Scholar

Aspirations of Female Middle Managers and Barriers To Advancement

By: Tosha Aquino Giuffrida   Nicole Rodriguez   Nancy Akhavan  

Although women have enrolled and graduated at higher rates than men in every collegiate degree (associates, bachelors, masters, doctorate) since 1988, worldwide, women only hold 25 percent of higher leadership positions. Additionally, the literature shows women often have more direct experience for leadership positions than their male counterparts. Yet, gender inequity strongly exists. Traditional barriers, such as the glass ceiling, focused on external constructs preventing the equality of gender leadership is often mentioned in the literature. The researchers will discuss their study on the inequities of females in the workplace and the aspirations of female middle managers as related to career, education, and leadership. Do female middle managers even aspire to advance in leadership? The latest research about female aspirations in higher education and industry will be shared as the researchers will how female middle managers perceive their aspirations and in what ways aspirations may differ between higher education and industry. In addition, findings on significant barriers and supports to career advancement in the workplace will be shared.

inequity identity genderism
Identity and Belonging
Paper Presentation in a Themed Session



Tosha Aquino Giuffrida

Vice President, Operations, Derrel's Mini Storage, Inc.


Experienced leader with experience in both the private and public sector. 



Nicole Rodriguez

Administrator, Student Affairs, CSU Dominguez Hills, United States
CA, United States

An educational leader in higher education in student success and an expert on the topic of women in leadership. Currently an administrator in higher education, as well as a doctoral candidate.



Nancy Akhavan

Assistant Professor, California State University