Fractal Art Nouveau Design and the Need to Revive it in the C ...

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  • Title: Fractal Art Nouveau Design and the Need to Revive it in the Contemporary Environment
  • Author(s): Doaa Attia
  • Publisher: Common Ground Research Networks
  • Collection: Common Ground Research Networks
  • Series: Design Principles & Practices
  • Journal Title: The International Journal of Designed Objects
  • Keywords: Fractal, Self-Similar, Art Nouveau Design, Antonio Gaudi, Victor Horta, Sagrada Familia, Tassel House, Sustainability, Interior Design, Iteration
  • Volume: 13
  • Issue: 1
  • Year: 2019
  • ISSN: 2325-1379 (Print)
  • ISSN: 2325-1395 (Online)
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.18848/2325-1379/CGP/v13i01/19-39
  • Citation: Attia, Doaa. 2019. "Fractal Art Nouveau Design and the Need to Revive it in the Contemporary Environment." The International Journal of Designed Objects 13 (1): 19-39. doi:10.18848/2325-1379/CGP/v13i01/19-39.
  • Extent: 21 pages

Abstract

In the art nouveau era, nature was a source of inspiration for designers. They used it in their designs, without knowing the concept of fractal, to present optimum design solutions. The aim of this article is to show that fractality features can be achieved in art nouveau design, and the need to revive these features in the contemporary environment. This study analyzed the work of two well-known art nouveau designers, Gaudi in Spain and Horta in Belgium using their outstanding examples of the “Sagrada Familia Cathedral” and the “Tassel House,” respectively. This study relied on the fractal feature “self-similar successive iterative shapes from large to small inside a finite region” as a standard of measurement. The analysis illustrated that the previous art nouveau designers used the concept of fractal in their design without realizing and their designs achieved aesthetic, functional, sustainable, and healthy solutions.