Perceived Quality of Life Dimensions among Older Adults

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  • Title: Perceived Quality of Life Dimensions among Older Adults: Utility of the PQOL Scale
  • Author(s): Kimberly Hurley, James Jones
  • Publisher: Common Ground Research Networks
  • Collection: Common Ground Research Networks
  • Series: Health, Wellness & Society
  • Journal Title: The International Journal of Health, Wellness, and Society
  • Keywords: Quality of Life, Older Adults, Self-Perceptions
  • Volume: 9
  • Issue: 4
  • Year: 2019
  • ISSN: 2156-8960 (Print)
  • ISSN: 2156-9053 (Online)
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.18848/2156-8960/CGP/v09i04/47-62
  • Citation: Hurley, Kimberly, and James Jones. 2019. "Perceived Quality of Life Dimensions among Older Adults: Utility of the PQOL Scale." The International Journal of Health, Wellness, and Society 9 (4): 47-62. doi:10.18848/2156-8960/CGP/v09i04/47-62.
  • Extent: 16 pages

Abstract

Major concerns surrounding successful aging include maintenance of physical, psychological, and social capabilities that impact daily, independent functioning. Members of older age groups (60+ years) desire higher overall functioning and quality of life (QOL) versus simply longer life years. Perception of self strongly contributes to engagement in daily activities and feelings of self-worth. However, there is a dearth of psychometrically sound, age-appropriate measures of self-perceptions, specifically how adults perceive their physical self and abilities. A primary goal for this project was to examine the factor structure of the Perceived Quality of Life scale, a 20-item self-survey with three subdomains (i.e., physical health, social health, cognitive health) for use with adults 60+ (N=156, Mage = 71.6). Using principal component analysis, one, two, and three component solutions were examined using varimax and promax rotation. Either a three-component solution with promax rotation or a hierarchical approach with a general component and three primary components produced the clearest simple structure for the PQOL. Since self-perceptions contribute to participation in daily activities, self-health management, and leisure pursuits, effective assessment of older adult self-constructs is critical in understanding successful aging.