Urban Design to Improve Health Conditions

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Abstract

The typical objectives of brownfield redevelopment are site clean-up and putting contaminated land to productive uses. This article features a brownfield case that not only remediated pollution but went further, promoting the inhabitants’ physical and emotional well-being. This article first reviews the extant studies on brownfield redevelopment and how they connect to urban design for better human health. It then focuses on the case study of the Taopu area in Shanghai’s Putuo District, which was an old industrial brownfield near the core of Shanghai. The urban design for the Taopu area utilized an integrated and progressive approach that not only mitigates the existing brownfield condition, but also promotes better human health by adjusting the urban grid, planning pedestrian and vehicular pathways and formulating a new urban greenway system. More and more Chinese cities are drafting health city plans and creating healthy neighborhoods. This brownfield redevelopment case study can provide valuable urban design ideas to promote inhabitants’ health and well-being.