Brazil's national music, most notably the "choro", flourished in the late 1800s, beginning in Rio de Janeiro. The composers and musicians traversed from rural settings to the big cities promoting their native music. The musicians collaborated with fellow immigrants of African roots, indigenous/native Brazilians, and other mixed races, which cultivated their national music. In turn, with the government's desire for a more "white" race, miscegenation resulted. The musicians would perform for both upper and lower class societies in Brazil, playing and singing their native music, thus establishing a style and genre that was truly Brazilian. This style would be called the "choro", meaning "to cry". Thousands of compositions exist with titles describing everyday life in Brazil, including both joy and sadness, along with the love of their beloved country. This presentation will include talk of the "choro's" effect on Brazil's political leaders, human rights and society.
Brazil, Africa, Cardosa, Miscegenation, Choro
The Arts in Social, Political, and Community Life
Paper Presentation in a Themed Session
Maurita Murphy Marx
Professor, Music, University of Iowa, United States
IA, United States
Maurita Murphy Marx was appointed Professor of Clarinet Emeritus,at the University of Iowa in 1983. She is an international performer and teacher of the clarinet, having performed all over the world. For more than twenty years, she has been specializing passionately in Brazilian music, most specifically the "choro". She is a highly recognized performer and scholar of the "choro" both nationally and internationally. Her three Brazilian compact discs of "choros" with Brazilian pianist Rafael Dos Santos, "Over the Fence" and "Red Hot & Brazilian", and "Te Amo Brazil with eight-string guitarist Michele Ramo, have received high international acclaim (EUROCASS). At the University of Iowa, Dr. Marx was awrded the Collegiate Teaching Award for the highest success in training students. In turn, her students won first prizes, exclusively, in international clarinet competitions. Her trip to Africa sparked a new path of research on the "choro", with the inherent influece of the African rhythms. Her service to the clarinet profession included six years on the Executive Board as Secretary of the International Clarinet Association. Dr. Marx's degrees are from Eastman School of Music (NY) with the Performer's Certificate and Michigan State University (MI). Her hobbies include race car driving, knitting, and bridge. She is a native of Middleton, Wisconsin, USA.