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Jul 30, 2018
08:00-09:00 Conference Registration Desk Open
09:00-09:30 Confereence Opening

Dr Phillip Kalantzis-Cope, Common Ground Research Networks, USA
09:30-10:05 Plenary Session

Dr Roberta Guerrina, Head, Department of Politics, Reader, University of Surrey, UK

Roberta Guerrina is Reader in Politics at the University of Surrey, UK. She is a European policy analyst with a particular interest in European social policy, citizenship policy and gender equality. She has published in the area of women’s human rights, work-life balance, identity politics and the idea of Europe. She is author of Mothering the Union: Gender Politics in the EU(Manchester University Press, 2005) and Europe: History, Ideas and Ideologies (Arnold, 2002). She was Head of School/Department between 2009-14.
10:05-10:35 Garden Conversation

Garden Conversations are informal, unstructured sessions that allow delegates a chance to meet plenary speakers and talk with them at length about the issues arising from their presentation. When the venue and weather allow, we try to arrange for a circle of chairs to be placed outdoors.
10:35-11:20 Talking Circles

Held on the first day of the conference, Talking Circles offer an early opportunity to meet other delegates with similar interests and concerns. Delegates self-select into groups based on broad thematic areas and introduce themselves and their research interests to one another.
Room 1 Migratory Flows
Cuban Migration and Globalization Across Borders

Erika Carter Grosso,

Overview: This paper employs William I. Robinson's theory of globalized capitalism and Ghurminder Bhambra's theory of connected histories as frameworks to help understand recent Cuban migration to the United States within the context of globalization. Cubans desiring to emigrate must either choose to leave illegally by boat or legally by receiving permission from the government to travel as a tourist to an approved country, such as Guyana or Venezuela. From there, they must then cross by land up to nine Central American countries to arrive in the U.S. Utilizing primary-sourced interviews, the author represents Cubans’ migration journeys from Cuba to Syracuse, New York, focusing specifically on experiences in intermediary spaces en route and across borders. By applying the aforementioned theories to personal stories of Cuban migration journeys, the author is equipped to reveal and analyze subjective and varied consequences of globalization. The combination of theory and lived experience allows the author to illustrate how social reproduction strategies involved in the process of migration serve to remedy inequalities in Cuba brought about by globalization, while at the same time further the goals of global capitalism and the global labor market.
Theme:Society and Culture
Globalization and Migration in Asia

Sarita Agrawal, Professor, Central University of Gujarat

Overview: Globalization has integrated the world economy and has triggered major impulses for the development of the world economy. Deregulation and international agreement on the reduction on the tariff and non-tariff barriers have opened up new opportunities and challenges for the development of the world economy. The world is changing in a way which is often unexpected, exciting, or even disturbing. During the period of great depression, J. M. Keynes introduced government interference as an important policy instrument for stimulating aggregate demand in capitalist countries. Later the responsibility of stimulating aggregate demand was shouldered to Bretton Woods Institutions. They started distributing money to the poor countries with conditions of allowing the industrially advanced countries that were producing surplus production all in the name of globalization. As Stiglitz says, after all no one wants to see their child die when the medicine is available somewhere in the world. These third world countries engulfed in widespread poverty had no option but to accept these conditionalities of the developed countries which came in the form of reforms. Later due to stringent labour laws in their own countries, the industries from these countries started shifting to the poor countries in search of cheap labour or minimizing their cost through global value chains. This migration of capital comes in the form of either FDI or MNCs. The less developed countries have been encouraging inflow of foreign capital in their country and flow of foreign capital has achieved new heights in this era of globalisation. But is labour equally benefitting from this process of globalisation? Or is migration hampered? What have been the trends and pattern of migration in this globalised world? What are the evidences of globalisation so far as migration of labour is concerned? These are some of the questions that need probing. This paper is an attempt in this direction. The paper focuses on Asian economies mainly and is divided into three sections. The sections deals with a review of the theories and empirical studies carried out so far, a methodology and data analysis drawn from various sources such as UN, World Bank, etc, and an analysis of the data since 1990 has been carried out to understand the flow of labour in the era of globalisation. Panel data have been used to understand the impact of globalisation on migration and also the impact of PC GDP growth on migration in a country.
Theme:Economy and Trade
Migration Flows from North Africa to Europe: Challenges and Responses

Dr. Omar C. Bourouh,

Overview: The recent rapid and increasing flows of migrants, from North Africa, determined to reach various European destinations, received much media coverage and incited continuous academic and political debates concerning the causes and consequences of this phenomenon. This research project contributes to this debate by examining the multidimensional dynamics of these migration waves. I argue that the current migration is shaped by socio-economic and political contexts in both “sending” and “receiving” countries. Topics covered include the demographic characteristics of migrants, main causes of migration, and the socio-economic and political consequences of migration in both regions.
Theme:Society and Culture
Room 2 Language Matters
I’m Not Into That! : Teaching Pragmatics in a Globalized World

Sofia De Almeida, Lecturer, English, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California, United States

Overview: Intercultural communication, understood here as global communication between members of communities with different linguistic and cultural backgrounds, has gained considerable prominence in the area of Global Studies and has particularly impacted the field of education as it relates to teaching English as a second or foreign language. Its designation as a Lingua Franca has led to the development of pedagogical practices aimed at facilitating language users’ communicative abilities at a linguistic and cultural level. As a result, developing L2 learners’ pragmatic skills has become an important goal in ESL (English as a Second Language) and EFL (English as a Foreign Language) pedagogy. The challenge lies in finding level-appropriate instructional materials that reflect authentic language use while providing opportunities for learners to critically analyze the contextual features of the language. The author demonstrates how to incorporate pragmatics in a variety of pedagogical contexts through a web-based collection of audio-visual materials and instructional guides for teachers and teacher trainers. In this paper participants learn how to adapt the materials available on the website, as the presenter models classroom activities and leads the audience through useful techniques for incorporating pragmatics into an ESL/EFL class that meets the needs of a globalized world.
Theme:Society and Culture
Considering English and Literature through Global Lenses: Striking a Balance between Unity and Diversity in Linguistics and Literary Studies

Laura Gerday, PhD student, Modern Languages: English Language and Linguistics, Université de Liège, Belgium

Overview: According to the BBC, the 2000 New Year’s Eve celebrations represented a “unique global experience […] marked by all denominations and all classes and creeds of people across the planet” (BBC News online, 01/01/2000). A similar all-encompassing spirit seems to have inspired two areas of research that developed in English linguistics and literary criticism at the turn of the millennium: English as a Lingua Franca in linguistics and world literature in literary studies. Broadly speaking, “English as a Lingua Franca” (ELF) refers to the English predominantly used by non-native interactants in international settings; it thus “suggests the idea of community as opposed to alienness” and “emphasizes that people have something in common rather than their differences” (Jenkins, 2000: 11). “World literature”, for its part, amounts to considering literature as “a planetary system” (Moretti, 2000: 54) rather than a series of discrete traditions. Interestingly, the budding fields of ELF and world literature elicited strong responses at the dawn of the 21st century, chiefly from commentators belonging to the more firmly established postcolonial schools of thought in each discipline. Scholars working in the domains of “world Englishes” (WE) and postcolonial literary criticism had indeed so far focused on conceptualising distinct varieties of English and traditions of Anglophone literatures that mostly emanated from territories once owned by the British Empire. This undertaking had aimed to declare the independence of Anglophone speakers and writers living outside of Britain (or of non-British descent) from the hold of native English and English literature. Many postcolonialists therefore feared that new monolithic labels, broadened scopes of investigation, and searches for common denominators would undercut the legacy of pluralism that had characterised the linguistic and literary productions emerging mainly from former British colonies. Eighteen years later, this paper critically and chronologically examines selected major publications in ELF and WE research, besides world and postcolonial literary criticism, to understand the evolving tension between scholars’ calls for “postcolonial distinctiveness” or, conversely, “global unity”. This analysis sheds light on the contentious issues at stake in reconciling “diversity” and “common ground” in contemporary linguistics and literary studies.
Theme:Society and Culture
Room 3 Otherworldliness
Death and Fear by Virus in Zombie and "Ringu" Films

Dr. Masaki Mori, Associate Professor, Comparative Literature Department, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States

Overview: Featuring supernatural figures, both zombie movies and the "Ringu" (Ring) films have enjoyed popularity with a large global resonance for the last few decades. As the subcategories of the horror film, they are primarily intended to entertain the audience in the genre’s aesthetic logic while pointing to a potent fear that stays latent in society. For instance, in the original "Night of the Living Dead" (1968), the reanimation of the newly dead is ascribed to the effect of an inadvertently unleashed extraterrestrial radiation, attesting to people’s interest in, and fear of radiation and an unexpected threat from the outer space in the sixties. More recent zombie movies tend to present zombie proliferation more like a viral contagion, and this affiliates them with the "Ringu" films that pivot on electric video transmission as a viral conduit. A comparison between the two groups of horror films will not only identify the virus as a major source of fear but also yield differences, elucidating the contrasting kinds of fear with which we have learned to live in the technologically advanced and globalized world.
Theme:Society and Culture
Global Imperative in the Novels of Tom Robbins: Politics, Aesthetics, Psychology

Russell Reising,

Overview: The novels of Tom Robbins all present various forms of a globalized perspective, insisting that all parochial notions of self, other, and systems give way to expansive and integrative merging with comprehensive, if not transcendent, understandings of our places in the world. Robbins suggests three primary arenas within which this globalizing imperative must be enacted, politics, aesthetics, and psychology. Robbins's works eschew any narrow sense of national boundaries, aesthetic conservatism, and psychological isolation/alienation. Drawing on countercultural political energies, avant-gard creativity, and psychedelic experimentation, Robbins, to draw on the famous lyrics from Sly and the Family Stone, "wants to take us higher." This talk will analyze such moments from Robbins's work, while also drawing extensively on the long-standing friendship and many discussions of these issues shared by Robbins and presenter, Russell Reising.
Theme:Society and Culture
Room 4 Critical Climate Concerns
The Brink: International Climate Legislation and Its Relevance to the Interest of Human Continuity

Anthony Godlewski,

Overview: From the toxic cityscapes of India to the collapsing topography of Antarctica, humanity is rapidly coming face-to-face with the apocalyptic consequences of its environmentally inconsiderate legacy. For much of its history, humankind has undersold or altogether ignored the indelible mark it has left on the Earth. From the crossroads we stand at today, our future options are limited, but clear, sustainability or extinction. The continuity of the human race is contingent on our ability to adopt environmental responsibility and promote a sustainable agenda in politics, business, and individual action. From Rio to Kyoto to Paris, national governments are making landmark legislative strides together on behalf of the entire biosphere. Is it too little too late, or will environmental practices evolve in time to evade the apoplectic wrath of our home planet? This paper examines the evolution of international climate legislation, as well as its challenges and catalysts in the corporate and political worlds. It will go on to analyze the practical implementation of cleaner, greener technologies and practices in the United States, Germany, and China, then contrast the relative success of the ecopolitical movement in the developed world with the consequences of its sluggishness in Australia, Vanuatu, and Greenland. Ultimately, it will reflect on the future of the global response to climate change and its implications for the Earth and humanity.
Theme:Resources and Environment
Climate Change as Critical Security Threat

Dr. Margaret Gonzalez-Perez, 
Prof. Kent Neuerburg,

Overview: Climate change presents a critical threat to human security on multiple levels. Over one billion people live in low-lying areas and coastal cities where populations and vital infrastructure are at catastrophic risk of rising sea levels. Sixty percent of the chronically hungry already live in at-risk areas and salination of fresh water and loss of agricultural land to marsh are expected to dramatically decrease food security. The loss of territory and conflict over scarce resources is expected to incite regional wars as well, adding to the large unregulated movements of displaced populations. In addition, rising seas and monsoons are expected to contribute to increases in infectious diseases, especially among vulnerable populations. Much of the world’s hydrocarbon and fossil fuels also lie in at-risk regions, threatening global energy resources. This study examines the existential threat of climate change and offers a predictive model to anticipate the impact of climate change across three geo-political regions.
Theme:Resources and Environment
Paris Climate Accord Sans the United States: The Role of Local Governments in Addressing Climate Change and Increasing Resilience

Dr. Haris Alibašić, Assistant Professor, Public Administration, University of West Florida, Pensacola, Florida, United States

Overview: President Trump's decision to withdraw from a multinational climate agreement, commonly known as the Paris Climate Accord created a tsunami of reactions worldwide. World leaders and business CEOs almost universally decried the decision. The US absence from a leadership position in the fight against the threats and consequences of climate change is a negative development. The need for action is immediate and will need to include all levels of government, and the private sector stakeholders. The US cities after the US President's decision to remove the country from the Paris Accord stepped up their efforts to address climate change threats. While it may be that these efforts are a result of altruistic desires of the mayors and other elected officials representing their constituents at a local level, cities and communities have a moral and ethical obligation to address concerns and prepare for the climate change-related impacts.
Theme:Resources and Environment
Room 5 Mapping Our Lives
Making Maps: Possibilities and Pitfalls of Digital Mapping for Spatial and Social Justice

Jill Weintroub, Postdoctoral Fellow, Wits City Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa

Overview: Arguably one of the foundational techniques of globalisation, cartography and mapping have produced knowledge about the world from its earliest moments of human occupation. Map-making is tied intricately to our desire, as humans, to understand the world around us, and our place within it. While undeniably a form of knowledge bound intimately to western science, Europe’s age of exploration, and the rise of an interconnected modern world, maps have been created historically (conventionally on paper) as a quintessential declaration of colonial power and domination; however, they have in other contexts and using other media, been produced as expressions of identity, belonging, and resistance. This has never been more apparent than in contemporary times, when digital mapping has become the go-to technology and mode of information-sharing for all kinds of projects, in all kinds of media classes and contexts. From the war-torn neighbourhoods of Aleppo, Syria, through the mid-twentieth century massacre of Algerians in Paris, from the hidden histories of lynching in America, and of gay people in St Louis, to the potential economic impacts of climate change across North American cities and urban precincts, interactive maps (most often based on GIS technology) of various degrees of complexity, are available in real time across the Internet, giving web-site visitors many layers of information at a single sitting. Many of these mapping projects align with some form of social and spatial justice objective, and describe initiatives aimed at redress and recuperation. This paper offers a synthesis of some of these global projects, and discusses their relevance for an embryonic digital mapping project being planned for Johannesburg, South Africa. Called JoziQuest, this project aims to make visible the intricacies of space and memory in a city that remains structured by legacies of apartheid and exclusionary urban planning, which continue to haunt governance in the present.
Theme:Society and Culture
Transborder Ethnic Kin and Local Prosperity : Evidence from Night-Time Light Intensity in Africa

Christophe Muller, Professor, Economics, Aix-Marseille University, Aix-en-Provence, France

Overview: This study investigates the consequences of cross-border ethnic linkages for local development in Africa, as measured by night-time light intensity. We estimate spatial panel models that are based on geolocalised luminosity data measured by satellite imaging from 1992 to 2012, and matched with several other geolocalised databases describing geographic, political, and ethnic characteristics. We find that local ethnic groups with more transborder ethnic links to politically dominant actors in another country have significantly higher economic development, as measured by luminosity in the corresponding ethnic homeland.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
Room 6 New Horizons
Educational Journey of Dreamers

Rudy Soliz,

Overview: This naturalistic study focuses on the immigration of “Dreamers” who are enrolled in United States colleges, how they were influenced in pursuing a college education, and their success in college. My research focuses on the immigration of undocumented “Dreamers” who are now enrolled in U.S. colleges and universities. I explore their educational journey from elementary school to high school and now where they are in their pursuit of an American college degree. Included in this naturalistic research, I highlight variables that influence their quest for higher education as well as address their success in higher education. The population will come from Texas A&M University, the University of Houston, and the University of Saint Thomas.
Theme:Society and Culture
Host families in a Non-traditional Destination: Exploring the Sociocultural Fabric of Homestay Hosts' Experiences in a Swahili Program in Tanzania

Kaia DeMatteo, PhD Candidate, Global Inclusion and Social Development, University of Massachusetts, Boston, Boston, MA, United States

Overview: The homestay has become a key component in foreign language education abroad within the changing landscape of study abroad destinations and the internationalization of higher education in an increasingly globalized world. The homestay experience includes motivations, challenges, and benefits for host families not only in popular destinations but also in non-traditional locations, including Africa. While there are a growing number of studies on host families in different European and popular countries, little is known about the experiences and perspectives of hosts in non-traditional destinations in Africa. One such non-traditional location is Tanzania, a destination for Swahili language study and cultural immersion, where homestays offer close engagement with locals and exposure to critical environmental, public health, social justice issues, and social networks within the changing sociocultural and economic factors of a developing country. Previous research on hosts’ perspectives and experiences have been limited to popular study destinations (i.e., largely Spanish-speaking countries), leaving open questions about the sociocultural and economic dynamics of host families in non-traditional destinations like Tanzania. Thus, further inquiry into the specific challenges and benefits of families’ participation is necessary to better understand the significance of the homestay experience for hosts in non-traditional settings and how these hosts make meaning from their experiences so that they can be better supported to align their goals and interests with a program. This qualitative study explores the lived experiences of families who host foreign college students in a Swahili program in Tanzania as one example of a non-traditional destination. Analysis of the interview data highlights themes related to community networks and the sociocultural fabric of host families. This paper thereby seeks to create a space for dialogue among scholars and practitioners on how to effectively engage community perceptions and have respect for local culture while identifying the unique outcomes for hosts in less commonly taught languages and regions in Africa.
Theme:Society and Culture
The Global Futures Lab: Alternative Visions on Non-western Futures

Assoc. Prof. Paolo Cardini, Associate Professor in Industrial Design, Rhode Island School of Design

Overview: This paper is based on the Global Futures Lab case study and an investigation on "non-western" futures (www.globalfutureslab.com). “Design Fiction is the deliberate use of diegetic prototypes to suspend disbelief about change” (Bruce Sterling). This way of looking at product design is part of the broader discourse that identifies critical and speculative design as a new methodological framework in which objects are seen as facilitators of conversations rather than goods to be bought or used. In the last decade, an impressive creative effort has been dedicated to this field producing an infinite variety of scenarios and fostering rich debates about ethics, technology, and society. However, the great majority of those future visions were and still are, a mere representation of the fears and the dreams of a restricted part of the global community. Also, the general aesthetic of that body of work has been strongly connected with a recognizable taste, often coming from the Holliwoodesque imaginary or from the dominating design establishment’s style. Global Futures Lab consists of a series of international workshops (Iran, Ethiopia, Cuba, Peru, India) where students have been invited to reflect on their own environments, traditions, and believes, and to envision futures respectful of their cultures. In opposition to a diffuse technological determinism, where society seems shaped by new technologies, the Global Futures Lab endorsed a sort of “cultural determinism” in which any idea of future should be built on localized visions and with the main intention to open a debate about a pluralistic perspective.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Subjectivities of Globalization
12:35-13:45 Lunch
Room 1 Cultural Considerations
A Cross-cultural Analysis of Perceived Consumer Satisfaction of McDonald's

Asma Ahmed Laroussi,

Overview: The fast food restaurant, McDonald‘s, maintains a product line, type of service given, and aesthetics in its establishments, which remains unchanged worldwide. However, it is interesting to explore if the cultural factor of McDonald‘s customers, affects the formation of their experiential value, taking into account the various aspects related to the product and the service. This work analyzes the value of the McDonald‘s customer experience, distinguishing between four different nationalities, including Spanish, Turkish, Bulgarian, and Italian. It also looks at which aspects, evaluated by the customer, have greater weight in their satisfaction. The results will be able to improve McDonald‘s business focus, in terms of allocating resources for customer satisfaction and setting guidelines and strategies to better serve customers in the different countries addressed in this study.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Subjectivities of Globalization
Feng Shui: Business Generator or Common Sense?

Assoc. Prof. Madeleine Ogilvie, 
Assoc. Prof. Maria Ryan, 
 Danny Ng, 
Dr. Erwei Xiang,

Overview: Traditional rituals are often used to define culture and provide characteristics of a country's idiosyncrasies and stereotypes; however as the world moves to a more global marketplace these behaviours may be no longer bound by the borders that define them. Traditions either die and morph into a more standardised global business behaviour, or, disperse so they are no longer contained by the boundaries of their inception. This paper introduces findings from a qualitative study into the lingering and often growing use of Feng Shui in contemporary business. Chinese restaurants from across four countries are examined to demonstrate the lingering impact these lost traditions have on daily business practice and the importance they play in the creation of value for the business owners who practice them. Restaurant owners from China, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, and Australia demonstrate how these ritualistic behaviours bring them value and the importance the Feng Shui Master plays as the new management consultant in South East Asia.
Theme:Economy and Trade, Society and Culture
Room 2 Links to Literature
Influence of Keynesian Economics on Woolf's Feminist Globalism: "As a Woman, My Country Is the Whole World"

Dr. Dorothy Dodge Robbins,

Overview: Virginia Woolf was not well-traveled; beyond a few trips to the European continent, the author spent most of her years living in or near London, England. Woolf announced that "As a woman I have no country. As a woman I want no country. As a woman, my country is the whole world." Her famous declaration provides the catalyst for my study on the influence of Keynesian economics on Woolf's feminist globalism. As fellow Bloomsbury Group members, Virginia Woolf and economist John Maynard Keynes debated ideas; included were discussions about economics as their correspondence and journal entries attest. Woolf herself did not traverse the world to develop her global perspective. During the decades she lived and wrote in London, the capitol was a center of trade. The world came to Woolf's London, and she embraced it. Echoes of Keynesian economics resonate in Woolf's "A Room of One's Own," "Three Guineas," and her London essays. As a corrective to Keynes' theories, Woolf adds her feminist concerns to issues of global supply and demand, whether she mockingly critiques her own desire for the latest fashions (plumes from Africa!) or advocates that women act as cogs in the wheels of England's ultra-masculine war machine.
Theme:Society and Culture
Room 3 Residential Shifts
Continuity of Population Recovery in the Central City Area of Japanese Local Cities

Mr. Takashi Nakamura, tokyo, tokyo, Japan

Overview: Recently, in the local cities of Japan, the decline in central areas due to the suburbanization of various functions associated with the progress of motorization is posing a great challenge. Amidst this, population recovery to central areas will be a key factor in the revitalization of local cities. This study targets thirty-five cities with populations ranging from over 100,000 to less than 400,000 that do not fall in the three major metropolitan areas (Tokyo, Nagoya, and Osaka) and confirms the actual conditions of population recovery in central areas during the period from 2000 to 2015. The study especially analyzed the location and the vacancy of the condominiums that constituted the main place of residence for the town residents. As a result the following points were demonstrated. During the period from 2000 to 2015, in six cities, the population in the central area was increasing, while in five cities, the population in the central area increased from 2000 to 2010 but from 2010 the population decreased. From the perspective of the continuity of population recovery in the central areas, there are significant aspects that rely on the location and vacancy of the condominium.
Theme:Resources and Environment
Urban Regeneration Projects and the Displacement of Marginalized Citizens: A Case Study of a Low-cost Asmarat Housing Project in Cairo

Azza Eleishe, Faculty, College of Engineering , University of Prince Mugrin, Al Madinah, -, Saudi Arabia

Overview: Egypt's recent political as well as socio-economic turmoil resulted in complex challenges to the government's globalized, market-driven neoliberal policies thought to solve its multifaceted problems. In its attempts to change the image of the capital city and attract foreign investors to one of the most populous cities of the world, where it is estimated that in the Greater Cairo Region 62 per cent of households live in informal settlements, the government embarked on various urban regeneration projects. These included the clearance of informal neighborhoods around the city and the relocation of these residents to newly built social housing projects as part of a slum upgrading program. One of the latest advertised such projects, used by the new government to polish its image of "caring for the poor," is the “Asmarat” housing project for the former residents of dilapidated and now demolished Doweka neighborhood. The project is part of the government’s effort to build around 11,000 housing units for the former slum inhabitants. It is currently in its first phase, with a total of 6,258 housing units currently constructed, while the second phase foresees the building of 4,722 housing units, plus hospitals, schools, and other public utilities. The study is a field investigation of the relocated citizens' evaluation of their new neighborhood and dwelling units as well as their perception of the government's relocation policy. The research methods include a documentation of the original informal neighborhood and the new housing project's designs, including both the individual residences and the shared public spaces, in addition to the official procedure for the residents dwelling units' selection criteria and the relocation process. A survey using a structured questionnaire is used to interview a representative sample of the residents and elicit their assessment of the government's initiatives toward addressing the issue of informal housing in particular, and the city’s problems in general. Moreover, a separate questionnaire may be administered to neighboring residents of the areas in question in order to assess the impact of the demographic shift across classes and communities. The study gives policy makers and officials with peoples' views and opinions of their living environments in order to incorporate a measure of public participation and shared governance in these policies, rather than impose top-down solutions that may result in people's dissatisfaction with, and indifference towards, their new housing environment.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
Room 5 Trade and Transfer
Socioeconomic Externalities of FDI in Host Countries : The Human Capital Case

Mouna Raji, PhD, "Economics & Business", Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales: Universidad de Málaga, Spain
 Alberto A. López-Toro,

Overview: Public policy designers make great efforts to create incentives and establish a propitious context for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) attraction given its positive effects on the socioeconomic health and the role that it plays as an instrument for socioeconomic development and welfare. Transfers of technology, human capital development, knowledge transfers, employment creation and inequality and poverty reduction are some of these positive externalities of FDI that encourage policy makers to design more FDI attraction policies in host economies. Indeed, economic literature and experience have shown FDI's role in technology transfers thanks to the commercial relationships existing between local and foreign investors where foreign firms supply quality inputs and advanced technology to local ones. Moreover, foreign firms invest more than local ones in training and are, generally, up-to-date with tendencies in terms of training and competencies creation, what improves human capital in the host country. On the social level, FDI would contribute to the improvement of work conditions and unemployment reduction in host countries (foreign firms hire more employees compared to local firms, especially in the case of new investments called "Greenfields") and would decrease inequality and poverty thanks to the economic and social mobility generated when creating stable jobs, with higher salaries. Thus, on the one hand, the present work aims to pinpoint how FDI could be a development and welfare strategy by determining the externalities that it generates in some developing host countries (particularly in Africa) and the transfer channels of these externalities. The study also identifies some of the features to be developed in host countries in order to attract FDI projects, orientate them to strategic sectors and maximize the absorptive capacity of FDI’s positive externalities. On the other hand, the present paper proposes an econometric methodology to evaluate the role of FDI and other influent variables in the explanation of human capital variations in host countries, one of the welfare and development aspects that could be improved when receiving FDI projects.
Theme:Economy and Trade
How Does Technology Progress and Trade Openness Affect Income Inequality?

Yih Luan Chyi,

Overview: Since the 1990s many high-income countries facing trade liberalization have experienced rising within-country inequality and rapid technology progress. In recent literature, there has been an ongoing debate on interactions between technological changes, openness, and income inequality. To reconcile inconsistent empirical findings, this study investigates relationships between trade openness and income inequality across countries with different advancement in technology. Using a panel of sixty-one countries over a period from 1975 to 2005, this study examines openness-inequality relationships by estimating panel threshold regression models. The threshold effects of technological changes and an inverted-U relationship are identified when inspecting the impacts of trade on income inequality. On the one hand, countries with less-advanced technologies tend to have higher income inequality when they become further liberalized in trade. On the other hand, trade openness tends to ease income inequality in countries with more advanced technologies.
Theme:Economy and Trade
Russia's Trade Policy in the Era of Sanctions: The Way Back or Economic Development?

Mariya Marchenko, Phd student, The Economics department, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation

Overview: For economic growth and development of countries in the world economy, foreign economic activity plays an essential role. Russia's trade policy is undergoing significant changes, due to a number of factors. This paper focuses on an analysis of the impact of sanction wars on Russia's trade policy. In the conditions of globalization, the movement of goods, works, and services through the international division of labor, specialization and co-production leads to an increase in the efficiency of social production and increases the country's competitiveness. However, Russia's integration into the World Trade Organization presents new requirements to state regulation of the national economy as compliance is an important part of trade cooperation. The introduction of sanctions makes it possible to consider this issue in a different way. This paper systematizes the characteristics of foreign economic activity of the Russian Federation in the context of sanctions policy. A discussion of consequences of sanctions for the economy of the Russian Federation is also presented.
Theme:Economy and Trade
Room 6 Pondering Foreign Policy
American Exceptionalism in the Age of Trump’s America First Foreign Policy: Is Donald Trump the First Anti-exceptionalist POTUS?

Manuel Iglesias Cavicchioli, Assistant Professor, Departamento de Estudios Internacionales, Universidad Loyola Andalucía

Overview: This paper examines American exceptionalism from both a theoretical perspective and from its resonance in contemporary US foreign policy. Thus, it reviews the key conceptual aspects of American exceptionalism, analyzing its different interpretations within a framework of the main US foreign policy currents. Using this theoretical basis, it explores the practical influence of exceptionalism in the foreign policy of Donald Trump, who has been considered by some critics as the first anti-exceptionalist POTUS.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
Back to the Future: United States National Security Policy in Northeast Asia under the Trump Administration

Prof. Benedict DeDominicis, associate professor of political science, -, Catholic University of Korea, Bucheon-si, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea

Overview: Evaluating international political strategy includes critiquing the desired future implied in the strategy. The critique focuses on the value, attitudinal, and elite cohort trends regarding the critical target of the strategy. Evaluation of the strategy focuses on trend alteration for achieving the desired future. Security challenges in Northeast Asia are legacy issues from the Cold War. The Cold War containment instruments towards the USSR that the US created and oversaw continue to dominate politically the discourse regarding security challenges in the region. An understanding of the political forces that these bureaucratic, military, and economic vested interests institutionalized is useful for understanding discourse political contours. These vested interests embody the political forces that set the global political framework for what is today called globalization. The US Trump administration is politically constrained to maintain the general thrust of US foreign policy in the region. It is manifested in his continuation of the incremental nature of US policy making. Trump’s rhetoric of significant change serves primarily a legitimation function to reinforce the primacy of these vested interests in the US foreign policy making process.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Subjectivities of Globalization
15:00-15:20 Coffee Break
Room 1 Untangling Alliances
Extraterritorial Human Rights Performance of Western States

Dr. Mark Gibney,

Overview: Although human rights are (universally) declared to be “universal,” territory continues to play the dominant role in determining state responsibility for protecting and even for violating international human rights standards. Thus, in an increasingly globalized world – where actions and policies in one country can have a profound effect on human rights practices in other parts of the globe – states’ human rights performance continue to be judged solely by how it acts within its own domestic sphere. What is being proposed is a human rights measure that focuses on a state’s extraterritorial practices. Among the things that would be addressed are: arms sales, immigration/refugee policies, development assistance, accountability mechanisms, the regulation of multinational corporations based in that country, and environmental practices. The author directs the Political Terror Scale (www.PoliticalTerrorScale.org) project, which is the leading human rights data set on levels of political violence in the world. However, the PTS only measures a state’s domestic human rights performance. The extraterritorial project that would be introduced would provide a much more accurate and holistic indicator of the overall human rights performance of Western states.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
Globalization's Mutiny: Nationalism and Euroscepticism in European Electoral Politics

Joshua Weissman LaFrance, 
 Yash Patel,

Overview: This research investigates the role of state interests in multilateralism. It poses the question: under what conditions are states more likely to remain committed to their supranational obligations and multilateral engagements? We hypothesize that such member-states are more likely to remain engaged with their multilateral agreements when the benefits received from participation outweigh the social, political, and economic costs demanded of their commitments. It is further our contention that, as demonstrated presently by the European Union, the influence of global institutions directly reflects the caliber of relationship they hold with their member-states. Strong mission valence among member-states promotes unity and cooperation, but a fracture in this common purpose may threaten the very integrity and extent of multilateral order. As the EU now confronts a host of new and complex challenges, attentiveness to these factors is critical. Ultimately, we find that the key to sustained cohesion lies in perception. A perceived social benefit by citizens, political benefit by state-level politicians, and unified direction among supranational leaders are conducive to the continued engagement of member-states with their multilateral partners. Antagonistic forces such as the global financial crash, migrant crisis, abating American security, and Russia-sponsored information warfare are measured for impact in the states that have remained steadfast in their international responsibilities and in those that have transitioned toward nationalistic or Eurosceptical agendas. In all, we develop a set of dimensions by which the European Union may strengthen the commitment of member-states to its multilateral framework.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Subjectivities of Globalization
NGOs' Alternative Diplomacies: Rethinking Global Social Movements

Dr. Antonio Alejo, Fellowship, Research programm, Diputación de La Coruña

Overview: This paper reflects on alternative approaches to re-think diplomacy and global politics. My point of departure is to analyse the transformations and democratization of diplomacy in a globalized world. The arguments develop in this paper focuses on the literature known as "global studies perspectives," especially oriented to the study of global formations with a sociological approach. The objective is to contribute to theoretical and analytical developments to re-think diplomacy beyond structural perspectives by exploring its possibilities to recognize alternative diplomacies beyond diplomacy´s traditional thinking. I argue the relevance of rethinking alternative diplomacies to observe certain NGOs' transnational activism on contemporary global politics as part of the social appropriation of contemporary diplomacy. Two questions orient this paper: Why is it relevant to re-think the diplomacy beyond state-centric perspectives? What analytical approach on the sociology of collective action could be developed and deepened to characterize NGO alternative diplomacies? I introduce a theoretical debate and analytical tool to identify and analyse both, the socio-political emergence and the practices of non-governmental actors as NGOs' alternative diplomacies. Methodologically, I look to identify socio-political global phenomena beyond methodological nationalism views. Empirically, I use some experience to evidence that NGOs Alternative Diplomacies are part of contemporary global politics.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
Room 2 Data Woes
Facebook and Its New Way of Surveillance In the Name of Friendship

Yu Hui Yang,

Overview: The invention of the social network was originally to bring people closer to each other. However, one of the biggest networking platforms, Facebook, with its design and layout has actually blurred the exquisite line of different types of relationships that give us different comfortable space to be in by generalizing all the relationships into one, friendship. The generalization means that one will show everything equally to everyone that s/he affirmed to be "friends," whether the other person is his/her professor, colleague, gossiping neighbors, or students. By participating in the system, with only "yes, she is my friend" or "no, she is not" setup and the pressure that the person sending the request is waiting on the other side of the screen and ready to view how closely you feel about them in real life, the users of Facebook give up their privacy and let others observe, investigate, and judge them in the name of friendship. This paper will first discuss how Facebook operates with the concept of friendship to build up the system and eventually modify the meaning of it. Then it will discuss how people behave accordingly in daily lives with their friends with this technology that was supposed to bring everyone closer and tighter.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
Protection of Personal Data in Cyberspace: The European Union-United States e-Market Regime

Tossapon Tassanakunlapan,

Overview: The paper’s point of departure is international human rights law, as far as it recognizes a general framework to support and regulate personal data protection in the cyberspace realm. Nonetheless, the distinctive characters of cyberspace demand a well designed, at universal level, specific regulation and mechanisms to guarantee such fundamental rights relating personal data protection internationally. Accordingly, the research hypothesis is represented in double issues: first, effective personal data protection on cyberspace needs the establishment of an international/universal legal system treaty-based; second, EU regime on personal data protection in cyberspace and current EU-US agreements on this issue can be used as a model for initiating such international/universal treaty. The actors and relations included in the paper are the duty bearers of personal data protection law, both state and private entity activities. Nonetheless, the informal power relation between state and private organization is also taken into account since there are some informal agreements or coordination between state agencies and IT corporations on data sharing and processing. The time frame of the study is 2001-2016.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions, 2018 Special Focus: Subjectivities of Globalization
Room 3 Family and Friends
Religious Social Capital Assisting Latinos to Navigate Educational Systems: A Case Study of a Latino Catholic Parish in the Midwest

Dr. Gloria Vaquera, Associate Professor, John Carroll University

Overview: Although much research has been conducted on Latino educational progress in the United States, less is known about the role of the church in providing social capital to aid educational attainment for an immigrant community. This paper uses a longitudinal case study to examine the lives of Latino church members, the majority being recent immigrants, and their interactions with a University/Church sponsored pre-college science program. Findings suggest that parishioners utilize the church as a transnational conduit to maintain cultural traditions and also to access networks that facilitate educational opportunities, with recent arrivals using the resources most often. All participants showed increased social capital as a result of participating; however, various political and economic obstacles have impeded the educational trajectories of these students.
Theme:Society and Culture
Understanding the Impact of Transnational Families through Filial Relations and Fathering: Second-generation Return Migrant Fathers in Hong Kong

Dr. Lucille Ngan, 
Dr. Anita K.W. Chan,

Overview: Transnational processes are one of the major factors affecting the structure of social relations among Chinese immigrant families. In the last two decades, many Hong Kong emigrants who have immigrated to Western shores as children prior to the 1997 hand-over to China and had been raised in Western societies during their formative years have returned and are now in the parenthood phases of their life-paths. While previous studies have focused on the adverse impact of growing up in transnational families on parent-child relations through the lenses of the “astronaut family” and “parachute children,” research on the extended impact into later stages of the life course is limited. Given that transnational processes also have been identified as one of the key factors impacting on fathers’ negotiation and conception of fathering vales, roles, strategies, and responsibilities at the personal, interpersonal, and familial levels, the question that arises is the long-term impact of migration on filial piety, a fundamental value of Chinese families and traditionally the uppermost duty of sons. This paper fills the gap in the literature by exploring how growing up in transnational families have life-changing consequences into the adult family life of Hong Kong immigrant children as they enter into fatherhood. We explore the intersections between transnational upbringing, filial relations and childrearing and the fathering strategies for cultivating filial relationships. Findings from our qualitative fieldwork point out that transnational upbringing experiences play a substantial role in returnee fathers’ maintenance and cultivation of traditional Chinese filial obligations.
Theme:Society and Culture
Is the Trailing Wife Always Disadvantaged?: Varying Contexts of Return for the Wives of Western-trained Asian Scientists

Dr. Anju Paul, Associate Professor, Division of Social Sciences, Yale-NUS College

Overview: Asian scientists who train in the West may settle down overseas or may choose to return to Asia at some point in their careers. For returning scientists who are married, this return decision will also impact their spouse. Drawing from fifty interviews with Western-trained, Asian academic bioscientists and/or their spouses who returned to China, India, Singapore, or Taiwan as a result of husband-directed or joint-directed decision-making, we examine the return experiences of trailing wives. We find significant variations in these experiences across the group of trailing wives as a whole, as well as within any given wife’s post-return experience. A typology of supportive and unsupportive "contexts of return" is proposed to highlight how social, cultural, legal, and economic factors influence the post-return experience of trailing wives, independent of husbands’ gender role attitudes.
Theme:Society and Culture, 2018 Special Focus: Subjectivities of Globalization
Room 4 Spread the Word
Discursive (Trans)formation of the Migration Imaginary in Spain

Dr. Maria del Sol del Teso Craviotto,

Overview: My investigation examines the discursive creation of the Spanish “migration imaginary” (Fortier). Specifically, I conduct a critical discourse analysis of the metaphors used to designate Spanish emigrants in selected newspapers from four crucial migratory periods in Spanish history: late 19c. migration to northern Africa and Latin America, exile in the aftermath of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), economic migration towards Europe in the 1960s, and the recent migratory movements following the 2008 economic crisis. Results show that early emigrants were designated by metaphors that characterize them as a low-skill, uneducated, and poor labor-force, while recent emigrants are described as taking place in a brain-drain of a highly educated and young population. Newspapers also show metaphors that depict Spain as a suffering mother losing her children in the first two periods, in contrast with the proud mother whose offspring work for the well-being of all during the third period. Finally, a third group of metaphors build on the country-as-a-container image, especially during the fourth period, where the limits of that container are being contested in the name of globalization and in the context the European Union. These metaphors help create a "social imaginary" (Taylor) that shapes how Spanish society views national and personal identities and borders, and relationships with "the Others."
Theme:Society and Culture
When Soldiers Fought to Tell Their Stories: Bloggers before the Internet

Matias Zibell, Proffesor, Communication School, Universidad del Azuay

Overview: The phenomenon of citizen journalism is linked by journalists and academics with new media technologies and digital tools. Experiences like the formation of the news alternative website IndyMedia during the anti-globalization protests of 1999 in Seattle, the creation of the Korean newspaper OhmyNews.com in 2002 made exclusively by citizens, or the surge of Iraqi blogs in a bombarded Baghdad in 2003 appear impossible to separate from computer skills, electronic gadgets, and Internet access. This reductionism has two important consequences: it excludes from the debate modern citizen journalism projects orientated to give voice to ordinary people which do not have access to the web, and it rules out any effort to find precedents to this phenomenon in the past. However, during the First World War, British, French, Canadian, and Australian soldiers produced their own newspapers. The goal of the soldiers was not so different from the aims of anti-globalization activists or Iraqi bloggers: to let the world know their own version of what was happening. Could this be enough to consider trench journals published between 1914 and 1918 an example of citizen journalism? This is the question to be answered by this research.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Subjectivities of Globalization
Weaponized News: Soft Power News Media in the Age of Fake News

Dawn Spring,

Overview: This paper looks at the current global landscape of soft power news outlets, their relation to the historic role of soft power news outlets in global hegemony, the controversies around outlets labeled as “fake news,” and the country-specific legal restrictions facing some of the news sources. The paper explores soft power, state-funded news sources from Britain, China, Qatar, Russia, and the United States. Focusing on Al Jazeera, BBC News, China Central Television, RT, Sputnik, and the properties managed by the Broadcasting Board of Governors (Middle East Broadcasting Networks, Office of Cuba Broadcasting, Radio Free Asia, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Voice of American), it examines their global reach, languages used, media platforms, and target audiences, as well as the specific use of the English language. In doing so, it will assess the relationship between the news, persuasive information, propaganda, soft power, information weaponization, and global hegemony.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
Room 5 Two of a Kind
Ethical Aspects of Current Socio-cultural Trends

Aleksandr Bezgodov, -, -, Planetary Development Institute
Dr. Vadim Golubev, Edinburgh, -, United Kingdom
 Konstantin Barezhev,

Overview: Finding a way out of the systemic crisis of civilization, humanity needs a new "Copernican turn" in consciousness. The implementation of such a turn is hampered by the axiological chaos that necessitates denying biotic constants: life, nature, self-preservation, etc. This paper discusses a clash of the techno-economic trend of globalization and the opposite, politico-ideological trend of de-globalization. Recent social, cultural, and technological changes have created completely new conditions for human self-awareness and self-expression. The resulting values have been subjected to an unprecedented assault from the most primitive economic and social Darwinian concepts. It led to a new conservative revolution spreading not only in parts of Asia, Africa, and South America, but also in some European countries. This revolution manifests itself as a conflict between opposing types of social organization: an open society professing democratic liberalism vs. a traditionalist, closed society based on a conservative cultural, political, and economic paradigm. There are two parts to the main drama of the European world. On the one hand, people are no longer satisfied with the past ideals that brought Europe together, despite the fact that European culture is still based on them. On the other hand, Europe lacks a driver of significant spiritual changes, a great idea that would help Europeans keep intellectual pace with an approaching technological leap. The paper offers unifying planetary ethics that are based on the ideas of Vladimir Vernadsky, Nikolay Fedorov, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, and other Russian cosmists. It provides that big idea for the whole of humanity.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Subjectivities of Globalization
A Tale of Two Cities: The Paradox of Local Education in the United States' Global Capital

Rachael Forker,

Overview: Washington DC can be sliced into a number of dualities, inclduing global and local, federal and city, black and white, north and south, east and west, rich and poor, ambassador and immigrant, and educated and illiterate. No matter which way the city is sliced, there are opposing examples that portray two sides of the globalization coin. Unlike all other global cities located in the United States, Washington DC does not fall under the jurisdiction of any one state government. This foundational arrangement has created a unintended "Home Rule" relationship between DC city residents and the federal government, in which Capitol Hill has direct influence over local laws and regulations and DC residents do not have voting representation in Congress. This paper explores the research on the effects of globalization in Washington DC, focusing on their impact on the city’s local education system. According to United State Census data, Washington DC is one of the most highly-educated cities in the world, with over half of adults possessing a bachelor’s degree. Conversely, in 2013, Washington DC’s public school system had the lowest high school graduation rate in the United States. If education is the "Great Equalizer" in a global society, are the city and federal governments in Washington DC providing local residents with the educational tools and opportunities required to be competitive in the global marketplace?
Theme:Society and Culture
America: Melting Pot or Salad Bowl?

Kat King, EPIC Fellow, Global Studies, Stanford University

Overview: Puritan John Winthrop, and countless political leaders echoing him since, claim America is “a city upon a hill—the eyes of all people are upon us." The critical thinking course I developed as a Stanford Global Studies EPIC fellow this year asked students to explore the cultural constructs of race and gender in America in juxtaposition to their constructions around the globe. How is gender constructed and understood in America, and how is it that America is both at the forefront of a worldwide women’s rights movement and well behind other countries when it comes to equitable pay and government representation? (According to the Global Gender Gap Report in 2016, America ranks sixty-sixth when it comes to equitable pay along gender lines, behind both superpowers such as Japan and also “third-world” countries like Honduras and Ethiopia. Meanwhile, a mere 20% of our government representatives are women, while other countries, like Rwanda, India, and China, have far more inclusive government representation. Women from America led the charge with a global Women’s March on Washington in 2017; yet, American women also helped elect a president who bragged about sexually assaulting women - on tape.) How is the experiment of the American “melting pot” one that fosters both success and distress for the individuals in our nation of immigrants? What is it about America’s global image that draws so many documented and undocumented immigrants here, while the country simultaneously struggles with deep-seated, insidious racial tension? These contradictions were the focus of our class reading, thinking, and learning. I harnessed the diversity in my own classrooms to foster global conversations around these topics using Lacuna - Stanford’s free, open-source, digital annotation software. Students used Lacuna to annotate and collaboratively process readings outside of class, which fostered more complex in-class discussion, drawing upon insights mined from students’ own hyphenated identities (Muslim-immigrant-students, Mexican-first-generation-college-students, international students, and many more). Students then worked in small teams to complete a more in-depth investigation of one aspect of class themes, which they then taught to the rest of the class using widely shareably technology, such as prezi. By investigating American issues through global viewpoints and collaborative work, students gained a better understanding of how America serves as a case study that is both role model and cautionary tale to a global audience. In a world where nationalism is on the rise and alternative facts circulate more freely than global citizens, it's more important than ever to make sure students see our interconnectedness.
Theme:Society and Culture
17:00-17:15 Conference Welcome Reception and Poster Session
Room 1 Poster Session
Selling Science: A New Professional Identity on the Border between Academic and Business Worlds

Prof. Sabrina Moretti, 
 Francesco Sacchetti,

Overview: The growth of the knowledge economy and the increasing interchange between industry and the academic world are a consequence of neoliberal globalization, which has led to a blurring of the boundaries between science and technology, and between public and private spheres. In this new context, researchers should not be limited to “producing new knowledge,” but should be able to attribute a “commercial value” to their findings. They must therefore try to reconfigure their role and to redefine their professional identity in order to adapt to a market-oriented context. The research introduced here is based on an ethnographic case study of an academic spin-off operating in the field of biotechnology. The goal is to analyze how researchers try to reconfigure their roles in response to conflicts and contradictions that emerge when they attempt to reconcile the logic of the market with that of pure science. While we describe the adaptation paths of researchers in this new context, we also focus on the results that show how the diffusion of the idea of “social responsibility” of scientists has played a key role in redefining their professional identity.
Theme:Economy and Trade
Room 2 Virtual Poster Session
Globalization of a Sacred Narrative: Situating India's Ramayana Traditions within Colonial, Postcolonial, and Neoliberal Global Contexts

Eddie Boucher, 
 Lindsay Russell,

Overview: There are several important studies that discuss the diversity of India's Ramayana tradition (Richman, 1991; Lutgendorf, 1991) and others that analyze the various political and social uses of this myth-historical sacred narrative (Gopal, 1991). However, there is a significant gap in the literature in the treatment of the Ramayana and its position within globalization. This paper seeks to address this gap by analyzing the uses and diverse subjectivities of the Ramayana in colonial, postcolonial, and neoliberal global contexts. Our approach is diachronic as we analyze translations of the narrative over time in the effort to explore the complex roles of translation, appropriation, and promotion of a cultural narrative in relation to varying waves of globalization. Our paper comprises three sections. First, we consult primary-source translations of the Ramayana by Christian missionaries and British colonial agents in the early and mid nineteenth century. In this section we discuss ways that these early works are used to represent India in the broader justification of British colonization of India. Next, we explore ways the Ramayana was interpreted and translated by Indian scholars in postcolonial India and further discuss how these works served to both reclaim the narrative and to promote a favorable image of Indian religion and culture to the world. Finally, we critique neoliberal globalization as we discuss how modern Indologists in the West have produced more recent translations of the Ramayana that serve to both appropriate and promote the narrative within the globalized contexts.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Subjectivities of Globalization
Mediating Sustainability Through the Story of Tea

Dr. Shu-Ling Chen Berggreen, 
Dr. Shu Ling Chen Berggreen,

Overview: Next only to water, tea is the world’s most consumed beverage. However, more than just a drink, tea also embodies cultural, economic, and political meanings through time and across cultures. There is an essential tie between the media and a meaning-making process. It is the media that often creates/carries the visions of health, tranquility, and environmental friendliness offered by tea. Media’s creation/recreation of this image persists even in the face of vast human inequalities and suffering and negative environmental impacts through the current practice of tea production under global conglomerates. First cultivated in China more than 5000 years ago, tea is now cultivated in more than 50 countries around the world, so forest cover must be cleared for this, and there are other environmental impacts, such as soil erosion, water contamination, and air pollution. Further, when monoculture farms are created for tea cultivation, natural predation systems are altered, allowing more insects to flourish and higher use of pesticide. The monoculture farm methods also contributes to habitat loss, threatening the survival of many species. Media’s mythic narratives naturalize and celebrate the current production practice while silencing the pain and suffering endured in order to gratify the very practice and consumption promoted by medium. The goal of this study is to analyze the infinite intersections of media and the conceptualization and consumption of tea and raise the public awareness of environmental impacts stemming from the current tea production process with the hope of gradual reduction of these negative outcomes.
Theme:Resources and Environment
The National Association of Black Social Workers Completes Forty International Education Conferences: Conferee Perspectives of NABSW's Mission and Code of Ethics

Sevaughn Banks,

Overview: The National Association of Black Social Workers, Inc. held the first annual International Education Conference (IEC) in the Bahamas in 1975. Since that time, IECs have been held throughout the continent of Africa, Europe, North, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. 2017 commemorates forty conferences which have operationalized and actualized NABSW’s mission of enhancing the quality of life and empowering people of African ancestry through advocacy, human services delivery, and research. NABSW integrates Afrocentric ideology, the seven principles of Nguzu Saba, and the seven principles of Ma’at. Critical race theory is illuminated in this paper. A phenomenological approach is matched with Afrocentric ideology as each traveler experiences each conference significantly and uniquely different from everyone else with respect to time, place, and space. A mixed method approach sought to uncover how NABSW implements its mission and the ways in which the mission is actualized, from a attendee-centric perspective. The virtual poster will employ photovoice where pictures, stories, and mementos will be shared with attendees invoking a sense of shared experience. A forty-item quantitative and qualitative survey was administered via the NABSW membership list serv. Members were able to complete a Word version of the survey or could opt to complete it online in Qualtrics. Purposive sampling made it necessary to send the survey to previous IEC conferees, who may not have been members, but may have traveled with NABSW. They completed a Word version of the survey or could opt to complete it online in Qualtrics. Three complementary focus groups were scheduled and completed. Two focus groups targeted attendees. One of the groups targeted previous conference coordinators. SPSS was used to analyze quantitative data. Nvivo or Dedoose was used to analyze qualitative data. The focus of this research poster will be qualitative aspects of attendees' responses, including desire to travel to Africa/African Diaspora as their first conference experience, desire to travel with NABSW because of its focus on the African experience, and desire to travel with NABSW because of its professional reputation. Attendees gave several examples of ways in which NABSW integrates Afrocentric ideology and principles into its international education conferences, including but not limited to a focus on African history in the locale, reiteration of harmony and justice in workshop presentations, and rolling workshops and the Black Family ritual focuses on African (American) food and customs. Social work educators will learn how operationalization of Afrocentric theories translate into applied practice in global arenas. They may be motivated, as a result of listening to the stories, seeing the photos, and handling mementos, to implement global perspectives of justice and advocacy in their curricula.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions

Jul 31, 2018
08:30-09:00 Conference Registration Desk Open
09:00-09:20 Daily Update

Dr Phillip Kalantzis-Cope, Common Ground Research Networks, USA
09:20-09:55 Plenary Session

Darren J. O’Byrne, Reader in Sociology and Human Rights; Director, Crucible Centre for Human Rights Research, University of Roehampton, London, UK

“Globalization and the Apocalypse”

Dr. Darren J. O’Byrne is Reader in Sociology and Human Rights and Director of the Crucible Centre for Human Rights Research at the University of Roehampton in London. He is widely recognised as one of the world’s leading scholars in the fields of globalization theory and the sociology of human rights. His publications have, for the most part, been in these two areas. In respect of the former, his 2003 monograph The Dimensions of Global Citizenship developed a distinctive critical-theoretic approach to globalization, drawing on the work of Habermas. He developed this further in his important article ‘Toward a Critical Theory of Globalization’ in 2005. In 2011, he co-wrote Theorizing Global Studies, a major survey and mapping of the main theoretical models of contemporary global change. He has also made contributions to the debate over cosmopolitanism and the idea of ‘global civil society’.

In respect of the latter, his 2002 text Human Rights: An Introduction was championed as the first inter-disciplinary text-book in the field of human rights. His 2012 article "On the Sociology of Human Rights" in the journal, Sociology, is now regarded as one of the central articles in this emerging area of sociological research, making as it does the claim that human rights exists as a language-structure within which actors make sense of, and claims against, their worlds. In 2015 he brought these two strands of research together in his definitive work, "Human Rights in a Globalizing World," which interrogates the multiple possibilities for the future of human rights within the competing projects of global transformation.

Darren is also a renowned teacher of sociological theory and wrote a popular student-focused text, Introducing Sociological Theory, in 2011. Another of his current interests is the growth of managerialism and consumerism in the higher education sector in the UK, which he has discussed from the perspective of critical theory is various co-authored articles. Another recent publication has addressed the issue of ecocide from a social constructionist perspective.

Darren was the founding Chairperson of the Global Studies Association in the UK and continues to take an active role in that organisation and its associated conferences and networks.
09:55-10:25 Garden Conversation
10:25-10:30 Transition Break
Room 1 Power and Politics
Global Power Movements, Uncertainty, and Democracy

Selin Guner,

Overview: Guner (2015) argues that global uncertainty raised by power shifts in the global system are likely to impact authoritarian elite behavior leading to their concession to share political power and thus democratizations in the Middle East. In her article, Guner (2015) tests her hypothesis by looking at twenty countries in the Middle East. This study expands Guner (2015) and looks at 156 countries to test her hypothesis at the global level. In this study, I use cross-country panel data and country clustered logit regression models on 8628 observations, 156 countries ranging from 1815 until 2004. The results support Guner (2015)’s argument that global power transfers have short-term and long-term impacts on democratization.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
Postdemocracy and Populism: A Case Study of “The Way of Courage” Political Party in Lithuania

Karolis Jonutis,

Overview: Populism has often been described as one of the greatest threats to XXI century European democracies. Critical examination of this situation rises two related questions: to what extent are national democracies in European Union still democratic and how such ideologically ambiguous phenomenon as populism could be conceptualized in this context. In this paper, I relate populist “surge” to postdemocratic condition – the depolitizing practices of modern technocratic policy-making described by Chantall Mouffe, Jacques Ranciere and Slavoj Žižek. My main argument is that proper politics cannot be reduced to social administration and that the ideological nivelation of traditional parties will necessarily bring new more radical political actors able to awake political imagination of masses. To conceptualize populism I use Ernesto Laclau’s discursive theory of populism, which is anti-descriptivist in that it does not seek to find some intrinsic characteristics of populism, but rather to define it as logic of political mobilization of various political movements by their common reference to “the people”. As an illustration of fertility of this approach – combination of descriptive postdemocratic analysis and formalist conceptualization of populism – in political research, I present the case study of Lithuanian political party “The Way of Courage” as a nearly ideal example of populist mobilization under postdemocratic conditions.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
The Transformation of Russia-Japan Ties during the Second Putin Presidency

Svetlana Vassiliouk, Associate Professor, Meiji University, Tokyo, Japan, Tokyo, Japan

Overview: Because of the ongoing dispute over the four southernmost Kuril Islands and the consequential absence of a peace treaty, Russia and Japan are yet to fully normalize their relations. However, under President Putin’s personal leadership and due to his close relations with Japanese Prime Minister Abe, Russia-Japan ties have reached a high level of cooperation in political, strategic, economic, and cultural fields. However, given the persistent differences in the two countries’ official positions on the territorial dispute, it is difficult to envision a major breakthrough in the peace treaty negotiations at the present time. This paper will provide a thorough examination and assessment of Russia’s Japan policy during the second term of the Putin Presidency (2012-2018). It will provide an in-depth overview of the emerging changes in Russia’s policy toward Japan in the context of Russia’s strategy of the so-called “pivot” toward Asia and the “Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation” (released in 2016) that highlight the growing importance of Japan as Russia’s international and economic partner. In spite of the economic sanctions placed on Russia by Japan due to the 2014 Ukrainian crisis, the two countries’ economic, strategic and humanitarian cooperation has been expanding in recent years. As Russia-Japan international cooperation has also recently become more robust (particularly on the North Korean denuclearization, counterterrorism, and other issues of strategic stability), the paper will also discuss the future prospects for the full normalization of Russia-Japan ties in the context of the regional security and economic development in the Asia-Pacific.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
Entrenching for Peace, Perpetuating Violence: The Turkish State and Changing Kurdish Politics in the Middle East

Dr Kumru Toktamis,

Overview: This paper develops the concept of (re-)entrenchment of Turkish state policies vis a vis Kurdish mobilizations to show that the peace/resolution process of 2009-2015 did not produce any results intended by any of the parties involved but re-configured the terms of violence from a security-coercive paradigm to a security-fraternity paradigm. A close reading of the minutes of negotiations indicate that with the collapse of this process, the Turkish state’s policy regarding the “Kurdish Question” as a vital security issue (rather than a democratic dialog) was restored, yet a new regime of violence was established, resolutely excluding former allies from new domestic and regional opportunities and at the same time impediments for all the parties involved. The minutes indicate that the crack within the power bloc played a significant role in this regime change which is a shift from a security-oriented coercive regime to a security-oriented yet a regime of seeking fraternity with Kurds based on religion. This study refers to these regimes as (re)-entrenchments; i.e. institutionalized policies and discursive strategies that are seemingly fixed, yet dynamic and fluid due to their transgressive qualities. Given the inadvertent consequences of contentions, agents of social change are (re-)entrenched in positions of their own making, but not necessarily their own choosing.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
Room 2 Global Meets Local
Reconfiguration of Social Classes in Iran and Turkey since the 1960s: Has Globalization Mattered?

Sohrab Behdad,

Overview: There is a dearth of empirical study about the pattern of change in the class structure of Middle East societies, as their socio-economic structures have undergone some radical transformations in the past fifty years. This study focuses on Iran and Turkey in their socio-economic and political context since the1960s. This was the decade when these two countries, similar to many other developing economies, began their integration into the globalization process, by pursuing a forceful import substitution industrialization, which had become possible only by the accelerated process of internationalization of capital through transnational corporation. We propose to empirically verify the structure and the transformation of class configuration of Iran and Turkey in the past five decades as these countries have weathered some turbulent domestic and international politico-economic crises. In our comparative analysis of class reconfiguration in Iran and Turkey we will examine the development of their economies in terms of the deepening of capitalist relations of production in corresponding periods. The focus of our study is the impact of the discontinuous, turbulent economic development and in these two economies on the configuration of their social classes. The general framework of our class analysis is a structural conception of class influenced by Rosemary Crompton (1993), John Scott (1996), and especially Erik O. Wright (1997, 2001). We rely on the cross classification of data on occupational status-economic activities-occupational groups, collected in decennial national census in Iran and Turkey between 1960 and 2011 for the operationalization of class structures.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
Islands of Globalization : Impacts and Responses to Globalization in the Caribbean

Brenda Kauffman,

Overview: This analysis establishes sustainable models for managing livelihoods and the environment, focusing on the US and British Virgin Islands. In order to arrive at effective sustainable development models, a number of efforts must be made to cultivate broader more inclusive approaches. Taking a systems approach to better understand past, present, and future concerns requires the inclusion of the many varied stakeholders. If sustainable development is to succeed, the needs of each group must be acknowledged. On the small islands of the Caribbean this includes groups as diverse as the indigenous inhabitants, multi-national corporations, non-indigenous residents, and the many tourists who pass through annually. Collaboration to strengthen governance in regards to economic, social, and environmental factors is critical, especially in the context of globalization. In order to discover areas where collaboration is needed the central issues must be identified. Issue maps combined with stakeholder maps can help to analyze the interdependencies of the social, economic, cultural, and natural systems. The goal of the analysis is to establish sustainable models for managing livelihoods and the environment. This research will conduct such an analysis in the US and British Virgin Islands. Issue and stakeholder maps will be analyzed in order to make policy and systemic change recommendations
Theme:Economy and Trade
Room 3 Navigating New Terrain
Heading North from the Northern Triangle but Detained in the Intermediate Zone : The Phenomenon of Central American Migrants in Mexico

Carlos Parra, 
 Stacey Wilson Forsberg,

Overview: The Northern Triangle region of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras continues to suffer from poor political and socioeconomic conditions, which drive ongoing migration toward the north. The flow of migrants is not likely to stop or slow down despite the various autonomous operations launched by the Mexican government to counteract it and despite those operations subsidized by the United States, such as the "National Institute of Migration" (INM), created in July 2014 under the "Southern Border Program" (PFS) and supported by then President Obama. What is new about this phenomenon is that Mexico is no longer a transit country for Central American migrants, but rather a receiving country where these people must exist in a state of precarious limbo. Our paper focuses on the estimated 300,000 Central American asylum-seekers who stay in Mexico and do not reach the coveted "north." Informed by a sociopolitical framework and the narratives of migrants residing temporarily in shelters in central Mexico, our paper is twofold, exploring how Central American migrants from the Northern Triangle negotiate the new environment in Mexico, including economic survival, violations of basic human rights, and the bureaucratic hurdles and examining the economic and sociopolitical impact in Mexico caused by the Central American population. This paper demonstrates that not only is Mexico unprepared for migrants and hostile toward them, but the effectiveness of anti-immigration legislation in Mexico very much depends on the financial and logistical support of the United States.
Theme:Society and Culture
Has Identity Politics Diminished in the Post-LTTE Peace-building Process in Sri Lanka?

Tanay Katiyar,

Overview: The Sri Lankan Civil War that lasted for almost three decades had its domestic, regional, and global ramifications. The end of the cessation movement has equally posed enormous challenges given the urgent need to provide immediate relief and rehabilitation for nearly 300,000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and reintegration of 12,000 ex-LTTE cadres with civil society. Resolution of these issues has been argued to be nearly successful. However, the major challenge for the long term is building peace and harmony in the Sri Lankan Society. The civil war may have formally ended, but the root causes of the conflict still remain in society. Sri Lanka has experienced negative peace since 2009 i.e absence of war and violence, but little or no promotion of harmony and peace . The transition of the nature of the cause of the conflict from an ethnic identity one to satisfying ulterior political motives has only led to further marginalization of the resident Tamilian population. Rehabilitation measures taken by the government have been met with skepticism by the affected as they believe that domestic measures aren’t doing them proper justice. The paper explores how the concept of ethnic identity and the feeling of ethnic separatism play a vital role in the peace building process that is still underway in present day Sri Lanka. Further deliberations include how identity politics (employed in domestic politics) still play a role in the peace building process in the post conflict scenario; and whether its role has downscaled.
Theme:Society and Culture
Room 4 Virtual Lightning Talks
Shifting Workplace Orientations and Conditions in Eurasian Nations, 1981-2016

Dr. Jonathan H. Westover,

Overview: The vast cross-disciplinary literature exploring worker attitudes and workplace conditions has linked worker experiences to many individual, organizational, and social outcomes; yet, this research has largely failed to shed much light on why cross-national differences in worker satisfaction and engagement and their determinants persist over time. Cross-cultural researchers suggest that these differences are due to cultural differences in each country. However, this approach has largely failed to show how countries with similar cultural orientations still experience significant differences and related challenges. Thus, the question remains, what are the causes for these differences and what are their long-term impacts of sustainable economic development and labor prosperity? Moreover, much research has been conducted that shows either the general improvement or decline in the quality of work, but few studies have looked at such changes in work quality cross-nationally, over time from the perspective of the workers, while accounting for country-contextual characteristics. This research utilizes attitudinal data from multiple waves of various international social survey databases and country contextual geopolitical and economic data to examine and explore the political and economic structural factors impacting the labor transformation in Russia, the Philippines, South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan, with a focus on changing societal and work attitudes and values from 1981-2016. Additionally, this research explores practical suggestions for implementing ethical and socially responsible management and organizational practices in the workplace in the region moving into the future.
Theme:Economy and Trade, Politics, Power, and Institutions, Society and Culture
"Game of Thrones" : How Much Sex, Violence, and Stereotypes Do You Need?

Alvaro J. Rojas Lamorena, Predoctoral Fellow, Comercialización e Investigación de Mercados, Universidad de Granada, Ceuta, Ceuta, Spain

Overview: The "Third Golden Age of Television" has provoked a great television expansion where series with sexual, violent, and stereotyped elements are getting positioned as references. This research analyzes how these three elements influence the generation of "brand equity" of a series such as "Game of Thrones." After the proposal and validation of the scale, a sample of 240 subjects is obtained. Through LISREL we obtain results that confirm the presence of a positive and direct relationship between the attitudes of the spectators towards the three elements and the generation of "brand equity." With this study we provide an application of "brand equity" to television products in which, in addition, the contents included in them influence the construction of "brand equity."
Theme:Economy and Trade
Room 5 Contemporary Strategies and Structures
International Strategies for Regional Economic Development: A Survey of Municipal Governments in Japan

Naoki Fujiwara, Associate Professor, Faculty of Regional Development, Otemon Gakuin University, Ibaraki, Osaka, Japan
 Hitoshi Umemura, Professor, Economics, Osaka University of Economics

Overview: Globalization has a direct influence on regional economies. Research shows that in order to secure regions’ sustainable economic development, exchanges with outside the region are important. This paper examines what kind of relationship the Japanese municipal governments wish to build overseas. Based on a survey of the international strategy of 47 Japanese municipalities of the prefectural level, about half of them have established administrative plans to promote economic exchanges related to overseas. The international strategy by Japanese municipalities has increased since 2010. Two perspectives are considered. First, capturing the demand outside the region, including foreign market development of local products and attraction of foreign tourists. Second, increasing the capacity of the region to participate in global production networks by incorporating knowledge from outside and increasing regional diversity and tolerance for regional innovation. Municipalities can build reliability with other areas overseas through intergovernmental relationships. This is achieved through international business meetings, dispatch of economic mission teams, and joint exhibition with companies in trade fairs. Municipalities are seeking to enhance the credibility of local companies and reduce transaction costs related to international business.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
Complementarity Analysis of Knowledge Discovery Process and International Relations Theories of Neofunctionalism and Complex Interdependence

Juliana Alvarenga, Advisor, Corporate Diplomacy Services, Aldeota Global

Overview: This introductory investigation seeks to explain how the theoretical narratives of neofunctionalism and complex interdependence combined with the emerging technological methods of knowledge discovery process are giving rise to a new institutional model for global governance. Neofunctionalism is contributing to the structuring of these new institutions by asserting that the formation of networks of epistemic communities – highly specialized individuals who can influence policy and decision making in institutions – is becoming a new form of defining collective interests through a mode of knowledge validation that is turning from an institutional process of change called adaptation to a process of change called learning. In turn, the theoretical constructions of complex interdependence is paving the way for the recognition of a transition of power in the international system. In past centuries, states were the legit actors defending the interests of each society, whereas, with the emergence of international institutions, other actors are gaining equal importance. This process is in largely due to technological advancements, which are horizontalizing the decision-making structures.
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Subjectivities of Globalization
Politics of Religion: Living in a World without Religious Conflict

Dr. Mark David Luttio,

Overview: This paper uses both an ethnographic approach and theoretical study of the religion. Religion is, without doubt, one of the single most potent institutional and political forces in the world we live in. Every day we hear of news events which are motivated by a particular religious perspective or agenda. Indeed, if we are to understand the world we live in, and provide a possible paradigm for dialogue and tolerance in the twnety-first century, we must understand and be able to speak to the religious traditions which impact so many of our world events. And yet, in a world marked by religious conflict there is a growing trend toward organic spirituality. This paper explores how the new globalization of spirituality is superseding the institutions/politics of religion, and how this may serve as a bridge to global understanding and create strategies that might be employed to bring religious tolerance and understanding in the midst of our diversity, rather than barriers of hatred as so often is the case.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions, Society and Culture
12:10-13:00 Lunch
Room 1 Brutal Realities
Human Trafficking in Peru: Stakeholder Perceptions of How to Combat Human Trafficking and Help Support Its Survivors

Dr. Julie Anne Laser-Maira,

Overview: Peru has been found to be a country of destination, origin, and transit of men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking. Peruvian news highlights growing trends in labor and sex trafficking, but it is widely recognized that there is a paucity of rigorous data on the subject. The population that was studied is the stakeholders that work with survivors of human trafficking in Peru in eight different locations in Peru: Cusco, Madre de Dios, Lima, Iquitos, Tumbes, Puno, Trujillo, and Apurimac. These individuals have a great deal of knowledge of the experiences of trafficked individuals, but most have not personally experienced being trafficked, thus reducing the risk of participation in the study. The services provided by these organizations to survivors were: mental health, law enforcement, community advocacy and outreach, shelter, education or vocational education, investigations/evaluations, referrals, food assistance, employment services, and legal services. In total, thirty human trafficking organizations throughout Peru were surveyed. Each organization was asked from their vantage point, what they would do to end human trafficking in Peru? The findings from this research add substantially to the knowledge of the clandestine world of human trafficking. This research is one of the first studies in Peru that gives insight into both the extent of the problem of human trafficking and real solutions of how it can be combatted.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions, Society and Culture
Post LTTE Peace Building in Sri Lanka and India's Neighbourly Role

Anurag Velury, 
 Tanay Katiyar, 
 Abhijeet Sharma,

Overview: The state of Sri Lanka post-civil war has imposed various challenges regarding the issues of rehabilitation and resettlement. Post-conflict peacebuilding is certainly a multi-national and multi-dimensional process involving various stakeholders. India, the immediate neighbour has a relatively large stake in the rehabilitation process. The initial ties of India and LTTE evoked India to express concerns over peace maintenance in Sri Lanka and its Tamils. Ever since, the multiple failed attempts of mediation and negotiation deeply influenced the Indo-Sri Lankan relations during Rajiv Gandhi’s government. Missions like Operation Pawan miserably failed leading to the withdrawal of IPKF and subsequently, the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi. Given these setbacks, how is India playing a part in the post-LTTE rehabilitation process? Ethnic connections abstain India from ignoring the Sri Lankan Tamils. Hence, India took the initiative in resettling nearly 250,000 IDPs (Internally Displaced Persons) and approximately 11,000 surrendered rebels. India also provided $100 million as financial aid. After the civil war terminated, India was tied up between maintaining friendly relations with Sri Lanka and obliging to moral duties of human rights. Millions of casualties from LTTE and the Sri Lankan government, numerous accusations of sexual violence, torture, recruitment of children and killings of close to 40,000 civilians in just 5 months all hampered the process of rehabilitation and reconstruction.This paper analyses peace-building processes in Sri Lanka and the contribution of India as a neighbour. It explores the role of mutual identity shared by the Tamils of India and Sri Lanka as a determining factor of India’s generosity. Additionally, it considers how India was cautious when the LTTE retaliated against the IPKF and ultimately went on to support the Sri Lankan government.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
Room 2 Negotiating Spaces
(Re)production of Neoliberal Spatiality: Emerging "Negotiability"

Anamica Singh,

Overview: Since the arrival of neoliberalism in India in the 1990s, urbanization has taken a dramatic turn. A pattern of instant urbanism is observed spreading across the peripheries of cities into its rural suburbs to accommodate the newly emerging "space of flows." Special economic zones, satellite townships, technology hubs, shopping malls, golf courses, etc. are being extensively built by private developers on what was once the agricultural lands of the villagers. Within this context, there are conventionally two important streams in urban discourse that are emerging. The first one focuses in bringing out the implication of neoliberalism on urbanization within the analytical framework of "capitalism," wherein issues related to accumulation by dispossession of the peasantry, privatization, practice of state eminent domain, land grabbing, etc. are being (re)defined within the context of neoliberalism. The second one, in response, is building on the narratives of grass-root incursions of the locals within the framework of "occupancy urbanism." Insights related to the power of villagers in resisting and sometimes subverting the state and corporate visions have started to unravel. Although both streams bring out valuable insights on facets of emerging neoliberal spatiality, they are often found rendering a highly polarized and contested spatiality, thus reinforcing the dichotomy between the elite and poor, urban and rural, global and local, modernity and traditions, and so on. On the contrary, this paper brings out a special case of Gurugram (Gurgaon) city in India, where the native villagers have evolved to be rather accommodating to neoliberalism under mutually beneficial and negotiable conditions. Thus, elaborating on production of a "negotiated space" instead, where both the imaginaries are found interweaving and at continuous negotiation. Through the study of ethnoscapes and the everyday at the village level, this paper reveals the emerging role of native villagers in the social production of neoliberal space. It firstly illustrates how the villagers have established strong alliance with private developers on the principles of reciprocity and negotiability. This is elaborated by in-depth explanations about the mechanisms and informal dynamics at the micro-level that underline the negotiated process between the dimensions of power and land resources. Secondly, the paper establishes links to the above framework of emerging socio-political dimension to its socio-identity and territoriality. The quintessence behind the rise of native villagers as important stakeholders in production and organization of these spaces is embodied in their centuries-old traditions and evolving land management system. It is a very "specific" clan organization, their identity, and territoriality linked to its historicality that has helped them to rise above the fate of being the dispossessed, and instead, provided them with the higher means to benefit from the larger neoliberal processes (although with questionable sustainability). In Gurgaon, this is evident, as the villagers emerge from being the native zamindaars (agricultural land owners) of yesterday to Mercedes owners of today. Methodologically, the paper uses "space" as a tool and method in order to illustrate the emerging neoliberal spatiality.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
Amphisbaena of “the Local”: Changes in the Political Institution of Taiwanese Rural Development

Hsinhua Chiang,

Overview: Under the trend of globalization, global and regional competition has become a critical issue in governance. In Taiwan, regional dynamics and competitions have become increasingly dramatic after joining the WTO in 2002. Taiwanese rural areas are not only a resource supplier to meet demands in global industrial competition, but are also required to produce its own personality for attracting visitors and investors, further fighting to win regional competitions. In order to describe the two orientations in rural development, the study arranges the geographical concepts of space and place as components of local. The research explores institutional changes among rural development in the 2000s, through analysis on national policies and projects, including land use, tourism, community revitalization, also massive public investments such as industrial parks or renewable energy. As governmental institution orients rural development, it generates dynamics between different levels and scales: at the national level, opening battlefields for regional competitions and at regional level, representing strategies building identity as a local. The study uses amphisbaena, a double-headed snake in the Greek Mythology, as a metaphor to illustrate relationship and stress between being a space and a place, while building a rural area as a distinguished “local.”
Theme:2018 Special Focus: Subjectivities of Globalization
Governing Innovation under Authoritarianism: Institutional Development in Tianjin

Daiding Zhang,

Overview: In China, the innovation economy appears to receive full government support at the national level, leading to the rise of major innovation hubs like Shenzhen. However, innovation economy did not bloom in all major cities of China, especially in the north. We argue that competing economic and political goals create different incentives for other local governments, leading to regional divergence in regulatory choices. To examine how officials approach the expansion of innovation economy and what institutional choices they subsequently make to govern the sector, this paper maps the evolving institutions for the innovation economy in Tianjin. Owning a large proportion of state-owned enterprises, Tianjin’s socio-economic conditions and political challenges are more representative of the country than innovation hubs. We report evidence on three propositions. First, local officials are aware of the governance risks that the innovation economy presents although they admire its potentials for sustainable growth, which is the main criterion to measure Chinese officials’ performance. Second, officials adopt changes in the governance regime to contain and direct growth away from these risks. Third, local government's industrial policies have a positive impact on the businesses in corresponding subcategories of the innovation economy. We measure the performance of local start-ups by applying a model with two independent variables: number of documents local governments forwarded from the central government and number of documents issued by local governments in the innovation economy. By examining cross-regional policy implications in Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei, we interpret results as a part of China’s authoritarian resilience.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
14:40-14:55 Coffee Break
Room 1 Cultural Fortitude
Absurd Passion: Camusian Revolt in Cante Flamenco

Ruth Saxey Reese, Lecturer, English, Boise State University

Overview: In "The Myth of Sisyphus" (1942), Albert Camus defines the absurd as the gap between human reason and the irrational world. Awareness of this ever-churning void (between how the world should be and how it actually is) constitutes consciousness. Although awareness of the fundamental absurdity of life may be frightening and painful, Camus insists that the conscious human must directly confront and oppose the absurd. This paper explores how Camus’s three-pronged response to absurdity—revolt, passion, and freedom—is powerfully articulated in the flamenco song tradition (cante flamenco) of Andalusia in Spain. Flamencos (gypsies) have lived in Spain since the fifteenth century, enduring extreme othering and persecution; yet, their song lyrics bear witness to a clear-eyed appraisal of the absurdity of life without resorting to despair. I propose that this defiant attitude is a true expression of Camusian rebellion, and furthermore offers an inspiring example of cultural persistence under oppression.
Theme:Society and Culture
Winners and Losers: Development and Culture Change in New Orleans after Katrina

Eric W. Johnson, Library Director, Linus A. Sims Memorial Library, Southeastern Louisiana University
Dr. Marianna Kunow, Instructor of Spanish and Mythology, Department of Languages and Communication, Southeastern Louisiana University

Overview: When most people think about New Orleans, the city’s music, food, architecture, and lifestyle probably come to mind. The port city, also known as The Big Easy, is the birthplace of jazz and the home of the country’s most elaborate Mardi Gras celebration. It is a place known for its traditions. Cities naturally change over time, but Katrina sped up the level of that change and left a radically different cityscape in its wake. The character of the city was altered due to circumstances beyond its control, and many of its defining cultural patterns were either diminished or replaced. Population changed, neighborhoods were decimated, and tourism remained on hold for several months. This paper examines some of the positive and negative changes caused by Katrina, including physical and population changes in established neighborhoods, the rise of investment rental property, a shift in the availability of traditional food and an increase in upscale restaurants, spiraling costs for established festivals, and not only an increase in crime but its spread from previous low-income areas into the heart of the tourist section, the French Quarter.
Theme:Society and Culture
Facing Social Changes after the Jasmine Revolution: Cultural Redefinition and Cultural Purification Processes

Tatiana Hernández-Justo, Predoctoral Researcher, Department of Semitic Studies, University of Granada, Granada, Granada, Spain

Overview: The Arab Spring led to a wide variety of social changes to the countries involved. Faced with the difficult choice of how to react to those changes, there are mainly two processes that are taking place in society. These two process are those involving cultural redefinition and those involving cultural purification. Based on Peter Burke's cultural hibridism theory, we will analyze these two processes in the Tunisian context in particular, studying examples from the past five years.
Theme:Politics, Power, and Institutions
16:35-17:00 Conference Closing and Award Ceremony