Graphic Art Created by Militant Women for Democracy in Brazil

By: Isabela Fuchs  

The main objective of this article is to present the situations of the "Movimento Feminino pela Anistia" (Feminine Movement for Amnesty) between the years of 1975 and 1979 from their prints. From the notions of image showed by Hans Belting and Peter Burke, the print is presented as an historical category that allows a personification and is a material vestige of thoughts and political situations. We used two prints for analysis: the cover of the first editions of "Boletim Maria Quitéria" (Maria Quitéria Bulletin) (1977) and one of the posters produced by the "Movimento Feminino pela Anistia" for the dissemination of 1975 as the international year of woman of ONU. This way, the initial trajectory of the movement was traversed, counting on other's centers of the fight for amnesty and, in the end, the outcome with the determination of the Amnesty Law and its reviews. Thus, is showed the notion of image and graphic memory as something fundamental for the comprehension of woman history, mainly in a circumstance that puts them as political subjects, protagonists of a huge political and social experimentation and constantly threatened.

History of Art, Women, Design, Brazil, Military Dictatorship
2020 Special Focus - Against the Grain: Arts and the Crisis of Democracy
Paper Presentation in a Themed Session

Isabela Fuchs

I am a PhD student in History in Federal University of Santa Catarina, focused on Subjectivity, Gender and Power. I had made my master degree in History of Art in Federal University of Parana, where I made my dissertation about brazilian graphic design and cultural resilience on the sixties and seventies from the visuality produced by Rogerio Duarte. I'm B.A in Design by Technological Federal University of Parana. I research on the Laboratory of Gender Studies and History. My main themes of research are History of Brazilian Art, Art and Feminism, Graphic Memory and Design and Culture.