” (translated by Lawrence as “primal stupidity”), which he thinks might have been invented for an “offset.” Thus thinking of this “primal stupidity” as a “theoretical fiction,” to use Gayatri Spivak’s words, the paper compares the Lawrentian version of postcolonial modernism with versions forwarded by other modernist writers.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Room 3 Technical Intersections
World as Palimpsest: Multimodal Literature in Augmented Reality

Dr. Robert Fletcher, Teacher, Literature, West Chester University, West Chester, -, United States

Overview: This paper will both discuss a digital-humanities project that remediates ekphrastic poetry in augmented reality and explore AR as a cultural, aesthetic, and rhetorical practice across the humanities and related disciplines, with special attention to literary studies. It will review the innovative practices of established digital-literature artists working in AR and examine the current needs that must be addressed to establish this technology as a significant facet of the digital humanities. It will end by demonstrating a few methods of integrating augmented reality into classes without any programming requirements.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Incorporation and Communication: Reflection on the Relationship between Youth Subcultures and Dominant Culture

Tan Xuanxuan, Student, College of Journalism and Communication, Jinan University

Overview: Danmaku, a new media technology, is used to display users’ messages in written text on an online video stream. In China, Danmaku video websites are popular among young people and developing characteristic youth subcultures landscape. Some videos associated with dominant culture go viral unexpectedly on a Danmaku video website called Bilibili. However, little is known about how it occurs. The study analyzed 8,307 Danmaku texts from a video called “Zhang (a Chinese People's Liberation Army rear admiral) first live webcast in Bilibili” and studied the relationship between youth subcultures and dominant culture through semantic network analysis and textual analysis. The result of semantic network analysis shows that apparently, the representation of dominant culture, rear admiral Zhang is at the margin of a semantic network while the representation of youth subcultures, juzuo(局座) is at the center. The study argues that the relationship between youth subcultures and dominant culture becomes ambiguous in the context of new media technology, Danmaku specifically. On the one hand, Danmaku texts produced by youths may not completely shake off the dominant cultural representation, rear admiral Zhang, but they do challenge its hegemony. On the other hand, the resistance of youth subcultures is undermined due to entertainment diversion and individualism. Youth subcultures and dominant culture are not mutually exclusive; they have positive effects on each other. Dominant cultural pioneer, nationalism and youth subcultural turns are three chemical substances that narrow the gap between youth subcultures and dominant culture.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Reconsidering Freedom
Participatory Humanities in the Digital Age: An Ethnographical Review of South Korea’s Candlelight Revolution

Minhyoung Kim, Assistant Professor, Department of Knowledge Contents, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, South Korea

Overview: The field of digital humanities is becoming more exciting as the number of low-cost technologies and free-of-charge mobile applications are now widely attainable. They allow humanists to accomplish an ever-increasing number of tasks that were not possible only a few years ago, were very costly, or required high-end computing power. The range of these applications provides open access to digital participation at an unprecedented level. Collective collaboration is in particular an inherent part of nearly all digital humanity projects. Such partnerships connect digital resources, generate new practices, and enhance participatory humanities, which fuel diversity and lead to the expansion of the freedom of humanity. This study aims to examine how such participatory humanities serve as pivotal links between the personal and the political, allowing citizens to actively engage in networked forms of community and digitally connected action, while maintaining their sense of individuality. Utilizing an ethnographical approach with an open and reflexive research design, this study focuses on the structure of the Candlelight Revolution in South Korea.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Room 4 Hybridizing Scholarship
Re-newing the Written Word: Translation, Writing, and the "Trashing" of Cultural Hierarchy

Dr. Alice Whitmore, Assistant Lecturer in Spanish and Latin American Studies, School of Languages, Literatures, Cultures and Linguistics, Monash University, Melbourne, -, Australia

Overview: As a literary translator, creative writer, cultural critic, and early career academic, I traffic in words and their fluidity; in the crossing of borders, both literal and literary; in the re-creation and re-contextualisation of literature that pushes and renegotiates the boundaries of genre and style. This paper sets out an interdisciplinary approach to translation practice and theory that combines the creative and the theoretical in an ethics of alienation, unease. and literary "violence" —not the violence of extremism, but the gentle madness of poetry: Antoine Berman’s “violence immédiate de la Parole tragique,” Derrida’s “via rupta,” and the "forcener doucement" that designs and inhabits the dynamic verges of culture. Literary translation is impossible for me if not accompanied (or flanked, or otherwise "paralleled") by creative writing, and the two crafts inevitably bleed into one another, sometimes to such an extent that I am unable to extricate the two. The inherent interdisciplinarity of my translation methodology is also borne out in my engagement with theory and criticism. My 2017 Ph.D. thesis was the among the first of its kind at Monash University, in that it comprised both a creative component—in my case, the Spanish-to-English translation of a novel by Mexican author Guillermo Fadanelli—and an "exegetical" critical component. The critical component, by turns anecdotal and densely theoretical, borrowed from a number of frameworks, among them comparative literature, cultural and literary studies, philosophy, social anthropology, and translation ethics. This somewhat "bastardised" approach to scholarship is coherent within the broader context of the thesis, which argued above all for hybridity, multilingualism, and creativity across all spheres of thought and culture. The thread that holds all this together is the elaboration of an "alienating" translation ethics rooted in the concepts of estrangement, unease, literary "violence," and innovation — all concepts that I believe are endemic and essential to literary language. This paper will argue that, as a reflection and a refraction of literature, translation intensifies literature’s already deeply ethical aspects; both facilitate the approximation and (re)reading of a cultural or social Other, and, at their best, both favour multi over mono, difficulty over complacency, dynamism over stasis. Both translation and writing, then, realise the disruptive and generative function of literature, exposing and perpetuating "violent" and innovative literary practices across the shifting boundaries of language, culture, and genre. Guillermo Fadanelli himself, a self-styled purveyor of "literatura basura" [trash literature], offers an apt example of this. By refusing to adhere to the rules of cultural hierarchy and good literary manners, Fadanelli exiles himself from both mainstream and "legitimate" culture, preferring the no-man’s land of the Dostoevskian non-hero. Fadanelli’s ironic embrace of the ugly, the shocking, the incongruous, the mutant, and the ephemeral, his double rejection of frivolity and elitism, and his constant flirtation with hypocrisy are illuminated and reinforced by a broad (counter)cultural context of alienation, transfiguration, and violent interaction. This context, at once informing and responding to the trash/basura aesthetic, provides the framework for a hybridising ethics of scholarship and translation that speaks to the re-newal of literature from the liminal zones and “impassioned margins” of culture.
Theme:Literary Humanities
An Artist's Interdisciplinary Practice

Ms. Carrie Ida Edinger,

Overview: From my research and experiences, I have found that the artist’s voice is under-represented when it comes to specific research methods and the perspective artist’s have of their practice crossing disciplinary boundaries, such as using anthropology. Following the lineage of the 1960’s artist writing from the cultural turn and media of the late-twentieth century, my paper is focused on my twenty-first-century experiences. The knowledge, from my subjective experience, is the basis for the inquiry with academic disciplines and art practice. Within my interdisciplinary practice, I have investigated the ephemeral, along with human engagement, and the physical and virtual social spaces. My interdisciplinary approach includes concepts related to the everyday, museum studies, and the social sciences. I have completed projects with a humanities approach that have bridged the relationship between the human element of engagement with objects and space. I have integrated technology and performative sources for the production and presentation of my recent projects. My artist’s voice within this is an underrepresented scholarship; however, my cross discipline initiative permits the inclusion of social and cultural perspectives to continue the future exploration of interdisciplinarity.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Why Professionals Must Be Narrativists: Interdisciplinarity as a Radical Act

Prof. Anna Gotlib, Assistant Professor, Philosophy, Brooklyn College, New York, -, United States
Prof. Larry Palmer, Professor of Law, Law School, Cornell University

Overview: As we become exponentially more linked and wired, we are at the same time growing magisterially, existentially isolated. Our identity-constituting narratives, whether personal or professional, tend to be increasingly limited by our chosen interlocutors, professional environments, and ever-shrinking circles of others with whom we share our ever-decreasing intellectual and social energies. Why, especially as successful professionals, ought we try to imaginatively, empathetically enter a world that is not our own, feeling its odd foreignness, its disturbing otherness? In this paper, we argue that we, as humanists and humanities-minded professionals, must do the hard thing: we must interrogate the "other" by turning to, and teaching, a radical interdisciplinarity that makes possible the kind of narrative competence that moves us toward what Martha Nussbaum calls “moral competence." We have to teach others, and ourselves, to (re)connect not only with other perspectives and epistemologies, but to engage in often uncomfortable dialogues with distant others through direct encounters with narratives, with stories. We must, in other words, introduce lawyers to literature. We begin with a brief discussion of the growing need for such moral competence, especially among those whose professions tend to regard the humanities as ephemeral at best. Second, we offer an account of what we mean by radical interdisciplinarity, and how it can lead to narrative, and subsequently moral, competence. We conclude with a narrative of how an engagement with Dostoyevsky can indeed lead not only to a more enlightened legal practice, but to a more humane one. It is our hope that these deeply interdisciplinary approaches to how we understand ourselves and others will effectively counteract the master narratives of splintered professional geographies and growing personal insularities, making connections among us all visible -- and vital.
Theme:Literary Humanities, Humanities Education
Room 5 Discursive Limitations
Deconstructing Settler Colonial Cartography in Taiwan Cinema

Lin Chin Tsai, Teaching Assistant , Asian Languages and Cultures, UCLA

Overview: Taiwan is an island located on the western edge of the Pacific Ocean with a history of multiple colonialisms. Due to the increasing Han immigrants from China to Taiwan since the seventeenth century, Taiwan, an island whose indigenous inhabitants were the aboriginal Austronesian peoples, has become a settler colony de facto. However, Taiwan has long been excluded from global settler colonial studies. The prevailing discourse of postcolonialism introduced to Taiwan in the 1990s, as scholars pointed out, fails to fully conceptualize the colonization of indigenous peoples. Owing to the above reasons, this paper provides an analytical framework of settler colonialism, a distinct mode of domination that differs from the classic colonialism and postcolonial paradigm with its specific emphasis on settlers’ replacement of indigenous population and land dispossession, so as to address the discursive limits of postcolonial studies in Taiwan. Furthermore, drawing upon the approach of “cultural geography” and the politics of cartography, I scrutinize how maps are presented in two propagandistic films produced by the state-owned studios of the KMT (the Nationalist regime in Taiwan after 1945), Bai Ke’s "Descendants of the Yellow Emperor" (1955) and Chen Wen-chuan’s "Beautiful Treasure Island" (1952), and demonstrate how they construct a form of “settler colonial cartography” through the cinematic visualization of space and the use of multimedia. In this sense, to reflect on Taiwan’s cultural production through the lens of settler colonial criticism, I argue, is an imperative decolonization practice by which Taiwan is on its way towards spatial and social justice.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Old Wine in New Bottles?: Decoloniality Is Anything but New Epistemology

Prof. Fetson Kalua, Professor, Department of English Studies, University of South Africa, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa

Overview: Also known as decolonialism, the concept of decoloniality is a Latin American political and cultural theory, an intellectual crusade even, of Latin-American derivation whose vocation is to re-examine and rewrite the discourse of colonialism. Presenting decoloniality as a decisive intervention for most postcolonial societies to reclaim knowledge from what decolonial theorists is the grip of the Western (white) man, the scholars draw on renowned scholars such as Frantz Fanon, Aime Caesaire, as well as other discourses such as liberation theology, the Foucaudian poststructuralist, and other philosophical discourses, as the founding conditions of possibility for the development of the decolonial theory. In this paper, I situate the decolonial debate in the context of postcolonial theory and poststructuralist discourses, from which the discourse of decoloniality derives much of its force, to demonstrate its coterminous nexus with postcolonial theory and discourses – the link which lends colour and credence to the view that decoloniality is nothing but "old wine in new bottles." The argument of the paper is that decolonial scholars’ attempt to, at once, deconstruct and reconstruct or reshape what are regarded as normative and prevailing means of knowledge production is hardly a pioneering enterprise, and so the scholars have not blazed any trail in the field of colonial discourse. Thus the decolonial scholars’ supposed mediation on knowledge production constitutes a revisionist project.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Schopenhauer on Philosophy and Religion

Prof. R. Raj Singh, Professor , Philosophy , Brock University , St.Catharines, ON, Canada

Overview: Schopenhauer studied and adapted his own system any concepts of eastern thought. He was particularly drawn toward Vedanta and Buddhism. However, only a few brief and casual analyses are to be found in the secondary literature on this thinker. Many of Schopenhauer’s own concepts remain misunderstood and unduly critiqued due to lack of comparative study of these concepts with their eastern counterparts. This paper will examine Schopenhauer’s eastern sources as well as outline this thinker’s standpoint on how the insights from world religions can be thoughtfully deployed in philosophy after detaching them from the elements of dogma and superstition.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Room 6 Looking Back and Moving Forward
The Face of Educational Social Injustice in the Twenty-first Century: The School-to-Prison Pipeline

Dr. Bev Freda Jackson,

Overview: At the turn of century Dr. W.E.B DuBois asserted that the "problem of the 20th century is the problem of the color-line." In 2018, decades after the elimination of de jure segregation the face of institutionalized racism thrives through evidence of the "color of mass incarceration" and its feeder phenomenon the school-to-prison pipeline. In 1954, the Supreme Court of the United States declared separate but equal unconstitutional overturning Plessy v. Ferguson (1896). However, in 2018 the legacy of Brown, its tenets and ultimate aims remain a dream deferred. Consequently, we currently realize the phenomenon of the school-to-prison pipeline impacting populations of children of color. Through dialogue on the empirical realities of what we know on the school-to-prison pipeline, this paper examines national statistics on suspension and expulsion, thereby introducing a dialogue about impact and outcomes on student populations of color. In this session, the theme of reconsidering freedom is interwoven into the deconstruction of the school-to-prison pipeline discussion. While empirically supporting the national increase in quantifying the realities of the pipeline, the dialogue also reframes the numbers in ways to introduce the audience to restorative justice techniques and diversion disciplinary practice methods to explore how we reverse this trend. The school-to-prison pipeline represents a manifestation of historic injustice evidenced in present-day school drop-out factories. At the root of the school-to-prison pipeline are social and economic inequalities, reinforcing the historic disparity of equity in education in the United States.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Reconsidering Freedom
Return of the Shanghai Jews: Early Attempts at Reconciliation and Restitution with Refugees

Prof. Kevin Ostoyich, Associate Professor and Chair, History, Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, United States

Overview: During the Holocaust, approximately 15,000 to 18,000 Jews found haven in Shanghai when the rest of the world closed its doors to them. When one juxtaposes the history of the Shanghai Jews with the nightmarish story of Auschwitz, one sees that lessons of humanity can be discovered even at times that are seemingly devoid of hope and dignity. The message of hope represented by the history of the Shanghai Jews is one that has been slowly emerging over the last two decades. More and more scholars are turning their attention to this history. Nevertheless, their focus has tended to stay narrowly on the Jewish experience within the Shanghai community itself, leaving much left unexplored. For example, very little has been written about what happened to the Shanghai Jews after the war. What did the West German government do when the Shanghai Jews—refugees who had lost most, if not all, of their belongings, had endured hardships, and who, in most cases, had lost relatives who had not accompanied them to Shanghai—asked for restitution? The paper examines how the Germans started the process of atonement. The study is based on restitution case files from the Bremen State Archives. The paper concludes that the Germans scrambled to respond to the Shanghai Jews, but issues of bureaucratic protocol had to be established, and the process by which retribution payments were distributed turned out to be a long and frustrating one for the former refugees.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Pet Poultry: An Ethnography of York County, Pennsylvania Chicken Keepers

Jamie Kinsley, PhD Candidate, American Studies, Penn State University, Harrisburg, PA, United States

Overview: Today, eggs occupy refrigerator shelves in every convenience store, yet members of the York County community in Pennsylvania laboriously raise small flocks of chickens as a food source. With increasing globalization comes benefits including higher standards of living, access to basic human needs such as clean water and healthcare, and cultural awareness. However, globalization and the American food-systems infrastructure have grown to industrialized heights where commodification leads to abstraction. To combat this separation from our food source, people exchange consumerism for a connection with their food primarily via gardens and poultry rearing. Their place in the backyard builds kinship similar to that of family where their multi-species familiarity defies the anthropocentric tendencies of biosociality. Primarily through ethnography, I interview and observe twenty households in York County Pennsylvania who raise chickens. While some of the participants own chickens for various functions such as experimentation, entertainment, education, or political activism, I primarily analyze the meaning derived from chicken ownership through the lens of ethical foodways and companionship. As a fellow chicken owner, I recognize that raising chickens is not a necessity; it is a choice. None of the participants grew up around chickens; they all intentionally sought out the practice as a way to free themselves from the industrial food system. This study ultimately argues that raising backyard chickens offers pastoral fringe living, where the participants enjoy the proximity of civilization paired with the romanticized practice of homesteading as a way to counter the hegemonic food system.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
15:30-15:50 Coffee Break
Room 1 Spanish Language Session
Room 2 Revolutionary Lit
Poetic Language: Form and Content in Allen Ginsberg's "Howl"

Mahdi Sepehrmanesh,

Overview: Allen Ginsberg is as one of the leading figures of the Beat Generation who vigorously opposes capitalism, conformity, and sexual repression in his poetry. Ginsberg in "Howl" follows the same opposition to conformity and established ideology, which he sees as corrupting and imprisoning the individuality and queerness of the best minds of his generation. He illustrates his resistance with the social norms and institutions by creating a form of poetry in which he expresses his concern and antagonism with the present system of thoughts. Employing Julia Kristeva's concepts of symbolic and semiotic in which Kristeva argues that poetry occupies a semiotic realm where social codes are destroyed and renewed, releasing emotions and feelings trapped by the rational system of consciousness, Ginsberg also seems to demonstrate a kind of liberation of the self from the intense emotions repressed and concealed within him and the best minds of his generations who are pushed and forced into silence and isolation. Moreover, he seems to create a jazz poetry, which follows the same concern as it had for African Americans (to introduce their culture, to set against repression, to resurface the sub-culture, and to recreate new images and form). Ginsberg in his "Howl" adapts a form of poetry using rhythm, alliteration, assonance, and special meter to get poetic intensity, to build emotional and rhythmic intensity as the musician does in jazz to revolutionize form, and to destabilize the established ideology of the society.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Chinese Revolutionary Deviation from Rousseau’s "Émile, ou De l’éducation": Lao She’s "The New Emile"

Dr Lijun Bi, Lecturer, School of Languages, Literature, Cultures and Lingustics, Monash university, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
 Xiangshu Fang,

Overview: This study examines the short story “The New Emile,” an often neglected work by Lao She, a giant Chinese literary figure in the twentieth century. The paper first explores briefly the historical background and the intellectual context of the flourishing school of revolutionary children’s literature in China in the 1930s. It then analyzes Lao She’s short story “The New Emile,” which was published in a 1936 special children’s literature issue of "Literature" (Wenxue), an important journal of the League of Left-Wing Writers. The same special issue also carries the translation of Gorky’s “On Themes” and an introduction of Soviet children’s literature by Mao Dun. Lao She’s story is a fictional report by a first-person narrator as the experimenting educator on a Chinese Emile’s revolutionary upbringing, which is the exact opposite of that of Rousseau’s Emile. The paper argues that, in a tragic vein, the purpose of Lao She’s story, which traces the stern experimental revolutionary methodology of upbringing the future generation, is to magnify the dismal consequences of the artificial revolutionary educational environment that frustrates natural development.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies, Literary Humanities
China Miéville and the Politics of What We See, What We Say, What We Know: The Politics of Art When Shit Gets Real

Dr. Laura Krughoff, Assistant Professor, -, University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, Washington, United States

Overview: China Miéville is routinely read and understood as an overtly political and specifically Marxist fiction writer. What it means to be a Marxist fiction writer, and what “Marxist fiction” might look like, however, are up for debate. According to Miéville, he doesn’t start a fictive project by asking “how about if we organise society like this?” Rather, he suggests, the political potential of fiction is made possible by “[starting] from the presumption the impossible is true” (2011 ArtReview ). Miéville imagines an impossible language where words open portals between the minds of their speakers (Embassytown 2011), an impossible pair of cities that literally sit on top of each other but where the residents of each “unsee” the buildings and residents of the other ("The City & The City" 2009), and an impossible history where post-WWII Paris is trapped in a state of interminable Nazi occupation and stalked by the manifestation of Surrealist paintings come to life ("The Last Days of New Paris" 2016). These novels imagine an inter-galactic colonial outpost of the future ("Embassytown"), an alternative version of post-Soviet, post-Yugoslav eastern Europe ("The City & The City"), and an alternative non-ending of WWII ("The Last Days of New Paris"). The argument of this paper is that Miéville’s political project is manifest in what it means to interpret, language, maps, paintings, in each imagined world, rather than in the political structures of those worlds. Provocatively, it is only by reading his fiction along with his most recent work, "October," a narrative history of the Russian Revolution wherein he insists he has “invented nothing,” that the relationship between fiction, interpretation, history, and politics can be fully understood.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Room 3 Reflections on Practice
Integrating Theory and Practice: A Critical Pedagogy in Art and Design Education

Folasayo Olalere, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Vaal University of Technology, Vanderbijlpark, -, South Africa

Overview: Concerns on the interrelation of theory and practice have been manifested in several debates about the role of critical theory in art and design studio practices. There is a widely held assumption in art teaching that theory gets in the way of creativity and spontaneity, and this opposition is commonly articulated in terms of visual versus verbal intelligence. However, there are prevailing beliefs lately that, putting theory into practice encourages students to engage with complex ideas and explore related art concepts through studio activities. Hence, this paper develops a teaching and learning strategy for integrated art theory and practice. The discipline-based strategy proposed in this paper is comprised of five overlapping stages, and it is believed that a successful implementation of this strategy can help bridge the boundaries in art and design education.
Theme:Humanities Education
Discovering the Creative Impulse: Study of the Interrelated Arts and Creativity

Dr. Harold Popp, Adjunct Professor, Jacobs School of Music, Currently, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States

Overview: This paper introduces procedures and materials to assist individuals in discovering their own creativity through the interdisciplinary arts. All humans need to be involved in the creative process. Involvement in the interdisciplinary arts can explore relationships extant within the creative arts. This study researched a plethora of concepts on the creative process and its significance; research was the basis for the practical application. A university course was developed and taught at two universities over an extended time. Considerable success resulted through responses by students and professors. The course continues to be highly successful. The process (procedures) used in the course is its primary strength; content can be flexible. The approach is non-traditional but is devised to draw upon human nature/potential relating to the creative process. The success with the course, procedures, and materials developed needs to be broadly shared for future success as it impinges on creative thinking and assisting in individuals' creative expressions. This can lead to life-fulfilling processes.
Theme:Humanities Education
Agency and Dependence: What the Anti-poverty Movement Can Learn from De-schooling Scholars

Roseann Lydia Kerr, PhD Student, Faculty of Education, Queen's University, Perth , Ontario, Canada

Overview: Are we holding on to assumptions that are supporting a system which perpetuates inequality? Through the lens of the de-schooling movement this paper questions the assumption of schooling as a universal good and explores the role of schooling in the underdevelopment of agency in the North American context. The theories of John Holt, Paulo Friere, and Ivan Illich are used to examine the role of our institutions in the development of the expert and a mistrust in the capacity of ordinary people. Within the context of modern poverty in Canada, parallels are found between the cycle of shame perpetuated by the Food Charity Model and the institutionalization of what Friere calls false generosity. How can we as intellectuals/experts challenge ourselves to consider philosophies that may provide insight into contemporary issues? Counter examples of hope in practice are presented in the form of Community Action Training facilitated through Community Food Centres Canada, as well as internationally, in the form of farmer-to-farmer pedagogical practices of the small scale sustainable agriculture movement, La Via Campesina.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Room 4 Pedagogical Pursuits
Maximize Students' Grow and Individual Success through Differentiated Instruction

Dr. Tanya de Hoyos,

Overview: This study helps teachers provide multiple access points to diverse learners to maximize growth and individual success. However, developing and promoting differentiated instruction doesn’t happen overnight. It, rather, requires a series of essential strategies for working in heterogeneous classrooms and eliminating tracking. The author will also share some useful websites to implement a variety of processes to meet the learning attributes and characteristics of diverse students’ population in the classroom. Participants get innovative approaches that can be adapted to any educational level. The author will bring the interest and curiosity into the room by designing and categorizing information and examples from the slides.
Theme:Communications and Linguistic Studies
Chinese as the Second Language Intermediate Learners’ Word Recognition Processes and Strategies in Contextual Reading Settings

Dr. Shaoqian Luo, Professor, School of Foreign Languages and Literatures, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, Beijing, China
Dr. Xiaohui Sun, Reasearcher, Foreign Language, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, -, China

Overview: This study investigates word recognition processes and strategies of intermediate learners of Chinese as the second language (CSL) in contextual reading settings. Two CSL intermediate learners named Xiao from America and Bai from Mexico were chosen as research participants and think-aloud methods, retrospective interviews, field observations, and research journal writings were used. The data were analyzed by using Moustakas’ data analysis procedure, Creswell’s three steps, and Bogdon and Biklen’s data analysis methods. Results indicated that CSL intermediate learners’ word recognition processes include automatic word recognition, word recognition based on the context, the pronunciation of the words, CSL learners’ previous knowledge, the meaning of each character, and skipping the words or reading the words again in the process of word recognition failure; CSL intermediate learners’ word recognition strategies in contextual reading settings mainly include cognitive strategies and metacognitive strategies, among them, cognitive strategies consist of direct transformation, translation, interpretation, guessing, inferring, and finding key words; metacognitive strategies include self-checking, self-correcting, avoiding and monitoring comprehension, and delaying and planning, meanwhile, cognitive strategies belong to direct strategy usage and metacognitive strategies are indirect strategy usage. The CSL intermediate learners’ word recognition strategy model has been constructed based on the results. The present study provides the deep theoretical and pedagogical implications in the field of CSL vocabulary acquisition and teaching.
Theme:Communications and Linguistic Studies
Doctrine and Experience: Using Aristotle, Clausewitz, and Callwell to Teach Counterinsurgency

Frederick Dotolo, -, -, St. John Fisher College, Rochester, United States
Dr. Carolyn Vacca, Chair/Assoc Professor, History, St. John Fisher College, Rochester, New York, United States

Overview: This pedagogical paper explores how I use Aristotle’s Nicomedian Ethics as the foundation for an upper level undergraduate seminar on military ethics and strategy in counterinsurgency warfare. The class links Aristotlean ethics to the historical conduct of Small Wars as developed in Clausewitz and C.E Callwell. In addition, students study and evaluate the contrast between this humanities-centered approach and that of the social sciences of modern counterinsurgency doctrine.
Theme:Humanities Education
Room 5 Historical Reviews
Body and Soul in Renaissance Arts and Literature

Leslie Malland, 
Dr. Rafael Narvaez, Assistant Professor, Sociology, Winona State, Winona, MN, United States

Overview: The transition from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance carried important and enduring changes in the way Westerners conceived of the body and the soul, shifts in perspective that initially transformed key aspects of (Renaissance) art, including music, as well as literature and philosophy. Renewed interest in anatomy, in particular, forced Renaissance artist and thinkers to reconfigure their ideas of the body and its relationship to the soul. Anatomists searched for the soul by dissecting cadavers; artist dissected the body to better convey the human spirit; and writers dissected the soul through their work. And they thus set in motion paradigmatic upheavals that eventually resulted in changes in the ways Westerners understood the very idea of the human, both theoretically as well as at the level of collective beliefs. In this paper, we examine the extent to which the body/soul rhetoric was recast during the Renaissance; how these changes affected the arts and literature of the period, and show that changes in beliefs and preoccupations pertaining to the body and the soul powerfully contribute to shaping cultural products (e.g., artistic and literary) as well as important aspects of everyday life. This presentation is partly sponsored by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (# AQ-234985).
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Freedom of Desire in "The Jew of Malta"

Chung Shu-hua,

Overview: In "The Jew of Malta" (1589-90), Christopher Marlowe (1564-93) creates the Jew Barabas who resorts to every conceivable means in pursuit of freedom of desire. He aspires for freedom of desire including power and wealth by a series of murders. He tricks Lodowick and Mathias into fighting for winning his daughter, Abigail. When Abigail becomes a nun, Barabas poisons her along with the whole of the nunnery, and strangles two friars Barnadine and Jacomo. His slave Ithamore betrays him due to his love Bellamira and his friend’s instigation, so Barabas poisons all three of them. Barabas is the Other in the eyes of the Turks and of the Christians, but, paradoxically, he benefits from their conflict in light of traps. Just at the right moment, the former governor Ferneze emerges and causes Barabas to fall into his own trap. Applying the theory of the Other by Emmanuel Levinas (1905-96) to "The Jew of Malta," I will examine the conflict between the Jews and the Turks alongside the struggle between Spain and the Ottoman Empire. I attempt to probe into the relationship between the Self and the Other, between the master and the slave.
Theme:Literary Humanities, 2018 Special Focus: Reconsidering Freedom
Chronos to Kairos: Transformation in Tristan Love

Dr. Claudia Marie Kovach, Aston, Pennsylvania, United States

Overview: Always a “profane” manifestation of medieval society and condemned by the Church, courtly love does not usually lead one to look too deeply into saints’ lives and canonically spiritual matters. Yet, paradoxically, it is possible to see within perhaps one of the most “profane” illustrations of courtly love found in the Tristan corpus a closer connection to radical Franciscan spirituality, a consecrated piety that has had one of the greatest impacts on the Church and the world. An examination of various versions of the Tristan legend, used interdisciplinarily and cross-culturally, can show linkages to key aspects of Franciscan penitential spirituality. The Tristans of Béroul, Marie de France, Gottfried von Strassburg, and others highlight the mystical and especially penitential essence of Tristan love. To explore these avenues, this study advances this idea of "penance" in Franciscan spirituality, seen as equivalent to the biblical meaning of "metanoia," as an intimate conversion of heart to God, as a vital attitude, as a continuous state of being. The Tristan stories always include a moment of love’s recognition, a type of conversion. Love in Tristan goes beyond required or programmed behaviors similar to "doing penances," but instead lives a life of actively loving, of being penitent, of being engaged in a life-changing embrace of a new existence. It also moves the lover from specific, practical requirements of everyday life as determined from station and status to a world expressed in terms of cosmology and mythic if not divine principles.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Room 6 Shifting Communities
Socioeconomic Effects of Ethnoreligious Conflicts in Lagos, Nigeria

Ayodele Omojuwa, Senior Lecturer, Arts and Social Sciences Education, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria

Overview: This study examines the ethnoreligious conflict effects on the local market of Lagos State, Nigeria with a view toward determining its role in the lives of people in the community. The paper relies on both primary and secondary sources including a structure research questionnaire, books, journals and magazines that deal with religious conflicts and crises in Nigeria. Intractable conflict and political economy theories are blended in our analysis. We argue that inter-religious conflicts in Nigeria defy resolutions and seem unending because they are intractable conflicts, which are sustained largely because they serve the economic interest of certain religious leaders who conceal the economic matrix behind their support. This work recommends that increased awareness should be created to enlighten people on the dangers of these crises in the market place. We suggest government strive to provide laws to protect all citizens against ethno-religious crises. Finally, religious leaders should preach and teach to increase national unity, purity, tolerance, morality, love and honesty to reduce conflicts among religious groups, thereby uniting through dialogue for national development.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Manufacturing Criminals: The North American Free Trade Agreement's Connection to the Mexican Drug Cartels

Jose Guzman Dominguez, Sacramento, United States

Overview: This study examines how the establishment of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) led to the development of drug organizations in México. It utilizes a qualitative method to examine primary and secondary sources. The findings indicate how NAFTA disrupted the nation’s economy, which created high levels of unemployment, inequality, and an atmosphere of social competition over industrial jobs; these elements precipitated the growth of drug cartels. This research demonstrates that neoliberal policies in México, such as NAFTA, destabilized México’s economy and led to the development of drug cartels.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Incorporating Brain Color into Multiple Intelligences to Create a Blended Learning Context

Marine Shalaby, -, -, Arab Open University, Kuwait City, Kuwait

Overview: This paper introduces a blended learning context that creates a community of practice. This community of practice presents a combination of face-to-face facilitated learning, e-learning, and self-study. A set of in-class and online linguistic activities was used in the implementation of this experiment to investigate the efficacy of performing these activities in homogeneous and heterogeneous groups. The incorporation of target learners’ brain color into their multiple intelligences was based on using two inventories which identify learners’ brain color and multiple intelligences. The two inventories were Carmazzi’s (2009) Coloured Brain Communication Inventory (CBCI) and Sahakian’s (2001) Multiple Intelligences Inventory (MII). They were administered to a group of Arab Open University (AOU) students during their grammar in English language contexts sessions. This incorporation helped the researcher identify the learners’ preferred means of learning and assessment in addition to dividing the learners into heterogeneous and homogeneous groups to detect the efficacy of performing some linguistic activities whether in-class or online in groups. The results of these two inventories (CBCI and MII) were statistically analyzed and a correlation has been reached. The statistical analysis of the learners’ performance in analyzing and solving the given linguistic activities was in favor of the heterogeneous groups with a variety of brain color and multiple intelligences. This was of a great help to the researcher in establishing a blended learning context that succeeded in engaging everyone as an active learner in the learning process.
Theme:Communications and Linguistic Studies

Jul 6, 2018
08:00-09:00 Conference Registration Desk Open
09:00-09:20 Daily Update
09:20-09:55 Plenary Session—Dr. Paul Farber, Artistic Director and Co-Founder, Monument Lab, Lecturer, Fine Arts and Urban Studies, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States

"Prototyping Monuments: On Public Art, History, and Space in an Age of Reckoning and Remediation"

Paul M. Farber, PhD, is an historian and curator from Philadelphia. He is the Artistic Director and Co-Founder of Monument Lab, a public art and history initiative, and teaches courses in Fine Arts and Urban Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. His book project, "A Wall of Our Own: An American History of the Berlin Wall" (Forthcoming, University of North Carolina Press), examines representations of the Berlin Wall in American art, literature, and popular culture from 1961 to the present. Farber has contributed essays to several edited collections and advised the production of visual culture books including Leonard Freed's "This Is the Day: The March on Washington" (Getty Publications, 2013), Nathan Benn's "Kodachrome Memory: American Pictures 1972-1990" (powerHouse, 2013), and Jamel Shabazz's "Pieces of a Man" (ArtVoices, 2016). He is the editor of a new critical edition of "Made in Germany" (Steidl Verlag, 2013), and is the co-editor of a special issue of the journal Criticism on HBO's series, "The Wire" (2011). He has been invited to lecture and lead workshops at the Library of Congress, New York Public Library, and the Barnes Foundation, and served as the inaugural Scholar in Residence for the City of Philadelphia Mural Arts Program. His work on culture has also previously appeared in The Guardian, Museums & Social Issues, Diplomatic History, Art & the Public Sphere, Vibe, and on NPR. 
09:55-10:25 Garden Conversation and Coffee Break

Garden Conversations are informal, unstructured sessions that allow delegates a chance to meet plenary speakers and talk with them at length about the issues arising from their presentation. When the venue and weather allow, we try to arrange for a circle of chairs to be placed outdoors.
10:25-10:35 Transition Break
Room 1 Spanish Language Session
Room 2 Tracing Literary Roots
Identity and Acculturation: The Invention of a Truly Egyptian Drama

Dr. Hala Ghoneim, Associate Professor, Languages & Literature, Univ. of Wisconsin-Whitewater, Madison, Wisconsin, United States

Overview: The development of modern Egyptian drama has been shaped by confrontations with and attempted hybridization of the Self (traditional poetics) and the Other (Western poetics). Arabic poets have operated within well-established and often hegemonic traditions and have had giant ancestors to look up to or challenge. Arabic dramatists, on the other hand, had little or no indigenous traditions to ground themselves in, and most relied on Western traditions to introduce the genre into Arabic literary tradition. Unlike poets who struggled to escape from hegemonic literary traditions, playwrights had to develop, nourish, and promote every indigenous form they could find, like al-samir and al-muqallid. This paper shall investigate, compare, and critique three attempts by Tawfiq al-Hakim, Yusuf Idris, and Najib Surur to simultaneously revitalize indigenous dramatic forms and employ Western theories and devices in order to forge what they view as a truly Egyptian drama. My investigation shall be restricted to drama because there has not been any worthwhile theorization of this issue in Egyptian theater and because very little of the playwrights’ theorization about theater has been put into practice. However, performance will occasionally be discussed whenever it intersects meaningfully with the issue of the invention of a truly Egyptian theater, especially in the works of Idris, and Surur.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies, Literary Humanities
Other in a Mutual Gaze: China and Britain in Nineteenth-century Illustrated Newspapers

Dr. Gang Song, -, -, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, N/A, Hong Kong

Overview: It is well known that the Sino-British relationships underwent drastic changes during the ninteenth century. Britain achieved remarkable ascendance as a leading Western power through colonial expansion, the industrial revolution, and political reform, while the declining Qing regime was no longer able to uphold the age-old Sinocenric world order in face of both external threats and internal rebellions. Ample research has been conducted on the significant encounter of the two empires in this transition period. However, as a popular form of journalism featuring rich pictures and texts, illustrated newspapers (or pictorials) have remained an underexplored category of literary and historical sources in recent scholarship. This paper selects a number of vivid examples from two popular works in the late-nineteenth century, "Illustrated London News" (1843) in English and "Dianshizhai Pictorial" (1884) in Chinese, to explore how late Qing Chinese and the Victorians engaged in intense mutual gazes at each other. By adopting a cross-cultural comparative approach, this paper offers in-depth analysis of contextual factors and textual/visual motifs. It will uncover an intriguing self-other interplay among Chinese and British peoples who, for various political, ideological, religious, and emotional reasons, took part in the dynamic exchange of ideas, representations, and imaginations of the other.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies, Literary Humanities
Room 3 Interpretive Elements
Mythological and Non-fictional Elements in Matthew Arnold's Poetry

Marwan Abdi, Assistant Lecturer , English,  University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region  Iraq., Dahuk, -, Iraq

Overview: Matthew Arnold, as a Christian humanist who was concerned about the condition of the so-called modernized communities, endeavored to highlight the ailments of Late Victorian England which was afflicted with the aches of modernity. He infuses many romantic and modern elements into his works to communicate his universal message in the most effective manner. This project studies some of Arnold's poems to highlight this universal struggle for reinstating humane values.Arnold's representative poems which are studied in this paper, depict heroic characters who are populating two different worlds; one mythical and the other real. As a part of his project of a national return to pastoral values and restoring the historical balance, Arnold constructs a hybrid realm which contains both mythical and nonfictional elements which is a technique used to bestow superhuman qualities upon these figures, thus universalizing the poet's critical vision. However, these two realms always construct one platform for the "one" uniform population and this makes Arnold's stories more universalized and turns them into an epic struggle between good and evil for saving "humane values."
Theme:Literary Humanities
Coming Out of the Mist: Kazuo Ishiguro’s "The Buried Giant" as a Metamodern Novel

Hamideh Vesalifallah,

Overview: "The Buried Giant," by Kazuo Ishiguro, has faced many different reactions and interpretations since its publication. The debates are mostly on the literary categorization of this novel. The majority of reviews labeled the novel a fantasy. There are also claims that it can be considered as a historical novel, a myth, or even psychological modernist novel or a novel dealing with the postmodern conflicts. This paper tries to go through different ideas regarding this novel’s categorization to claim that this novel belongs to a new era that is called “Metamodern.” In their article “What is Metamodernism?”, Vermeulen and van-den-Akker, two Dutch thinkers assert that, “Whereas postmodernism was characterized by deconstruction, irony, pastiche, … the discourse surrounding Metamodernism engages with the resurgence of sincerity, hope, romanticism, affect, … and universal truths, whilst not forfeiting all that we’ve learnt from postmodernism.” This novel and the reaction towards the categorization of this novel seem to be the best chance to claim that the new era has arrived. Relying on the definition of Metamodernism, this study shows that "The Buried Giant" can be considered as a Metamodern novel. It also focuses on some of the stylistic and thematic differences between Metamodernism and Postmodernism.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Toward a Dialectic of Identity: Negative and Positive Identity in Adorno

Eric Oberle, Associate Professor, Interdisciplinary Humanities and Communication, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, United States

Overview: This paper makes a philosophical argument for a concept of “negative identity” by means of a historical examination of Theodor Adorno’s philosophy. The paper asserts, first, that the concept of identity as we use it today always has a negative side to it; and secondly, that this ‘negativity’ was in fact part of the original articulation of the idea itself under the auspices of the Frankfurt School. A historical look at the concept of identity points to its nervousness: the concept took off in the late 1960s as an idea of individual self-making and liberation, and it now rivals the concept of “freedom” in describing the ideals of individual and even national autonomy. Identity has become synonymous with liberation, wholeness, expressive individualism; yet it does not take much reflection to realize the degree to which Identity remains shadowed by the incompleteness of modern emancipation: within identity there are deep traces of loss, weakness, the vulnerability of all to the power of domination. Often deeply charged with ressentiment, the concept of group and personal identity is easily entangled with ethnonationalist and colonial concepts of race, and it can take on projective and paranoid features defined by victim-blaming and negative ontologies. Looking at the initial articulation of the identity concept by the Frankfurt School in the 1940s, this paper argues that a concept of “negative identity” can be useful at once for analyzing the negativity of the identity concept and for recovering identity’s emancipatory power.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Room 4 Expanding Pathways to Learning
Social Science of Acceptance and Recognition: The Counter Narratives Faced by Athletes and Educators in Revealing Autonomy, Collaboration, and Shared Decision Making

Dr. Kenneth R. Austin, Faculty, Teaching Preparatory, Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, Texas, United States

Overview: This study discusses a dichotomy of issues and the counter narratives of empowerment and dependency; freedom and restrictions; faith and distrust; plus, creativity and learned helplessness in the field of athletics and an interdisciplinary teacher preparation program. Specifically, to what extent can a young student athlete or a pre-service teacher be influenced (or allowed to be influenced) by a coach, professor, or peers? What is the social science of one’s need for acceptance and recognition from others in a field designed to not only reveal autonomy, but collaboration and shared decision making? And, to what extent is an individual's identity linked to social relations? This study is based primarily on not only personal experiences as a high school and college level athlete, but from twenty-six years as a secondary educator and professor in higher education.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Reconsidering Freedom
Chinese as the Second Language Elementary Learners’ Reading Anxiety

Dr. Xiaohui Sun, Reasearcher, Foreign Language, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, -, China
Dr. Shaoqian Luo, Professor, School of Foreign Languages and Literatures, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, Beijing, China

Overview: This paper reports a case study that explores Chinese as the second language (CSL) elementary learners’ reading anxiety. Two CSL elementary learners named Nana from Britain and Yaya from Ecuador were chosen as research participants and lived experience descriptions, think-aloud methods, retrospective interviews, field observations, and research journal writings were used to investigate the sources of CSL elementary learners’ reading anxiety and the ways used to reduce their reading anxiety. The data were analyzed by using Moustakas’ data analysis procedure, Creswell’s three steps, and Bogdon and Biklen’s data analysis methods. Results indicated that CSL elementary learners do have reading anxiety in their reading process and the sources of their reading anxiety include cross-linguistic differences between English and Chinese expressions, lack of previous knowledge, difficult and complex vocabulary, wrong guess, and difficult comprehension. They try to use ways like looking up the dictionary, guessing, understanding two character words based on the meaning of one character, skipping and keeping reading, and using the previous knowledge to predict the rest of the text to reduce their reading anxiety. This study provides the deep theoretical and pedagogical implications in the field of CSL reading learning and teaching.
Theme:Communications and Linguistic Studies
Effect of an Environmental Education Intervention Program on Rural Women's Environmental Practices in Oyo State, Nigeria

Oluwaseun Olaitan Olagbaju, 
Prof. Comas Maphosa, -, -, University of Fort Hare, East London, South Africa
Dr. Peter Adewale Amosun, -, -, University of ibadan, Urbana, Illinois, United States

Overview: Environmental problems increase on a daily basis due to uncontrolled human activities in the environment. In spite of the level of awareness of environmental education both at the urban and rural areas of the country this has not reduced the environmental disasters that we are experiencing in Nigeria. This study therefore determines the effects of an environmental education intervention programme on rural women's environmental practices. The study adopted a pre-test post-test control group quasi-experimental design with a 2 x 2 x 3 factorial matrix. 215 women were randomly selected from three local governments purposively selected for the study. Instruments used were Environmental Practices Scales Questionnaire (r= 0.70) and Focus Group Discussion Guide. Seven hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were subjected to Analysis of Covariance and Scheffe Post-hoc test. Treatment had significant main effect on rural women’s Environmental Practices (F(3, 211) = 58.796, P < 0.05, = .374). This result showed that the treatment I had the greater potency of effecting rural women’s environmental practice, while treatment alone accounted for 58.84% (.713)2 of the variation in rural women’s environmental practice, the independent and moderator variables jointly accounted for 51.98% (.721)2 of the variance observed in the rural women’s environmental practice. No significant effect of religion on rural women’s environmental practice was observed. The environmental intervention programme was effective on rural women environmental practices. It is therefore recommended that the intervention programme used in this study be popularized among women in rural areas in Nigeria.
Theme:Humanities Education
Room 5 Living Language
Body and the Soul in the Western Tradition: And Why These Narratives Matter

Dr. Rafael Narvaez, Assistant Professor, Sociology, Winona State, Winona, MN, United States

Overview: This paper traces important shifts in theories and ideologies about body and soul; and the extent to which these shifts have affected Western intellectual history, focusing particularly on philosophy and the human sciences. I also consider the ways in which these changing theories and ideologies also affected intimate and enduring aspects of everyday life in the West, for better and for worse. In the concluding section, I argue that, historically, social struggles for the control of meanings related to body and soul have been important, precisely because these struggles have not been about mere meanings detached from life, but about aspects of life itself. Understanding the profound effects that these kinds of ideas and beliefs have historically had is critical in an age such as ours, which is witnessing the rise of various forms of religious fundamentalism and the return of religious war. This project is supported by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (# AQ-234985).
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
A Medieval Conception of Language in Human Terms: Al-Farabi

Mostafa Younesie,

Overview: I consider and examine the approach of Al-Farabi as a medieval thinker in introducing a new outlook to “language” in difference with the other views. Thereby I explore his challenges in the frame of “philosophical humanism” as a term given by Arkoun and Kraemer to the humanism of the Islamic philosophers and their circles, mainly in the tenth and eleventh centuries. Al-Farabi’s conception of philosophical humanism in which philosophy is thick and religion thin, creates agony with the other versions of humanism and also orthodox Islam. It means that his work to introduce a humanistic understanding of language should be placed in a multi-level contested environment. According to Al-Farabi, language as a universal category has relation with reason that logic should function as its proper instrument. As a result, there is no specific privileged predetermined by language but the position of any language is shaped by its relation with human reason and formal logic that is something human made. And such a conception means language in human terms.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
The Last Correspondence: Henry Miller and Ueno Kenichi

Wayne Arnold, Associate Professor, Department of Foreign Studies, The University of Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, Japan

Overview: On January 26, 1965, a yet unknown Japanese writer sent his first letter to the famed American author, Henry Miller. This day marked the beginning of what would evolve into the Miller-Ueno correspondence: an undiscovered glimpse into the mind of the aged Miller, reveling in his ideals of the Orient. Over the course of the next 15 years, Ueno Kenichi and Miller would exchange more than a combined 500 letters, in total. Miller was Ueno’s master, while Ueno became Miller’s eye-of-Japan, providing Miller with glimpses of everyday life in a country he longed to visit but ultimately a country that would remain in the eye of his imagination. In this presentation, I reveal a side of Henry Miller that has yet to be explored by his biographers as the Miller-Ueno correspondence has hitherto been unknown. Utilizing nearly 200 previously undiscovered, privately-held letters from Miller, I will demonstrate that Japan—and Miller’s popularity in Japan—preoccupied much of the old author’s interest and affection. I refer to the 15-year exchange of letters as the “last correspondence” since this was Miller’s final in-depth correspondence in which he exchanged some of his most profound ideas on life and philosophy with a male companion. Ueno served as a unofficial representative for Miller in Japan while also seeking wisdom from his master, Henry Miller.
Theme:Literary Humanities
11:50-12:00 Transition Break
12:00-13:00 Lunch
13:00-13:10 Transition Break
Plenary Room Focused Discussions
Gaming the Humanities: Intersectionality of the Humanities and Video Games

Fara Nizamani, Redmond, Washington, United States
 Sonia Michaels, Senior Lecturer, Humanities and Social Sciences, DigiPen Institute of Technology, Redmond, WA, United States

Overview: Since its beginnings, the field of video game development has been closely confined to the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) arena, often brushing aside any notion that humanities education can be of value. However, the humanities share a powerful and mutually beneficial connection with game development through game narrative, world-building, characterization, musical scoring, and top-quality art. Questions of race, class, and gender, so common in the humanities classroom, are of vital importance to game developers striving to create unique games, helping them explore the nuanced and often controversial perspectives and moral dilemmas that man has grappled with for millennia. Based on our experience teaching humanities courses in a heavily STEM school, this focused discussion will address the inseparable connection that traditional humanities have with modern video game development.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Teaching the Values of Narrative Structures with Digital Visualization Tools

Dr. Jonathan Michael Dickstein,

Overview: My discussion presupposes that the study of narrative structures (i.e., narratology) helps us determine and define the role humanities might play in the digital age despite and in response to various concerns about what this role entails. Specifically, the fundamental three-/four-tiered model of discrete narrative levels (developed in the writings of Gerard Genette, Shlomith Rimmon-Kenan, Seymour Chapman, etc. and formalized recently in the work of Manfred Jahn) can provide researchers and students alike a way to think about the act of interpreting textual and/or textual-like materials in a way that coincides with and thereby enhances their understanding of and appreciation for the database and its sociopolitical import. With this context in mind, my focused discussion reflects on how and to what end one might implement computer-based tools (such as, PowerPoint and Prezi) to teach narrative modeling in literature courses and make traditional humanistic values (like those associated with close reading) fit into the standard experiences of our contemporary technological world.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies, Communications and Linguistic Studies, Literary Humanities, Civic, Political, and Community Studies, Humanities Education
Hamlet on Prozac: Critical Contributions of the Humanities to the Education of Healthcare Providers

Maureen Donohue-Smith, Associate Professor, School of Nursing and Health Sciences, La Salle University

Overview: Texts in medical fields routinely tell stories in the form of case studies to illustrate clinical problems. In typical case histories, data are clearly organized and care is taken to assure that readers are alerted to the most relevant clinical issues. However, this lack of texture, the absence of complexity and the distillation of complex interpersonal interactions into brief summary statements can promote an oversimplification of clients’ lives. On the other hand, fictional lives are often “messy” and, in most enduring literature, defy reductionist interpretation. Study in the humanities can provide a unifying frame of reference for engaging health care practitioners in exploring: 1) the multiple etiological factors contributing to the conflict; 2) characters’ perceptions of the conflict; 3) why characters chose the solutions to conflicts they did; and, 4) the outcomes of the paths chosen. Neuroimaging techniques now allow scientists to map the neural pathways associated with complex brain activity; for example, to “see” the brain experience emotions such love, anger, and fear. However exciting these advances have been in expanding our knowledge of the brain, we must retain and value efforts to understand the mind and the equally complex processes which makes us “human.” Holistic medical interventions draw upon the humanities to incorporate art, music, journaling, and bibliotherapy in various treatment modalities and as self-care strategies for practitioners. This discussion focuses on the essential role of the humanities in shaping the values, ethics and attitudes of healthcare providers and, by extension, in improving the quality of healthcare.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Task-based Language Teaching Approaches to Teaching of Intensive Reading in China

Tan Shanyan,

Overview: Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT) puts students at the center. It requires training in language knowledge and utterance skills. At the same time, it lays stress on the cultivation of language using. TBLT approach has prominent status in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teaching. It is challenging the current college English teaching reality in China, which is still language-centered, teacher-centered, and text-centered. This paper explores the theoretical background and the application of task-based language teaching approaches in EFL. It tries to appraise the feasibility of TBLT approaches in teaching college intensive reading. It reflects on the change of teaching goals from language structural goals to language functional goals in EFL teaching. Its emphasis converts from teaching methods to learning methods. It embodies the shift from what to learn to how to learn. It mainly focuses on communicative function and social use and teacher-centered to learner-centered. The communicative task itself is central to this approach. A task-based syllabus is a kind of process syllabuses. The organizing principle involved is not the presentation and practice of the language to be learned, but rather all kinds of tasks and activities which apply a target language to communicate. This research looks at using TBLT approaches in an intensive reading class, with expectations to complete cognitive tasks, linguistic tasks, cultural tasks, and affective tasks - and cultivate learners’ communicative competence.
Theme:Humanities Education
Designing an Integrated Humanities Program: Innovative Disciplinary Connections for the Humanities at Small Colleges

Kathleen Hanggi, Co-Director of the Center for Excellence in Teaching & Learning, Academic Affairs, Doane University, Crete, United States
 Bradley Johnson, Professor of English, Doane University, Crete, United States

Overview: The long-standing refrain about the crisis in the humanities has intensified over the past few years as colleges discontinue humanities majors and small colleges develop professional programs to attract students. This framing of the humanities’ future positions us on the defensive, always trying to work ourselves out of this negative narrative. Despite this perception in higher education and the media, humanities departments are developing innovative strategies for thinking beyond their own disciplinary boundaries. In this session, we will facilitate a conversation that emphasizes various interdisciplinary paths forward for the humanities. For this focused discussion, we will outline some of the recent voices on the necessity of the humanities to other disciplines, and some of the concerns with those approaches. We will also describe our NEH grant-supported project to create an Emphasis in the Integrated Humanities at Doane, where we are designing intentionally linked courses to deepen STEM and social sciences students’ preparation for working with diverse human populations. We will then open the discussion to attendees to share innovative strategies for designing the future of the humanities at liberal arts colleges
Theme:Humanities Education
Room 1 Spanish Language Session
Room 2 Posters and Virtual Posters
What Is the Purpose of Education and the School?

Dr. Karla Del Carpio Ovando, Assistant Professor, Hispanic Studies, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, Colorado, United States

Overview: This study emphasizes the real meaning of education and its purpose as well as to suggest ways to implement quality education that contributes to the life of every individual regardless his/her age, place of origin, ethnicity, language, culture, and beliefs. In this talk, it is underlined that the school should always be a home where students do not only learn content, but also reinforce the values they learn from their parents and other family members and get enriched in all aspects of their lives. In other words, the school and the home should be connected as both environments are fundamental in the life of every student. On the other hand, in this paper, it is mentioned that education is an art; an art that is constructed day by day by the teacher and the student which means both are needed in this process as education requires teamwork. The teacher has the responsibility to create a harmonious environment in the classroom where every individual feels respected, valued and cared for. By doing so, the possibilities for meaningful learning increase. Some suggestions to achieve this goal are provided in this paper. Such suggestions are based on the qualitative research study conducted on a Spanish-Tsotsil elementary bilingual school in the Highlands of Chiapas, Mexico. The participants were indigenous teachers and third graders who were interviewed and observed passively and actively during one academic term. The findings of this work show it is possible to implement quality inclusive education that preserve and promote students’ indigenous language and culture. By encouraging additive bilingualism in an environment that embraces linguistic and cultural diversity, the classroom and the school in general become a real welcoming home for every child which is what the participant teachers have been able to do. These teachers are a great example that demonstrate that through inclusive bilingual education it is possible to enrich the life of every student which is the main objective of the educational process.
Theme:Humanities Education
Building Bridges between the Humanities and Sciences : Assessing Students’ Writing and Understanding the Placement and Reevaluation of Students’ Self-ascribed Roles

Yasmin Rioux, -, -, Divine Word College, Epworth, Iowa, United States

Overview: Our current times are marked by anthropogenic climate changes (Anderson, 2014; Brown, 2008), it is our collective responsibility to address our ethical and social obligations in regards to the future of our environment and to do so in a cross-disciplinary manner (Tremmel, 2012; Johnson-Sheehan, 2007; Klahr, 2012). Considering our writing students, it is crucial to gain a better understanding of how writing courses can act as places of change that cultivate in our students a sense of environmental awareness and responsibility towards our environment. Knowing whether an environmental literature and writing course can successfully challenge students to reevaluate and perhaps change their current understanding of themselves within their local and global natural environments is an important endeavor when seeking to create spheres for the cultivation of environmental awareness. Regarding methodology, I will gain a better understanding of my students’ sense of environmental responsibility in regards to their larger environmental context, by assessing their course writings and e-book using a modified version of an existing writing rubric (Balgopal and Wallace, 2009) that seeks to address the students’ level of “authenticity” in their writing. I will interview my students following the completion of the semester to examine how they feel the course influenced their perception of their roles within their environmental surroundings.
Theme:Humanities Education
By Any Other Name: An Exploration of Afro-Amerindian Heritage in the Southeastern United States

Steven Gayle, -, -, Kennesaw State University, Atlanta, United States

Overview: This poster examines ongoing research regarding the overlap and interaction between African Americans and Native Americans in the Southeastern United States. It specifically highlights evidence of African American and Native American interaction through enslavement, legislation, and documentation. In this work, larger implications concerning the social construction of race and the need for expanded interdisciplinary research is outlined.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Who Will Teach in Our Public Schools? : Recruiting and Retaining the Best and Brightest

Dr. Jon Andes, Professor of Practice, Education Leadership and Graduate Studies, Salisbury University, Salisbury, MD, United States

Overview: Civic society depends upon a well educated citizenry. The 'front-line' to a developing and sustaining a well informed citizenry is public schools. The success of our youth depends upon our ability to recruit and retain high quality teachers to work in public education. The United States and other countries face a critical teacher shortage. This poster shares preliminary findings from a study of why people become teachers and what factors influence their decision to stay or leave the profession.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Determinants of Adolescents’ Attitudes toward Equal Rights in Five Asian Countries

Soo Eun Chae, Associate professor, Teacher Education, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea

Overview: This study aims to provide empirical evidence about the variations in multiculturalism in Asian countries that have been suggested by previous studies. We explored the determinants of students’ attitudes toward equal rights for all ethnic and racial groups and immigrants in five representative Asian countries (South Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Thailand, and Indonesia) using a subset of the International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS) data (n=23,437). The result derived from multilevel regression analyses indicated that attitudes toward equal rights varied by nationality for Asian adolescents. Highly Westernized Hong Kong residents, and people in Chinese Taipei, who live in countries that actively seek interactions with Western countries, scored highly on items related to support for equality for ethnic groups in comparison with the other three countries. However, the result was different for support for equality for immigrants. According to multilevel regression, perceived class openness was positively related to attitudes toward equal rights. In contrast, political activities outside schools were little related to students’ attitudes toward equal rights.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Basketball, Women, and the Reservation: The Transformational Power of High School Girls Basketball in Native America

Richard Miller, Associate Professor of English, English, Suffolk University, Boston, MA, United States

Overview: American sport has played a vital role in helping integrate American society and empowered women and minorities in substantial ways. This virtual poster presentation discusses this transformative power of sport to an invisible segment of the American population: Native American teenage girls living on the reservation. Students, educators and Humanities scholars have much to gain unraveling the complex lives of these female high school basketball players against the backdrop of family, community, and tribe. This study discusses four different tribal cultures and theorizes how the roles these female athletes play may be empowering and perilous. Drawing from texts and films, the presentation will compare and contrast the impacts and legacies of four teams from different times and places: the Ft. Shaw Indian Boarding School (MT) Girls Team of 1904, the Hardin High School (MT) Lady Bulldogs and Shiprock High School (NM) Lady Chieftains of the mid-1990s, and the Franklin High School (OR) Quakers in 2009. Studying the lived conditions and participation of these particular groups of teenage girls in sport will bring to light the complex web of subcultures within indigenous America societies that promote and deny opportunities for female empowerment and leadership.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Artificial Intelligence and Extending the Reach of Contemporary Asian Canadian Arts

Dr. Kay Li, -, -, York University, Toronto, Canada

Overview: The aim of this study is to explore how artificial intelligence can help to promote Asian Canadian Arts, especially through the IBM Watson Platform. Despite the huge resources contributed to Contemporary Asian Canadian Arts, artists and their works still need promotion, especially to people beyond the connoisseur of ethic art. Seldom are these artworks on display in major, “mainstream” art galleries, and artists face problems when struggling to gain recognition. The Government of Canada has policies in place addressing multiculturalism and diversity, but how are these translated into action. Different kinds of artists with different backgrounds may need different strategies. Such backgrounds include country of origin, ethnicity, gender, age and languages. This paper explores whether the rise of digital infrastructure, especially artificial intelligence, helps Asian Canadian artists gain recognition, reach their potential spectators, and, subsequently, to help them to interpret the artworks. Asian Canadian arts here is taken in the broad sense, covering literature, visual art, film and video, music and the performing arts, and photography. In particular, I explore how the functionalities on IBM Watson can contribute to Asian Canadian arts. Instead of featuring the artists in an ad hoc manner on websites, can the powerful artificial intelligence functionalities offer solutions that can work across digital platforms - and on mobile devices? How can these inform marketing strategies, and may eventually contribute to the formulation of digital strategies and policies?
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
How Self-Compassion Frees Individuals : More Body Appreciation and Less Appearance Anxiety

Dr. Priscilla Gitimu, Merchandising Program, Human Ecology, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, Ohio, United States

Overview: The premise of the study is that increased self-compassion frees one to have more body appreciation and less appearance anxiety. Self-compassion is the ability to be kind to oneself in the midst of difficulties (Neff, 2003). The purpose of the study is to explore whether self-compassion influences one’s body appreciation and appearance anxiety. This study uses three scales, Self-Compassion Scale, Body Appreciation Scale, and Social Appearance Anxiety scale. Participants in the study were 125 students from one Midwestern university; 45.3% men and 53.1% women. Results indicated that the overall self-compassion mean was 37.82 out of a possible 60 points. Participants who scored higher than the mean were categorized as the ‘high self-compassion group’, while participants who scored lower than the mean were categorized as the ‘low self-compassion group’. ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) was conducted to compare the Body appreciation means between the high and low self-compassion groups. Results indicate that the high self-compassion group N=71 had significantly higher body appreciation means (mean =41.30) than the low self-compassion group N= 54, mean 34.41 In addition, ANOVA was conducted to compare the social appearance anxiety means between the high and low self-compassion groups. Results indicate that the high self-compassion group N=71 had significantly lower social appearance anxiety means (26.92) than the low self-compassion group N=54, mean 41.44 Self-compassion appears to be associated with body appreciation and appearance anxiety. Boosting self-compassion can free individuals to appreciate their body more - and decrease appearance anxiety.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Reconsidering Freedom
Gloria through Her Eyes: Lotta’s Influence on Carioca Landscape

Helena Vilela, PhD in Urban Studies, Urban Studies, PUC Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Dr. Jane Victal,

Overview: Maria Carlota C. Macedo Soares (Paris, 1910 - NY, 1967), also known as Lotta, studied painting with Portinari, and was one of the founders of União Democrática Nacional – UDN, a progressive political party. As an intellectual and a world citizen, born into a rich family in Rio de Janeiro, she was always surrounded by personalities like Calder, Lina Bo, and Pietro Maria Bardi. Lotta also was intimately involved in the creation process of the Modern Art Museum of Rio de Janeiro. In the 1960s, her venture in politics was enough to prevent the execution of a progressive urban project designed for Aterro do Flamengo. Under her supervision, she led a team of professionals to design and construct Parque do Flamengo, the largest public space and recreation area in Rio de Janeiro. After reviewing her biography and the project of Aterro do Flamengo, this work investigates the importance of the feminine perspective to the maintenance of Carioca landscape, its permanence, and resistance.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Room 3 Virtual Lightning Talks
Retrieving Truth: Drama in the Age of Reality Entertainment

Carla Rocavert, Lecturer Professional English, Critical Thinking , School of Journalism and Communication, ISCPA Lyon, Rancé , Rhone Alpes , France

Overview: This study examines the issue of 'post-truth' through two entertainment paradigms: citizen performance in social media and reality television (together discussed as reality entertainment), and artistic performance in traditionally scripted drama. The aim is to compare understandings of truth in both types of performance, linking the possibility of truth in drama to the ethical dimension of what is represented, and the level of critical freedom stemming from the dialogue created by the performance. While it is never possible to assert that any particular genre, era, artist or individual work will bring us closer to truth, it is worth investigating - in the context of our current 'truth' crises - examples of the way drama, in fictionalising human experience, has succeeded in using mimesis to promote various kinds of understanding. Such 'productive searches for truth' will be juxtaposed against the technological apparatus of modern dramatic forms in news, television and online content, to establish how the loss of faith in truth is tied up in new trends of representation. As Harold Pinter noted, drama gives us a perspective on politics through the objective, human experience of its characters. It is for this reason that the current Western crisis of truth, involving our particular set of modern, technological, and media-related problems, requires artistic narration.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Horizon of Ethnic Expectation: An Anthropological Study of Ethnic Identity in Gilan Province, Northern Iran

Somayeh Karimi, 
 Alireza Hassanzadeh, -, -, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Hessen, Germany
 Alireza Hassanzadeh,

Overview: One of the factors that shape individual and collective identity is experience. Members of an ethnic group during their daily life are involved in different forms of ethnic experience. These experiences are mainly defined and redefined according to the dominant norms and values of the society, ethnic intellectuals, and the media. In Iran, the ideological confrontation and clash between the ethnic culture of the first and second Pahlavi dynasties (1926-1979) culminated in rising sensitivity about folk/ethnic art. On the other hand, after the revolution, the war with Iraq imposed by Saddam Hussein together with a monological discourse of ideology led to the backwardness of ethnic art originating in rural areas compared to the modernity of urban art in Gilan province. In this part of Iran, a contradiction exists between ethnic elites and commoners in their perceptions of ethnic identity. While ethnic intellectuals overemphasize a textual form of ethnic identity and invented ethnic traditions and rituals, the common people disregard these forms in favor of lived experience. This paper opens a new field of discussion under the lens of the idea of horizon of ethnic expectation.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Satirizing Net Neutrality

Angela Hart,

Overview: Satirical programs can invoke framing elements to portray stories in a certain manner. With the ongoing debate surrounding net neutrality, these shows have the potential to educate and influence audiences. My main research questions include: How did “The Daily Show,” “The Colbert Report,” and “Last Week Tonight” frame their pieces on net neutrality? Did they offer a perspective on both sides of the issue? Were they more favorable to a certain side? If so, how? In what manner did they try to get their point about net neutrality across? To conduct my study, I selected four segments from satirical news programs; one from “The Daily Show” which was a conversation between host Jon Stewart and correspondent John Hodgman, two from “The Colbert Report,” one of which is a standard piece with Colbert as host and the second of him interviewing scholar Tim Wu, as well as a segment from “Last Week Tonight” with John Oliver acting as anchor. I conducted a close-read of the selected segments, noting dialogue, news box images, incorporated news footage, and the positions addressed in regards to net neutrality utilizing a framing perspective on the information relayed in the programs.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
"We're Not Getting the Whole Story" : Community Discussions Concerning the Need for Transparency in Australian News Media Representations of People Seeking Asylum

Ashleigh Haw, PhD Candidate, School of Social Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia

Overview: In Australia, the issue of people seeking asylum has received widespread media attention, resulting in considerable debate and division among the community. For people who support refugee resettlement in Australia, discourses of humanity and compassion are commonly voiced (Peterie, 2017; Fozdar and Pedersen, 2013). Conversely, those who oppose asylum seekers coming to Australia have routinely constructed them as illegal immigrants (Every and Augoustinos, 2008; Pedersen, et al, 2006; Klocker 2004; Pickering, 2001), queue-jumpers (Markus and Dharmalingam, 2014; Augoustinos and Every, 2007; Pedersen, et al, 2005), and economic migrants (Saxton, 2003; Pickering, 2001). Some empirical evidence suggests that similar negative discourses are pervasive in Australian news content about asylum seekers, often mirroring political discourses that serve to justify punitive policies for managing asylum seekers (e.g. McKay, et al, 2011; Saxton, 2003). While some Australian research has explored media representations of people seeking asylum, no prior studies have focused on community perspectives regarding these news discourses. In this study, Critical Discourse Analysis (Fairclough, 1995) was combined with Audience Reception Theory (Hall, 1993) to examine the perspectives of a sample Western Australians concerning news representations of people seeking asylum. The key discourses observed were concerned with reliability and transparency in Australian news constructions of asylum seekers. Participants often voiced these perspectives in the form of recommendations for how news content can more adequately inform the Australian public about people seeking asylum. This paper discusses these recommendations with emphasis on the wider implications from both a research and policy perspective.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Lived Experiences of Women Over Fifty Who Have Experienced Involuntary Job Loss

Roxine Denise Phillips, Adjunct, Business and Technology, Colorado Christian University

Overview: The purpose of this study was to describe the lived experiences of women over fifty who had experienced involuntary job loss, the barriers faced to reemployment, and the ways women overcame the barriers, and to compare these experiences to the experiences of men. The research questions for this study examined the participants’ perceptions of these three constructs. A qualitative phenomenological design was employed to gather data from a convenience sample of ten women in a northeastern metropolitan city. The theoretical frameworks of Bandura and Leana and Feldman guided this study. Data from transcripts were manually coded and aligned with the appropriate research question. A transcendental approach led to identified themes and meanings of data gathered from audio-taped interviews. The findings indicated that women and men view and cope with job loss differently. The findings can be used to inform organizational leaders of the need for greater emphasis on programs offering solutions to older female workers seeking reemployment. The study promotes potential positive social change by informing organizational leaders of the experiences of women over fifty who had experienced involuntary job loss. These leaders can apply these findings when improving hiring practices and policies that directly affect older workers.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Ben Okri's "Laughter beneath the Bridge": Born (Un)free

Dr. Rosemary Alice Gray, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa

Overview: As this prize winning short story from Ben Okri’s "Incidents at the Shrine" (1993) is a child’s eye view of the Nigerian Civil War, I shall begin by briefly contextualizing Biafra’s quest for freedom in the late 1960s. I shall reveal the ideological constructedness of both abstract and concrete aspects of wartime existence in Nigeria and the dynamic between them in relation to the trajectory of “Laughter beneath the Bridge.” The argument will show how the writer’s graphic symbolism mediates perceptions of time and place informed by the ideology of power and violence while, at the same time, also having singular signifying possibilities and so limitations. My approach to the theme of freedom will thus be Rousseauesque. Using Julia Kristeva’s notion of the abject, I probe the fine line between “laughing with” and “laughing at,” between pleasure and pain. Focusing on the pleasure/pain paradox illuminates how satire works in this story; the physical pain and suffering of the characters suggests how readers are implicated in and redeemed from represented systemic violence.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Room 4 Workshop
Learning Styles: Identification and Utilization in the English as a Foreign Language Classroom

Durdona Karimova, Senior Teacher of English , Language Training , Tashkent State University of Law

Overview: Do you remember things better if you read them or hear them? Do you like to repeat new vocabulary, study it while you are walking or make flashcards? It depends on the individual student. Different people learn in different ways. These different ways are called learning styles. A learning style is a way a person learns best, understands best, remembers best, and utilizes the learned materials best. In an EFL classroom, we have different student learning styles: some are visual or auditory learners, some are kinesthetic or tactile learners. We need to remember to use different activities so that all our students can learn. This interactive workshop will introduce only one classification of learning styles out of many that exist in the field of education. The session will introduce the concept of learning styles, help participants identify their preferred learning style/s, discuss the importance of being aware of learners’ learning styles in teaching, and discuss alternative ways to present and utilize using these differences. The presenter will organize "The Animal School" activity to raise participants’ awareness of learner differences. A "What are Learning Styles?" activity will introduce participants to the concept of learning styles. Also, participants will do a learning styles quiz to identify their own dominant learning characteristics. Through task adaptation participants will practice adapting exercises to cater to different learning styles and reflect on the use of learning styles in various activities.
Theme:Humanities Education
13:55-14:05 Transition Break
Room 1 Spanish Language Session
Room 2 Spacial Considerations
Socio-spatiality and the Urban Dynamic: A Critical Examination of Geographical Justice

Colleen Kenney, Graduate Teaching Assistant , English Department, University of Arizona, Tucson , Arizona, United States

Overview: With society currently in the midst of contemporary capitalism, there has become an increasingly evident socio-spatial problematic. The geography of class, gender, and race in urban settings has capitulated itself to rigid boundaries, indicating that spaces of injustice are to be separate from those of justice. It is important to note, that while the intersection of space, society, and justice may seem new to the modern inquirer, in actuality, the dialectic of socio-spatiality has always been a part of the canon of theory. Henri Lefebvre, a preeminent French Marxist philosopher and sociologist is known for his critique of the “everyday life.” Within his book, "The Production of Space," Lefebvre argues that, “The world of commodities would have no 'reality' without such [spatial] moorings or points of insertion, or without their existing as an ensemble." Which is to say, that the significance of the material world would be obliterated without the establishment and subsequent understanding of space. This paper will review Henri Lefebvre’s theory of space in relation to urbanity. Moreover, this paper will question the significance of space in creating boundaries of class, gender, and race within an urban setting. Building upon the ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, this paper will explore the false consciousness of space in the urban dynamic, with the goal of understanding how space produces, imposes, and reinforces a socio-spatial problematic.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Change of Landscape: Urbanization in Early Modern English Dramas

Prof. I-Chun Wang, Professor, Center for Languages and Culture, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, -, United States

Overview: To Keith Thomas, human civilization was synonymous with the conquest of nature (25). Thomas’s statement is true since the construction of the cities and towns in human civilizations mostly suggests economic growth and the decrease of nature’s territory. Although the culmination of the cultural significance of pastoral poems is seen in England’s "Helicon," an anthology compiled by John Flasket, yet seventeenth-century England witnessed urbanization which eventually resulted in the draining of the fens, materialization of gardens, and the change of landscapes. These early modern experiences of urbanization connote an epoch of merchandization and privatization of the land and the modification of class and identity among the common people. Seventeen-century dramas represent a serious concern about the change of the landscape and subsequent concern of ethics. Quite a few of them provide not merely social criticism on the rapid changes of the community, but also identity formation that involves urbanization and the monetary and bodily desire. This paper is a study on the change of landscapes as represented in three early modern plays. The first part of the discussion refers to the concern with land as related to the peasants in the pastoral and landscape writing before the Renaissance period while the second and the third parts cover the discussion on two plays, "Sparagus Garden and the Covent Garden Weeded," by Richard Brome and "A New Way to Pay Old Debts" by Philip Massinger.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Multi-discipline, Site-specific Installation: Dead Trees

Larry Mitnick, Philadelphia , Pennsylvania, United States

Overview: This collaborative installation titled "Dead Trees" will present a poem by Ken Fifer within an outdoor site-specific installation by architect/artist Larry Mitnick. Our attempt is to move poetry off the page and into a corresponding three-dimensional physical experience, to give the poem spatial presence. Words meet and intersect the environment, the installation creating “rooms” for thought. The installation will provide an entry to an existing promenade/arts walk at the Abington Art Center in Abington, Pennsylvania, which already contains several architectural and landscape elements. “Dead Trees” will provide an entrance to this established sequence of objects, landscapes, and spaces encouraging their exploration by visitors. The pedestrian Arts Walk moves along this sequence, passing sculptures followed by a passage between two berms and through a stone arch ending in a stone tower. The sequence, however, lacks a defined entrance. By combining ars and techne we attempt, as in your conference focus,"an artfulness that can only be human, in the fullness of our species being."
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Room 3 Blending Learning and Language
“Sometimes I Don’t Know What to Say...”: Blended Learning in the International Student Experience in Tertiary Pre-service Teacher Education

Dr. Louise Jenkins, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Dr. Renee Crawford, Clayton, Victoria, Australia

Overview: Socially inclusive practices in teacher education have become a necessity with the increasing enrollment of international students in Australian universities. Whilst this provides for exciting new teaching and learning opportunities it adds a layer of complexity because of the expectation for innovative, flexible, and accessible content delivery. Driven by these priorities, this case study investigates the impact of blended learning to enhance the international student experience in tertiary education classes. A semi-structured focus group interview was used in this case study as the primary data and was triangulated by classroom observations and researcher journals. Initial results have indicated that blended learning enhanced the international pre-service teacher’s skills, knowledge, and overall classroom experience. Primary themes suggest that the balance of face-to-face and online learning platforms created flexible opportunities for the pre-service teachers to synthesise and consolidate information learned in class. This included increased peer collaboration, building a sense of community and developing an appreciation for the sharing of resources.
Theme:Humanities Education
Education, Culture, Biology, and Attitudes towards Foreign Accents

Gail August, Associate Professor, Language and Cognition , Hostos, CUNY, NEW YORK, New York, United States

Overview: Conventional attitudes and lack of information about foreign accents affect the culture of education, the workplace, and the greater community. American colleges include large numbers of international and immigrant students who speak English with a foreign accent. These students often wrestle with negative attitudes toward their non-native pronunciation, believing that it reflects upon their academic ability and their commitment to learning English. Speaking English with an accent may inhibit students from participating in classroom discussions and may also influence them to underestimate their own potential. These cultural attitudes to accented speech are also seen in many areas outside the classroom. Research from linguistics and biology can provide a more realistic perspective on non-native speech. Current research shows that foreign accents result from the process by which a baby hears and organizes language input from the environment, using a pattern matching process to form sound categories. Initial language acquisition prepares the brain for the sounds of the native language, and these sounds will influence the pronunciation of new languages, particularly when learned in adulthood. A better understanding of these language acquisition processes may influence cultural attitudes toward foreign accents. The argument is not whether there are fixed biological limitations which make native-like speech impossible. It is instead that there are biological processes that make accented speech more likely. It would be more realistic and constructive if social, psychological, pedagogical and professional workplace attitudes drew upon this information.
Theme:Communications and Linguistic Studies
Environmental Literacy in Language Teaching Education: Preparing Eco-critical Educators

Andrea Campana, -, -, Universidad de Santiago de Chile
Dr. Miguel Farias, Santiago, Region Metropolitana, Chile

Overview: Perhaps for ideological reasons, the spiritual dimension of human existence is left aside in second language formal learning processes. One of the closest attempts to include it is the teaching of literature where, through the aesthetic appreciation and the symbolic interrogation of texts, learners and teachers can engage in the discussion and reflection of such issues as transcendental spiritual quests, identity, and eco-ethical consciousness. Another recent attempt is an education policy by the Chilean Ministry of Education, the main motivation for this project, which calls for the inclusion of environmental issues in the school curriculum in order to raise environmental awareness and protect the environment and its natural resources from an ethical perspective. The project we here report on incorporates issues of environmental awareness as part of the literacy practices second language learners engage in. In this context, we inform here on the design phase of a project aimed at incorporating environmental literacy through the use of literary texts in second language teacher education at a public university in Chile.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Room 4 Qualitative Inquiry
Transcending Disciplinary Thinking through Short Stories

Dr. Christiaan Prinsloo, Seoul, South Korea

Overview: Disciplines could broadly be categorized as hard pure/applied and soft pure/applied; however, short stories seem to enable students to transcend conventional disciplinary boundaries. This study determines how four disciplinary groups of students responded to short stories when no apparent pedagogic purpose was explicitly assigned to the stories as supplementary reading. Data were collected through a qualitative survey, and a content analysis method determined and quantified data patterns among a total population sample of natural science, engineering, art, and music students (N = 55). A heterogeneous pattern across disciplines was associated with general critical thinking because no explicit connection to disciplinary literacy could be established. The entire sample demonstrated homogenous thinking patterns when positive critical evaluations were made. Crossdisciplinary homogenous coupling occurred when students conducted negative critical evaluations. The thinking patterns call into question the typology of hard or soft disciplinary families, as unexpected crossdisciplinary associations were identified. The results propose a theoretical shift regarding disciplinary boundaries and a different approach to literacy and critical thinking in higher education.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Philosophical Hermeneutic Principles That Enhance Qualitative Meta-synthesis Research

Catharina A Prinsloo,

Overview: In the humanities, qualitative meta-synthesis studies are increasingly used to combine the findings of primary qualitative research. Noblit and Hare (1988) initially developed meta-ethnography as an interpretative synthesis approach. Subsequent qualitative synthesis approaches hold varying assumptions about the intent of syntheses (aggregative or interpretative) and their necessary methods. Contemporary approaches increasingly emphasize sophisticated methods to the detriment of the interpretive function. Although clear research steps could enhance rigor, overemphasis of such steps may inadvertently obscure the roles of researchers as interpretative agents. A close reading of Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics revealed a position that researchers could assume to enhance the quality of qualitative meta-synthesis. As a philosophy of understanding, philosophical hermeneutics offers no method; however, it shares with meta-synthesis research the aspiration of new and deeper understanding. Philosophical hermeneutics considers understanding as interpretative, a dialogue between researcher and text. This dialogue plays with questions and answers in the metaphorical hermeneutic circle. It urges researchers to pay heed to their existing understandings and traditions that are conditions of and potential hindrances in interpretative understanding. This study proposes a combination of philosophical hermeneutic principles of understanding and rigorous methods that do not silence researchers as interpretative agents, to improve qualitative meta-synthesis studies.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Privacy Fundamentalism 2.0

Prof. Alistair Duff, 
 Alistair Duff, Professor, Information Policy, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, -, United Kingdom

Overview: Personal privacy is by most accounts under unprecedented threat; indeed, it has already suffered serious setbacks. The social context, of course, is the so-called "information age," the rapid, technology-driven transition to a post-industrial world of instant, ubiquitous data. As computerisation and "informatisation" proceed relentlessly, and time-honoured boundaries between the private and the public collapse, personal information becomes increasingly vulnerable, its sanctity disputed. Thus privacy is stationed as a prime site of the normative crisis of the information society. In reaction, alongside sporadic, inadequate political and technical solutions, there has emerged a growing body of profound conceptual work devoted to the defence of privacy. Anchored in a range of disciplines, including philosophy, law, sociology, and communications, and often helpfully crossing disciplinary lines, this corpus is already doing much both to clarify the issues at hand and to point to potential answers. For example, in sociology the work of David Lyon has considerable explanatory power for the analysis of the social impact of information technology. In philosophy and law, Helen Nissenbaum has not only explicated the nature of post-industrial privacy, but endorsed, in a way Kant might not have approved, obfuscation as an ethical response to dubious demands for personal data. Privacy fundamentalism 2.0 is the name for a new theory of privacy that builds upon the work of such contemporary pioneers. It also seeks to ground the human right to privacy more deeply, by reappropriating the neglected philosophical tradition of British idealism associated with thinkers such as T.H. Green, Bernard Bosanquet, and Edward Caird. And it will do so in full light of the world-historical socio-technical transformation of web 2.0 and the unfolding global network society.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Reconsidering Freedom
Room 5 Problematic Perspectives
Sobriety and the Spectacle

Dr John Marsh, University Park, PA, United States

Overview: For several decades now, critics have worried about the expanding role that entertainment plays in American life and thought. To a certain extent, critics have always worried about such matters. (Recall Plato’s "Allegory of the Cave.") Yet with the arrival of smart phones, and with the availability of on-demand digital streaming, which together allow us to access our entertainment whenever and wherever we like, these concerns have grown even more acute. Not for nothing have we adopted the language of addiction and excess (“binge-watching”) to describe our consumption of entertainment. By this view, entertainment, as its etymology of "to hold" suggests, represents a threat to human freedom, one that the humanities would do well to resist. In this paper, by contrast, I try to save the notion of entertainment from contemporary attacks against it and widespread anxiety about it. My argument for entertainment, or against those against entertainment, proceeds principally through a dissenting reading of David Foster Wallace’s "Infinite Jest," a reading that pushes back against critics who wish to turn the novel into a straightforward warning against entertainment. The paper concludes, reluctantly, that the problem is not entertainment per se but the predominant form, the screen, through which most entertainment now flows.
Theme:Literary Humanities, 2018 Special Focus: Reconsidering Freedom
Straw Man Pharmakos in Northrop Frye: Forensics of Plagiarism

Rickard Goranowski, Certified Protection Officer, Ingersoll Rand, Davidson World Headquaraters, G4S Secure Solutions, Mooresville, NC, United States

Overview: We discern modern paradigms of academic fraud as a double-standard varying as plagiarism in undergraduate papers and graduate pre-publications are academically expelled, yet collegiality shields professorial utterance despite the degree of profundity in the fraud. We proffer Northrop Frye's elide of Peacock's essay or name from the index of Frye's canonical "Anatomy of Criticism" despite touting T.L.Peacock's cyclic recurrences referenced by "The Four Ages of Poetry" as exemplary. We cite Christopher Ricks' "legitimate borrowing" purport in Paull, yet propound Frye's scholarly omission of Peacock's historic response to Sydney's "Defence of Poesy" then Shelley's corresponding "Defence of Poetry, as a neo-Platonic academic expulsion of Romantic radicalism. As in Sidney: "For conclusion I say the philosopher teacheth, but he teacheth obscurely, so as the learned only can understand him; that is to say, he teacheth them that are already taught."
Theme:Literary Humanities
Interrogating Ideological Homophily in Higher Education: The Exclusion, Silencing, and Othering of Religiously and/or Politically Conservative Students in the Humanities

Merzamie Clark, Seattle, Washington, United States

Overview: This research explores the ongoing attack upon universities caused by an “intellectual intolerance” and a “political one-sidedness” (Etchemendy) within its own walls that, if left unaddressed, will inflict great damage to scholars, research, and institutions of higher learning. The project focuses on the experiences of students who identify as conservatives (religiously and/or politically) in order to interrogate the theory and practice of diversity in academia and, particularly, in the humanities. Based on the assumption that the university operates on predominantly secular (Crowley, Neitz) and liberal (Abrams, Etchemendy, Haidt, Yancey) modes, this research argues that students with identities and identifications outside of these modes have “minority” status. This research broadens current conceptions of “diversity” to include not merely visible markers of identity like race, sex, and ability (Moya), but also less visible markers such as religious belief, political ideology, and experiential knowledge. Furthermore, it problematizes “minority” identities within academia to include students whose ideologies, experiences, and perspectives are marginalized, even subjugated (Yancey). This research introduces data from student writings as evidence that ideological homophily leads to many missed opportunities for expanding free debate and advancing scholarship. It offers recommendations to help educators implement and cultivate holistic diversity in their pedagogical practices.
Theme:Humanities Education
Room 6 Literary Reflections
Embedded Stories and Post-modernist Devices in Margaret Atwood's "The Blind Assassin"

Dr. Marie-Anne Visoi, Associate Professor, Department of French, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Overview: Drawing on Iser’s theory of reading, I argue that Atwood’s novel constantly engages the reader in a “self-correction” process. Embedded stories, fragmentation, and other post-modernist devices make it increasingly difficult to identify “adultery” as a transgressive act in the novel or to build a frame of reference as far as cultural traditions and social norms are concerned. A close examination of significant passages will show that by bringing together various narrative levels, the reader is able to re-establish the missing elements and understand how references to prevailing norms of early twentieth-century Canadian society and value judgements expressed in the text of the novel influence the image-building process. The examples provided will reveal that contextual meaning in “The Blind Assassin” relies, to a large extent, on the established authority of the narrator.
Theme:Literary Humanities
A Study of Narrative Translation in English Versions of Border Town

Qingqing He, 
Prof. Zhou Xueting, -, -, Changsha University of Science and Technology

Overview: Border Town is the most pure novel in the history of Huxiang literature. Thanks to its rich local color, it has a unvarying artistic fascination and high social value. The study of its English translation is of great significance to the external transmission of Huxiang culture. Therefore, based on Mona Baker’s narrative translation theory, this paper contrasts the narrative activities in the translation of Gladys Yang and Jeffrey C. Kinkley, and thus explores the underlying cause of how Jeffrey C. Kinkley’s translation made a successful narrative interaction with the target context. It is hoped that it will help deepen and promote the development of the English translation of Border Town and provide reference for the Huxiang culture and the Chinese culture to go out.
Theme:Communications and Linguistic Studies
"There Are No Sharks in the Sky": Interpreting Caribbean Identity in "Cualquier miércoles soy tuya" by Mayra Santos Febres

Dr Nicole Roberts, Senior Lecturer, Modern Languages and Linguistics, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine , -, Trinidad and Tobago

Overview: Caribbean Cultural Studies is today an area which seeks to legitimise the narration of experiences by those who have lived such. My interest in this paper lies specifically with the representation of identity in Puerto Rico and by extension the Hispanic Caribbean and on the ways in which contemporary Hispanic Caribbean narrative is a site in which constructions of alterity highlight the re-imaginations of identity. Undoubtedly, how the Caribbean frames itself is of paramount importance in terms of self-scrutiny, so that we not only affirm our Caribbeanness but also understand the textured reality of Caribbean life. In this paper, I make a close critical reading of the novel "Cualquier miércoles soy tuya" by the Afro-Hispanic, Puerto Rican writer Mayra Santos Febres. Set in contemporary Puerto Rico, the novel is a fiction noir which recounts the transient life of the urban underclass in San Juan and in which two murders take place. My analysis deconstructs the positionings of Blacks in popular Caribbean culture to suggest ways in which these can be viewed as sites of resistance. Throughout the novel, Santos Febres chronicles the experiences of the Caribbean people but perhaps most importantly she also presents Caribbean identity as defiant despite the challenges confronted.
Theme:Literary Humanities
15:20-15:40 Coffee Break
Room 1 Spanish Language Session
Room 2 Engaging Young Humanists
Evolution of Multicultural Barbies: A Study in Racial Attitudes

Jennifer Tang, Acquistions & Outreach Librarian, Library, Hostos Community College, New York, New York, United States

Overview: The Barbie doll has long been vilified by feminists for its detrimental impact on female body image. In an age when toys are no longer branded by gender and technology has transformed the way children play and learn, it would appear that Barbie has little relevance. In an effort to halt this decline, Mattel has, in recent years, increasingly courted black, Hispanic, and Asian doll buyers. Currently there are more multicultural representations of Barbie than ever before. My paper will examine these efforts in the context of Mattel’s well-documented history of reluctance in integrating the Barbie line and its notable missteps (for example, its failed attempt in 1967 to introduce the first Black doll, an experiment that was roundly condemned by African American parents). I will also discuss how educators can use the history of multicultural Barbies (from the 1960s to the present) to teach students about colonialism, Western standards of beauty, and the reality of low-wage labor in developing countries. Lastly, I will argue that using popular icons such as Barbie are an imaginative way for educators to cover multidisciplinary ideas in a highly accessible but substantive way.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Pataphysics Postal Service: Science and Technology in Childhood, with a Gender Focus

Diana Sánchez Barrios,

Overview: Pataphysics Postal Service (PPS) is a postal mail service that, through letters co-created with women scientists, seeks to motivate and inspire girls between six and eleven to explore their surroundings through science and technology with the help of activities they can do in their spare time parallel to their formal education. Girls have as much curiosity as boys in knowing how the world works, solving problems, and learning; however, there are barriers such as gender stereotypes, reinforced in school as well as at home, that legitimate socially constructed misconceptions about the abilities that children are supposed to have according to their gender. The limited presence of feminine role models in science and technology, the established ideas about which behaviors and roles girls must fit in at certain ages pull them away from exploration practices needed to maintain the interest in science and technology. PPS invites girls to discover the world, for that purpose uses the wonder, the curiosity, and the imagination, and integrates the feminist perspective of care introduced by María Puig de la Bellacasa about the techno-science thinking. Such perspective seeks to favor aspects such as care, and affection, generally associated with femininity when focusing on science and technology topics. Based on this concept, this project inspires girls to get interested in science and technology, but also to teach girls and boys that science and technology must be conceived and used for the welfare and the common wealth. This project builds upon Pataphysics, defined by the writer Alfred Jarry as “the science of imaginary solutions” (4), with the purpose to expand the creative possibilities of the project when the girls learn and cultivate a scientific spirit that also nourish their imagination, constructing their point of view about the environment they explore.
Theme:Communications and Linguistic Studies
Reconsidering Stories, Righting Freedoms : A Conversation between Human Rights and Literature

Chemutai Glasheen,

Overview: James Dawes argues that at the core of human rights work is storytelling because storytelling is essential to how we come to be who we are. Stories make us aware of the dignity of others by giving us access to their shoes which is essential for the realisation of justice. The literature in the field interrogates the foundational concepts on human rights and literary discourses and how they relate to one another. In seeking to answer the question on how fiction is instrumental in raising awareness about human rights among young adults, I analyse short stories such as Shalini Goodimal’s "Root Gold" and Grace Musila’s "She" for the ways in which they represent rights and the rights bearer. I also create a series of human rights themed short stories as part of my creative response to the question. Excerpts from my stories will also be presented.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Teaching the Experience and Ethics of Modern Warfare: War Horses during the Great War and Discussions of Duty, Loyalty, and Patriotism

Dr. Carolyn Vacca, Chair/Assoc Professor, History, St. John Fisher College, Rochester, New York, United States
 Frederick Dotolo, -, -, St. John Fisher College, Rochester, United States

Overview: This paper discusses how focusing on historiography and literary analysis through the metaphor of the war horse draws upon students’ own attachment to companion animals to engage them in discussions of the “Great War” as demonstrating a shift in agricultural economies away from animal to mechanized labor, to beings as instruments rather than subjects, and to growing issues of conscience. In addition, the value of these foils for experiential learning in discussion with veterans will be presented.
Theme:Humanities Education
Room 3 New Horizons
Womanist Humanism: Subversion and Destabilization of the Predominant Image of "Dalit" in Meena Kandasamy’s Poetry

Kamal ud Din, -, -, Forman Christian College, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Overview: This paper explores Indian feminism, particularly, Dalit womanism in the poetry of Meena Kandasamy, the first Dalit woman poet writing in English, in the light of Alice Walker’s ”Womanism.” Her poetry is the fight against existing social, political, and religious norms that not only are hostile to but also dehumanizing to the "marginalized"—woman. The focus of her voice of protest and resistance is against gender inequality, violence against Dalit women in particular, and systematic subjugation and denigration of Indian woman. Her poetry is clear-sighted, fearless, and a scathing attack on the perpetuation of the social, political, economic, and religious exploitation, injustice, and oppression of women and minorities. Her poetry not only exposes, but also denounces social mechanisms, arrangements, customs, and institutions that act as covert modes of establishing and perpetuating the subjugation of women. Kandasamy, in her poetry, censures the male-dominated society of the South Asian region that deprives women of their basic rights as human beings. Women are denied the right to make decisions about their own lives and are not even considered worthy to be treated as human beings, rather they were and still are, viewed as the "Others." Hers is a mordant attack on the social malaise of the systematic domination of the female sex. Through her witty arguments and polemical style, she subverts and destabilizes the predominant culture and retells Hindu mythology from the feminist and liberal humanist perspective.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Boko Haram since 2015

Prof. Adam Okene Ahmed, -, -, Nigerian Defense Academy, Kaduna, Kaduna, Nigeria
Ms Maryam Hamza,

Overview: Nigeria's fourth president, after the return to democratic platform, was sworn in on Friday 29th May, 2015 on the pledge partly to tackle Boko Haram, the terrorist group that has created havoc since 2009. With the support of the international community, particularly the United States which supported the Nigerian administration through increased military aid to revive the Multinational Joint Task force (MJTF), Muhammadu Buhari took the war to the door step of the terrorists by moving command and control of the Armed Forces of Nigeria to Maiduguri from the federal capital, Abuja (800km). He met with the leaders of neighbouring Niger, Benin, Cameroon, and Chad in a bid to establish a stronger frame work of cohesion to battle the terrorism and significantly improved the armed supply to the battle fronts. The war to the door step of the terrorists paid off as the dreaded Sambisa forest was sacked by the military, reasonable numbers of the kidnapped Chibok girls and other abductees were freed and their supplied lines and fuel chains were frozen and cut off. The Buhari regime quickly moved to solve all the quagmires that have inhibited the success of the military: sabotage, poor funding, inadequate logistics, and antiquated remunerations among others. This paper identifies the progress made on downgrading the menace of Boko Haram since 2015. Policies and strategies adopted by the government and the security agencies are discussed in this paper. It is the position of the paper that significant exploits with huge successes have been recorded. However, if the war of Boko Haram is to be completely won, problems of internal sabotage, lack of adequate machines of war and inadequate funding among others are still herculean requiring refreshing ideas, consummated strategies, and tactics for way forward.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
The Emerging Relationship between North Korea and South Korea: Concerns about Potential Human Rights Violations

Prof. Jinman Kyonne, -, -, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Seoul, United States

Overview: In April 27, 2018, President Moon of South Korea met with the North Korea leader, Jong-un Kim, for the first time in a demilitarized zone in South Korea territory. Many experts are optimistic on the newly-formed relationship between South Korea and North Korea. They are predicting a more united future. This study explores the human rights violations that may occur within that potential union by critically comparing the two countries' cultural and political systems.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
The Role of Journalism in the Creation of National Identity: Welsh-language Journalism and the Part it Played in the Reestablishment of the Welsh Nation

Robert Glyn Mon Hughes, -, -, Liverpool John Moores University

Overview: Between 1543 and 1999, Wales did not, technically, exist. King Henry VIII enacted the Act of Union which made Wales part of England, often making it illegal to use Welsh in the everyday life of the nation. As a result, unlike Scotland, there was no distinct legal system, banking system, church, or education system. Most schools taught in English and no university existed until the late 19th century. However, journalists writing in Welsh established a range of journals which reawoke the Welsh to their considerable literature and other branches of culture. They wrote political, religious and ethical articles, often putting themselves at odds with the Westminster Government which had no idea of the content of their publications. Slowly, institutions such as the National Library of Wales and similar organisations were established, often as the result of journalists' efforts in the numerous outlets which existed. A new battle broke out when the BBC began broadcasting, as London-based management believed there was nothing of value which could be broadcast in Welsh. They caved in after the Welsh establishment, supported by journalists, exerted immense pressure on the corporation. Now, there are Welsh radio and TV channels, several magazines and an expanding online presence. However, most people in Wales consume media products produced outside the country, which mention little if anything relating to Welsh politics, current affairs and culture. Except, that is, for Welsh-language journalists who still continue the brave trails they blazed more than 300 years ago.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Room 4 Let's Talk About Gender
Who Gets to Be Sexual and Why?: Self-sexualization and Empowerment

Dr. Wioleta Polinska, Professor, Religious Studies, North Central College, Naperville, IL, United States

Overview: Many young women embrace sexualized, often-nude self-representations to celebrate their own subjectivity. By employing social media, they create their own images, and thus participate in what some see as "the democratization of the tradition of looking." Young women who self-sexualize claim that such self-expressions are important means of sexual empowerment and of broadening sexual expectations regarding women’s appearance and demeanor. While recognizing certain benefits gained by women who self-sexualize, this paper examines why such self-representations follow sexualizing conventions present in popular media. In conversation with work by feminist social scholars and Christian sexual ethicists, possible limitations of self-sexualization are explored. In addition, it is argued that a more comprehensive definition of sexuality as well as applying principles of justice, and mutuality to sexual self-expression could offer a helpful corrective. Contemporary examples of reclaiming women’s bodies as sites of social protest as well as sites of pleasure will be also discussed.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Reconsidering Freedom
Deceptively Free: A Roman Wives' Tale

Bernadette Mc Nary Zak, Associate Professor, Religious studies, Rhodes College, Memphis, -, United States

Overview: Contained in the middle part of the Apocryphal Acts of Andrew (ca. 300 CE) the tale of Maximilla’s deceit disrupts prevailing social and religious norms. When Maximilla, the wife of the proconsul Aegeates, is overtaken by the Christian preaching of Andrew, she converts and attempts to live in a state of virginity by paying her slave, Euclia, to serve as a surrogate sexual partner to her husband. Maximilla’s intentional manipulation of Euclia’s physical beauty, and Euclia’s willing acceptance of her own sexual objectification, enable Maximilla’s spiritual growth. Furthermore, why does the text advance the actions of both women as non-competing manifestations of the good only to be denounced when Euclia is overcome by greed and boasting after eight months of service? Aegeates’ reaction to Maximilla’s deceit unleashes fatal violence against the bodies of Euclia and Andrew: severe torture strips the exterior, physical beauty of Euclia, whereas crucifixion symbolically decries the interior, spiritual beauty of Andrew. Maximilla lives to witness these heinous acts of martyrdom committed under the rage of Aegeates. Remaining steadfast in her Christian faith, she buries the body of Andrew before leaving her husband permanently. Why is Maximilla spared? How are we to interpret the havoc wreaked by these women? A response is located in an exploration of freedom and servitude of action in this Roman wives’ tale.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Navigating Masculine Subjectivities: The Primacy of Connection in Social Justice Education

Mr Nick Sandor, -, Social, Cultural, and Foundational Studies, University of Victoria, Victoria, British COlumbia, Canada

Overview: My research challenges the conventional perspective that "boys will be boys;" yet, also situates opportunities for social change through the lived experience of masculinity. The conservative political perspective has failed to challenge the dominant discourse on masculinity, resulting in the maintenance of systems that perpetuate sexism and homophobia in our communities. At the same time, social justice projects are often problematic spaces for males of privilege, and there is a risk that their involvement may disqualify these spaces from being safe or inclusive for other community members. Acknowledging masculinity as a state of ambiguity and precarity, my work considers future implications for social justice education through an analysis of experiential knowledge and life pathways in relation to socio-cultural and anti-oppressive perspectives. My conceptual analysis provides a pedagogical platform that connects subjectivities, social performances, and socio-cultural structures of masculinity. By adopting a framework of post-structuralism, gender theory, and phenomenology, my work maps out future methodological considerations for social justice education directed towards men and boys. This suggests that education can offer a humanist approach to learning about relationships across gender by challenging the use of objectification, shame and complacency, and instead directing resources towards inclusion, empathy, and accountable identity affirmation.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
The Woman behind William Shakespeare and Simon Forman : The Creativity of Emilia Bassano-Lanier Explained

Dr. Paul Kauffman,

Overview: Henry Carey, the sixty-one-year-old married patron of Shakespeare’s company took Emilia Bassano as his mistress when she was eighteen. Shakespeare aged twenty-nine in 1593 fell in love with a musical “wise…powerful” woman (probably Emilia Bassano then aged tweenty-four) and wrote sonnets to cure his “frantic madness.” He was distraught when she seduced Fair Youth Southampton. Trilingual, highly educated, Emilia Bassano probably introduced Shakespeare to the Italian and French novelle whose plots he used in about thirty-seven of his plays. She probably inspired his creation of powerful, articulate women characters. John Hudson lists borrowings, references, and similarities between Emilia Bassano-Lanier’s book of poetry and passages in thirty-three of Shakespeare’s plays and argues that she wrote all of Shakespeare’s works. A simpler explanation is that they knew each other and borrowed from each other. If Emilia Lanier was the Dark Lady, her relationship with Fair Youth Southampton would explain why Shakespeare became distraught. Dr. Simon Forman was self-taught, self-made, and achieved wealth and status through self-invention. Medical notes document his sexual relations with numerous female patients, including with Emilia “Bassano-Lanier,” then twenty-eight. She gained a state income with Southampton’s help. She started a school and sued adversaries. Some of Shakespeare’s sonnets published in 1609 libeled “the Dark Lady” for “black deeds.” In 1610 Emilia wrote a book of poetry championing the Old Testament’s violent women and imagining a new female destiny. She survived Forman and Shakespeare by thirty years. Rediscovered in 1974, she became a flag-bearer for feminists.
Theme:Literary Humanities
Room 5 Colloquium
Public Displays of the Humanities: Publishing Faculty-Undergraduate Collaborations in Popular Forums

Dr. Joel Gruber, Teaching Professor, Theology and Religious Studies, University of San Diego, San Diego, California, United States
 Michael Hall, -, -, University of San Diego
 Briana Jurries, -, -, University of San Diego, San Diego, California, United States
 Tiara Avaness, Co-­owner / Chief Financial Officer, Management, Christara, Inc. , La Crescenta, CA, United States

Overview: This focused discussion summarizes, examines, and discusses the possibilities, challenges, and benefits of publishing undergraduate-faculty collaborations. We explore whether this type of collaboration could be a viable, replicable, and productive approach to addressing some of the challenges facing the humanities, including the need to increase public awareness regarding the purpose of the humanities, attract more humanities majors, and provide students with an experiential understanding of the benefits (and potential job prospects) accompanying a humanities-based education. The public discourse surrounding topics studied in the humanities is frequently misinformed and unproductive. Often, undergraduate students offer more sophisticated, nuanced, and meaningful analysis. With this in mind, I developed several in-class discussions for a chapter published by "Macmillan," crediting specific students for their contributions. The following semester I assigned the Macmillan chapter, and the impact was unexpected: the students became more actively engaged. The increased excitement in the classroom led to essays we were able to develop and publish in the "Huffington Post," which brought positive attention to the humanities center and an increased interest in religious studies. The discussion will include a panel of four, with myself and three of the students involved in the publications. I will summarize the project and introduce the students, who will offer their perspective on the experience, particularly in relation to how the project influenced their interest in the humanities. I anticipate the audience discussion being lively, and the feedback will likely be invaluable for planning new directions and further publications.
Theme:Humanities Education
Room 6 Spanish Language Session

Jul 7, 2018
08:00-08:45 Conference Registration Desk Open
08:45-09:05 Books, Publishing & Libraries Conference Opening
09:05-09:20 Daily Update
09:20-09:55 Plenary Session—Dr. Sidonie Smith, Lorna G. Goodison Distinguished University Professor, English and Women's Studies, University of Michigan, MI, United States

"Humanities Futures: Doctoral Education, Scholarly Communication, and Professional Capacities"

Sidonie Smith is the Lorna G. Goodison Distinguished University Professor of English and Women’s Studies at the University of Michigan. She was President of the Modern Language Association of America in 2010. That experience led her to write "Manifesto for the Humanities: Transforming Doctoral Education in Good Enough Times" (2015). She is the author of "Where I’m Bound: Patterns of Slavery and Freedom in Black American Autobiography" (1974); "A Poetics of Women’s Autobiography" (1987); "Subjectivity, Identity, and the Body" (1993); and "Moving Lives: Women’s Twentieth Century Travel Narratives" (2001), as well as numerous essays. With Kay Schaffer, she co-authored "Human Rights and Narrated Lives" (2004). With Julia Watson, she co-authored "Reading Autobiography: A Guide for Interpreting Life Narratives" (2001; expanded edition 2010) and co-edited one anthology and four volumes of critical essays, among them "De/Colonizing the Subject: Gender and the Politics of Women’s Autobiography" (1992); "Getting a Life: Everyday Uses of Autobiography" (1996); and "Inter/Faces: Women, Autobiography, Image, Performance" (2002). Her latest book, with Julia Watson, is "Life Writing in the Long Run: A Smith & Watson Autobiography Studies Reader" (2017).
09:55-10:25 Garden Conversation and Coffee Break

Garden Conversations are informal, unstructured sessions that allow delegates a chance to meet plenary speakers and talk with them at length about the issues arising from their presentation. When the venue and weather allow, we try to arrange for a circle of chairs to be placed outdoors.
10:25-10:35 Transition Break
Room 1 Books Conference
Room 2 Books Conference
Room 3 Books Conference
Room 4 Books Conference
Room 5 Toward Deeper Understanding
Truth, Lies, and Fake News: Jean Baudrillard and the Media in a Post-Truth Era

Dr. John Stone-Mediatore, Lecturer, Philosophy and Comparative Literature, Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio, United States

Overview: This paper draws on Jean Baudrillard's theory of simulation in order to better understand the power of falsehood and disinformation in the electronic media today. I argue that Baudrillard's work on the media (including his theories of simulation, hyperreality and "the virtual") provides a powerful means of understanding how the ubiquity of real-time technologies, including the 24-hour news media, has impacted human consciousness, making it increasingly difficult for humans to differentiate truth from lies, facts from fiction, and political rhetoric from reality. Consequences of this eclipse of the real, I argue, include the ascendance of “fake news” and the decline of critical thinking and political judgment, developments that pose a serious danger to democracy.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Twin Berries on One Stem: Science and the Humanities in the Training of Physicians

Lauren Barron, Director and Clinical Professor, Medical Humanities , Baylor University , Waco, Texas, United States
 Eric Cassell, Cornell University , Internal Medicine and Public Health , Medical Practice, Research & Scholarship

Overview: It is commonly assumed that the science of medicine should lead to an understanding of sick persons. Not so. Medical science is reductionist—it bypasses human beings as persons to get at their parts. Over time, medical science has focused on smaller and smaller human parts and processes. Medical scientists investigating the human genome now alarmingly call this "personalized" medicine. Formal medical education conveys very little about persons. Persons are innately historical and have an innate aesthetic sense. Persons use language and tell stories. Persons always pursue meaning. Not surprisingly, these are the domains of the humanities. Thus, the reason the study of the humanities is the road to knowledge about persons is that persons see the world the same way as the humanities. Dr. William Osler famously described science and the humanities as "twin berries on one stem" going on to say that "grievous damage has been done to both in regarding [them]... in any other light than complemental." For physicians, the proper route to knowledge of humans is through the humanities, not science. The Medical Humanities Program at Baylor University teaches philosophy (ethics, logic and thinking), literature (including poetry), history, art, and other fields within the humanities to prehealth students. This paper explores the indispensable role of the humanities as a foundation for those working in and around healthcare--for students and scholars, for patients and practitioners, and for the culture at large.
Theme:Humanities Education
Towards an Existential History: Restoring Mystery and Depth

Brandon Tucker, -, -, Fordham University

Overview: In its present state, the field of historical study is severely limited. Through a misguided attempt at scientific objectivity, we have excluded mystery and depth from our understanding of the past. This has left our history both superficial and irrelevant. Indeed, it has caused us to obscure the most fundamental nature of historical reality, which (like all of reality) is ultimately inexplicable by extrinsic, objective analysis. If we wish to approach the past in a way truly fitting for our subject matter, we will need to make the move towards an “existential history.” Such a history would give proper place to the crucial qualities of mystery and depth. It would find its fulfillment in relation to questions of ultimate significance, and thus, it would intrinsically be a matter of supreme interest and universal relevance. This new approach demands that history become an activity of the whole self, where the fullness of the past is illuminated through the historian’s work of “creative transfiguration.” In this way, the historian’s subjectivity and personhood would be welcomed rather than scorned. Lacking such an existential approach, the potential of our field will remain unrealized and we will be forever blind to the true depth, meaning, and significance inherent to the past. For our critical task of justifying historical study (and really, of justifying all the humanities), we must gain a renewed appreciation for “the existential.” In that spirit, this paper hopes to offer a unique and creative suggestion for the "existential" future of history.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
Room 6 Freedom and Justice for Many
"Seasons of Justice": The Merits of Using a “Life Cycle” Biographical Approach for Writing about the American Supreme Court’s Performance

Dr. Bruce Murphy, Professor of Civil Rights, Government and Law, Lafayette College, Easton, -, United States

Overview: This paper will explain how a “life-cycle,” biographical narrative, analytical approach for studying individual Supreme Court justices’ behavior can help us to better understand how Justices, such as the “swing voter,” Anthony Kennedy, will affect future judicial decisions. The “seasons of life” life-cycle analytical theory outlined by psychologists Erik Erikson and Daniel Levinson is ideal for biographically examining, and creating a narrative about, the lives and decision-making of the American Supreme Court. Since this body is staffed by nine justices, who are appointed in mid-life, and serve for decades, I argue that once a justice is appointed, a judicial “life-clock” runs parallel to one’s personal life cycle, affecting the way that a jurist’s decision-making approach evolves. With nine justices experiencing their individual life cycles simultaneously, any changes in the membership of the body, or the voting behavior of a sitting justice, will affect the life-cycle and decision-making of the entire institution. After Justice Antonin Scalia’s death, followed by President Obama inability to appoint his successor, resulting in the seating of Justice Neil Gorsuch, and with three octogenarian justices now nearing retirement, this life cycle analytical approach is perfect for exploring this Supreme Court’s future decision-making.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Liberating Arguments

Dr. Judy Halden Sullivan, Lancaster, PA, United States

Overview: “Innovative,” “non-traditional,” or “experimental” discourses, such as collage writing and other multimodal texts, invite us to critique the reasons why thinkers choose to exercise rhetorical freedom: why they choose to stand differently in relation to western European rhetorical traditions. Humanities across the disciplines help to reveal the ways in which innovative discourses may reconfigure contemporary argumentation. The hermeneutic phenomenological investigations of both aesthetics and reception by philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer posit possibilities in argumentation for reinvigorated relationships with language and readers. Aesthetic theories of art and design show the ways in which collage principles can effectively enact extended arguments. Contemporary poetics contributes a springboard for re-thinking the ground of argumentation. For example, language poet and theorist Bruce Andrews asserts that, “Faced with rules or patterns of constraint...writing can respond with a drastic openness” (excerpted from Andrews’s 1988 essay “Poetry as Explanation, Poetry as Praxis”). How might we realize such openness, such freedom, in argumentation? How might we re-envision our understanding of and re-stage in rigorous ways the ancient, codified practices of argumentation? Innovative discourses demonstrate new theories of rhetoric in contiguity with western European traditions. But how liberated may we become; how free are we?
Theme:Communications and Linguistic Studies
Not in My America: Examining Systematic "Other"-ing in Immigration Policy 

Selina March,

Overview: Since its founding, America has been marketed as a beacon of hope for groups of people facing disadvantage, offering a new beginning in a world purporting to value merit above privilege, skill above heritage. However, below the surface there is a drastically different story defined largely by disadvantage. Even as America was founded on the ideals of democracy and freedom, there were entire populations deprived of these fundamental rights. As time progressed, this "other" population continuously shifted, with different groups being labelled as such at different points in time. This shifting "other" can be seen quite clearly in relation to American immigration policy, with different groups receiving preferential treatment and others being disadvantaged at various points in time. As the idea of what it means to be "American" has evolved, so, too, has the idea of the "other." This paper analyses trends in American immigration policy from a critical race theory perspective, asserting that "other"-ing has been strategically used by those in power to systematically disadvantage entire groups of people. It also examines the parallels between various anti-immigrant movements and sentiments with the "Not in My Backyard (NIMBY)" movement. By evaluating the context in which American anti-immigration sentiment has developed, this paper places the current administration's rhetoric in an historical context. This paper argues that, if America is to live up to its founding vision as a haven for the disadvantaged, it must confront its history of "other"-ing.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Euthanasia, Morality and the Human Subject

Kristine Van Dinther, PhD Candidate in Anthropology, College of Arts, Society and Education, James Cook University, Cairns, -, Australia

Overview: Euthanasia is usually discussed as both dangerous and morally wrong; a practice which will lead down a ‘slippery slope’ to unbridled institutional power to kill those most vulnerable. Globally, considerable research has accumulated from the surveillance of these practices in places where it has been legalised. This evidence, however, is often largely ignored. In addition, the morality of such a practice continues to be conceptualised in terms of theology or philosophical ethics. The aim of this paper is to show that the ethics of such a practice cannot definitively be decided through such abstract means and that it is the omission of the examination of the human experience which is the problem. Drawing on my own empirical data, I will discuss the question of euthanasia where it emerges; at the intersection of institution, patient and family. Issues of patient autonomy, freedom and human rights will be discussed along with suffering and the idea of the humane. I argue that context is vital to questions of morality and that inter-subjectivity and emotions are central to this understanding. Thus, we can only evaluate the ethics of euthanasia practices when we incorporate and consider the human experience of the dying process. In this respect, we must reconsider freedom from a phenomenological examination of its antithetical forms.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Room 7 Scholarly Inquiry
Interdisciplinarity, Research Funding, and Academic Freedom in African Scholarship

Dr. Ibanga B. Ikpe, Professor, University of Botswana, Gaborone, South East, Botswana

Overview: Interdisciplinarity has recently become a preferred and highly recommended approach to research in African Universities and Research Centres, especially where the research focus can benefit from different disciplinary approaches. But whereas the move towards interdisciplinary research in other places has been to engender the convergence of theoretical perspectives and methodologies, its driving force in many African universities has been funding. The common reasoning is that it is more cost effective to support interdisciplinary research since the same funding can be used by many researchers and as such garner a higher per capita research participation for such cash injection than would otherwise be the case. This paper discusses the ethics of this approach to interdisciplinarity and its implications for academic freedom, taking into account the objectives of interdisciplinary research. It situates collaborative research funding within the current corporatization and commercialization of universities and research centres and answers the question as to whether the emphasis on funding as a motive for interdsicilplinarity necessarily devalues academic freedom and the quality of research. It argues that despite its illegitimate birth, interdisciplinarity should not viewed as anti-academic freedom or as delegitimizing research collaboration and the cross pollination of ideas that it fosters. It concludes that academic freedom can still be maintained alongside collaborative research where funding constraints makes such intersections inevitable.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Reconsidering Freedom
A Critical Anthropology of SRHR Development in Bangladesh : Towards a More Inclusive, Politically-Sensitive and Ethical Conversation

Rahil Roodsaz, Postdoc, Gender and Diversity Studies, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands, Nijmegen, -, Netherlands

Overview: This paper engages with the politics of sex education as promoted through international aid and development. Probing this field of intervention reveals not only strong reiterations of modernist linear thinking and colonial continuities but also provides insights in the complexities of the reception and vernacularization of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR). Conceiving the international development context as an arena of collision and concession made to the demands of the hegemonic order as well as of strategic and creative translation and subversion, I will make a case for a critical anthropology of sexuality in international aid and development interventions. Focusing on a project to promote sex education in Bangladesh financed by Dutch agencies, the need for situating this intervention within specific transnational and local web of power relations will be argued. Furthermore, drawing inspiration from anticolonial feminist scholarship to move beyond deconstruction, a critical anthropological approach will be proposed to enable a more inclusive, politically-sensitive and ethical conversation about sexuality and development.
Theme:Civic, Political, and Community Studies
Corpus-involved Education and Learning in European Universities

Dr. Shuo Zhao, -, -, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an Shaanxi, China

Overview: A central tendency in these innovations is basing corpus on the educational needs of students in European universities. Corpus-involved education and learning optimizes the learning process of students, creating a stimulating and active learning environment. A logical step in placing students at the center of their education is involving them in quality control, organization, and development of curricula based on corpus learning. Opportunities for student participation in curriculum planning and organization are given, including advantages and possible disadvantages of corpus involvement. Implications for European private university faculties wishing to incorporate students in their corpus organization are discussed to improve students’ input. Present developments in European universities increasingly focus on the central role of students in education and learning. A logical step in these developments is to give students responsibilities not just in the learning process but also in curriculum education and in the management of universities. Students in higher education, after all, are adults. Corpus-involved systems in quality control prove students to be distinctly capable of assuming shared responsibilities in management and organization of education and learning. The most important action students must take is to organize them in learning process. Combining corpus is a certain means of upgrading the quality of student input. Second, students must be prepared to participate in the evaluations provided by the teaching staff. They must also make themselves available for education and training in universities. Finally, students should take every opportunity to voice their opinions and ideas by means of a corpus-involved system.
Theme:Humanities Education
Reconfiguration of Literary Theory in the 21st Century

Dr. Suradech Chotiudompant, Associate Professor, Department of Comparative Literature, Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand

Overview: The death of literary theory has been announced many times. Critics such as Terry Eagleton and Martin McQuillan have written essays on post-theory or the situations ‘after theory’ - as if the age of theory in which poststructuralism and deconstruction were buzzwords was drawing to a close. However, there are counternarratives. For example, Vincent B. Leitch published a book called Literary Criticism in the 21st Century with the subtitle of Theory Renaissance, claiming that theory has already made a comeback. In this paper, I explore how, and under which guise, the return to theory has been formulated through the analysis of the changing circumstances regarding the renewed foundational concepts of spatiality, temporality, and identity politics. It is my argument that various turns we have experienced since the turn of the millennia, be they the affective turn, the spatial turn, or the posthuman turn, have been part and parcel of these configurational changes. In other words, literary theory might not disappear, but has been reformulated and reconfigured in the framework of these changing conditions.
Theme:Literary Humanities
12:15-12:25 Transition Break
12:25-13:25 Lunch
13:25-13:35 Transition Break
Room 1 Books Conference
Room 2 Books Conference
Room 3 Books Conference
Room 4 Books Conference
Room 5 Workshop
Conceptual Thinking in the Humanities Classroom

Malcolm Mc Inerney, Adelaide, -, Australia

Overview: This workshop explores the distinction between the so called "vocabulary" of subjects such as history, geography, economics, and civics and the "grammar" of these humanities subjects. A conversation is required to explore the idea that the most important aspect of humanities education is the development of conceptual thinking rather than just learning content and skills. The concepts developed in the Humanities curriculum in the new Australian Curriculum provide a conceptual lens for teachers and students to make sense of their world and to think in a particular way in the Humanities classroom. The workshop will initially demonstrate the nature of the concepts in the Australian Humanities Curriculum and provide practical illustrations that can be used in the classroom. The majority of the workshop will involve participants in a simulation activity developed to demonstrate how student conceptual thinking can be encouraged and developed when studying the myriad of topics encountered in the humanities curriculum. Considerable professional learning is being conducted in Australia using this workshop simulation to move teachers beyond the "vocabulary" of humanities and to use conceptual thinking to develop a high degree of "meaning making" when studying humanities in the classroom.
Theme:Humanities Education
14:20-14:40 Coffee Break
Room 1 Books Conference
Room 2 Books Conference
Room 3 Books Conference
Room 4 Books Conference
Room 5 Colloquium
Machine Reason: Algorithmic Insight for Humanists

Lynn Holt, Professor, Philosophy, MIssissippi State University, Starksville, MS, United States
 Clint Johnson, Senior Research Scientist, Algorithms and sensor optimization, Georgia Tech Research Institute, Atlanta, United States
 Ross Mc Cool, Graduate Student, Department of Psychology, Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS, United States
 Jonathan Barlow, Associate Director, Software Design and Architecture, National Strategic Planning and Analysis Research Center, Mississippi State, United States

Overview: Machine learning is on the verge of re-discovering Aristotle. This is doubly ironic: while pursuing the four hundred year old algorithmic ideal of reason, the new wave of deep learning not only takes a two millennium retro turn, it rejects the anti-Aristotelianism animating early modern thinkers. But the Aristotelian quality of deep learning should not give hope to Luddites and atavists. On the contrary, we hope that it spurs humanists to engage and contribute to the frontiers of artificial intelligence. Our four person project has aims at three distinct but interwoven levels: Theoria. To embed the history of machine learning in the wider history of the early modern calculative re-conception of reason, to articulate the distinctively apprehensive nature of Aristotelian reason, to show how calculative reason and machine learning requires apprehensive reason to accomplish its own aims, and to examine the transformation of objectivity which results. Techné. To explore innovative ways of constructing and informing artificial neural networks with the goal of instantiating machine analogues of Aristotelian intellectual “virtues”, and to break out of the replacement paradigm with circular modes of human-machine interaction. Praxis. To put theoria and techne to the test in a practical and open-ended setting in the domain of career counseling for teens and young adults. We aim to make an existing app smarter and make it interact with human counselors. In addition to brief presentations on theoria, techné, and praxis, our colloquium will include a propaedeutic on algorithmic machine learning with a focus on neural networks.
Theme:Critical Cultural Studies
16:20-16:30 Transition Break
16:30-17:00 Closing Session and Awards Ceremony