Revisiting the Link between Age- and Work-related Variables

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Abstract

The current workplace is a heterogeneous mix of employees in terms of demographic characteristics. Age, an important demographic variable, is widely researched in the context of many psychological and organizational work-related variables in the existing literature. Based on the year of birth, employees can be differentiated in generational cohorts, with the established assumptions of difference in personality, work attitude, motivation, and aspirations. This study is conducted in the in business management teaching institutes of the eastern part of India, employing a convenience sampling method. Five important work-related variables, i.e., Job Satisfaction, Job-related Stress, Work-Life Balance, Pay Satisfaction, and Turnover Intention have been studied with respect to the age of the employees. It is found that age has a significant effect on all the above variables. With increasing age, job satisfaction, pay satisfaction, and the notion of work-life balance increases. Simultaneously, it is found that younger employees tend to switch jobs and develop turnover intention more readily as compared to their older counterparts. This study also tries to validate the existing assumptions about generational cohorts through the findings.