Is There a Symbiotic Relationship Between Secularism and Fundamentalism?

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  • Title: Is There a Symbiotic Relationship Between Secularism and Fundamentalism?
  • Author(s): Farhan Chak
  • Publisher: Common Ground Research Networks
  • Collection: Common Ground Research Networks
  • Series: Interdisciplinary Social Sciences
  • Journal Title: The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Civic and Political Studies
  • Keywords: Secularism, Fundamentalism, Anomie, Society, Social Cohesion, Exclusion
  • Volume: 14
  • Issue: 2
  • Year: 2019
  • ISSN: 2327-0071 (Print)
  • ISSN: 2327-2481 (Online)
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.18848/2327-0071/CGP/v14i02/35-50
  • Citation: Chak, Farhan. 2019. "Is There a Symbiotic Relationship Between Secularism and Fundamentalism?." The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Civic and Political Studies 14 (2): 35-50. doi:10.18848/2327-0071/CGP/v14i02/35-50.
  • Extent: 16 pages

Abstract

This article explores the relationship between secularization and fundamentalism in ‘Western’ liberal society and the manner it impacts socio-political “exclusionary” narratives, which is a theme both timely and important. Now, more than ever, a scholarly analysis of the socio-political environment that is aggravating such violence is important. To accomplish that, this study investigates how “secular values,” at Casanova’s civil society ideal-typical level, transformed the meaning of “society.” That contributed to a social malaise characterized by deteriorating social bonds, loss of meaning and moral ambivalence, described by Durkheim as “anomie.” However, there are variant intensities of the anomic condition. And, a high condition of ‘anomie,’ with moral ambivalence across social spheres and low-levels of social cohesion ripens the conditions for virulent “fundamentalisms” to emerge.