Human beings are both biological and socio-cultural creatures. They develop individually according to their own capacities and social worlds. The self’s identity is constructed by concepts of race, gender, nationality, religion, age, and ethnicity. This fragmentation of the self, traditionally understood as a composite of body and mind, has resulted in division, fear, and conflict. Individuals wear diverse faces of identities, which are appearances rather than true substantive realities. Since the Indian worldview evolved from orthodox-heterodox philosophies, which focus on the “wholeness of life,” the paper analyses self in the context of its changing nature and diverse identities. The Indian view focuses relatively more on epistemology or the psychological process of introspection in obtaining intuitive knowledge for finding resolutions in the framework of morality and ethics. Any attempt to solve human problems has to be a humanistic approach that will guard human dignity, human rights, and human welfare, not only for individual wellbeing but also for all-inclusive peaceful living.