This paper analyzes migrants from Central and Southern America who are seeking to reach the United States, a population considered vulnerable. Is relate to its passage through the state of Guanajuato, located in central Mexico, in which process the physical and psychological abuse traces of the victims are visible. Most are women and children, who, forced by the conditions of their countries of origin, have embarked on this odyssey that includes a lot of risks. The main objective is to understand the causes of this long journey, even though it is highly probable that they will not be terminated and that they will be deported or that they will be victims of organized crime. In addition to this, it seeks to give voice to these migrants, through the testimonies that tell the reality that live during this long-time journey. Is a qualitative hermeneutic study, based on the experience of a Federal Migration Agent of the state of Guanajuato, in addition to twenty-seven reports of migrants. Semi structure interviews were used for data collection and indirect observation. Based on the analysis it was concluded that despite the risks involved in migration, the economic and political situation in certain countries and cities forces people to seek alternatives to survive. In addition, we find that there are different areas of opportunity for the governmental apparatus regarding how to safeguard the integrity of this population, which faces a latent risk that is the violation of their human rights.