Scholar

Is Extortion a Hindrance to Aid Development in Papua New Guinea?

By: Peter Kanaparo   Ray Paul   Beno Makapa  

In contemporary Papua New Guinea (PNG), the two themes of extortion (extortion by threats or fear and extortion under name of office – bribery) have generated great debates and have silently hindered socioeconomic and Aid developments. The extortion by threats or fear debate has so far been more theoretical than practical or historical, while the extortion under name of office – bribery debate has been more practical and historical than theoretical in some organizations like PNG Custom Services (PNGCS). This paper examines the theoretical overlap of extortion under name of office – bribery and its consequences. Yet both types of extortion also have serious organisational consequences. The aim of this paper is to configure certain elements that take the front stage in promoting extortion activity from all aspects. From the last five years till today, the country has gone through serious economic crisis promoting corruption at all levels. The fabric of corporate governance in all sectors from private, public, individual and PNGCS is no exception to this. The purpose of this paper is to formulate strategies or networks that will effectively minimise the activity of extortion in all forms and have in place a roadmap that will be part of the operational plan in the PNGCS. This exploratory study suggests that individuals have difficulty in recognising the ethical connotations of potential extortion, and draws attention to the need to build skills in this regard to combat extortion.

Extortion, Custom Services,
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Peter Kanaparo

Lecturer , School of Business & Public Policy , University of Papua New Guinea , Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea

I, Peter Kanaparo, currently teaching here at the University of Papua New Guinea. 



Ray Paul

Commissioner , PNG Custom Services, Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea



Beno Makapa

Masters Student , University of Papua New Guinea, Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea