Higher Education and Second-Generation Filipinos in Canada
It is anticipated with the increase in the annual intake of immigrants that Canadian society will continue to become more diverse from an ethno-cultural, linguistic, and religious perspective. From both a scholarly and practice standpoint, it is critical to track the educational outcomes of children of immigrants in order to understand long-term integration patterns. Filipinos in particular are a group in Canadian society that is experiencing less-than-expected outcomes related to university educational attainment. This article provides a critical race and gender analysis of Canadian literature that concentrates on the following topics: 1) who constitutes the second generation; 2) educational attainment of second-generation children of immigrants; 3) educational attainment of second-generation Filipinos; and 4) post-secondary educational attainment of Filipino males. The article concludes with a discussion of potential areas of research focused on varying aspects related to the post-secondary educational achievements of second-generation Filipinos in Canada.