Regional architectural history in the Middle East abounds with practical suggestions for coping with local climate conditions that have developed over centuries. Hence, an understanding of the environmental sources and the social motivations for using shading components, both in traditional and vernacular Muslim architecture and in Israeli architecture of the mid-twentieth century, becomes essential for formulating effective rules of design from ecological perspective. This study surveys the products of the studio "Shade and Shading" which was held at the Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design. The starting point for planning projects was accumulated local architectural experience which had been forgotten or partially abandoned; this became fertile ground for the emergence of current climate-adjusted planning principles. The student projects from the Department of Ceramic Design explored various ways to integrate ventilated modular elements made of ceramic materials into urban construction. Studio sessions were conducted through historical, conceptual, formal, and material research. Students were asked to plan and produce the elements, using ceramic fabrication technologies. Its products map the visual and functional opportunities of the basic units as well as the assemblages that they make up, along with a morphological inquiry considering the relevant practical aspects and ambition of thoroughly investigating the properties of the material. Each of the projects presents design thinking focusing on establishing relationships between built systems and natural factors, based on a familiarity with the precedents in the field – the earliest originating in the Arab countries and the later ones formulated by local modernism.
Design Education, Educational Models, Problem Solving, Ceramics, Architecture, Architectural Traditions